First-Aid Skills

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Contents

Abrasion (Scrape)
AEDs
Altitude Sickness
Assessing Injury
Back Injury
Bites Stings Bees
Black eye
Bleeding
Blisters
Bloodborne Pathogens
Broken Bone
Bruise (Contusion)
Burns
Chest Pain
Choking
Cold Reactions
Convulsion
CPR
Cramps
Cuts (Lacerations)
Dehydration
Electrical Burns
Electrical Shock
Eye Injury
First-Aid Kit
Fishhook
Fractures
Frostbite
Getting Help
Head Injury
Hearing Loss
Heart Attack
Heart Disease
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Reactions
Heat Stroke
Heimlich
Hyperventilation
Hypothermia
Insect Bites Stings
Motion Sickness
Muscle Cramps
Muscle Strains
Nausea-Fainting
Neck Injuries
Nosebleeds
Object in Eye
Poisoning
Poisonous Animals
Poisonous Plants
Puncture Wound
Rope Burns
Scratches
Shock
Seizure Slings - Splints
Snakebite
Spinal Injury
Splinters
Sprained Ankle
Sprains-Strains
Stopped Breathing
Stroke
Sunburn
Tick Bites
Tooth Injury
Transporting
Triage
Wilderness First Aid

First aid is the first help given to someone who has had an accident or other health emergency. If more attention is needed, first-aid treatment helps keep an injured or ill person as safe as possible until medical personnel arrive. Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.

First aid and WFA are important to participants in BSA programs. The BSA strongly recommends that participants avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. For certain program participation, there may be requirements for first aid, wilderness first aid, and CPR/AED. There are no unit-centric requirements at this time.

First aid, WFA, CPR/AED may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting. Online-only courses are not accepted if a certification is required. The BSA will accept nationally recognized blended courses—such as from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, Emergency Care and Safety Institute—where competency can be demonstrated to an instructor.

Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).

For more information, see the Boy Scout Handbook and the First Aid merit badge pamphlet.

Guide to Safe Scouting (2017), V. Medical Information and First Aid

Here are first-aid resources to aid you in teaching and learning first aid in over 40 ranks and badges.

Resources

The Boy Scout Handbook should be a Scout's initial resource for learning first-aid skills. The First Aid merit badge provides more information and guidance and lists the following first-aid resources

On the Internet
Scouting Literature

Handbooks, Manuals, & Guides

Merit Badge Pamphlets

Dentistry  •  Emergency Preparedness  •  Fire Safety  •  Lifesaving  •  Medicine  •  Public Health  •  Safety  •  Wilderness Survival
Additional Resources

ProFirstAid (PFAVideo) - online first aid (including CPR) courses for free. Pay if you want their certificates.

Disclaimers

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.

Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the Boy Scouts of America are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current First Aid Merit Badge pamphlet (Order: full pamphlet (Scout Shop); Download: requirements & resources only (Scouting.org)) and Boy Scout Handbook. First-aid skills are constantly being revised. See the Guide to Safe Scouting. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.

AED

  Pro First Aid: Adult AED, Practice: Adult AED, Child AED, Practice: Child AED, Infant AED, Practice: Infant AED

Altitude Sickness

Requirement for Camping and Hiking Merit Badges.

Bites and Stings

  EVVideo: Insect Bites & Stings - Treatments - Insect Bites - Brown Recluse Spider Bite - Chiggers - Bee Stings - Bees

Tick Bites

  Avoiding Ticks - EVVideo: Removing Ticks

Bleeding

  Mayo Clinic: Bleeding Video - EVVideo: EVVideo: Bleeding - EVVideo: Bleeding2 - Direct Pressure - Pressure Bandage
  ProFirstAid: Minor Bleeding - Serious Bleeding - About.com Video: Dress a Wound

Blisters

  EVVideo: Avoiding Blisters - Blisters - How to Treat Blisters

Bloodborne Pathogens

  ProFirstAid: Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens - What are Bloodborne Pathogens? - How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread - How to Reduce Your Risk

Broken Bones

Shortcut:
Broken Bones - Fractures
Dislocation

Bruises

Burns

  EVVideo: Burns - Second Degree Burns - Second & Third-Degree Burns - About.com Video: Burn - About.com: Types of Burns Video

See also: Electrical Burns and Rope Burns


Cancer

Chest Pain

Choking

  EVVideo: First Aid for Choking Victims - PFAVideo: Choking - About.com Video: Heimlich Maneuver

Cold Reactions

Hypothermia
Frostbite

  EVVideo: How to Treat Frostbite - About.com: Stages of Frostbite Video

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

CPR instruction [in the merit badge program], wherever it is required, must be taught by people currently trained as CPR instructors by a nationally certified provider, such as the American Red Cross, the Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or the American Heart Association.
Guide To Advancement § 7.0.1.1 Qualifications of Counselors.

  Videos: ProFirstAid: Hands-Only CPR - Adult CPR

Cuts - Scrapes

  EVVideo: Cuts (Lacerations) - EVVideo: Abrasions

Dehydration

Electrical Burns - Electrical Shock

Eye Injury - Object in Eye

Getting Help

  EVVideo:Calling 911

Head, Neck, and Back Injuries

Head Injury
Spinal Injuries

  PFAVideo: Head, Neck and Back Injuries

Hearing Loss

Heart Attack

  EVVideo: What Is a Heart Attack? - Risk Factors - Misconceptions - Signs of a Heart Attack

Heart Disease

Heat Reactions

Heat Exhaustion

  EVVideo: How to Treat Heat Exhaustion

Heat Cramps
Heat Stroke

Hyperventilation

Nausea - Motion Sickness

Fainting

  PFAVideo: Fainting

Nosebleeds

  EVVideo: Nose Bleeds - About.com Video: Nosebleeds

Poisoning

Poisonous Plants

  EVVideo: Poison Ivy & Poison Oak - How to Treat Poison Oak, Ivy & Sumac

Puncture Wounds

  EVVideo: Puncture Wounds

Fishhook
Splinters

Rope Burns

Seizures - Convulsions - Epilepsy

  EVVideo: Seizures - PFAVideo: Seizures

Shock

Treat every accident victim for shock. -Boy Scout Handbook p. 291

  PFAVideo: Shock

Slings

  EVVideo: How to Apply a Shoulder Sling - Slings - More Slings

Snakebite

  EVVideo: Venomous Snake Bite

Poisonous Animals

  EVVideo: How to Treat Jellyfish Stings

Splints

  EVVideo: How to Tell if Someone Needs a Splint - Injuries Requiring a Splint - Types of Splints - Applying a Splint - How to Use a Pillow as a Splint - How to Position a Splint

Sprains - Strains - Cramps

Shortcut:
Sprains - Strains - Cramps

  EVVideo: Strained Muscle

Sprained Ankle

Stopped Breathing

See CPR

Stroke

  EVVideo: What Is a Stroke? - How to Identify a Stroke - How to Prevent a Stroke - The Signs of a Stroke

Sunburn

Shortcut:
Sunburn

  EVVideo: Sunburn - EVVideo: Severe Sunburn

Tooth Injury

Transporting an Injured Person

  EVVideo: How to Carry an Injured Person by Yourself

Triage

Wilderness First Aid

  EVVideo: Assessing Wilderness Emergencies - Medical Emergency - Shock - Triage - Wilderness First Aid

Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness-related awards
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