Knot

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{{Otheruses|[[Scouter Awards|Adult leader awards]] are also called "knots."}}{{MoreInfo|See [[Forty Knots]] and [[Advanced Knots]] for more information.}}{{Print|<table><tr><td>There are two great pages you can print:</td><td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td><li>[[Media:Step-By-Step-Knots-11-Basic-Scout-Knots.pdf|Step-By-Step Knots]]: 11 Basic Knots fit on the front and back of one page.<li>[[Media:Six-Boy-Scout-Knots.pdf|Six Boy Scout Knots]] by John Geffre</td></tr></table>}}
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{{Otheruses|[[Scouter Awards|Adult leader awards]] are also called "knots."}}{{MoreInfo|See [[Forty knots]] and [[Advanced knots]] for more information.}}{{Print|<table><tr><td>There are two great pages you can print:</td><td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td><li>[[Media:Step-By-Step-Knots-11-Basic-Scout-Knots.pdf|Step-By-Step knots]]: 11 Basic knots fit on the front and back of one page.<li>[[Media:Six-Boy-Scout-Knots.pdf|Six Boy Scout knots]] by John Geffre</td></tr></table>}}
__NOTOC__
__NOTOC__
Here are the basic knots [[Cub Scout Leader Portal|Cub Scouts]] and [[Boy Scout Portal|Boy Scouts]] learn.<big>
Here are the basic knots [[Cub Scout Leader Portal|Cub Scouts]] and [[Boy Scout Portal|Boy Scouts]] learn.<big>
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" align="left"
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" align="left"
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|-
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|-
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|| [[Knot#Overhand Knot|Overhand Knot]]
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|| [[Knot#Overhand knot|Overhand knot]]
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|| [[Knot#Square Knot|Square Knot]]
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|| [[Knot#Square knot|Square knot]]
|| [[Knot#Bowline|Bowline]]
|| [[Knot#Bowline|Bowline]]
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|| [[Knot#Sheet Bend|Sheet Bend]]
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|| [[Knot#Sheet bend|Sheet bend]]
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|| [[Knot#Slip Knot|Slip Knot]]
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|| [[Knot#Slip knot|Slip knot]]
|-
|-
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|| [[Knot#Two Half Hitches|Two Half Hitches]]
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|| [[Knot#Two half-hitches|Two half-hitches]]
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|| [[Knot#Taut Line Hitch|Taut Line Hitch]]
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|| [[Knot#Taut-line hitch|Taut-line hitch]]
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|| [[Knot#Clove Hitch|Clove Hitch]]
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|| [[Knot#Clove hitch|Clove hitch]]
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|| [[Knot#Timber Hitch|Timber Hitch]]
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|| [[Knot#Timber hitch|Timber hitch]]
|| [[Knot#Whipping_and_Fusing|Whipping]]
|| [[Knot#Whipping_and_Fusing|Whipping]]
|}</big>
|}</big>
{{Clear}}
{{Clear}}
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==Overhand knot==
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==Overhand Knot==
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[[Image:Overhand-Knot.gif|frame|left]]
[[Image:Overhand-Knot.gif|frame|left]]
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The Overhand Knot is used in other knots including the [[Knot#Square Knot|Square Knot]] which is two Overhand knots. The overhand knot can be used temporarily but can untie very easily if tied around something. The overhand knot can be used as a stopper knot and can keep a rope from fraying or unraveling but the [[Special_Knots#Figure_Eight|Figure Eight]] is a much better stopper knot.
+
The Overhand knot is used in other knots including the [[Knot#Square knot|Square knot]] which is two Overhand knots. The overhand knot can be used temporarily but can untie very easily if tied around something. The overhand knot can be used as a stopper knot and can keep a rope from fraying or unraveling but the [[Special_Knots#Figure_Eight|Figure Eight]] is a much better stopper knot.
;Required for:
;Required for:
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* [[Wolf Electives]] 17a. Learn to tie an '''overhand knot''' and a square knot.
+
* [[Wolf Electives]] 17a. Learn to tie an '''overhand knot''' and a square knot.
 +
 
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Square Knot==
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==Square knot==
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[[Image:Square-Knot.gif|frame|right|<center>'''Square Knot'''<br>'' Right over left, Left over right, <br>makes a knot tidy, and tight.''</center>]]
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[[Image:Square-Knot.gif|frame|right|<center>'''Square knot'''<br>'' Right over left, Left over right, <br>makes a knot tidy, and tight.''</center>]]
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[[Image:Granny_Knot.gif|frame|right|<center>'''Granny Knot'''<br>'' Right over left, Right over left,<br>Makes a knot ugly and WRONG.''</center>]]
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[[Image:Granny_Knot.gif|frame|right|<center>'''Granny knot'''<br>'' Right over left, Right over left,<br>Makes a knot ugly and WRONG.''</center>]]
{{quote-source|The square knot is also known as the joining knot because it can join two ropes together and because it is the first knot Scouts learn when they join the BSA. It has many uses-from securing bundles, packages, and the sails of ships to tying the ends of bandages.
{{quote-source|The square knot is also known as the joining knot because it can join two ropes together and because it is the first knot Scouts learn when they join the BSA. It has many uses-from securing bundles, packages, and the sails of ships to tying the ends of bandages.
To tie a square knot, hold one rope end in each hand. Pass the right end over and under the rope in your left hand and pull it snug. Next, pass the rope now in your left hand over and under the one now in your right, and pull it snug. Remember, '''right over left, left over right.'''|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 8}}
To tie a square knot, hold one rope end in each hand. Pass the right end over and under the rope in your left hand and pull it snug. Next, pass the rope now in your left hand over and under the one now in your right, and pull it snug. Remember, '''right over left, left over right.'''|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 8}}
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'''Note: The Square Knot comes untied easily and is not as strong as a [[Knot#Sheet Bend|Sheet Bend]].
+
'''Note: The Square knot comes untied easily and is not as strong as a [[Knot#Sheet bend|Sheet bend]].
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Wolf Electives]] 17a. Learn to tie an overhand knot and a '''square knot'''.
+
* [[Wolf Electives]] 17a. Learn to tie an overhand knot and a '''square knot'''.
-
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a '''square knot''', bowline, sheet bend, two half hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
+
 
-
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. ...Show how to tie a ''square knot'' and explain how it is used.
+
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a '''square knot''', bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
-
* [[Arrow of Light Award|Webelos Arrow of Light]] #2 ''Tie the joining knot (square knot).''
+
 
 +
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. ...Show how to tie a ''square knot'' and explain how it is used.
 +
 
 +
* [[Arrow of Light Award|Webelos Arrow of Light]] #2 ''Tie the joining knot (square knot).''
 +
 
* [[Scout]] #6: ''Demonstrate tying the '''square knot''' (a joining knot).''
* [[Scout]] #6: ''Demonstrate tying the '''square knot''' (a joining knot).''
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* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square Knot|Square (Reef) Knot]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat Hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
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* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square knot|Square (Reef) knot]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
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* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square Knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Sheet Bend]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat Hitch]]
+
 
 +
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Sheet bend]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat hitch]]
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;When your shoes keep coming untied, it is because you tied a Granny Knot instead of a [[Knot#Square Knot|Square Knot]].
+
;When your shoes keep coming untied, it is because you tied a Granny knot instead of a [[Knot#Square knot|Square knot]].
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
==Bowline==
==Bowline==
[[Image:Bowline.gif|frame|right|''Make a loop (top to you). The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree, and back into the hole.'']]
[[Image:Bowline.gif|frame|right|''Make a loop (top to you). The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree, and back into the hole.'']]
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{{quote-source|Bowline Knot – rescue knot, most useful of knots because it forms a loop that will not slip and is easy to untie. Use it to attach a cord to a pack frame, tie a rope through a grommet of a tent, secure a line to a canoe, and in rescue situations, and in a thousand other ways. Learn to tie the bowline around a post and in the free end of a rope. With practice, you can even tie it with one hand.
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{{quote-source|Bowline knot – rescue knot, most useful of knots because it forms a loop that will not slip and is easy to untie. Use it to attach a cord to a pack frame, tie a rope through a grommet of a tent, secure a line to a canoe, and in rescue situations, and in a thousand other ways. Learn to tie the bowline around a post and in the free end of a rope. With practice, you can even tie it with one hand.
Make a small overhand loop in the standing part of a rope. Bring the rope end up through the loop, around behind the standing part, and back down into the loop. Tighten the bowline by pulling the standing part away from the loop.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] pp. 148-149}}
Make a small overhand loop in the standing part of a rope. Bring the rope end up through the loop, around behind the standing part, and back down into the loop. Tighten the bowline by pulling the standing part away from the loop.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] pp. 148-149}}
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, ''bowline'', sheet bend, two half hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
+
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, ''bowline'', sheet bend, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_half-hitches two half-hitches], and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
 +
 
* [[First Class]] #8a. ''Demonstrate tying the '''bowline''' knot and describe several ways it can be used.''
* [[First Class]] #8a. ''Demonstrate tying the '''bowline''' knot and describe several ways it can be used.''
-
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square Knot|Square (Reef) Knot]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat Hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
+
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square knot|Square (Reef) knot]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
-
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square Knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Sheet Bend]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat Hitch]]
+
 
 +
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Sheet bend]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat hitch]]
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Sheet Bend==
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==Sheet bend==
[[Image:Sheet_Bend.gif|frame|left|''Make a loop in one end. The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree and back under his path.'']]
[[Image:Sheet_Bend.gif|frame|left|''Make a loop in one end. The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree and back under his path.'']]
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The Sheet Bend is a much stronger knot than a [[Knot#Square Knot|Square Knot]] and much more secure.
+
The Sheet bend is a much stronger knot than a [[Knot#Square knot|Square knot]] and much more secure.
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, '''sheet bend''', two half hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
+
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, '''sheet bend''', two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
-
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square Knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Sheet Bend]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat Hitch]]
+
 
 +
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Sheet bend]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat hitch]]
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Slip Knot==
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==Slip knot==
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[[Image:Slip Knot.gif|frame|right|''Make a loop. Pull a loop up through the loop. Pull tight.'']]
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[[Image:Slip Knot.gif|frame|right|''Make a loop. Pull a loop up through the loop. Pull tight.'']]
 +
 
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half hitches, and '''slip knot'''. Tell how each knot is used.
+
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and '''slip knot'''. Tell how each knot is used.
 +
 
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Two Half Hitches==
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==Two half-hitches==
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[[Image:Two_Half_Hitches.gif|left|frame|''Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half Hitch. Make a second Half Hitch on the outside. Pull tight.'']]
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[[Image:Two_Half_Hitches.gif|left|frame|''Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch. Make a second Half hitch on the outside. Pull tight.'']]
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{{quote-source|Use two half hitches to tie a rope around a post.
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 +
{{quote-source|Use two half-hitches to tie a rope around a post.
Pass the end of the rope around the post. Bring the end over and under the body of the rope (known as the standing part),then back through the loop thus formed. That makes a half hitch. Take the end around the standing part a second time and tie another half hitch. Pull it snug.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 36}}
Pass the end of the rope around the post. Bring the end over and under the body of the rope (known as the standing part),then back through the loop thus formed. That makes a half hitch. Take the end around the standing part a second time and tie another half hitch. Pull it snug.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 36}}
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'''Note: The Two Half Hitches knot is only secure when it is tight against the post.
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'''Note: The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_half-hitches Two half-hitches] knot is only secure when it is tight against the post.
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, '''two half hitches''', and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
+
* [[Bear]] 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, '''two half-hitches''', and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
-
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using ''two half hitches'' and a taut-line hitch. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
+
 
-
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: '''two half hitches''' and the taut-line hitch.
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* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using ''two half-hitches'' and a taut-line hitch. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
-
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square Knot|Square (Reef) Knot]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat Hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
+
 
-
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square Knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Sheet Bend]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat Hitch]]
+
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: '''two half-hitches''' and the taut-line hitch.
 +
 
 +
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square knot|Square (Reef) knot]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
 +
 
 +
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Sheet bend]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat hitch]]
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Taut Line Hitch==
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==Taut-line hitch==
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[[Image:Tautline_Hitch.gif|right|frame|''Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half Hitch. Loop over the top and through the hole again. One last Half Hitch on the outside. Pull tight.'']]
+
[[Image:Tautline_Hitch.gif|right|frame|''Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch. Loop over the top and through the hole again. One last Half hitch on the outside. Pull tight.'']]
{{quote-source|The taut-line hitch is tied to a line that is tight, or taut. Use it to tighten or loosen a tent guyline by pushing the hitch up or down. Here's how:
{{quote-source|The taut-line hitch is tied to a line that is tight, or taut. Use it to tighten or loosen a tent guyline by pushing the hitch up or down. Here's how:
Line 100: Line 115:
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using two half hitches and a ''taut-line hitch''. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
+
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using two half-hitches and a ''taut-line hitch''. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
-
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: two half hitches and the '''taut-line hitch'''.
+
 
-
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square Knot|Square (Reef) Knot]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat Hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
+
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: two half hitches and the '''taut-line hitch'''.
 +
 
 +
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square knot|Square (Reef) knot]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
 +
 
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
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==Clove Hitch==
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==Clove hitch==
-
[[Image:Clove_Hitch.gif|frame|left|Animation of tying a Clove Hitch around a pole]][[Image:Clove_Hitch2.gif|right|frame|''Loop over the top. Loop around again below. Pull through the hole.'']]
+
[[Image:Clove_Hitch.gif|frame|left|Animation of tying a Clove hitch around a pole]][[Image:Clove_Hitch2.gif|right|frame|''Loop over the top. Loop around again below. Pull through the hole.'']]
{{quote-source|Clove comes from the word cleave meaning “to split”, clove hitch is split into two parts like the foot of a deer or a sheep – used to end lashings… form the first half hitch of the clove hitch by taking a bight (loop) around the pole and then across itself.
{{quote-source|Clove comes from the word cleave meaning “to split”, clove hitch is split into two parts like the foot of a deer or a sheep – used to end lashings… form the first half hitch of the clove hitch by taking a bight (loop) around the pole and then across itself.
-
Form the second half hitch of the clove hitch by taking the second bight around the pole and tucking the end of the rope under the rope between the two loops. When pulled tight, the clove hitch should look like an X. The difference between a clove hitch and two half-hitches is that a clove hitch is tied around an object and two half hitches are tied around the rope’s own standing part.
+
Form the second half hitch of the clove hitch by taking the second bight around the pole and tucking the end of the rope under the rope between the two loops. When pulled tight, the clove hitch should look like an X. The difference between a clove hitch and two half-hitches is that a clove hitch is tied around an object and two half-hitches are tied around the rope’s own standing part.
An alternative way of tying a clove hitch it to make and overhand loop in the rope. Then make a second overhand loop next to the first loop. Next, without turning over either loop, place the first loop on top of the second loop. Finally, place the two loops over the end of a pole or around the neck of the bear bag and pull tight.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 139}}
An alternative way of tying a clove hitch it to make and overhand loop in the rope. Then make a second overhand loop next to the first loop. Next, without turning over either loop, place the first loop on top of the second loop. Finally, place the two loops over the end of a pole or around the neck of the bear bag and pull tight.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 139}}
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
:* [[First Class]] #7b. Demonstrate tying the timber hitch and '''clove hitch''' and their use in [[Square lashing|square]], [[Shear lashing|shear]], and [[diagonal lashing]]s by joining two or more poles or staves together.
+
:* [[First Class]] #7b. Demonstrate tying the timber hitch and '''clove hitch''' and their use in [[Square lashing|square]], [[Shear lashing|shear]], and [[diagonal lashing]]s by joining two or more poles or staves together.
-
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square Knot|Square (Reef) Knot]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat Hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
+
 
-
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square Knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove Hitch]] - [[Sheet Bend]] - [[Two Half Hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat Hitch]]
+
* [[Small-Boat Sailing]] #7a: [[Square knot|Square (Reef) knot]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Cleat hitch]] - [[Figure Eight]]
 +
 
 +
* [[Apprentice|Sea Scout Apprentice]] #5. [[Square knot]] - [[Bowline]] - [[Clove hitch]] - [[Sheet bend]] - [[Two half-hitches]] - [[Figure Eight]] - [[Cleat hitch]]
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
-
==Timber Hitch==
+
==Timber hitch==
[[Image:Timber_Hitch.gif|frame|left|Animation of tying the Timber hitch]]
[[Image:Timber_Hitch.gif|frame|left|Animation of tying the Timber hitch]]
{{quote-source|The timber hitch is the knot to use for dragging a log across the ground. It is also the knot that starts a [[diagonal lashing]]. Here's how to tie a timber hitch:
{{quote-source|The timber hitch is the knot to use for dragging a log across the ground. It is also the knot that starts a [[diagonal lashing]]. Here's how to tie a timber hitch:
Line 125: Line 145:
Pass the end of the rope around the log. Loop the end around the starting part of the rope, then wrap the end around itself three or more times. Tighten the hitch against the log.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 138}}
Pass the end of the rope around the log. Loop the end around the starting part of the rope, then wrap the end around itself three or more times. Tighten the hitch against the log.|[[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 138}}
;Required for:
;Required for:
-
* [[First Class]] #7b. Demonstrate tying the '''timber hitch''' and clove hitch and their use in [[Square lashing|square]], [[Shear lashing|shear]], and [[diagonal lashing]]s by joining two or more poles or staves together.
+
* [[First Class]] #7b. Demonstrate tying the '''timber hitch''' and clove hitch and their use in [[Square lashing|square]], [[Shear lashing|shear]], and [[diagonal lashing]]s by joining two or more poles or staves together.
 +
 
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
==Whipping and Fusing==
==Whipping and Fusing==
{| class="wikitable" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" align="left" valign ="top"
{| class="wikitable" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" align="left" valign ="top"
-
|-
+
|-
| valign ="top" width = "330"| [[Image:Whipping.gif|frame|left|<center>'''Whipping'''</center>]]
| valign ="top" width = "330"| [[Image:Whipping.gif|frame|left|<center>'''Whipping'''</center>]]
| valign ="top" |
| valign ="top" |
Line 143: Line 164:
|}
|}
'''Required for:'''
'''Required for:'''
-
* [[Bear#22._Tying_It_All_Up|Bear 22a]]. '''Whip''' the ends of a rope.
+
* [[Bear#22._Tying_It_All_Up|Bear 22a]]. '''Whip''' the ends of a rope.
-
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #10. Demonstrate how to '''whip''' ''and fuse the ends of a rope.
+
 
-
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4a: Demonstrate how to '''whip''' and fuse the ends of a rope.
+
* [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]] #10. Demonstrate how to '''whip' and fuse the ends of a rope.
 +
* [[Tenderfoot]] #4a: Demonstrate how to '''whip''' and fuse the ends of a rope.
 +
 
{{clear}}
{{clear}}
==External links==
==External links==
{{Knot Links}}
{{Knot Links}}
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* [http://www.geocities.com/roo_two/clovehitch.html Notable Knot Index] - shows quick method of tying
+
* [http://www.geocities.com/roo_two/clovehitch.html Notable knot Index] - shows quick method of tying
-
* [http://www.realknots.com/knots/hitches.htm Hitch Knots] - including instructions
+
* [http://www.realknots.com/knots/hitches.htm hitch knots] - including instructions
*[[Media:All_lower_rank_knots.pdf|All lower rank knots]] [[Image:Pdficon small.gif]] (2MB PDF)
*[[Media:All_lower_rank_knots.pdf|All lower rank knots]] [[Image:Pdficon small.gif]] (2MB PDF)
*[[Media:When_to_use_knots_lashings.pdf|When to use knots lashings]] [[Image:Pdficon small.gif]] (152K PDF)
*[[Media:When_to_use_knots_lashings.pdf|When to use knots lashings]] [[Image:Pdficon small.gif]] (152K PDF)
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*[http://www.seascout.org/general_resources/download_area.html#img12 Sea Scout Knots]
+
*[http://www.seascout.org/general_resources/download_area.html#img12 Sea Scout knots]
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*[http://www.realknots.com/knots/index.htm Ropers Knots Page] Practical knots
+
*[http://www.realknots.com/knots/index.htm Ropers knots Page] Practical knots
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*[http://www.tollesburysc.co.uk/Knots/Knots_gallery.htm Knot Gallery] (GIF format)
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*[http://www.tollesburysc.co.uk/Knots/Knots_gallery.htm knot Gallery] (GIF format)
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*[http://www.spadout.com/wiki/index.php/Knot Rock Climbing Knots]
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*[http://www.spadout.com/wiki/index.php/Knot Rock Climbing knots]
*[http://www.animatedknots.com Animated knots] (Javascript)
*[http://www.animatedknots.com Animated knots] (Javascript)
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*[http://www.layhands.com/Knots/Knots_KnotsIndex.htm Knots Index]
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*[http://www.layhands.com/Knots/Knots_KnotsIndex.htm knots Index]
*[http://www.fishing-nc.com/fishing-knots.php Fishing knots]
*[http://www.fishing-nc.com/fishing-knots.php Fishing knots]
*[http://www.fieggen.com/shoelace/index.htm Ian's Shoelace Site]
*[http://www.fieggen.com/shoelace/index.htm Ian's Shoelace Site]
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*[http://www.igkt.net International Guild of Knot Tyers]
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*[http://www.igkt.net International Guild of knot Tyers]
*[http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/knotting/notate.htm Notation describing methods of tying knots]
*[http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/knotting/notate.htm Notation describing methods of tying knots]
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*[http://www.geocities.com/roo_two/knotindex.html The Notable Knot Index]
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*[http://www.geocities.com/roo_two/knotindex.html The Notable knot Index]
*[http://www.draftlight.net/lifeonaline/ Underground rope rescue knots]
*[http://www.draftlight.net/lifeonaline/ Underground rope rescue knots]
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[[Category:Knots]]
[[Category:Knots]]
[[Category:Scoutcraft]]
[[Category:Scoutcraft]]

Revision as of 09:32, December 13, 2008

Adult leader awards are also called "knots."
image:Book.gif See Forty knots and Advanced knots for more information.
There are two great pages you can print:   
  • Step-By-Step knots: 11 Basic knots fit on the front and back of one page.
  • Six Boy Scout knots by John Geffre

  • Here are the basic knots Cub Scouts and Boy Scouts learn.

    Overhand knot Square knot Bowline Sheet bend Slip knot
    Two half-hitches Taut-line hitch Clove hitch Timber hitch Whipping

    Overhand knot

    The Overhand knot is used in other knots including the Square knot which is two Overhand knots. The overhand knot can be used temporarily but can untie very easily if tied around something. The overhand knot can be used as a stopper knot and can keep a rope from fraying or unraveling but the Figure Eight is a much better stopper knot.

    Required for
    • Wolf Electives 17a. Learn to tie an overhand knot and a square knot.

    Square knot

    Square knot Right over left, Left over right, makes a knot tidy, and tight.
    Square knot
    Right over left, Left over right,
    makes a knot tidy, and tight.
    Granny knot Right over left, Right over left,Makes a knot ugly and WRONG.
    Granny knot
    Right over left, Right over left,
    Makes a knot ugly and WRONG.
    The square knot is also known as the joining knot because it can join two ropes together and because it is the first knot Scouts learn when they join the BSA. It has many uses-from securing bundles, packages, and the sails of ships to tying the ends of bandages.

    To tie a square knot, hold one rope end in each hand. Pass the right end over and under the rope in your left hand and pull it snug. Next, pass the rope now in your left hand over and under the one now in your right, and pull it snug. Remember, right over left, left over right.

    Boy Scout Handbook p. 8

    Note: The Square knot comes untied easily and is not as strong as a Sheet bend.

    Required for
    • Wolf Electives 17a. Learn to tie an overhand knot and a square knot.
    • Bear 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
    When your shoes keep coming untied, it is because you tied a Granny knot instead of a Square knot.

    Bowline

    Make a loop (top to you). The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree, and back into the hole.
    Make a loop (top to you). The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree, and back into the hole.
    Bowline knot – rescue knot, most useful of knots because it forms a loop that will not slip and is easy to untie. Use it to attach a cord to a pack frame, tie a rope through a grommet of a tent, secure a line to a canoe, and in rescue situations, and in a thousand other ways. Learn to tie the bowline around a post and in the free end of a rope. With practice, you can even tie it with one hand.

    Make a small overhand loop in the standing part of a rope. Bring the rope end up through the loop, around behind the standing part, and back down into the loop. Tighten the bowline by pulling the standing part away from the loop.

    Boy Scout Handbook pp. 148-149
    Required for
    • Bear 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.

    Sheet bend

    Make a loop in one end. The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree and back under his path.
    Make a loop in one end. The rabbit goes out of the hole, around the tree and back under his path.

    The Sheet bend is a much stronger knot than a Square knot and much more secure.

    Required for
    • Bear 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.

    Slip knot

    Make a loop. Pull a loop up through the loop. Pull tight.
    Make a loop. Pull a loop up through the loop. Pull tight.
    Required for
    • Bear 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.

    Two half-hitches

    Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch.  Make a second Half hitch on the outside.  Pull tight.
    Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch. Make a second Half hitch on the outside. Pull tight.
    Use two half-hitches to tie a rope around a post.

    Pass the end of the rope around the post. Bring the end over and under the body of the rope (known as the standing part),then back through the loop thus formed. That makes a half hitch. Take the end around the standing part a second time and tie another half hitch. Pull it snug.

    Boy Scout Handbook p. 36

    Note: The Two half-hitches knot is only secure when it is tight against the post.

    Required for
    • Bear 22b. Tie a square knot, bowline, sheet bend, two half-hitches, and slip knot. Tell how each knot is used.
    • Webelos Outdoorsman #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using two half-hitches and a taut-line hitch. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
    • Tenderfoot #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: two half-hitches and the taut-line hitch.

    Taut-line hitch

    Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch. Loop over the top and through the hole again. One last Half hitch on the outside.  Pull tight.
    Loop over the top and pull through the hole to make a Half hitch. Loop over the top and through the hole again. One last Half hitch on the outside. Pull tight.
    The taut-line hitch is tied to a line that is tight, or taut. Use it to tighten or loosen a tent guyline by pushing the hitch up or down. Here's how:

    Pass the line around the tent stake. Bring the end under and over the standing part and twice through the loop you have formed. Again bring the pore end under, over, and through the loop, but this time farther up the standing part. Work any slack out of the knot, then slide the hitch to adjust the tension on the line.

    Boy Scout Handbook p. 37
    Required for
    • Webelos Outdoorsman #11. Demonstrate setting up a tent or dining fly using two half-hitches and a taut-line hitch. Show how to tie a square knot and explain how it is used.
    • Tenderfoot #4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: two half hitches and the taut-line hitch.

    Clove hitch

    Animation of tying a Clove hitch around a pole
    Animation of tying a Clove hitch around a pole
    Loop over the top. Loop around again below. Pull through the hole.
    Loop over the top. Loop around again below. Pull through the hole.
    Clove comes from the word cleave meaning “to split”, clove hitch is split into two parts like the foot of a deer or a sheep – used to end lashings… form the first half hitch of the clove hitch by taking a bight (loop) around the pole and then across itself.

    Form the second half hitch of the clove hitch by taking the second bight around the pole and tucking the end of the rope under the rope between the two loops. When pulled tight, the clove hitch should look like an X. The difference between a clove hitch and two half-hitches is that a clove hitch is tied around an object and two half-hitches are tied around the rope’s own standing part.

    An alternative way of tying a clove hitch it to make and overhand loop in the rope. Then make a second overhand loop next to the first loop. Next, without turning over either loop, place the first loop on top of the second loop. Finally, place the two loops over the end of a pole or around the neck of the bear bag and pull tight.

    Boy Scout Handbook p. 139
    Required for

    Timber hitch

    Animation of tying the Timber hitch
    Animation of tying the Timber hitch
    The timber hitch is the knot to use for dragging a log across the ground. It is also the knot that starts a diagonal lashing. Here's how to tie a timber hitch:

    Pass the end of the rope around the log. Loop the end around the starting part of the rope, then wrap the end around itself three or more times. Tighten the hitch against the log.

    Boy Scout Handbook p. 138
    Required for

    Whipping and Fusing

    Whipping
    Whipping

    Whipping:
    If the cut end is left un-whipped, the rope will fray or untwist, and loose strength. Whip the ends of ropes to prevent fraying and prolongs the life of the rope.

    Lay twine (or dental floss) on rope to form a loop. Wrap the twine around with neat, tight bindings until the length of whipping is two to three times the diameter of the rope. Pull the working end of twine through the loop. Pull hard on the other end of the twine to draw tight under the wraps. Cut off loose ends and roll the whipping under foot.

    Fusing:
    Tape the nylon, polyester, polypropylene rope around the area to be cut. Cut in middle of the tape leaving tape intact on each side. When cutting these fibers with a pocket knife or scissors, the cut ends should be fused with a match or candle flame to prevent untwisting. Natural fiber ropes do not fuse.

    Fusing
    Fusing

    Required for:

    • Webelos Outdoorsman #10. Demonstrate how to whip' and fuse the ends of a rope.
    • Tenderfoot #4a: Demonstrate how to whip and fuse the ends of a rope.

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