Law

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Related awards: add links)
(Requirement resources: update formatting)
Line 38: Line 38:
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
-
* '''1''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law Definition, Overview, History, etc.]   [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Law Definiton of "Law"]
+
'''1'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law Definition, Overview, History, etc.] - [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Law Definiton of "Law"] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sources_of_law_in_the_United_States Sources of Law]<br>
-
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sources_of_law_in_the_United_States Sources of Law]
+
'''2a'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi] &nbsp; [http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM Annother source] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_Juris_Civilis Justinian Code] - [http://orias.berkeley.edu/summer2004/summer2004JustinianCode.htm Another source] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta Magna Carta] &nbsp; [http://www.lawbuzz.com/ourlaws/magna_carta/magna_what.htm What is the Magna Carta?]<br>
-
* '''2a''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi] &nbsp; [http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM Annother source]
+
'''2b'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jury#Historical_roots History of the Jury System]<br>
-
:: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_Juris_Civilis Justinian Code] &nbsp; [http://orias.berkeley.edu/summer2004/summer2004JustinianCode.htm Another source]
+
'''2c'''. [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/ftrials.htm Famous Trials] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopes_Monkey_Trial Information on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miranda_v._Arizona Information on the Miranda v. Arizona Trial]<br>
-
:: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta Magna Carta] &nbsp; [http://www.lawbuzz.com/ourlaws/magna_carta/magna_what.htm What is the Magna Carta?]
+
'''3'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_law_(legal_system) Civil Law] & [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal_law Criminal Law] - [http://www.rbs2.com/cc.htm Differences between civil law and criminal law]<br>
-
* '''2b''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jury#Historical_roots History of the Jury System]
+
'''5'''. Consumer Protection laws & organizations:
-
* '''2c''': [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/ftrials.htm Famous Trials]
+
: [http://www.naag.org/attorneys_general.php State Attorneys General] enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopes_Monkey_Trial Information on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial]
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Act Consumer Product Safety Act] - gives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Commission CPSC] the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miranda_v._Arizona Information on the Miranda v. Arizona Trial]
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Trade_Commission_Act Federal Trade Commission Act] - created the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Trade_Commission FTC] to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
-
* '''3''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_law_(legal_system) Civil Law] & [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal_law Criminal Law]
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_Food_and_Drug_Act Pure Food and Drug Act] - led to the creation of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FDA Food and Drug Administration (FDA)] to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
-
:: [http://www.rbs2.com/cc.htm Differences between civil law and criminal law]
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_Act_of_1934 Communications Act of 1934] - created the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Communications_Commission Federal Communications Commission (FCC)] to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
-
* '''5''': Consumer Protection laws & organizations
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_National_Do_Not_Call_Registry National Do Not Call Registry] - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
-
** [http://www.naag.org/attorneys_general.php State Attorneys General] enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_Credit_Reporting_Act Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA)] - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Act Consumer Product Safety Act] - gives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Commission CPSC] the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_Debt_Collection_Practices_Act Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)] - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Trade_Commission_Act Federal Trade Commission Act] - created the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Trade_Commission FTC] to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truth_in_Lending_Act Truth in Lending Act (TILA)] - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_Food_and_Drug_Act Pure Food and Drug Act] - led to the creation of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FDA Food and Drug Administration (FDA)] to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Estate_Settlement_Procedures_Act|Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)] - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_Act_of_1934 Communications Act of 1934] - created the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Communications_Commission Federal Communications Commission (FCC)] to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_Insurance_Portability_and_Accountability_Act Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)] - provides consumer protection for Health Information
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_National_Do_Not_Call_Registry National Do Not Call Registry] - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Citizen_Information_Center Federal Citizen Information Center] - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_Credit_Reporting_Act Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA)] - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information
+
: [http://www.dms-lawyer.com/area/consumer.shtml Laws that protect the consumer]
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_Debt_Collection_Practices_Act Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)] - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
+
: [http://www.bbb.org/ Better Business Bureau] - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truth_in_Lending_Act Truth in Lending Act (TILA)] - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
+
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumers_Union Consumers Union] evaluates products and services and publishes [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Reports Consumer Reports]
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Estate_Settlement_Procedures_Act|Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)] - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs
+
'''7''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attorney_at_Law#The_job_of_an_attorney Job of an attorney]<br>
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_Insurance_Portability_and_Accountability_Act Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)] - provides consumer protection for Health Information
+
'''8''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_education#United_States Legal Education] topics: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bachelor%27s_degree Bachelor's degree], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_school_in_the_United_States Law School], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juris_Doctor Juris Docotr Degree], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar_examination Bar Exam], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_federal_judge Federal Judge]
-
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Citizen_Information_Center Federal Citizen Information Center] - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
+
-
** [http://www.dms-lawyer.com/area/consumer.shtml Laws that protect the consumer]
+
-
** [http://www.bbb.org/ Better Business Bureau] - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business
+
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumers_Union Consumers Union] evaluates products and services and publishes [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Reports Consumer Reports]
+
-
* '''7''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attorney_at_Law#The_job_of_an_attorney Job of an attorney]
+
-
* '''8''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_education#United_States Legal Education] topics: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bachelor%27s_degree Bachelor's degree], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_school_in_the_United_States Law School], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juris_Doctor Juris Docotr Degree], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar_examination Bar Exam].
+
-
** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_federal_judge Federal Judge]
+
== Related awards ==
== Related awards ==

Revision as of 02:34, December 26, 2008

For the Scout Law, see Scout Law.
Law merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1974
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 068
Requirements revision: 2003
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents


Law requirements

  1. Define "law." Tell some of its sources. Describe functions it serves.
  2. Discuss TWO of the following:
    a. Justinian’s Code, The Code of Hammurabi, and the Magna Carta.
    b. The development of the jury system.
    c. Two famous trials in history.
  3. Tell what civil law is; tell what criminal law is. Tell the main differences between them. Give examples of each.
  4. Ask five people (not more than one from your immediate family) about the role of law enforcement officers in our society. Discuss their answers with them. Go to a law enforcement officer in your neighborhood and ask about his or her responsibilities and duties. Report your findings.
  5. Tell about several laws that were passed to protect the consumer and the seller. Tell about several organizations that provide help to consumers and sellers.
  6. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Attend a session of a civil or criminal court. Write 250 words or more on what you saw.
    b. Plan and conduct a mock trial with your troop or school class. After the trial is over, discuss it with the group.
  7. Arrange a visit with a lawyer who works for a business, bank, title company, or government agency. Find out his or her duties and responsibilities. Report what you have learned.
  8. Explain the requirements for becoming a lawyer in your state. Describe how judges are selected in your state.
  9. Make a list of 15 jobs that deal with some aspect of law or legal processes. Tell which you prefer. Why?
  10. Tell where people can go to obtain the help of a lawyer if they are unable to pay for one. Tell what you can do if you can afford a lawyer but do not know of any in your area.
  11. Discuss with your counselor the importance in our society of TWO of the following areas of the law:
    a. Environmental law
    b. Computers and the Internet
    c. Copyright and the Internet
    d. Space travel and satellites orbiting Earth
    e. Patents
    f. Biotechnology
    g. Privacy law
    h. International law


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Law is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Law requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.


Requirement resources

1. Definition, Overview, History, etc. - Definiton of "Law" - Sources of Law
2a. The Code of Hammurabi   Annother source - Justinian Code - Another source - Magna Carta   What is the Magna Carta?
2b. History of the Jury System
2c. Famous Trials - Information on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial - Information on the Miranda v. Arizona Trial
3. Civil Law & Criminal Law - Differences between civil law and criminal law
5. Consumer Protection laws & organizations:

State Attorneys General enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
Consumer Product Safety Act - gives CPSC the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
Federal Trade Commission Act - created the FTC to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
Pure Food and Drug Act - led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
Communications Act of 1934 - created the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
National Do Not Call Registry - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA) - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
Truth in Lending Act (TILA) - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) - provides consumer protection for Health Information
Federal Citizen Information Center - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
Laws that protect the consumer
Better Business Bureau - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business
Consumers Union evaluates products and services and publishes Consumer Reports

7: Job of an attorney
8: Legal Education topics: Bachelor's degree, Law School, Juris Docotr Degree, Bar Exam, and Federal Judge

Related awards

Profession Awards Profession-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
language