Graphic Arts

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(New page: == Merit badge requirements == :1. Review with your counselor the processes for producing printed communications: offset lithography, screen printing, electronic/digital, relief, and gra...)
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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{{Merit Badge header|Golf|Hiking}}
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{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|4a}}<br>
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:1. Review with your counselor the processes for producing printed communications: offset lithography, screen printing, electronic/digital, relief, and gravure. Collect samples of three products, each one produced using a different printing process, or draw diagrams to help with your description.
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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
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:2. Explain the differences between continuous tone, line, and halftone artwork. Describe how it can be created and/or stored in a computer.
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|name= Graphic Arts
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:3. Design a printed piece (flier, T-shirt, program, form, etc.) and produce it. Explain your decisions for the typeface or typefaces you use and the way you arrange the elements in your design. Explain which printing process is best suited for printing your design. If desktop publishing is available, identify what hardware and software would be appropriate for outputting your design.
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|image= 2385c.gif
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:4. Produce the design you created for requirement 3 using one of the following printing processes:
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|caption= Graphic Arts
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::a. '''Offset lithography'''
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|subject= Communications
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::Make a layout and produce a plate using a process approved by your counselor. Run the plate and print at least 50 copies.
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|status= Elective
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::b. '''Screen printing'''
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|created= 1987
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::Make a hand-cut or photographic stencil and attach it to a screen that you have prepared. Mask the screen and print at least 20 copies.
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|discontinued= N/A
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::c. '''Electronic/digital printing'''
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|requirements revision= 2008
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::Using both text and graphics, create a layout in electronic form, download it to the press or printer, and run 50 copies.
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|pamphlet revision= 2006
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::d. '''Relief printing'''
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|field= Trades
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::Prepare a layout or set the necessary type. Make a plate or lock up the form. Use this to print 50 copies.
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|id= 122
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:5. Review the following postpress operations with your counselor:
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|quote=The field of graphic arts includes many kinds of work in the printing and publishing industries. Graphic arts professionals are involved in the creation of all kinds of printed communication, from business cards to books to billboards. The scope of printing communications is huge.
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::a. Discuss the finishing operations of padding, drilling, cutting, and trimming.
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::b. Collect, describe, or identify examples of the following types of binding: perfect, spiral, plastic comb, saddle stitched, and case.
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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:6. Do ONE of the following, then describe the highlights of your visit:
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::a. Visit a newspaper printing plant: Follow a story from the editor to the press.
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::b. Visit a retail, commercial, or in-plant printing facility: Follow a project from beginning to end.
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::c. Visit a school’s graphic arts program: Find out what courses are available and what the prerequisites are.
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<!-- under the Discussion tab at the top of this page. -->
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::d. Visit three Web sites (with your parent’s permission) that belong to graphic arts professional organizations and/or printing-related companies (suppliers, manufacturers, printers): With permission from your parent or counselor, print out or download product or service information from two of the sites.
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:7. Find out about three career opportunities in graphic arts. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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<br>
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''Source: Graphic Arts merit badge pamphlet (33374B)''
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== Notes ==
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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# The {{PAGENAME}} Merit Badge requirements were updated in 2008.
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{{RareMeritBadge}}
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== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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*'''1''': [http://www.unm.edu/~TAMARIND/process.html Lithography Workshop and Gallery] University of New Mexico's Tamarind Institute gives a concise description with text and graphics.
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*'''1''': [http://www.pneac.org/printprocesses/screen/ Screen Printing] The process description and diagrams.
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*'''1''': [http://www.rice-paper.com/uses/printing.html Relief Printing] A brief history and overview of the process.
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*'''1''': [http://www.gaa.org/ Gravure Association of America] Everything you'd ever want to know about the topic.
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*'''2''': [http://www.ps.missouri.edu/ps2/support/tutorialfolder/scanningtutorial/scanningtutorial.html Grey Tone, Half Tone, and Continuous Tone in Digital Art]
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*'''5a''': [http://www.printindustry.com/glossary.htm Glossary of Printing & Graphic Terms]
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*'''5b''': [http://printingoutsourced.com/binding.html Common Binds]
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*'''7''': [http://www.graphiccommcentral.org/ GraphicCOMMcentral] A professional job bank for graphic artists.
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== Related awards ==
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{{Trade Awards Links}}
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{{Art Awards Links}}
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== See also ==
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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== Help with these requirements ==
 
== External links ==
== External links ==
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Printing Wikipedia Printing Category]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offset_lithography offset lithography], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screen-printing screen printing], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_printing electronic/digital],[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relief_print relief], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotogravure gravure], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuous_tone continuous tone], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_art line], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halftone halftone], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bindery binding]
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*[http://www.aapainfo.org/ American Amateur Press Association]
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{{Merit Badge footer}}

Current revision

Resources include the Graphic Arts merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Graphic Arts requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #4a.

Graphic Arts merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1987
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 122
Requirements revision: 2008
Latest pamphlet revision: 2006

Contents

The field of graphic arts includes many kinds of work in the printing and publishing industries. Graphic arts professionals are involved in the creation of all kinds of printed communication, from business cards to books to billboards. The scope of printing communications is huge.


Graphic Arts merit badge requirements

  1. Review with your counselor the processes for producing printed communications: lithography, screen printing, electronic/digital, relief, and gravure. Collect samples of three products, each one produced using a different printing process, or draw diagrams to help with your description.
  2. Explain the differences between continuous tone, line, and halftone artwork. Describe how it can be created and/or stored in a computer.
  3. Design a printed piece (flier, T-shirt, program, form, etc.) and produce it. Explain your decisions for the typeface or typefaces you use and the way you arrange the elements in your design. Explain which printing process is best suited for printing your design. If desktop publishing is available, identify what hardware and software would be appropriate for outputting your design.
  4. Produce the design you created for requirement 3 using one of the following printing processes:
    a. Offset lithography
    Make a layout and produce a plate using a process approved by your counselor. Run the plate and print at least 50 copies.
    b. Screen printing
    Make a hand-cut or photographic stencil and attach it to a screen that you have prepared. Mask the screen and print at least 20 copies.
    c. Electronic/digital printing
    Create a layout in electronic form, download it to the press or printer, and run 50 copies. If no electronic interface to the press or printer is available, you may print and scan a paper copy of the layout.
    d. Relief printing
    Prepare a layout or set the necessary type. Make a plate or lock up the form. Use this to print 50 copies.
  5. Review the following postpress operations with your counselor:
    a. Discuss the finishing operations of padding, drilling, cutting, and trimming.
    b. Collect, describe, or identify examples of the following types of binding: perfect, spiral, plastic comb, saddle stitched, and case.
  6. Do ONE of the following, then describe the highlights of your visit:
    a. Visit a newspaper printing plant: Follow a story from the editor to the press.
    b. Visit a retail, commercial, or in-plant printing facility: Follow a project from beginning to end.
    c. Visit a school’s graphic arts program: Find out what courses are available and what the prerequisites are.
    d. Visit three Web sites (with your parent’s permission) that belong to graphic arts professional organizations and/or printing-related companies (suppliers, manufacturers, printers): With permission from your parent or counselor, print out or download product or service information from two of the sites.
  7. Find out about three career opportunities in graphic arts. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Graphic Arts is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Graphic Arts requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. The Graphic Arts Merit Badge requirements were updated in 2008.
  2. Graphic Arts is a rare merit badge!


Requirement resources


Related awards

Trade-related awards
Art-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links



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