Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights

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<center><big>The [[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights]] span the [[BSA]]'s 100-year history.<br></big></center>
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{{Shortcut|[[History of the BSA]]}}
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'''[[MeritBadge.Org]] offers a variety of history-related content'':
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* [[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights]] - Key events for the [[BSA]] and famous Scouts.
 +
* [[Cub_Scout_Program#History_of_Cub_Scouting|Cub Scout Program]] offers a more detailed history of Cub Scouts.
 +
* [[First_Class-First_Year#History|First Class-First Year]] - history of tenure requirements for First Class and Eagle.
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* [[Eagle_Scout_Leadership_Service_Project#History|Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project]] - including it's inception in 1965.
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* [[Boy Scout Handbook]] includes the history of the handbook.
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* [[American Heritage]] Merit Badge - sometimes refered to as the ''History Merit Badge''
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:''Adapted from [http://www.scouting.org/Media/95thAnniversary/history.aspx Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights]
:''Adapted from [http://www.scouting.org/Media/95thAnniversary/history.aspx Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights]
__NOTOC__
__NOTOC__
 +
==Overview of early history==
 +
* 1910 The [[Boy Scouts of America]] is incorporated on February 8.
 +
* 1911 The first [[Handbook for Boys]] is published.
 +
* 1912 The first [[Eagle Scout]] Award.
 +
: [[Sea Scouting]] for older Scouts starts.
 +
: [[Boys' Life]] is purchased to become an official BSA magazine.
 +
* 1915 The [[Order of the Arrow]] (OA) is founded.
 +
* 1916 Congress grants the Boy Scouts of America a federal charter.
 +
* 1920 The First World Jamboree is held in England; Boy Scouts from 32 of 52 countries are present. The Boy Scouts of America sends 301 members.
 +
* 1930 The [[Cub Scout]] program is formally launched. There are 5,102 Cub Scouts at the end of 1930.
 +
* 1938 Waite Phillips donates Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp (later to become [[Philmont Scout Ranch]].
 +
* 1941 [[Webelos rank]] created for 11-year-old boys.
 +
* 1965 [[Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project|Eagle Scout Service Project]] requirement added to [[Eagle Scout Rank]]
 +
==1910s==
==1910s==
;1910
;1910
-
* The [[Boy Scouts of America]] is incorporated on February 8 under the laws of the District of Columbia by [[W. D. Boyce]].
+
* The [[Boy Scouts of America]] is incorporated on February 8 in the District of Columbia by [[W. D. Boyce]]. Founding members include: [[Daniel Carter Beard]], [[Ernest Thompson Seton]], and [[James E. West]].
-
* On June 21, a group of 34 national representatives of boys' work agencies meet, develop organization plans, and open a temporary national headquarters in a YMCA office in New York.
+
-
* Board members include the Boy Scouts of America's founding fathers: [[Daniel Carter Beard]], national Scout commissioner; and [[Ernest Thompson Seton]], Chief Scout.
+
-
* [[James E. West]] is appointed executive officer.
+
;1911
;1911
-
* The first edition of the Handbook for Boys is published. Some 300,000 copies are printed.
+
* The first edition of the [[Handbook for Boys]] is published. Some 300,000 copies are printed.
* The [[National Council]] office is established at 200 Fifth Avenue in New York City on January 2, 1911, with seven employees.
* The [[National Council]] office is established at 200 Fifth Avenue in New York City on January 2, 1911, with seven employees.
* The [[Scout Oath]], [[Scout Law]], badges, and fundamental policies are adopted.
* The [[Scout Oath]], [[Scout Law]], badges, and fundamental policies are adopted.
Line 14: Line 36:
;1912
;1912
* By 1912, Scouts are enrolled in every state.
* By 1912, Scouts are enrolled in every state.
-
* The first [[Eagle Scout]] Award is earned by Arthur Eldred in Troop 1 in Oceanside, New York. A few weeks after becoming the first Eagle Scout, Eldred helps save another Scout from drowning and is awarded the Honor Medal for his actions.
+
* The first [[Eagle Scout]] Award is earned by Arthur Eldred in Troop 1 in Oceanside, New York. A few weeks after becoming the first [[Eagle Scout]], Eldred helps save another Scout from drowning and is awarded the Honor Medal for his actions.
-
* Scouts mobilize for the first of a series of national civic Good Turns, including the promotion of a safe and sane Fourth of July. Other community Good Turns begin.
+
* [[Sea Scouting]] for older Scouts starts.
* [[Sea Scouting]] for older Scouts starts.
* [[Boys' Life]] is purchased to become an official BSA magazine.
* [[Boys' Life]] is purchased to become an official BSA magazine.
Line 26: Line 47:
* The BSA's first tree-planting project is held in New York.
* The BSA's first tree-planting project is held in New York.
;1915
;1915
-
* The Department of Education establishes a national office to train all Scouters.
 
* The [[Order of the Arrow]] (OA) is founded by Dr. E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council.
* The [[Order of the Arrow]] (OA) is founded by Dr. E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council.
;1916
;1916
* Congress grants the Boy Scouts of America a federal charter on June 15, giving special protection to the name and insignia and limiting membership to American citizens.
* Congress grants the Boy Scouts of America a federal charter on June 15, giving special protection to the name and insignia and limiting membership to American citizens.
;1917
;1917
-
* The day after war is declared on Germany, under the slogan "Every Scout to Feed a Soldier," BSA members are urged to plant vegetable gardens. In two plant-growing seasons, 12,000 Scout farms are established. At the same time, the BSA pledges to aid the American Red Cross and promises cooperation with the U.S. Navy by organizing Scout coastal patrols to watch for enemy ships.
+
* World War I: From 1917 to 1918, Scouts sell 2,350,977 Liberty Loan bonds and war savings stamps and distribute over 300 million pieces of government literature.
-
* Scouting's full resources are placed at the service of the government as part of the war effort. From 1917 to 1918, Scouts sell 2,350,977 Liberty Loan bonds, totaling $147,876,902; and war savings stamps, to a value of $53,043,698. More than 300 million pieces of government literature are distributed, and services rendered include food and fuel conservation and Boy Scout war gardens.
+
-
;1918
+
-
* After the signing of the armistice, the slogan "The War Is Over, But Our Work Is Not" is adopted. Scouts render nationwide service during the influenza epidemic.
+
-
* The first service club sponsorship of troops is inaugurated by Rotary International.
+
;1919
;1919
-
* A systematic method of developing cooperation with religious organizations is adopted.
+
* The first [[Lifesaving and Meritorious Action Awards|gold Honor medals]] are awarded by the National Court of Honor for saving life at risk of the rescuers own.
-
* The first gold Honor medals are awarded by the National Court of Honor for saving life at risk of the rescuer's own.
+
==1920s==
==1920s==
;1920
;1920
-
* The First World Jamboree is held in England; Boy Scouts from 32 of 52 countries are present. The Boy Scouts of America sends 301 members.
+
* The first [[World Jamboree]] is held in England; Boy Scouts from 32 of 52 countries are present. The Boy Scouts of America sends 301 members.
-
;1921
+
-
* Outstanding civic Good Turns are rendered in forest conservation and in connection with the floods at Pueblo, Colorado, and San Antonio, Texas.
+
;1924
;1924
* The Every Scout a Swimmer program is inaugurated.
* The Every Scout a Swimmer program is inaugurated.
Line 51: Line 64:
;1926
;1926
* The first [[Silver Buffalo]] awards for distinguished service to boyhood are presented.
* The first [[Silver Buffalo]] awards for distinguished service to boyhood are presented.
-
* The National Executive Board authorizes development of a program for younger boys, which will eventually become [[Cub Scouting]].
 
;1927
;1927
* [[Eagle Palms]] are added to the list of awards.
* [[Eagle Palms]] are added to the list of awards.
* The National Council office moves to 2 Park Avenue, New York City.
* The National Council office moves to 2 Park Avenue, New York City.
-
* Three Scouts--David R. Martin, Douglas Oliver, and Dick Douglas--accompany the Martin Johnson Expedition to Africa.
 
* Sea Scout Paul A. Siple accompanies Commander Richard E. Byrd to the Antarctic.
* Sea Scout Paul A. Siple accompanies Commander Richard E. Byrd to the Antarctic.
 +
==1930s==
==1930s==
;1930
;1930
-
* The Cub Scout program is formally launched. There are 5,102 Cub Scouts at the end of 1930.
+
* The [[Cub Scout]] program is formally launched. There are 5,102 Cub Scouts at the end of 1930.
;1931
;1931
* The first [[Silver Beaver]] awards are presented for distinguished service to boyhood within a council.
* The first [[Silver Beaver]] awards are presented for distinguished service to boyhood within a council.
-
;1933
 
-
* President Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes honorary president, and former President Herbert Hoover becomes honorary vice president.
 
-
* The Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation is formally opened and dedicated.
 
;1934
;1934
-
* In response to the request of President Roosevelt in a radio address delivered February 10, Boy Scouts perform a nationwide Good Turn, collecting 1,812,284 items of clothing, household furnishings, foodstuffs, and supplies for the distressed and needy.
 
* The [[Order of the Arrow]] becomes an approved part of the Scouting program.
* The [[Order of the Arrow]] becomes an approved part of the Scouting program.
;1935
;1935
-
* The entire Scout membership celebrates the Silver Jubilee of Scouting.
 
* Membership in the Boy Scouts of America passes the 1 million mark.
* Membership in the Boy Scouts of America passes the 1 million mark.
-
* [[Boys' Life]] marks its 25th anniversary in March.
 
* The 5-millionth copy of the [[Handbook for Boys]] is published.
* The 5-millionth copy of the [[Handbook for Boys]] is published.
-
* The proposed [[national jamboree]] is canceled because of a polio epidemic.
 
;1937
;1937
* The First [[National Jamboree]] is held in Washington from June 30 to July 9, at the invitation of President Roosevelt, with an attendance of 27,232.
* The First [[National Jamboree]] is held in Washington from June 30 to July 9, at the invitation of President Roosevelt, with an attendance of 27,232.
;1938
;1938
-
* Waite Phillips donates Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp (later to become [http://www.scouting.org/philmont Philmont Scout Ranch]--see 1941) consisting of 35,857 acres of land on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, near Cimarron, New Mexico.
+
* Waite Phillips donates Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp (later to become [[Philmont Scout Ranch]]--see 1941) consisting of 35,857 acres of land on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, near Cimarron, New Mexico.
;1939
;1939
* Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp opens for advanced Scout camping.
* Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp opens for advanced Scout camping.
 +
==1940s==
==1940s==
;1941
;1941
* With the declaration of war, the government requests Boy Scout service for the distribution of defense bonds and stamp posters; collection of aluminum and wastepaper; defense housing surveys; victory gardens; distribution of air-raid posters; cooperation with the American Red Cross; and, by joint agreement with the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, services in three capacities--messengers, assisting emergency medical units, and firewatchers.
* With the declaration of war, the government requests Boy Scout service for the distribution of defense bonds and stamp posters; collection of aluminum and wastepaper; defense housing surveys; victory gardens; distribution of air-raid posters; cooperation with the American Red Cross; and, by joint agreement with the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, services in three capacities--messengers, assisting emergency medical units, and firewatchers.
-
* Waite Phillips makes another large gift--land, residence and ranch buildings, livestock, operating ranch equipment--contiguous to Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp, bringing total acreage to more than 127,000 acres. The area is renamed [http://www.scouting.org/philmont Philmont Scout Ranch].
+
* Waite Phillips makes another large gift--land, residence and ranch buildings, livestock, operating ranch equipment--contiguous to Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp, bringing total acreage to more than 127,000 acres. The area is renamed [[Philmont Scout Ranch]].
 +
* [[Webelos rank]] created for 11-year-old boys with the Lion badge.
;1942
;1942
* Scouts continue in war service. Twenty-eight projects are requested by the government, including the collection of 30 million pounds of rubber in a two-week drive; all-out salvage based on the government-issued pamphlet Scrap and How Scouts Collect It; distribution of pledge cards for war bonds and savings stamps; victory gardens; work on farms and in harvest camps; and government dispatch bearers.
* Scouts continue in war service. Twenty-eight projects are requested by the government, including the collection of 30 million pounds of rubber in a two-week drive; all-out salvage based on the government-issued pamphlet Scrap and How Scouts Collect It; distribution of pledge cards for war bonds and savings stamps; victory gardens; work on farms and in harvest camps; and government dispatch bearers.
;1943
;1943
-
* Scouts render war service at the request of the government in four general classifications: collections--aid in salvage drives; distribution, as official dispatch bearers for government pamphlets and posters; production; and conservation.
 
* The first [[Silver Antelope]] awards are presented for distinguished service to youth within a region.
* The first [[Silver Antelope]] awards are presented for distinguished service to youth within a region.
* Long trousers and the Scout cap become part of the official [[uniform]].
* Long trousers and the Scout cap become part of the official [[uniform]].
;1945
;1945
* The total Boy Scout war service includes 69 requests from the government during 1941 through 1945.
* The total Boy Scout war service includes 69 requests from the government during 1941 through 1945.
-
* General Dwight D. Eisenhower's outstanding Wastepaper Campaign culminates in the General Eisenhower Award; a gold medal is presented to him in December by the Boy Scouts of America in appreciation. Other service includes collections in many communities, distribution of circulars on conservation projects, and the Green Thumb program.
 
* Twenty thousand Scouts earn the General Douglas MacArthur Medal for growing food.
* Twenty thousand Scouts earn the General Douglas MacArthur Medal for growing food.
 +
==1950s==
==1950s==
;1950
;1950
-
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 40th anniversary.
 
* The Second [[National Jamboree]], held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, June 30-July 6, brings 47,163 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world.
* The Second [[National Jamboree]], held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, June 30-July 6, brings 47,163 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world.
-
* [http://www.scouting.org/philmont Philmont Scout Ranch] begins offering training courses.
+
* [[Philmont Scout Ranch]] begins offering training courses at the [[Philmont Training Center]].
* The U.S. Post Office Department issues the first Boy Scout stamp.
* The U.S. Post Office Department issues the first Boy Scout stamp.
-
;1951
 
-
* Scouts collect 2 million pounds of clothing for domestic and foreign relief.
 
-
;1952
 
-
* Scouts distribute more than a million posters and 30 million Liberty Bell doorknob hangers in a get-out-the-vote campaign.
 
-
* Scouts cooperate in a national campaign to secure blood donor pledges, collect clothing for worthy causes, distribute seeds for Asia, and aid in conservation projects and civil defense.
 
;1953
;1953
* The Third [[National Jamboree]] is held at the Irvine Ranch in Southern California, July 17-23, with 45,401 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world participating.
* The Third [[National Jamboree]] is held at the Irvine Ranch in Southern California, July 17-23, with 45,401 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world participating.
-
* Scouts assist in the inauguration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
+
* First [[pinewood derby]] is held in Manhattan Beach, California.
;1954
;1954
-
* The Boy Scouts of America conducts a National Conservation Good Turn, distributing 3.6 million conservation posters. In parks, rural areas, and wilderness areas, Scouts plant 6.2 million trees, build and place 55,000 bird-nesting boxes, and arrange 41,000 conservation displays.
+
* The [[Webelos]] den is created for [[Cub Scouts]] 10 years of age and to provide a [[Webelos Transition|bridge]] for crossing over to [[Boy Scouting]].
-
* Boys' Life circulation passes the 1 million mark.
+
-
* The [[Webelos]] den is created to provide a means of maintaining the interest of [[Cub Scouts]] 10 years of age in Scouting and to provide a bridge for crossing over to [[Boy Scouting]].
+
-
;1956
+
-
* In a nationwide nonpartisan get-out-the-vote campaign, Scouts distribute more than a million posters and 36 million Liberty Bell doorknob hangers.
+
-
* Boys' Life magazine is among the top 17 American magazines.
+
;1957
;1957
* The Fourth [[National Jamboree]], at Valley Forge July 12-19, attracts 50,000 Scouts and Explorers.
* The Fourth [[National Jamboree]], at Valley Forge July 12-19, attracts 50,000 Scouts and Explorers.
* The 15-millionth copy of the [[Handbook for Boys]] is published.
* The 15-millionth copy of the [[Handbook for Boys]] is published.
-
;1958
+
 
-
* National Safety Good Turns are conducted. The BSA delivers 40 million emergency handbooks prepared by the Office of Civil Defense Mobilization. Also, 50,000 posters are placed in post offices.
+
-
* Richard Lee Chappel of Eggertsville, New York, accompanies the National Academy of Sciences team on the International Geophysical Year Arctic Expedition.
+
==1960s==
==1960s==
;1960
;1960
-
* During Scouting's Golden Jubilee year, thousands of boys earn the 50th Anniversary Achievement Award.
 
* Some 56,378 Scouts and leaders attend the Fifth [[National Jamboree]], held at Colorado Springs, Colorado, July 22-28.
* Some 56,378 Scouts and leaders attend the Fifth [[National Jamboree]], held at Colorado Springs, Colorado, July 22-28.
-
* The U.S. Post Office Department issues a Boy Scout commemorative stamp in February.
+
;1962
-
* The third national get-out-the-vote campaign is conducted.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Walton Sam Walton] founds the Wal-Mart Corporation.
-
;1963
+
-
* [http://www.scouting.org/philmont Philmont Scout Ranch] receives an anonymous gift of 10,098 acres.
+
;1964
;1964
* The Sixth [[National Jamboree]] is held at Valley Forge July 17-23, with 52,000 Scouts and leaders participating.
* The Sixth [[National Jamboree]] is held at Valley Forge July 17-23, with 52,000 Scouts and leaders participating.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._W._Marriott,_Jr. Bill Marriott] become president of Marriot Hotels
;1965
;1965
-
* The Inner-City Rural Program is launched.
+
* [[Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project|Eagle Scout Service Project]] requirement added to [[Eagle Scout Rank]]
-
* The 500,000th [[Eagle Scout]] badge is presented.
+
-
* The BSA's 40 millionth youth is registered.
+
;1967
;1967
* The Boy Scouts of America hosts the 12th World Jamboree at Farragut State Park, Idaho.
* The Boy Scouts of America hosts the 12th World Jamboree at Farragut State Park, Idaho.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_B._Chaffee Roger B. Chaffee] dies in the Apollo 1 fire.
 +
;1968
 +
* First [[Cub Scout day camps]] open.
;1969
;1969
-
* Young women are accepted as participants in special-interest Exploring posts.
+
* Young women are accepted as participants in special-interest [[Exploring]] posts.
* The Seventh [[National Jamboree]] is held at Farragut State Park, Idaho. More than 35,000 Scouts and leaders attend.
* The Seventh [[National Jamboree]] is held at Farragut State Park, Idaho. More than 35,000 Scouts and leaders attend.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Armstrong Neil Armstrong] becomes the first man on the moon.
 +
==1970s==
==1970s==
;1970
;1970
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Lovell Jim Lovell] safely returns the damaged Apollo 13 space ship to earth.
* Project SOAR (Save Our American Resources) is initiated as an ongoing BSA service project. It is estimated that during the year, 60,000 BSA units take part in SOAR-related conservation projects.
* Project SOAR (Save Our American Resources) is initiated as an ongoing BSA service project. It is estimated that during the year, 60,000 BSA units take part in SOAR-related conservation projects.
;1971
;1971
-
* Scouting Keep America Beautiful Day is held on June 5, and Scouts collect more than a million tons of litter.
+
* The [[Silver World Award]] is introduced for recipients who provide outstanding service to their nation's youth or to young people in other countries.
;1972
;1972
-
* Nearly 4 million Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts take part in Scouting Keep America Beautiful Day.
+
* September 1972 saw the launch of the '''Improved Scouting Program'''. The number of required merit badges for [[Eagle Scout]] was increased to 24.
-
* The National Eagle Scout Association (NESA) is launched.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Nunn Sam Nunn]] is elected as a US Senator from Georgia.
 +
* The National [[Eagle Scout]] Association (NESA) is launched.
;1973
;1973
* The 1973 [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at two sites--Moraine State Park in Pennsylvania and Farragut State Park in Idaho--with more than 64,000 participants.
* The 1973 [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at two sites--Moraine State Park in Pennsylvania and Farragut State Park in Idaho--with more than 64,000 participants.
;1974
;1974
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_R._Ford Gerald R. Ford] becomes the 38th President of the United States.
* Scouting Environment Day is held April 27.
* Scouting Environment Day is held April 27.
* The Cub Scout Safe Bicycle Driving program and Cub Scout Physical Fitness program are introduced.
* The Cub Scout Safe Bicycle Driving program and Cub Scout Physical Fitness program are introduced.
Line 156: Line 153:
;1976
;1976
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates the nation's bicentennial.
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates the nation's bicentennial.
 +
* Women could now serve as [[Scoutmaster]]s, [[Assistant Scoutmaster]]s, [[Cubmaster]]s and [[Assistant Cubmasters]]s.
 +
* The number of required merit badges for [[Eagle Scout]] returns to 21.
;1977
;1977
* The 1977 [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at Moraine State Park in Pennsylvania.
* The 1977 [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at Moraine State Park in Pennsylvania.
;1978
;1978
-
* Mark W. Leinmiller, Marietta, Georgia, is selected for the Antarctic Scientific Program, sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Reader's Digest Association.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] and NBA Star [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Bradley Bill Bradley] elected to US Senate and later overhauls the US Tax Code.
-
* A public service advertising campaign is introduced featuring former President and Eagle Scout Gerald R. Ford.
+
;1979
;1979
* The national office is moved to Irving, Texas, after 25 years in New Jersey.
* The national office is moved to Irving, Texas, after 25 years in New Jersey.
-
* New editions of The Official [[Boy Scout Handbook]] and Wolf Cub Scout Book are published.
+
* New editions of The Official [[Boy Scout Handbook]] and [[Wolf]] Cub Scout Book are published.
 +
 
==1980s==
==1980s==
;1980
;1980
-
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 70th anniversary.
 
* Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, and Explorers pass out fliers across the country urging participation in the 1980 National Census.
* Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, and Explorers pass out fliers across the country urging participation in the 1980 National Census.
* Cub Scouting celebrates its 50th anniversary and registers its 30 millionth Cub Scout since 1930.
* Cub Scouting celebrates its 50th anniversary and registers its 30 millionth Cub Scout since 1930.
;1981
;1981
* The 10th [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
* The 10th [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Brady] becomes White House Press Secretary and is later presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
 +
* [[Life Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_Ford Harrison Ford] portrays fictional Life Scout Indiana Jones.
;1982
;1982
* Alexander M. Holsinger becomes the millionth [[Eagle Scout]] registered.
* Alexander M. Holsinger becomes the millionth [[Eagle Scout]] registered.
-
* "Shaping Tomorrow," a project aimed at addressing critical issues of the1980s, is initiated in January.
 
* The [[Tiger Cubs]] BSA program is field tested and implemented.
* The [[Tiger Cubs]] BSA program is field tested and implemented.
 +
;1984
 +
* [[Webelos Scout Resident Camps]] start.
;1985
;1985
-
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 75th anniversary.
 
* The 11th [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held July 24-30 at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia. First lady Nancy Reagan pays a visit.
* The 11th [[National Scout Jamboree]] is held July 24-30 at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia. First lady Nancy Reagan pays a visit.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wynton_Marsalis Wynton Marsalis] is awarded his first Grammy for Jazz.
;1986
;1986
-
* The BSA is touched by the Challenger disaster, as two of the space shuttle crew members were active in Scouting as youths. Lt. Col. Ellison S. Onizuka attained the [[Eagle Scout rank]] in 1964 in Holualoa, Hawaii. Dr. Ronald E. McNair reached [[Star rank]] as a youth in Lake City, South Carolina.
+
* The BSA Mourns the Loss the Space Shuttle Challenger including [[Eagle Scout]] Ellison S. Onizuka.
-
* [[Boys' Life]] magazine celebrates its 75th anniversary.
+
* When [[Life Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates]'s Microsoft goes public, a reporter asked, "What is your biggest failure?", Gates is purported to have replied, "I am a Life Scout."
-
* The BSA conducts a nationwide Donor Awareness Good Turn to inform American families of the urgent need for donated human organs and tissue. An estimated 600,000 youth members distribute 14 million brochures to families, informing them of the need for donated human organs and tissue and urging them to make a commitment to donate.
+
* [[Webelos program]] expands to two years to include fourth-grade and fifth-grade boys.
;1987
;1987
-
* The Boy Scouts of America begins to address five "unacceptables" in American society: drug abuse, hunger, child abuse, illiteracy, and unemployment.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_S._Sessions William Sessions] becomes the director of the FBI.
-
* The nation's largest anti-drug abuse education campaign is launched with the release of a booklet titled Drugs: A Deadly Game.
+
;1988
;1988
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] and Massachusetts Governor [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Dukakis Michael Dukakis] runs for President.
* The first annual Scouting for Food drive collects more than 65 million containers of food.
* The first annual Scouting for Food drive collects more than 65 million containers of food.
-
* The campaign "Drugs: A Deadly Game" receives the 1988 Presidential Citation for Private Sector Initiatives.
 
;1989
;1989
* The 12th [[National Scout Jamboree]], at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, draws 33,000 Scouts and leaders.
* The 12th [[National Scout Jamboree]], at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, draws 33,000 Scouts and leaders.
-
* The second annual Scouting for Food drive nets 72 million containers of food for the nation's needy.
 
;1990s
;1990s
-
==1990==
+
 
 +
==1990s==
 +
;1990
 +
*[[Eagle Scout]] and Academy Award winning direct [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Spielberg Steven Spielberg] helps the BSA develop [[Cinematography]] Merit Badge.
* Pope John Paul II is presented with the BSA's Distinguished Citizen of the World Commendation.
* Pope John Paul II is presented with the BSA's Distinguished Citizen of the World Commendation.
-
* The new 10th edition of the [[Boy Scout Handbook]] is published. The initial demand for a million copies of the manual brings the total circulation of the Handbook since 1910 to 33,860,000.
+
* The new 10th edition of the [[Boy Scout Handbook]] is published with total circulation since 1910 reaching 33,860,000.
-
;1991
+
-
* The BSA funds training leaders from the former Soviet Union and the writing of the Russian Scout handbook.
+
;1992
;1992
-
* A focused initiative in Urban Emphasis encourages the formation of Cub Scout packs, Boy Scout troops, and Explorer posts in low-income and minority communities. The bilingual publication of Scouting literature is increased to serve Spanish-speaking parents and leaders.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._Ross_Perot Ross Perot] runs for President.
* Scouts collect food and clothing, and offer a helping hand in the wake of Hurricane Andrew.
* Scouts collect food and clothing, and offer a helping hand in the wake of Hurricane Andrew.
;1993
;1993
* Nearly 26,000 youth attend the 1993 [[National Scout Jamboree]] at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
* Nearly 26,000 youth attend the 1993 [[National Scout Jamboree]] at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
* The Scouting movement in the former Soviet Union turns to the BSA for help in producing the first Russian Scout handbook; 20,000 copies are distributed.
* The Scouting movement in the former Soviet Union turns to the BSA for help in producing the first Russian Scout handbook; 20,000 copies are distributed.
 +
;1995
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] and author [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clive_Cussler Clive Cussler] founds NUMA.
 +
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murphy_J._Foster,_Jr. Murhy Foster] elected governor of Louisiana.
;1997
;1997
* The 14th [[National Scout Jamboree]], held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, is attended by 35,000 Boy Scouts and leaders.
* The 14th [[National Scout Jamboree]], held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, is attended by 35,000 Boy Scouts and leaders.
;1998
;1998
* The 11th edition of the [[Boy Scout Handbook]] is published. Its first printing yields 750,000 copies, bringing the total circulation of the Handbook since 1910 to nearly 36 million.
* The 11th edition of the [[Boy Scout Handbook]] is published. Its first printing yields 750,000 copies, bringing the total circulation of the Handbook since 1910 to nearly 36 million.
-
* The coed [[Venturing]] program is launched. Venturing quickly becomes the fastest growing Scouting program, with a membership of more than 288,000 young men and women by the end of 2003.
+
* August 1, 1998, [[Exploring]] becomes the the new [[Venturing Portal|Venturing Program]]. The name [[Exploring]] is now used for a Learning for Life program. Venturing quickly becomes the fastest growing Scouting program.
* Scouts collect more than 41 million cans of food to help feed the hungry.
* Scouts collect more than 41 million cans of food to help feed the hungry.
-
;1999
+
 
-
* The new Venturer Handbook is introduced. A record number of Boy Scouts and Venturers earn [[Eagle Scout]] awards, with 47,582 young men attaining the prestigious rank.
+
==2000s==
==2000s==
-
2000
+
;2000
-
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 90th anniversary.
+
* The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 90th anniversary as the 100 millionth youth is registered.
-
* The BSA's 100 millionth youth is registered.
+
;2001
-
* Scouts complete more than 214 million total hours of service for "America's Promise--The Alliance for Youth," surpassing the four-year goal of 200 million service hours by the end of 2000.
+
* The 15th [[National Scout Jamboree]], held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia with more than 40,000 participants and 275,000 visitors.
-
2001
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Bloomberg Michael Bloomberg] elected mayor of New York City.
-
* The 15th [[National Scout Jamboree]], held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, is the largest single-site jamboree since 1964, with more than 40,000 participants and an estimated 275,000 visitors.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld Donald Rumsfeld] become Secretary of Defense.
-
* In the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, Scouts respond to our nation's call for assistance by collecting gloves, socks, toothbrushes, bottled water, and other necessities requested by rescue workers and victims.
+
;2002
-
2002
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Fossett Steve Fossett] becomes the first person to fly around the world alone, nonstop, in a balloon.
-
* The National Scouting Museum reopens in a new 50,000-square-foot facility next door to the National Council office in Irving, Texas. The museum was formerly housed in Murray, Kentucky.
+
* The National Scouting Museum reopens in a new 50,000-square-foot facility next door to the National Council office in Irving, Texas.
-
* A total of 49,328 young men earn the rank of [[Eagle Scout]]--the largest one-year number ever in the history of the Boy Scouts of America.
+
* [[Leave No Trace]] Frontcountry Guidelines and Leave No Trace Award introduced.
-
2003
+
;2003
-
* Venturing introduces the [[Quest Award]] for participants to learn about good nutrition, fitness, and sportsmanship.
+
* February 1, 2003, [http://www.scouting.org/Media/PressReleases/2003/030203.aspx The Scouting Family Mourns the Loss the Space Shuttle Columbia]. ''"All four of the American men of the Columbia space shuttle were involved in Scouting in their youth, with pilot William McCool achieving the rank of [[Eagle Scout]]."''
-
2004
+
* [[Venturing]] introduces the [[Quest Award]] for participants to learn about good nutrition, fitness, and sportsmanship.
-
* The BSA launches Good Turn for America, a national initiative to address the problems of hunger, homelessness/inadequate housing, and poor health. The Salvation Army, American Red Cross, and Habitat for Humanity join as national partners.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] and composer [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tesh John Tesh] nominated for a Grammy
-
* Some 200 Scouts come to the aid victims in the wake of Hurricane Charley.
+
;2004
-
* The Boy Scouts of America helps kick off September as National Preparedness Month. Eagle Scout Tucker Barbour of Troop 500, chartered to the Capitol Hill Scouts in Washington, D.C., introduces Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge at the kickoff event on the grounds of the United States Capitol.
+
* The BSA launches [[Good Turn for America]] with the Salvation Army, American Red Cross, and Habitat for Humanity.
-
2005
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Follow_Me,_Boys! Follow Me, Boys!], the classic Disney Boy Scout movie, featuring Fred MacMurray and Kurt Russell, is released to DVD.
-
* The [[Boy Scouts of America]] celebrates 95 years of Scouting.
+
;2005
-
* [[Cub Scouting]] celebrates its 75th birthday.
+
* [[Eagle Scout]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Fossett Steve Fossett] makes the first solo nonstop fixed-wing aircraft flight around the world.
 +
* [[Venturing]] introduces the [[TRUST Award]]
 +
;2010
 +
* Hundredth year anniversery of the Boy Scouts of America.
 +
* [[2010 National Scout Jamboree]] was held. This was the last national jamboree to be helt at Ft. A.P. Hill, VA.
 +
;2013
 +
* [[2013 National Scout Jamboree]] is to be held. First national jamboree to be held at [[The Summit Bechtel Reserve]].
 +
;2015
 +
* The Order of the Arrow will celebrate its 100th year anniversary.
 +
;2019
 +
* The twenty-fourth World Scout Jamboree is to be held at the Summit Bechtel Reserve.
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
* [[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights]] - Key events for the [[BSA]] and famous Scouts.
 +
* [[Cub_Scout_Program#History_of_Cub_Scouting|Cub Scout Program]] offers a more detailed history of Cub Scouts.
 +
* [[First_Class-First_Year#History|First Class-First Year]] - history of tenure requirements for First Class and Eagle.
 +
* [[Eagle_Scout_Leadership_Service_Project#History|Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project]] - including it's inception in 1965.
 +
* [[Boy Scout Handbook]] includes the history of the handbook.
 +
* [[American Heritage]] Merit Badge - sometimes refered to as the ''History Merit Badge''

Current revision

The Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights span the BSA's 100-year history.
Shortcut:
History of the BSA

'MeritBadge.Org offers a variety of history-related content:


Adapted from Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights

Overview of early history

Sea Scouting for older Scouts starts.
Boys' Life is purchased to become an official BSA magazine.
  • 1915 The Order of the Arrow (OA) is founded.
  • 1916 Congress grants the Boy Scouts of America a federal charter.
  • 1920 The First World Jamboree is held in England; Boy Scouts from 32 of 52 countries are present. The Boy Scouts of America sends 301 members.
  • 1930 The Cub Scout program is formally launched. There are 5,102 Cub Scouts at the end of 1930.
  • 1938 Waite Phillips donates Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp (later to become Philmont Scout Ranch.
  • 1941 Webelos rank created for 11-year-old boys.
  • 1965 Eagle Scout Service Project requirement added to Eagle Scout Rank

1910s

1910
1911
  • The first edition of the Handbook for Boys is published. Some 300,000 copies are printed.
  • The National Council office is established at 200 Fifth Avenue in New York City on January 2, 1911, with seven employees.
  • The Scout Oath, Scout Law, badges, and fundamental policies are adopted.
  • The first awards for heroism are presented by the National Court of Honor.
1912
  • By 1912, Scouts are enrolled in every state.
  • The first Eagle Scout Award is earned by Arthur Eldred in Troop 1 in Oceanside, New York. A few weeks after becoming the first Eagle Scout, Eldred helps save another Scout from drowning and is awarded the Honor Medal for his actions.
  • Sea Scouting for older Scouts starts.
  • Boys' Life is purchased to become an official BSA magazine.
1913
  • Norman Rockwell is hired as an illustrator for Boys' Life magazine. He is soon promoted to art director.
  • Scouting, the official magazine for Scouters, is first published.
1914
1915
  • The Order of the Arrow (OA) is founded by Dr. E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council.
1916
  • Congress grants the Boy Scouts of America a federal charter on June 15, giving special protection to the name and insignia and limiting membership to American citizens.
1917
  • World War I: From 1917 to 1918, Scouts sell 2,350,977 Liberty Loan bonds and war savings stamps and distribute over 300 million pieces of government literature.
1919
  • The first gold Honor medals are awarded by the National Court of Honor for saving life at risk of the rescuers own.

1920s

1920
  • The first World Jamboree is held in England; Boy Scouts from 32 of 52 countries are present. The Boy Scouts of America sends 301 members.
1924
  • The Every Scout a Swimmer program is inaugurated.
  • The first achievement badges are earned by physically disabled Scouts.
  • The Lone Scouts of America merges with the Boy Scouts of America.
1926
  • The first Silver Buffalo awards for distinguished service to boyhood are presented.
1927
  • Eagle Palms are added to the list of awards.
  • The National Council office moves to 2 Park Avenue, New York City.
  • Sea Scout Paul A. Siple accompanies Commander Richard E. Byrd to the Antarctic.

1930s

1930
  • The Cub Scout program is formally launched. There are 5,102 Cub Scouts at the end of 1930.
1931
  • The first Silver Beaver awards are presented for distinguished service to boyhood within a council.
1934
1935
  • Membership in the Boy Scouts of America passes the 1 million mark.
  • The 5-millionth copy of the Handbook for Boys is published.
1937
  • The First National Jamboree is held in Washington from June 30 to July 9, at the invitation of President Roosevelt, with an attendance of 27,232.
1938
  • Waite Phillips donates Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp (later to become Philmont Scout Ranch--see 1941) consisting of 35,857 acres of land on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, near Cimarron, New Mexico.
1939
  • Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp opens for advanced Scout camping.

1940s

1941
  • With the declaration of war, the government requests Boy Scout service for the distribution of defense bonds and stamp posters; collection of aluminum and wastepaper; defense housing surveys; victory gardens; distribution of air-raid posters; cooperation with the American Red Cross; and, by joint agreement with the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, services in three capacities--messengers, assisting emergency medical units, and firewatchers.
  • Waite Phillips makes another large gift--land, residence and ranch buildings, livestock, operating ranch equipment--contiguous to Philturn Rockymountain Scoutcamp, bringing total acreage to more than 127,000 acres. The area is renamed Philmont Scout Ranch.
  • Webelos rank created for 11-year-old boys with the Lion badge.
1942
  • Scouts continue in war service. Twenty-eight projects are requested by the government, including the collection of 30 million pounds of rubber in a two-week drive; all-out salvage based on the government-issued pamphlet Scrap and How Scouts Collect It; distribution of pledge cards for war bonds and savings stamps; victory gardens; work on farms and in harvest camps; and government dispatch bearers.
1943
  • The first Silver Antelope awards are presented for distinguished service to youth within a region.
  • Long trousers and the Scout cap become part of the official uniform.
1945
  • The total Boy Scout war service includes 69 requests from the government during 1941 through 1945.
  • Twenty thousand Scouts earn the General Douglas MacArthur Medal for growing food.

1950s

1950
  • The Second National Jamboree, held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, June 30-July 6, brings 47,163 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world.
  • Philmont Scout Ranch begins offering training courses at the Philmont Training Center.
  • The U.S. Post Office Department issues the first Boy Scout stamp.
1953
  • The Third National Jamboree is held at the Irvine Ranch in Southern California, July 17-23, with 45,401 Scouts and leaders from around the nation and the world participating.
  • First pinewood derby is held in Manhattan Beach, California.
1954
1957

1960s

1960
  • Some 56,378 Scouts and leaders attend the Fifth National Jamboree, held at Colorado Springs, Colorado, July 22-28.
1962
1964
1965
1967
  • The Boy Scouts of America hosts the 12th World Jamboree at Farragut State Park, Idaho.
  • Eagle Scout Roger B. Chaffee dies in the Apollo 1 fire.
1968
1969

1970s

1970
  • Eagle Scout Jim Lovell safely returns the damaged Apollo 13 space ship to earth.
  • Project SOAR (Save Our American Resources) is initiated as an ongoing BSA service project. It is estimated that during the year, 60,000 BSA units take part in SOAR-related conservation projects.
1971
  • The Silver World Award is introduced for recipients who provide outstanding service to their nation's youth or to young people in other countries.
1972
  • September 1972 saw the launch of the Improved Scouting Program. The number of required merit badges for Eagle Scout was increased to 24.
  • Eagle Scout Sam Nunn] is elected as a US Senator from Georgia.
  • The National Eagle Scout Association (NESA) is launched.
1973
  • The 1973 National Scout Jamboree is held at two sites--Moraine State Park in Pennsylvania and Farragut State Park in Idaho--with more than 64,000 participants.
1974
  • Eagle Scout Gerald R. Ford becomes the 38th President of the United States.
  • Scouting Environment Day is held April 27.
  • The Cub Scout Safe Bicycle Driving program and Cub Scout Physical Fitness program are introduced.
  • New Scout merit badges are introduced for Orienteering and Wilderness Survival.
1976
1977
1978
1979
  • The national office is moved to Irving, Texas, after 25 years in New Jersey.
  • New editions of The Official Boy Scout Handbook and Wolf Cub Scout Book are published.

1980s

1980
  • Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, and Explorers pass out fliers across the country urging participation in the 1980 National Census.
  • Cub Scouting celebrates its 50th anniversary and registers its 30 millionth Cub Scout since 1930.
1981
1982
  • Alexander M. Holsinger becomes the millionth Eagle Scout registered.
  • The Tiger Cubs BSA program is field tested and implemented.
1984
1985
1986
  • The BSA Mourns the Loss the Space Shuttle Challenger including Eagle Scout Ellison S. Onizuka.
  • When Life Scout [2]'s Microsoft goes public, a reporter asked, "What is your biggest failure?", Gates is purported to have replied, "I am a Life Scout."
  • Webelos program expands to two years to include fourth-grade and fifth-grade boys.
1987
1988
  • Eagle Scout and Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis runs for President.
  • The first annual Scouting for Food drive collects more than 65 million containers of food.
1989
1990s

1990s

1990
  • Eagle Scout and Academy Award winning direct Steven Spielberg helps the BSA develop Cinematography Merit Badge.
  • Pope John Paul II is presented with the BSA's Distinguished Citizen of the World Commendation.
  • The new 10th edition of the Boy Scout Handbook is published with total circulation since 1910 reaching 33,860,000.
1992
  • Eagle Scout Ross Perot runs for President.
  • Scouts collect food and clothing, and offer a helping hand in the wake of Hurricane Andrew.
1993
  • Nearly 26,000 youth attend the 1993 National Scout Jamboree at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
  • The Scouting movement in the former Soviet Union turns to the BSA for help in producing the first Russian Scout handbook; 20,000 copies are distributed.
1995
1997
  • The 14th National Scout Jamboree, held at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, is attended by 35,000 Boy Scouts and leaders.
1998
  • The 11th edition of the Boy Scout Handbook is published. Its first printing yields 750,000 copies, bringing the total circulation of the Handbook since 1910 to nearly 36 million.
  • August 1, 1998, Exploring becomes the the new Venturing Program. The name Exploring is now used for a Learning for Life program. Venturing quickly becomes the fastest growing Scouting program.
  • Scouts collect more than 41 million cans of food to help feed the hungry.

2000s

2000
  • The Boy Scouts of America celebrates its 90th anniversary as the 100 millionth youth is registered.
2001
2002
  • Eagle Scout Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly around the world alone, nonstop, in a balloon.
  • The National Scouting Museum reopens in a new 50,000-square-foot facility next door to the National Council office in Irving, Texas.
  • Leave No Trace Frontcountry Guidelines and Leave No Trace Award introduced.
2003
2004
  • The BSA launches Good Turn for America with the Salvation Army, American Red Cross, and Habitat for Humanity.
  • Follow Me, Boys!, the classic Disney Boy Scout movie, featuring Fred MacMurray and Kurt Russell, is released to DVD.
2005
2010
  • Hundredth year anniversery of the Boy Scouts of America.
  • 2010 National Scout Jamboree was held. This was the last national jamboree to be helt at Ft. A.P. Hill, VA.
2013
2015
  • The Order of the Arrow will celebrate its 100th year anniversary.
2019
  • The twenty-fourth World Scout Jamboree is to be held at the Summit Bechtel Reserve.

See also

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