Automotive Maintenance

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{{Merit Badge header|Athletics|Aviation||lesson video links, graph paper,}}
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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
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|name= Auto Mechanics
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|name= Automotive Maintenance
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|image= 2165c.gif
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|image= AutomotiveMaintenance.jpg
|caption= Auto Mechanics
|caption= Auto Mechanics
|subject= Auto Mechanics
|subject= Auto Mechanics
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|field = Trades
|status= Elective
|status= Elective
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|created= 1992
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|created= 2009
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|discontinued= N/A
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|source1= Replaced
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|requirements revision= 2001
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|source2= [[Auto Mechanics]]
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|pamphlet revision= 2000
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|requirements revision= 2013
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|pamphlet revision= 2012
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|id = 127
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|quote=Modern automobiles are important to many aspects of American life. Those who service automobiles must understand each principle, and how these principles interact to provide smooth, efficient performance. Owners of cars also benefit by understanding how their vehicles operate. This enables them to understand why certain periodic maintenance is required to keep their vehicles in tip-top shape.
}}
}}
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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<br>
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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== Notes ==
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<!-- Add general notes here, such as the link to the worksheet. -->
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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# If you start before January 1, 2009, you can choose to work on Auto Mechanics, [[Automotive Maintenance]], or do both. Here is the worksheet for [[Media:Auto_Mechanics.pdf|Auto Mechanics]].
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NOTE: Access to an automobile or truck (with owners manual) is needed to meet some of the requirements for this merit badge.
 
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:1. Discuss with your counselor the safety equipment, tools, and clothing used while checking or repairing a motor vehicle. Use this equipment, tools, and/or clothing (when needed or called for) in meeting the requirements for this merit badge.
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== Requirement resources ==
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:2. Explain how an internal combustion engine operates and the differences between gasoline and diesel engines.
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:3. Demonstrate your knowledge of general maintenance. Do the following:
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::a. Demonstrate how to check the fluid level of the following:
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<!-- Add links as guidance for specific requirements such as: -->
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:::*Brake Fluid
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<!-- * [[Internal Link]] or [external link] description -->
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:::*Engine Oil
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:::*Coolant
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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:::*Power steering fluid
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;Read and follow the owners manual.
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:::*Windshield washer fluid
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'''1.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/40282_auto-body-repair-tools.htm Tools Necessary for Auto Repair] – [http://autorepair.about.com/od/toolsequipment/a/tools_4.htm Safety]<br>
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:::*Transmission fluid (automatic and standard)
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'''2.b.1.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/12045_overhaul-brake.htm Video: How to Check Brake Fluid Levels]<br>
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::b. Check battery fluid, if possible, and the condition of battery terminals.
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'''2.b.2.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27217_cars-care-engine-oil.htm Video: Checking Car Motor Oil Level]<br>
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::c. Show the location of fuse boxes and the size of fuses, and demonstrate the proper replacement of burned-out fuses.
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'''2.b.3.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/12048_overhaul-coolant.htm Video: How to Check Engine Coolant Levels]<br>
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::d. Review the maintenance chart in the owner's manual. Explain the requirements and time limits.
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'''2.b.4.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/12033_overhaul-power-steering.htm Video: How to Check Power Steering Fluid Levels]<br>
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::e. 1. Choose a care cleaner and wax product for the vehicle. explain clear-coat paint and the precautions necessary for care. Clean and wax the vehicle, both inside and out.
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'''2.b.5.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/12070_overhaul-washer-fluid.htm Video: How to Check Windshield Washer Fluid Levels]<br>
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::e. 2. Use a vinyl and rubber protectant (on vinyl tops, rubber door seals, sidewalls, etc.) and explain the importance of this protectant.
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'''2.b.6.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27219_cars-care-transmission-fluid.htm Video: How to Check Transmission Fluid]<br>
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::f. Demonstrate how to check the condition and tension of belts and hoses.
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'''2.b.7.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/20312_car-battery-change-check-corrosion.htm Video: How to Check a Car Battery for Corrosion]<br>
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::g. Demonstrate the following:
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'''2.c.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/2382_automotive-fuses.htm Video: How to Replace Automotive Fuses]<br>
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:::1. Check the lighting in the vehicle, including instrument, warning, and exterior bulbs.
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'''2.d.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27225_cars-care-drive-belts.htm Video: Checking Car Drive Belts]<br>
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:::2. Check headlight alignment
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'''2.e.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27210_cars-care-lights.htm Video: Check and Replace Lights]<br>
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::h. Demonstrate how to check the vehicle exhaust system.
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'''2.f.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/12031_overhaul-airfilter.htm Video: How to Change a Car Air Filter]<br>
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:4. Demonstrate your knowledge of the following:
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'''3.''' [http://www.familycar.com/classroom/dashboard.htm Dashboard Gauges]<br>
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::a. 1. Explain the difference between tire and vehicle manufacturer's information specifications and demonstrate where to find these specifications.
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'''4.a.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/143002_interpret-car-tire-ratings.htm Video: How to Interpret Car Tire Ratings]<br>
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::a. 2. Demonstrate how to check pressure and properly inflate a tire.
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'''4.b.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27212_cars-care-tire-pressure.htm Tire Pressure] [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/27214_cars-care-tire-tread.htm Tread Wear] -
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::a. 3. Using the manufacturer's jack supplied with the vehicle:
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[http://www.