Energy

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(Notes: 1. This badge is one of the merit badges required to earn one of the William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts.)
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{{Merit Badge header|Emergency Preparedness|Engineering|{{RareMeritBadge| with 2,620 earned in 2007}}|Home Energy Audit,}}
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|name= Energy
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|requirements revision= 2006
|requirements revision= 2006
|pamphlet revision= 2005
|pamphlet revision= 2005
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|field= Physical Science
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|id= 045
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{quote|Saving, producing, and using energy wisely will be critical to America's future. If we are to leave future generations with a world in which they can live as well or better than we have, Scouts and other potential leaders of tomorrow must begin the hard work of understanding energy and the vital role it will play in the future.}}
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{{Hornaday Merit Badge}}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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<br>
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:1. Do the following:
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== Notes ==
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::a. Find an article on the use or conservation of energy. Discuss with your counselor what in the article was interesting to you, the questions it raises, and what ideas it addresses that you do not understand.
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::b. After you have completed requirements 2 through 8, revisit the article you found for requirement la. Explain to your counselor what you have learned in completing the requirements that helps you better understand the article.
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:2. Show you understand energy forms and conversions by doing the following:
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::a. Explain how THREE of the following devices use energy, and explain their energy conversions: toaster, greenhouse, lightbulb, bow drill, nuclear reactor, sweat lodge.
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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::b. Construct a system that makes at least two energy conversions and explain this to your counselor.
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# This badge is one of the merit badges required to earn one of the [[William T. Hornaday Awards (Boy Scouting)|William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts]].
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:3. Show you understand energy efficiency by explaining to your counselor a common example of a situation where energy moves through a system to produce a useful result. Do the following:
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::a. Identify the parts of the system that are affected by the energy movement.
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::b. Name the system's primary source of energy.
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::c. Identify the useful outcomes of the system.
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::d. Identify the energy losses of the system.
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:4. Conduct an energy audit of your home. Keep a 14 day log that records what you and your family did to reduce energy use. Include the following in your report and, after the 14 day period, discuss what you have learned with your counselor.
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::a. List the types of energy used in your home such as electricity, wood, oil, liquid petroleum, and natural gas, and tell how each is delivered and measured, and the current cost; OR record the transportation fuel used, miles driven, miles per gallon, and trips using your family car or another vehicle.
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::b. Describe ways you and your family can use energy resources more wisely. In preparing your discussion, consider the energy required for the things you do and use on a daily basis (cooking, showering, using lights, driving, watching TV, using the computer). Explain how you can change your energy use through reuse and recycling.
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:5. In a notebook, identify and describe five examples of energy waste in your school or community. Suggest in each case possible ways to reduce this waste. Describe the idea of trade offs in energy use. In your response, do the following:
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::a. Explain how the changes you suggest would lower costs, reduce pollution, or otherwise improve your community.
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::b. Explain what changes to routines, habits, or convenience are necessary to reduce energy waste. Tell why people might resist the changes you suggest.
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:6. Prepare pie charts showing the following information, and explain to your counselor the important ideas each chart reveals. Tell where you got your information. Explain how cost affects the use of a nonrenewable energy resource and makes alternatives practical.
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::a. The energy resources that supply the United States with most of its energy
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::b. The share of energy resources used by the United States that comes from other countries
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::c. The proportion of energy resources used by homes, businesses, industry, and transportation
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::d. The fuels used to generate America's electricity
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::e. The world's known and estimated primary energy resource reserves
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:7. Tell what is being done to make FIVE of the following energy systems produce more usable energy. In your explanation, describe the technology, cost, environmental impacts, and safety concerns.
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::*Biomass digesters or waste to energy plants
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::*Cogeneration plants
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::*Fossil fuel power plants
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::*Fuel cells
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::*Geothermal power plants
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::*Nuclear power plants
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::*Solar power systems
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::*Tidal energy, wave energy, or ocean thermal energy conversion devices
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::*Wind turbines
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:8. Find out what opportunities are available for a career in energy. Choose one position that interests you and describe the education and training required.
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
 
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== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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1. This badge is one of the merit badges required to earn one of the [[William T. Hornaday Awards (Boy Scouting)|William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts]].
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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'''1:''' [http://www.classroom-energy.com/merit_badge/conservation/index.html Energy Conservation and Efficiency] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_conservation Energy Conservation] - [http://www.howstuffworks.com/5-green-myths.htm Top 5 Green Myths] -
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[http://www.ase.org/ Alliance to Save Energy] - [http://www.energyhog.org/ Energy Hog Busters]<br>
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'''2:''' [http://www.classroom-energy.com/energy_101/energy_quick_tour/index.html Classroom Energy! Energy: The Quick Tour]<br>
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'''2a:''' How Stuff Works: [http://www.howstuffworks.com/toaster.htm Toasters] - [http://www.howstuffworks.com/greenhouse.htm Greenhouses] - [http://home.howstuffworks.com/light-bulb.htm Light Bulbs] - [http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/28196-man-vs-wild-bow-and-drill-fire-building-technique-video.htm Bow Drill] - [http://science.howstuffworks.com/nuclear-power.htm Nuclear Reactors]<br>
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'''2b:'''BSA Crystal Radio Kit or BSA AM/FM Radio Kit converts radio energy to electrical energy and then electrical energy to sound energy.
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:A BSA Door Alarm Kit converts mechanical energy to electrical energy and then electrical energy to sound energy.<br>
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'''3:''' [http://auto.howstuffworks.com/engine.htm Car Engines] convert heat to mechanical energy. [http://auto.howstuffworks.com/air-brake.htm Brakes] convert mechanical energy to heat.
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:[http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/speaker.htm Speakers] convert electrical energy to sound. [http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/question309.htm Microphones] convert sound energy to electricity.
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:[http://home.howstuffworks.com/light-bulb.htm Light Bulbs] & [http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/lcd.htm LCD's] convert electricity to light. [http://science.howstuffworks.com/solar-cell.htm Solar Cells] convert light to electricity.
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: [http://science.howstuffworks.com/wind-power.htm Wind Turbines] convert wind energy to mechanical energy and then mechanical energy to electrical energy.
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: Also see: [http://www.howstuffworks.com/toaster.htm Toasters] - [http://home.howstuffworks.com/microwave.htm Microwave Ovens] - [http://home.howstuffworks.com/refrigerator.htm Refrigerators] - [http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/battery.htm Batteries]<br>
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'''4: Energy Audit:''' The BSA Home Energy Audit is in the [[Media:Energy.pdf|Energy Workbook]] - Other audits: [http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=home_energy_yardstick.showStep2 Energy Star] - [http://www.ase.org Alliance to Save Energy] - [http://www.homeenergysaver.lbl.gov Home Energy Saver] - [http://www.eere.energy.gov/consumer/your_home/energy_audits/index.cfm/mytopic=11170 Dept of Energy]<br>
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'''5: ''' [http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/saving/recycling/solidwaste/wastetoenergy.html Dept. of Energy Garbage to Energy] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste-to-energy Converting Waste to Energy] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Efficient_energy_use Energy Efficiency] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_bus Electric Buses] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport Public Transportation] - [http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/classactivities/SchoolSurveyPrimary.pdf School Energy Audit] - [http://www.ase.org/ Alliance to Save Energy]
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'''6:''' [http://www.classroom-energy.com/merit_badge/future/index.html The Future of Energy]
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:a. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_in_the_United_States The energy resources that supply the United States]
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:b. [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcus_a2_nus_ep00_im0_mbbl_a.htm The share of energy resources used by the United States that comes from other countries]
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:c. [http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/uses/consumption.html Energy used by homes, businesses, industry, and transportation]
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:d. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sources_of_electricity_in_the_USA_2006.png The fuels used to generate America's electricity]
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:e. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy:_world_resources_and_consumption#Resources The world's known and estimated primary energy resource reserves]<br>
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'''7:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anaerobic_digestion Biomass digesters] or [http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/saving/recycling/solidwaste/wastetoenergy.html Dept. of Energy Garbage to Energy] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste-to-energy Converting Waste to Energy]
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:[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cogeneration Cogeneration plants]
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:[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossil_fuel_power_plant Fossil fuel power plants]
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:[http://americanhistory.si.edu/fuelcells/basics.htm Fuel cells] - [http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/fuelcell.shtml Fuel Economy]
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:[http://www1.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/powerplants.html Geothermal power plants] - [http://www.eia.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=geothermal_home-basics EIA Energy Kids] - [http://geoheat.oit.edu/directuse/power.htm Geothermal Power Plants List]
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:[http://www.epa.gov/radtown/nuclear-plant.html Nuclear power plants] - [http://www.nrc.gov/info-finder/reactor/ Operating Nuclear Reactors in US]
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:Solar power systems - [http://www.solarpower.org/ Solar Power Articles] - [http://www.solarhome.org/ Solar Home]
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:[http://www.eere.energy.gov/basics/renewable_energy/tidal_energy.html Tidal energy], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wave_power wave energy], or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OTEC ocean thermal energy conversion devices] - [http://www.oceanenergycouncil.com/index.php/Tidal-Energy/Tidal-Energy.html Ocean Energy Council]
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:[http://www1.eere.energy.gov/wind/wind_animation.html Wind turbines] - [http://www.awea.org American Wind Energy Association] - [http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/wind-power/wind-turbines/ Alternative Wind Energy News] - [http://www.ge-energy.com/wind GE Wind Turbines]
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'''8:''' [http://www.classroom-energy.com/merit_badge/careers/index.html Careers in Energy]
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== See also ==
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Revision as of 21:07, October 12, 2012

Resources include the Energy merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Energy merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1976
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 045
Requirements revision: 2006
Latest pamphlet revision: 2005

Contents

Saving, producing, and using energy wisely will be critical to America's future. If we are to leave future generations with a world in which they can live as well or better than we have, Scouts and other potential leaders of tomorrow must begin the hard work of understanding energy and the vital role it will play in the future.

Energy is one of the elective merit badges for the William T. Hornaday awards for Boy Scouts and Varsity Scouts.


Energy merit badge requirements

  1. Do the following:
    a. Find an article on the use or conservation of energy. Discuss with your counselor what in the article was interesting to you, the questions it raises, and what ideas it addresses that you do not understand.
    b. After you have completed requirements 2 through 8, revisit the article you found for requirement la. Explain to your counselor what you have learned in completing the requirements that helps you better understand the article.
  2. Show you understand energy forms and conversions by doing the following:
    a. Explain how THREE of the following devices use energy, and explain their energy conversions: toaster, greenhouse, lightbulb, bow drill, nuclear reactor, sweat lodge.
    b. Construct a system that makes at least two energy conversions and explain this to your counselor.
  3. Show you understand energy efficiency by explaining to your counselor a common example of a situation where energy moves through a system to produce a useful result. Do the following:
    a. Identify the parts of the system that are affected by the energy movement.
    b. Name the system's primary source of energy.
    c. Identify the useful outcomes of the system.
    d. Identify the energy losses of the system.
  4. Conduct an energy audit of your home. Keep a 14 day log that records what you and your family did to reduce energy use. Include the following in your report and, after the 14 day period, discuss what you have learned with your counselor.
    a. List the types of energy used in your home such as electricity, wood, oil, liquid petroleum, and natural gas, and tell how each is delivered and measured, and the current cost; OR record the transportation fuel used, miles driven, miles per gallon, and trips using your family car or another vehicle.
    b. Describe ways you and your family can use energy resources more wisely. In preparing your discussion, consider the energy required for the things you do and use on a daily basis (cooking, showering, using lights, driving, watching TV, using the computer). Explain how you can change your energy use through reuse and recycling.
  5. In a notebook, identify and describe five examples of energy waste in your school or community. Suggest in each case possible ways to reduce this waste. Describe the idea of trade offs in energy use. In your response, do the following:
    a. Explain how the changes you suggest would lower costs, reduce pollution, or otherwise improve your community.
    b. Explain what changes to routines, habits, or convenience are necessary to reduce energy waste. Tell why people might resist the changes you suggest.
  6. Prepare pie charts showing the following information, and explain to your counselor the important ideas each chart reveals. Tell where you got your information. Explain how cost affects the use of a nonrenewable energy resource and makes alternatives practical.
    a. The energy resources that supply the United States with most of its energy
    b. The share of energy resources used by the United States that comes from other countries
    c. The proportion of energy resources used by homes, businesses, industry, and transportation
    d. The fuels used to generate America's electricity
    e. The world's known and estimated primary energy resource reserves
  7. Tell what is being done to make FIVE of the following energy systems produce more usable energy. In your explanation, describe the technology, cost, environmental impacts, and safety concerns.
    • Biomass digesters or waste to energy plants
    • Cogeneration plants
    • Fossil fuel power plants
    • Fuel cells
    • Geothermal power plants
    • Nuclear power plants
    • Solar power systems
    • Tidal energy, wave energy, or ocean thermal energy conversion devices
    • Wind turbines
  8. Find out what opportunities are available for a career in energy. Choose one position that interests you and describe the education and training required.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Energy is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Energy requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. This badge is one of the merit badges required to earn one of the William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts.


Requirement resources

1: Energy Conservation and Efficiency - Energy Conservation - Top 5 Green Myths - Alliance to Save Energy - Energy Hog Busters
2: Classroom Energy! Energy: The Quick Tour
2a: How Stuff Works: Toasters - Greenhouses - Light Bulbs - Bow Drill - Nuclear Reactors
2b:BSA Crystal Radio Kit or BSA AM/FM Radio Kit converts radio energy to electrical energy and then electrical energy to sound energy.

A BSA Door Alarm Kit converts mechanical energy to electrical energy and then electrical energy to sound energy.

3: Car Engines convert heat to mechanical energy. Brakes convert mechanical energy to heat.

Speakers convert electrical energy to sound. Microphones convert sound energy to electricity.
Light Bulbs & LCD's convert electricity to light. Solar Cells convert light to electricity.
Wind Turbines convert wind energy to mechanical energy and then mechanical energy to electrical energy.
Also see: Toasters - Microwave Ovens - Refrigerators - Batteries

4: Energy Audit: The BSA Home Energy Audit is in the Energy Workbook - Other audits: Energy Star - Alliance to Save Energy - Home Energy Saver - Dept of Energy
5: Dept. of Energy Garbage to Energy - Converting Waste to Energy - Energy Efficiency - Electric Buses - Public Transportation - School Energy Audit - Alliance to Save Energy
6: The Future of Energy

a. The energy resources that supply the United States
b. The share of energy resources used by the United States that comes from other countries
c. Energy used by homes, businesses, industry, and transportation
d. The fuels used to generate America's electricity
e. The world's known and estimated primary energy resource reserves

7: Biomass digesters or Dept. of Energy Garbage to Energy - Converting Waste to Energy

Cogeneration plants
Fossil fuel power plants
Fuel cells - Fuel Economy
Geothermal power plants - EIA Energy Kids - Geothermal Power Plants List
Nuclear power plants - Operating Nuclear Reactors in US
Solar power systems - Solar Power Articles - Solar Home
Tidal energy, wave energy, or ocean thermal energy conversion devices - Ocean Energy Council
Wind turbines - American Wind Energy Association - Alternative Wind Energy News - GE Wind Turbines

8: Careers in Energy


Related awards

Science-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
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