Law

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{{Otheruses|{{ThisMB}}<br>For the Scout Law, see [[Scout Law]].''}}<br>
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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
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|name= Law
|name= Law
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|discontinued= N/A
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|pamphlet revision= 2008
|field= Professions
|field= Professions
|id= 068
|id= 068
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|quote=Earning this merit badge enables a Scout to learn about the history and kinds of laws, the purpose and methods of law enforcement, consumer protection agencies, emerging law, and careers in the legal profession.
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{{Otheruses|''For the Scout Law, see [[Scout Law]].''}}
 
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== Notes ==
== Notes ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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* '''1''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law Definition, Overview, History, etc.] &nbsp; [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Law Definiton of "Law"]
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'''1'''. [http://bastiat.org/en/the_law.html The Law] Frederic Bastiat's classic and comprehensive work.<br>
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::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sources_of_law Sources of Law]
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[http://www.lawsource.com/also/ American Law Source] A practical guide showing where various laws come from.<br>
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* '''2a''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi] &nbsp; [http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM Annother source]
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law Definition, Overview, History, etc.]<br>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Law Definition of "Law"]<br>
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* '''2a''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_Juris_Civilis Justinian Code] &nbsp; [http://orias.berkeley.edu/summer2004/summer2004JustinianCode.htm Another source]
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'''2a'''. [http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/blume&justinian/ The Justinian Code] An extensive unit from the UWy Law School.<br>
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:: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi]
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[http://orias.berkeley.edu/summer2004/summer2004JustinianCode.htm The Justinian Code] A teacher’s seminar highlighting the Story of Human Rights in the World.<br>
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:: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta Magna Carta] &nbsp; [http://www.lawbuzz.com/ourlaws/magna_carta/magna_what.htm What is the Magna Carta?]
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[http://www.justlawlinks.com/REGS/codeham.htm The Code of Hammurabi] With commentary.<br>
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* '''2b''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jury#Historical_roots History of the Jury System]
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[http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM The Code of Hammurabi] WSU’s translation (their study guide [http://www.wsu.edu/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/hammurabi.html here]).<br>
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* '''2c''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopes_Monkey_Trial Information on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial]
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[http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/ The Magna Carta] from the National Archives.<br>[http://www.lawbuzz.com/ourlaws/magna_carta/magna_what.htm What is the Magna Carta?]<br>
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* '''2c''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miranda_v._Arizona Information on the Miranda v. Arizona Trial]
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'''2b'''. [http://www.crfc.org/americanjury/origins.html Origins of the American Jury]<br>
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* '''3''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_law_(legal_system) Civil Law] & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal_law Criminal Law]
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'''2c'''. [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/ftrials.htm Famous Trials] Trials throughout history, with links to full information.<br>
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:: [http://www.rbs2.com/cc.htm Differences between civil law and criminal law]
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[http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/ftrials_LNKS.html Other Famous Trials]<br>
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* '''5''': Consumer Protection laws
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'''3'''. [http://civil-rights.lawyers.com/ask-a-lawyer/What-Is-%22Civil-Law%22-4557.html What is Civil Law?]<br>
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:;General consumer protection laws
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[http://www.rbs2.com/cc.htm Differences between civil law and criminal law]<br>
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** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Act Consumer Product Safety Act] - gives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_Product_Safety_Commission CPSC] the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products
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'''5'''. Consumer Protection laws & organizations:
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** [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Trade_Commission_Act Federal Trade Commission Act] - created the [[Federal Trade Commission|FTC]] to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
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: [http://www.naag.org/attorneys_general.php State Attorneys General] - enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
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:;[[Privacy laws of the United States|Privacy Laws]]
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: [http://www.cpsc.gov/businfo/cpsa.html Consumer Product Safety Act] - gives [http://www.cpsc.gov/ CPSC] the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
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** [[United States National Do Not Call Registry]] - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
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: [http://www.ftc.gov/ogc/ftcact.shtm Federal Trade Commission Act] - created the [http://www.ftc.gov/ FTC] to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
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:;Food & Drug
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: [http://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/default.htm Pure Food and Drug Act] - led to the creation of the [http://www.fda.gov/ Food and Drug Administration (FDA)] to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
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** [[Pure Food and Drug Act]] - led to the creation of the [[FDA|Food and Drug Administration (FDA)]] to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
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: [http://www.fcc.gov/Reports/1934new.pdf Communications Act of 1934] - created the [http://www.fcc.gov/ Federal Communications Commission (FCC)] to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
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:;Digital Media
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: [https://www.donotcall.gov/Registry National Do Not Call Registry] - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
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** [[Digital Millennium Copyright Act]] - prohibits production or sale of devices or services intended to circumvent copyright measures.
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: [http://www.ftc.gov/os/statutes/031224fcra.pdf Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA)] - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information.
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** [[DMCRA|Digital Media Consumers' Rights Act]] (proposed) - would repeal the [[Digital Millennium Copyright Act]]
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: [http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/edu/pubs/consumer/credit/cre27.pdf Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)] - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
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:;[[Bank regulation |Banking]]
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: [http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/rules/6500-200.html Truth in Lending Act (TILA)] - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
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** [[Fair Credit Reporting Act|Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA)]] - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information
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: [http://www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/ramh/res/respa_hm.cfm Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)] - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs.
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** [[Fair Debt Collection Practices Act|Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)]] - eliminate abusive consumer practices, insure fairness, etc.
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: [http://www.hipaa.org/ Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)] - provides consumer protection for Health Information.
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** [[Truth in Lending Act|Truth in Lending Act (TILA)]] - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
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: [http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/ Federal Citizen Information Center] - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
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:;Real Estate
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: [http://www.dms-lawyer.com/area/consumer.shtml Laws that protect the consumer]
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** [[Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act|Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)]] - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs
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: [http://www.bbb.org/ Better Business Bureau] - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business.
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:;[[Health insurance in the United States |Health Insurance]]
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: [http://www.consumersunion.org/ Consumers Union] evaluates products and services and publishes [http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/index.htm Consumer Reports]; also advocates for politically liberal causes.
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'''7''': [http://www.findanattorney.com/what-does-an-attorney-do.html What does an attorney do?]<br>
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'''8''': [http://public.findlaw.com/abaflg/flg-1-1a-5.html Requirements for becoming a Lawyer]<br>
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[http://www.ajs.org/selection/sel_state-select-map.asp Judicial Selection Methods in the States] A state-by-state analysis.<br>
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'''9''': [http://www.lawfirmstaff.com/jobdetail.php Jobs in the Legal Field]
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[http://www.dms-lawyer.com/area/consumer.shtml Laws that protect the consumer]
 
== Related awards ==
== Related awards ==
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{{Merit Badge footer}}

Revision as of 22:41, October 28, 2012

Resources include the Law merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

This is the Law merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
For the Scout Law, see Scout Law.

Law merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1974
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 068
Requirements revision: 2003
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents

Earning this merit badge enables a Scout to learn about the history and kinds of laws, the purpose and methods of law enforcement, consumer protection agencies, emerging law, and careers in the legal profession.


Law merit badge requirements

  1. Define "law." Tell some of its sources. Describe functions it serves.
  2. Discuss TWO of the following:
    a. Justinian’s Code, The Code of Hammurabi, and the Magna Carta.
    b. The development of the jury system.
    c. Two famous trials in history.
  3. Tell what civil law is; tell what criminal law is. Tell the main differences between them. Give examples of each.
  4. Ask five people (not more than one from your immediate family) about the role of law enforcement officers in our society. Discuss their answers with them. Go to a law enforcement officer in your neighborhood and ask about his or her responsibilities and duties. Report your findings.
  5. Tell about several laws that were passed to protect the consumer and the seller. Tell about several organizations that provide help to consumers and sellers.
  6. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Attend a session of a civil or criminal court. Write 250 words or more on what you saw.
    b. Plan and conduct a mock trial with your troop or school class. After the trial is over, discuss it with the group.
  7. Arrange a visit with a lawyer who works for a business, bank, title company, or government agency. Find out his or her duties and responsibilities. Report what you have learned.
  8. Explain the requirements for becoming a lawyer in your state. Describe how judges are selected in your state.
  9. Make a list of 15 jobs that deal with some aspect of law or legal processes. Tell which you prefer. Why?
  10. Tell where people can go to obtain the help of a lawyer if they are unable to pay for one. Tell what you can do if you can afford a lawyer but do not know of any in your area.
  11. Discuss with your counselor the importance in our society of TWO of the following areas of the law:
    a. Environmental law
    b. Computers and the Internet
    c. Copyright and the Internet
    d. Space travel and satellites orbiting Earth
    e. Patents
    f. Biotechnology
    g. Privacy law
    h. International law


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Law is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Law requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.


Requirement resources

1. The Law Frederic Bastiat's classic and comprehensive work.
American Law Source A practical guide showing where various laws come from.
Definition, Overview, History, etc.
Definition of "Law"
2a. The Justinian Code An extensive unit from the UWy Law School.
The Justinian Code A teacher’s seminar highlighting the Story of Human Rights in the World.
The Code of Hammurabi With commentary.
The Code of Hammurabi WSU’s translation (their study guide here).
The Magna Carta from the National Archives.
What is the Magna Carta?
2b. Origins of the American Jury
2c. Famous Trials Trials throughout history, with links to full information.
Other Famous Trials
3. What is Civil Law?
Differences between civil law and criminal law
5. Consumer Protection laws & organizations:

State Attorneys General - enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
Consumer Product Safety Act - gives CPSC the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
Federal Trade Commission Act - created the FTC to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
Pure Food and Drug Act - led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
Communications Act of 1934 - created the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
National Do Not Call Registry - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA) - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information.
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
Truth in Lending Act (TILA) - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) - provides consumer protection for Health Information.
Federal Citizen Information Center - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
Laws that protect the consumer
Better Business Bureau - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business.
Consumers Union evaluates products and services and publishes Consumer Reports; also advocates for politically liberal causes.

7: What does an attorney do?
8: Requirements for becoming a Lawyer
Judicial Selection Methods in the States A state-by-state analysis.
9: Jobs in the Legal Field


Related awards

Profession-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
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