Able Rank Requirements Changes
Changes to the Able rank requirements from the Sea Scout Manual 11th ed.
- Organize and conduct two impressive opening and closing ceremonies for your ship.
- Submit an essay of 500 to 1,000 words on how our nation's maritime history has contributed to our way of life.
- Active Membership
- Attend at least 75 percent of your ship's meetings and special activities for one year. Note: Check with your ship's yeoman.
- Prepare and present a program on Sea Scouts for a Boy Scout troop, Venturing crew, Venturing Officers' Association meeting, school class, or other youth group. Your presentation should last a minimum of 15 minutes and describe the activities of your ship and Sea Scouts.
Either serve and fulfill the responsibilities of a crew leader or an elected officer of your ship, or serve as an activity chair for two major ship events. Responsibilities should include planning, directing, and evaluating the event. (These events are in addition to the Ordinary requirement.)
Pass all requirements for the BSA's Lifesaving merit badge.
- Develop and use a customized vessel safety checklist for a boat used by your ship.
- Demonstrate your understanding of fire prevention on vessels.
- Know the classes of fires and the substances that will extinguish each type of fire.
- In a safe place, under adult supervision, demonstrate your ability to successfully extinguish a class A and a class B fire with an approved fire extinguisher. See that the fire extinguisher used is properly recharged or replaced.
- Conduct a fire safety inspection of the vessel normally used by your ship or of your ship's meeting place. Note any fire hazards and report them to your ship's adult leaders.
- Complete the American Red Cross Standard First Aid course.
- Obtain CPR certification from a certified agency.
- Demonstrate the Heimlich maneuver and tell when it is used.
- Marlinspike Seamanship
- Complete a back splice, eye splice, short splice, long splice, and a palm-and-needle whipping.
- Sew a flat seam, round seam, and grommet eye in canvas or sail material. Describe how each is used in construction of and the care of sails.
- Describe the parts of a block and explain how blocks are sized. Describe the following types of tackle: luff, gun, double purchase, single whip, and runner. With the help of another shipmate, reeve a double purchase tackle.
- Boat Handling
- Demonstrate your ability to properly operate a small boat equipped with a motor. Included should be fueling, starting, leaving a dock, maneuvering, and coming alongside.
- Know the names and functions of lines used to secure a vessel to a wharf or pier. Understand and execute docking commands used in handling lines on your ship's primary vessel.
- Describe the various kinds of anchor rode and the advantages and disadvantages of each type.
- Identify the parts of the anchor cable starting with the anchor and ending at the vessel.
- Describe the methods of marking chain and demonstrate that you know the chain markings on your ship's vessel.
- While on a cruise assist in the construction of an anchor watch schedule and stand one watch.
- Identify a capstan or windlass and explain its use in handling line, wire rope, or chain.
- Navigation Rules
- Demonstrate a working knowledge of Navigation Rules, International and Inland.
- Explain vessel lights for the following: towing (astern, alongside, pushing ahead, and cannot deviate), fishing, trawling, restricted maneuverability, underwater operations, constrained by draft, and aground.
- Describe special lights and day shapes deployed on the following vessels: not under command, restricted by ability to maneuver, constrained by draft, fishing (trawling), and sailing vessels under power.
- Understand the system of aids to navigation employed in your area. Include buoys, lights, and daymarks, and their significance and corresponding chart symbols.
- Read in detail a National Ocean Service (NOS) chart, preferably for the area normally cruised by your ship, identifying all marks on it.
- Explain the use of tide tables, current tables, light lists, and how to update a chart using the Notice to Mariners.
- Piloting and Navigation
- Describe the deck log kept aboard your ship's principal craft. Keep a complete log for three cruises.
- Lay a course of at least three legs and execute it using dead reckoning.
- Demonstrate your ability to fix your position by the following methods: taking bearings from two known objects, running fix, and estimated position.
- Establish distance from a known object using "double the angle on the bow" and explain how to set a danger angle.
- Discuss how GPS (Global Positioning System) operates and the purpose of waypoints. While underway, demonstrate your ability to use a GPS using three different waypoints.
- Discuss the method of establishing a radar fix.
- Practical Deck Seamanship
- Demonstrate your knowledge of personal safety equipment needed while cleaning, maintaining, or repairing your vessel.
- Know the names, uses, sizes, and proper care of the common hand tools used by your ship.
- Identify and explain the use of the following: thimble, shackle, turnbuckle, pelican hook, and other ship's hardware and fittings commonly used aboard your ship's vessels. Describe how each is sized.
- Demonstrate proper surface and coating preparation, coating techniques, care of stored coatings, and cleaning of brushes and tools used to maintain surfaces on your ship's vessel.
- Explain techniques used for the maintenance, protection, and repair of hulls and decks on your ship's vessel.
- Demonstrate your knowledge of local environmental laws related to the proper storage, disposal, and cleanup of maritime coating materials, fuels, and other environmentally sensitive materials.
- Discuss with an adult leader the dumping of garbage in the marine environment. Review the contents of the MARPOL placard and locate it aboard your ship's vessels.
- Write a 500-word report on a marine endangered species (mammal, bird, fish, or reptile). The report should include a description of the species, its habitat, history, current population numbers, and current steps being employed to help
Earn the Long Cruise Badge.
- Electives - Do any three of the following.
- Sailing: While leading a crew of not less than two other persons, demonstrate your ability to sail a sloop or another suitable vessel correctly and safely over a triangular course (leeward, windward, reaching marks), demonstrating beating, reaching, running, and the proper commands.
- Vessels: Teach and lead a crew under oar using a boat pulling at least four oars single- or double-banked. Perform the following maneuvers: get underway, maneuver ahead and back, turn the boat in its own length, dock, and secure.
- Drill: Demonstrate your ability to give and execute commands in close-order drill.
- Understand the safe and proper procedures for the use of gasoline and diesel inboard engines, including fueling, pre-start checks, ventilation, starting, running, periodic checks while running, securing, postoperative checks, and keeping an engine log.
- Using the type of engine aboard the vessel you most frequently use, demonstrate your understanding of basic troubleshooting and the preventive maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer.
- Yacht Racing:
- Demonstrate your understanding of the shapes, flag hoists, gun, and horn signals used in yacht racing as well as a working knowledge of the racing rules of the International Sailing Federation.
- Serve as helmsman, with one or more additional crew members, of a sloop-rigged or other suitable boat with a spinnaker in a race sailed under ISAF racing rules.
- Maritime History: Know the highlights of maritime history from the earliest times to the present. Include the evolution of vessel construction and propulsion, important voyages of exploration and development, the origin of maritime traditions, and the achievements of notable maritime leaders in U.S. sea history.
- Ornamental Ropework: Demonstrate your ability to fashion the following items of ornamental ropework: four-strand Turk's head, coach whipping, cockscombing, round braid, flat sennit braid, wall knot, and crown knot. Make a useful item such as a boatswain's lanyard, rigging knife lanyard, bell rope, etc., or decorate a portion of your ship's equipment such as a stanchion, rail, lifeline, tiller, etc.
- Fiberglass Repair and Maintenance: Demonstrate your proficiency and knowledge of fiberglass repair and gel coating while working on your ship's vessel or other similar vessel.
- Specialty Proficiency: Become a certified scuba diver or become proficient in boardsailing, surfing, kayaking, or whitewater rafting/canoeing.
- USPS: As an apprentice member of the United States Power Squadrons complete the Seamanship and Piloting courses.