Emergency Kit

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

(Redirected from Emergency Kits)
Jump to: navigation, search


The Emergency Preparedness, Wilderness Survival, and Search and Rescue merit badges and the Emergency Preparedness BSA Award include requirements for emergency kits, survival kits, or ready packs. The following information comes from the associated merit badge pamphlets, but you may wish to put other things in your kits according to your needs and circumstances.

Family emergency kit

Family emergency kit
From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

If you have received a warning that requires you and your family to evacuate your home, you may have little time to throw together a few items or dash to a well-stocked emergency shelter. It would be better to have a box or suitcase of emergency supplies and water on hand to meet your family's needs for a few days or, better, for a week. These items come in handy in an emergency even if you do not have to evacuate. Some families keep their supplies in a basement shelter or in a storm cellar, if they have one.

____ Water. – Minimum of three-day supply of water (1 gallon per person per day) stored in sealed, unbreakable containers such as plastic jugs
____ Food. – Nonperishable foods (including pet food) and a nonelectric can opener (be sure to check expiration dates)
____ Eating Utensils.
____ Special Foods. – Any special foods or other important items for babies, elderly people, or family members such as extra eyeglassed, prescription medications (if practical), portable devices, and battery chargers
____ Family First-Aid Kit.
____ Radio. – Battery- or crank-powered radio
____ Light. – Flashlight or lantern or chemical light sticks
____ Batteries. – Extra batteries (stored separately and rotated regularly with fresh ones)
____ Matches. – Matches in waterproof container and fire-starting kit
____ Blankets. – Blankets or a sleeping bag for each family member
____ Clothing. – Extra clothing appropriate for the season
____ Face Masks. – Dust masks for air filtering
____ Soap. – Soap, wipes, or antibacterial gel for hand sanitation
____ Toilet Paper.
____ Toilet. – Emergency toilet, if needed (User a garbage container, bucket, or similar watertight container lined with plastic bags. Tie the bags near the top to allow for gas build up. Throw sawdust, cat litter, sand or dirt into the bag after each use to help contain odors and dry the waste.
____ Documents. – Copies of important family documents (such as identification, copies of insurance policies, prescriptions list, and emergency contact list with phone numbers and email addresses) kept in a waterproof container
____ Whistle. – Whistle to signal for help
____ Maps. – Local maps (for navigating to shelters; be sure to obtain the local map when you are visiting another area)
____ Money. – Cash and coins
____ Entertainment. – Books, games, and other personal comfort items
____ Sunscreen and Insect Repellent.

Major Disaster Preparedness Items

From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

The following items are helpful during an emergency or if you are safe staying in your home and an evacuation has not been ordered.

____ List of emergency telephone numbers and out-of-town contact person in case local lines are busy
____ Fire extinguisher (preferably a multipurpose one)
____ Tool kit (axe, shovel, broom, screwdriver, pliers, hammer, coil of ½-inch rope, coil of baling wire, duct tape, razor blades, adjustable wrench for turning off gas or water)
____ Simple chart showing where shutoff valves are located, including the main electrical switch
____ Portable fire escape ladder for homes or buildings of more than one level
____ Portable stove with appropriate fuel (used outdoors away from garage or carport to avoid the danger of carbon monoxide poisoning
____ Gloves and rags
____ Covered containers (that can be tightly sealed) for storing refuse
____ Garden hose kept near outside faucet at all times

Personal emergency service pack

Personal emergency service pack
From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

Be prepared for a mobilization call with a personal emergency service pack. You will be ready for many emergencies if you use the following checklist as you equip your pack.

____ Poncho or raincoat (with hood or rain hat)
____ Change of underwear and socks
____ Small bag with toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, comb, needle, thread. shoelaces, and toilet paper
____ Sleeping bag (or bedroll of two wool blankets) and waterproof ground cloth
____ Maps of areas where your troop is likely to serve
____ 50 feet of No. 5 sash cord or similar-size nylon cord
____ Pocket knife and ax and/or a saw
____ Water treatment equipment
____ Cook kit and canteen
____ Flashlight
____ Battery-powered radio
____ Extra batteries (stored separately)
____ Hard hat
____ Other equipment as determined by weather conditions (winter jacket, rubber boots, gloves, etc.)
____ Personal first-aid kit (You can order a personal first-aid kit through your local council service center, or you can make your own. Include gauze bandages and pads, adhesive bandages, soap, antibiotic ointment for burns, and roller bandages.)
____ Matches in a waterproof container
____ Emergency ration (such as energy bar, energy gel, etc; well-wrapped)
____ Pencil and small notebook
____ Bandanna
____ Compass and map of the area (or a GPS; be sure you have a set of fresh batteries)
____ Watch (unless you usually wear one)
____ Facial tissues
____ Work gloves
____ Dust masks for filtering
____ Boots, long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and goggles or safety glasses

Emergency Survival Kit

See: Survival Kit in Wilderness Survival Skills

Ready Pack

Ready Pack
From Search and Rescue merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 647940 (2013 Printing) — ScoutShop.org
Search team members are called out on very short notice, so having a pack ready to go, called a ready pack, is important. The kind of clothing and gear a team member must have is dictated by the climate in the area. Most search teams require them to stay in the field for at least 24 hours.


____ Sturdy hiking boots
____ Sturdy work gloves
____ Head cover(s)
____ Gloves and/or mittens
____ Socks and sock liners (and extras)
____ Inner layer of basic underwear* and long underwear* (bottoms and top)
____ Middle layer(s) for warmth (pants* and shirt*)
____ Outer layer for wind and water protection (bottoms and top with hood)

(Waterproof/breathable clothing is recommended. Items marked with an asterisk [*] should be made of wool or a warm synthetic fabric. Remember: "Cotton kills.")


____ Pack or container to carry/hold the required gear and clothing
____ Eye protection (such as sunglasses or goggles)
____ Food for 24 hours (should be high in caloric content and able to sustain your energy over a long period of time)
____ Water (2 quarts minimum)
____ Swiss Army Knife or Leatherman multitool type knife (one that has several blades and other attachments)
____ Fire starter
____ Compass with 5 degree accuracy
____ Map of search area
____ Whistle
____ Signal mirror
____ List of phon numbers including the number for Incident Base
____ Two light sources (flashlight and/or headlapm, plus extra batteries and replacement bulbs)
____ Personal first-aid kit
____ Space blanket
____ Pencil or pen and waterproof paper
____ 20 feet of 1-inch tubular nylon webbing

The following items are optional:

____ Tools needed for particular functions such as navigation, record keeping, marking, and communication
____ Subject find and stabilization supplies, such as basic first-aid equipment and an extra space blanket to keep the subject warm; these can be based on weather and availability of medical services
____ Safety equipment, generally including an ANSI Class 2 vest and other equipment required by command team

Household Emergency Kit

This list was from the Boy Scouts of America Emergency Preparedness Kit web page published at http://www.scouting.org/Media/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness/kit.aspx. That link no longer works. Here is a link to a July 24, 2014 archived copy of that web page at www.archive.org.

What you have on hand when a disaster happens could make a big difference. Plan to store enough supplies for everyone in your household for at least three days.

____ Water. Have at least one gallon per person per day.
____ Food. Pack non-perishable, high-protein items, including energy bars, ready-to-eat soup, peanut butter, etc. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water.
____ Flashlight. Include extra batteries.
____ First-Aid Kit Include a reference guide.
____ Medications. Don't forget both prescription and non-prescription items.
____ Battery-operated Weather radio. Include extra batteries.
____ Tools. Gather a wrench to turn off gas if necessary, a manual can opener, screwdriver, hammer, pliers, knife, duct tape, plastic sheeting, and garbage bags and ties.
____ Clothing. Provide a change of clothes for everyone, including sturdy shoes and gloves.
____ Personal Items. Remember eyeglasses or contact lenses and solution; copies of important papers, including identification cards, insurance policies, birth certificates, passports, etc.; and comfort items such as toys and books.
____ Hygiene & Sanitary Items. Small bag with toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, comb, facial tissues, towelettes, needle, thread, shoelaces, toilet paper, bleach
____ Money. Have cash. (ATMs and credit cards won't work if the power is out.)
____ Contact information. Include a current list of family phone numbers and e-mail addresses, including someone out of the area who may be easier to reach by e-mail if local phone lines are overloaded.
____ Pet supplies. Include food, water, leash, litter box or plastic bags, tags, medications, and vaccination information.
____ Map and Compass. Consider marking an evacuation route on it from your local area.

Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness Awards
Emergency Preparedness-related awards

See also

First Aid Links
Camping Checklist
First-Aid Kit
Emergency Kit
Survival Kit
Ready Pack
Personal tools