Second Class rank

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Temporary Transition Rules for Females and First-time Joining Boys Entering Scouts BSA
  1. Beginning on February 1, 2019, youth 16 years of age or older, but not yet 18, who register as members of Scouts BSA on or before December 31, 2019 may request extensions to complete the Eagle Scout Award requirements after they turn 18 years of age.
  2. Requests for extensions must be received no later than thirty (30) days after turning 18 years of age. Only the National Council may grant extensions. The actual extension will be based upon the individual’s registration date and age at the time of the request and will provide not more than twenty-four* months from the date of initial registration to complete all requirements.
  3. In the interest of fairness, these temporary transition rules apply to all youth joining Scouts BSA during 2019–both girls and first-time joining boys.

This is quoted from Adobe Acrobat PDF (last modified February 5, 2019).
See also: Temporary transition rules give new Scouts BSA members the chance to earn Eagle, a January 31, 2019 article in Bryan on Scouting in Scouting Magazine

* - [Editor's note: this was originally published by BSA on October 3, 2019 as 24 months, but was changed on January 30, 2019 to 22 months. On February 1, 2019, after significant feedback from Scouters, BSA reset the maximum length of an Eagle Scout extension length back to 24 months, as was first announced in October. ]
Second Class rank requirement resources include the Second Class rank Worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF,
lesson videos showing Outdoor skills, and First-aid skills plus Merit Badges, and Scout Awards links.
Troop resources include the Advancement Campout and monthly Troop Program Themes.

Second Class rank

Tenderfoot rank
First Class rank

The advancement program for Scouts BSA is symbolized by the earning of seven badges each representing a different rank. The program is often considered to be divided into two phases.

The first phase of advancement (from Scout to First Class) is designed to teach the Scoutcraft skills, how to participate in a group, and to learn self-reliance. The Scout rank badge is awarded when the Scout demonstrates a rudimentary knowledge of the Scouting ideals and program, demonstrates basic Scoutcraft skills (knots & pocknetknife safety), and completes a youth protection and internet safety exercise with the Scout's parents. Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class have progressively harder requirements in the areas of fitness, citizenship, personal growth, tools, cooking, first aid and emergency preparedness, aquatics, hiking and navigation, nature, outdoor ethics, and Scout Spirit.


Second Class rank requirements

Camping and Outdoor Ethics

1a. Since joining Scouts BSA, participate in five separate troop/patrol activities, at least three of which must be held outdoors. Of the outdoor activities, at least two must include overnight camping. These activities do not include troop or patrol meetings. On campouts, spend the night in a tent that you pitch or other structure that you help erect, such as a lean-to, snow cave, or tepee.
1b. Explain the seven principles of Leave No Trace and tell how you practiced them on a campout or outing. This outing must be different from the one used for "Tenderfoot requirement 1c".
1c. On one of these campouts, select a location for your patrol site and recommend it to your patrol leader, senior patrol leader, or troop guide. Explain what factors you should consider when choosing a patrol site and where to pitch a tent.

Cooking and Tools

2a. Explain when it is appropriate to use a fire for cooking or other purposes and when it would not be appropriate to do so.
2b. Use the tools listed in Tenderfoot requirement 3d to prepare tinder, kindling, and fuel wood for a cooking fire.
2c. At an approved outdoor location and time, use the tinder, kindling, and fuel wood from "Second Class requirement 2b" to demonstrate how to build a fire. Unless prohibited by local fire restrictions, light the fire. After allowing the flames to burn safely for at least two minutes, safely extinguish the flames with minimal impact to the fire site.
2d. Explain when it is appropriate to use a lightweight stove and when it is appropriate to use a propane stove. Set up a lightweight stove or propane stove. Light the stove, unless prohibited by local fire restrictions. Describe the safety procedures for using these types of stoves.
2e. On one campout, plan and cook one hot breakfast or lunch, selecting foods from MyPlate or the current USDA nutritional model. Explain the importance of good nutrition. Demonstrate how to transport, store, and prepare the foods you selected.
2f. Demonstrate tying the sheet bend knot. Describe a situation in which you would use this knot.
2g. Demonstrate tying the bowline knot. Describe a situation in which you would use this knot.


3a. Demonstrate how a compass works and how to orient a map. Use a map to point out and tell the meaning of five map symbols.
3b. Using a compass and map together, take a 5-mile hike (or 10 miles by bike) approved by your adult leader and your parent or guardian.[1]
3c. Describe some hazards or injuries that you might encounter on your hike and what you can do to help prevent them.[1]
3d. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass or an electronic device.


4. Identify or show evidence of at least 10 kinds of wild animals (such as birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, or mollusks) found in your local area or camping location. You may show evidence by tracks, signs, or photographs you have taken.


5a. Tell what precautions must be taken for a safe swim.
5b. Demonstrate your ability to pass the BSA beginner test: Jump feetfirst into water over your head in depth, level off and swim 25 feet on the surface, stop, turn sharply, resume swimming, then return to your starting place.[2]
5c. Demonstrate water rescue methods by reaching with your arm or leg, by reaching with a suitable object, and by throwing lines and objects.[2]
5d. Explain why swimming rescues should not be attempted when a reaching or throwing rescue is possible. Explain why and how a rescue swimmer should avoid contact with the victim.

First Aid and Emergency Preparedness

6a. Demonstrate first aid for the following:
6b. Show what to do for “hurry” cases of stopped breathing, stroke, severe bleeding, and ingested poisoning.
6c. Tell what you can do while on a campout or hike to prevent or reduce the occurrence of the injuries listed in Second Class requirements 6a and 6b.
6d. Explain what to do in case of accidents that require emergency response in the home and backcountry. Explain what constitutes an emergency and what information you will need to provide to a responder.
6e. Tell how you should respond if you come upon the scene of a vehicular accident.


7a. After completing Tenderfoot requirement 6c, be physically active at least 30 minutes each day for five days a week for four weeks. Keep track of your activities.
7b. Share your challenges and successes in completing Second Class requirement 7a. Set a goal for continuing to include physical activity as part of your daily life and develop a plan for doing so.
7c. Participate in a school, community, or troop program on the dangers of using drugs, alcohol, and tobacco and other practices that could be harmful to your health. Discuss your participation in the program with your family, and explain the dangers of substance addictions. Report to your Scoutmaster or other adult leader in your troop about which parts of the Scout Oath and Scout Law relate to what you learned.


8a. Participate in a flag ceremony for your school, religious institution, chartered organization, community, or Scouting activity.
8b. Explain what respect is due the flag of the United States.
8c. With your parents or guardian, decide on an amount of money that you would like to earn, based on the cost of a specific item you would like to purchase. Develop a written plan to earn the amount agreed upon and follow that plan; it is acceptable to make changes to your plan along the way. Discuss any changes made to your original plan and whether you met your goal.
8d. At a minimum of three locations, compare the cost of the item for which you are saving to determine the best place to purchase it. After completing Second Class requirement 8c, decide if you will use the amount that you earned as originally intended, save all or part of it, or use it for another purpose.
8e. Participate in two hours of service through one or more service projects approved by your Scoutmaster. Tell how your service to others relates to the Scout Oath.

Personal Safety Awareness

9a. Explain the three R’s of personal safety and protection.
9b. Describe bullying; tell what the appropriate response is to someone who is bullying you or another person.

Scout Spirit

10. Demonstrate Scout spirit by living the Scout Oath and Scout Law. Tell how you have done your duty to God and how you have lived four different points of the Scout Law (not to include those used for Tenderfoot requirement 9) in your everyday life.
____________________    ____________________    ____________________    ____________________
11. While working toward the Second Class rank, and after completing Tenderfoot requirement 10, participate in a Scoutmaster conference.
12. Successfully complete your board of review for the Second Class rank.


  1. 1.0 1.1 If you use a wheelchair or crutches, or if it is difficult for you to get around, you may substitute "trip" for "hike" in requirements 3b and 3c.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Under certain exceptional conditions, where the climate keeps the outdoor water temperature below safe levels year-round, or where there are no suitably safe and accessible places (outdoors or indoors) within a reasonable traveling distance to swim at any time during the year, the council Scout executive and advancement committee may, on an individual Scout basis, authorize an alternative for requirements 5b and 5c. The local council may establish appropriate procedures for submitting and processing these types of requests. All the other requirements, none of which necessitate entry in the water or entry in a watercraft on the water, must be completed as written.

The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Scouts BSA Requirements, 2019 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #648914)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.

Second Class rank alternative requirements

A Scout with a permanent physical or mental disability or a disability expected to last more than two years or beyond the 18th birthday and who is unable to complete all of the requirements for Scout, Tenderfoot, Second Class, or First Class rank may, with his or her parent or guardian, submit a request to the council advancement committee to complete alternative requirements. Below are the procedures for applying for alternative requirements. To help facilitate this process, use the Individual Scout Advancement Plan Adobe Acrobat PDF, No. 512-936, which can be found at For more detailed information about alternative requirements, see the Guide to Advancement.
  1. Do as Many Standard Requirements as Possible. Before applying for alternative requirements, a Scout must complete as many of the existing requirements as possible.
  2. Prepare a Request for Alternative Requirements. Once the Scout has done his or her best to the limit of the Scout's abilities and resources, the unit leader or a troop committee member submits to the council advancement committee a written request for alternative requirements for Scout, Tenderfoot, Second Class, or First Class ranks. It must show what has been completed and suggest the alternatives for those requirements the Scout cannot do.
  3. Secure a Medical Statement and Provide Supporting Documents. The request must be accompanied by supporting letters from the unit leader, a parent or guardian, and the Scout (if possible), as well as a written statement from a qualified health professional related to the nature of the disability. This may be a physician, neurologist, psychiatrist, psychologist, etc., or, when appropriate, an educational administrator in special education. Statements must describe the disability; cover the Scout’s capabilities, limitations, and prognosis; and outline what requirements cannot be completed. Additional information such as Individualized Education Plans (IEP) provided to parents by schools, and various treatment summaries and reports, may help an advancement committee make an informed decision.
  4. The Advancement Committee Reviews the Request. The council advancement committee reviews the request, utilizing the expertise of professionals involved with youth who have special needs. To make a fair determination, the committee may want to interview the Scout, his or her parent or guardian, and the unit leader. The committee's decision is then recorded and delivered to the Scout and the unit leader.

The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Scouts BSA Requirements, 2019 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #648914)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Worksheet A FREE workbook for Second Class rank is available here! (PDF or Word) with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need! Or click here to print just the Second Class rank requirements. has PDF and Word versions of workbooks for Scouts BSA ranks and merit badges, Webelos adventures, Cub Scout ranks and adventures, and Nova awards.


Second Class rank pin
Second Class rank pin
When a Scout has earned the Scout rank or when a board of review has approved advancement, the Scout deserves recognition as soon as possible. This should be done at a ceremony at the next unit meeting. The achievement may be recognized again later, such as during a formal court of honor.
Guide To Advancement § The Scout Is Recognized.

The Scout may be awarded his rank patch or a rank pin.

Requirement resources

2010 Second Class Badge.
2010 Second Class Badge.
Camping and Outdoor Ethics
1a. Camping  •  Tent Setup
1b. Leave No Trace
1c. Campsite Selection
Cooking and Tools
2a. Campfire Safety
2b. Campfire Setup  •  Totin' Chip
2c. Campfires  •  Campfire Building  •  Campfire Setup  •  Campfire Types  •  Campfire Starting  •  Campfire Safety  •  Firem'n Chit
2d. Backpacking Stoves  •  Cooking Gear  •  Outdoor Cooking
2e. Meal Planning
2f. Sheet bend
2g. Bowline
3a. Navigation
3b. Navigation  •  Hiking Skills
3d. Navigation
4. Ecology resources
5a. Safe Swim Defense
5b. BSA beginner test  •  Diving (has feet-first entries as well)  •  Swimming Strokes  •  Swimming Turns
5c. Reach, Throw, Row, Go
First Aid and Emergency Preparedness
6a. Object in Eye  •  Bites and Stings  •  Puncture Wound  •  Burns  •  Heat exhaustion  •  Shock  •  Heatstroke  •  Dehydration  •  Hypothermia  •  Hyperventilation
6b. Stopped breathing  •  Stroke  •  Bleeding  •  Poisoning
6c. Wilderness First Aid
6d. Wilderness First Aid  •  First-Aid Kit  •  Emergency Kit
7a. 2nd and 1st Class Activity Log
7b. See the sample goals table (#8) in the Personal Fitness merit badge workbook: PDF Adobe Acrobat PDF or Word Microsoft Word DOC document
7c. Dangers of using drugs, alcohol, and tobacco:
8a. Flag Ceremonies
8c. How to Set Up a Personal Budget
8e. Service projects
Personal Safety Awareness
9a. Three R’s of Youth Protection
9b. Bullying Awareness —
Scout Spirit
10. Scout spirit  •  Scout Oath  •  Scout Law  •  Duty to God
11. Scoutmaster conference
12. Board of review

Related Awards


Outdoor-related awards


Ecology-related awards


Emergency Preparedness-related awards


Aquatic-related awards

See also

Scouts BSA portal
Personal tools