Botany

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

Jump to: navigation, search
Botany merit badge has been discontinued. (See discontinued merit badges.)
For the currently active merit badge, see Plant Science.

Botany merit badge
Status: Discontinued BSA Advancement ID: 31
Created: 1921 Origin: new in 1921
Discontinued: 1995 Replaced by: none

Contents



Botany merit badge requirements

1. Take four field trips, in at least two different growing seasons of the year, to one or more of the following natural areas: deciduous forest, evergreen forest, grassland, sage brush, desert, tundra.
2. List by common name the kinds of plants found in one of these areas under the following groups: trees, shrubs, flowering plants, grasses, and grasslike plants, vines, epiphytes, ferns, mosses, algae, fungi, lichens.
3. Do the following:
[a] Determine which species of plants in the area studied are the largest and the most abundant and the amount of shade they cast on other plants.
[b] Record any changes in the types of plants seen when you approach a lake, river, stream or pond; when you go up the side of a mountain; when you cross a grazed, cutover, or burned area; when you get near a road or railroad.
[c] Tell how diseases, insect damage, or damage by other animals affect certain plants in an area.
4. Collect, press properly, identify and label correctly 35 kinds of flowering plants by family, genus, and common name.
5. List by common name at least 10 weeds and 10 cultivated plants in the vicinity of your home.
6. List representative areas of preserved land, such as county forest preserves, staste and national forests, or parks near your town or in your state.
7. Explain how plants manufacture carbohydrates, fats, and proteins and how they obtain energy from these foods to do their work.
8. Tell what plants are rare where you live, and what is being done or should be done to protect them.
9. Do ONE of the following experiments, a, b, c, or d:
[a]
(1) Soak and plant several bean seeds in a pot of soil. Water them and watch them grow for 4 weeks.
(2) At the end of each week, record the stage of growth and make labeled drawing of each stage.
[b]
(1) Grow three cuttings of coleus, geranium, or other suitable garden or house plants in three separate pots of soil. Count the number of leaves of each plant.
(2) Water the plants daily or every other day for 3 months as follows: POT A: distilled water. POT B: tap water. POT C: water with dissolved commercial fertilizer.
(3) At the end of the 2-month period, compare the plants in all three pots by measuring and recording the height of each plant and counting and recording the number of leaves.
(4) Explain the difference in growth of the plants in each pot.
[c]
(1) Plant a number of bean seeds or grass seeds in two separate pots of soil. Water the plants daily or every other day throughout the experiment.
(2) When the seeds have germinated, place one pot at a south-or-west-facing window. Place the other pot outdoors.
(3) Note the differences in the growth of the two pots for 4 weeks. Record what you see.
(4) Explain why the plants grew the way they did.
[d]
(1) Plant several soaked bean seeds in two separate pots of soil. Water the plants daily or every other day throughout the experiment.
(2) After the seedlings are 10 centimeters high, place one pot in a light part of the house or outdoors. Place the other ot in a place where it receives no light.
(3) After 2 weeks, observe and record the following differences: color of the leaves, height of the plants, and thickness of stem.
(4) Explain what causes the difference.
Source: http://clipart.usscouts.org/ScoutDoc/MeritBdg/mb_3379.txt

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes


See also


External links


Personal tools
language