Lifesaving

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[[Image:2440c.gif|thumb|Lifesaving]][[Image:Eaglereq.gif|thumb|This merit badge is in the Eagle Scout required list]]
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{{Merit Badge header|Leatherwork|Mammal Study}}
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{{Otheruses|{{ThisMB}}{{Ventearn|[[Lifesaver (Ranger Award elective)|Lifesaver elective for the Ranger Award]]|complete}}{{MBearn|[[BSA Lifeguard]]|award}}<br>The [[Lifesaving and Meritorious Action awards]] may be awarded at any level.''}}
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{{Eagle option|[[Emergency Preparedness]]}}<br>
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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Silver
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|name= Lifesaving
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|image= 2440c.gif
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|caption= Lifesaving
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|subject= Safety and First Aid
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|status= '''Eagle-option'''
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|created= 1911
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|discontinued= N/A
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|requirements revision= 2001
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|pamphlet revision= 2009
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|field= Public Service
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|id= 009
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|quote=No Boy Scout will ignore a plea for help. However, the desire to help is of little use unless one knows how to give the proper aid. The main purpose of the Lifesaving merit badge is to prepare Scouts to assist those involved in water accidents, teaching them the basic knowledge of rescue techniques, the skills to perform them, and the judgment to know when and how to act so that they can be prepared for emergencies.
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}}
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<br>
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{Original Merit Badge}}
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<br>
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{{National Outdoor Badge|Aquatics}}
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
 
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:1. Before doing requirements 2 through 15
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== Notes ==
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::a. Complete [[Second Class]] requirements 7a through 7c and [[First Class]] requirements 9a through 9c.
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:::Second Class requirements 7a through 7c
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:::7.a. Tell what precautions must be taken for a safe swim.
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:::7.b. Demonstrate your ability to jump feetfirst into water over your head in depth, level off and swim 25 feet on the surface, stop, turn sharply, resume swimming, then return to your starting place.
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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:::7.c. Demonstrate water rescue methods by reaching with your arm or leg, reaching with a suitable object, and by throwing lines and objects. Explain why swimming rescues should not be attempted when a reaching or throwing rescue is possible, and explain why and how a rescue swimmer should avoid contact with the victim.
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# Lifesaving merit badge is on the [[Eagle Scout]] required list (requirement 3.g.). It is one choice of a group of two merit badges on the list.
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:::First Class requirements 9a through 9c
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# The merit badge pamphlet for this merit badge was revised in 2008. There were NO changes to the requirements for this badge. However, the footnote shown below, relative to alternative requirements for the Second Class and First Class rank swimming requirements was deleted.
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:::9.a. Tell what precautions should be taken for a safe trip afloat.
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#Lifsaving merit badge is on the Sea Scout [Able] rank required list (requirement 10).
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:::9.b. Successfully complete the BSA swimmer test.
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{{SummerCampMeritBadge}}
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:::9.c. With a helper and a practice victim, show a line rescue both as tender and as rescuer. (The practice victim should be approximately 30 feet from shore in deep water).
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<br>
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::b. Swim continuously for 400 yards using each of the following strokes in a strong manner for at least 50 continuous yards: front crawl, sidestroke, breaststroke, and elementary backstroke.
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:2. Explain the following:
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::a. Common drowning situations and how to prevent them.
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::b. How to identify persons in the water who need assistance.
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::c. The order of methods in water rescue.
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::d. How rescue techniques vary depending on the setting and the condition of the person needing assistance.
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::e. Situations for which in-water rescues should not be undertaken.
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:3. Demonstrate "reaching" rescues using various items such as arms, legs, towels, shirts, paddles, and poles.
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:4. Demonstrate "throwing" rescues using various items such as lines, ring buoys, rescue bags, and free-floating supports. Successfully place at least one such aid within reach of a practice victim 25 feet from shore.
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:5. Show or explain the use of rowboats, canoes, and other small craft in performing rescues.
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:6. List various items that can be used as rescue aids in a noncontact swimming rescue. Explain why buoyant aids are preferred.
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:7. Perform the following ''equipment-based rescues for a conscious practice subject'' 30 feet from shore. Use a proper entry and a strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject to determine his condition and to provide instructions and encouragement.
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::a. Present a rescue tube to the subject, release it, and escort the victim to safety.
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::b. Present a rescue tube to the subject and use it to tow the victim to safety.
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::c. Present a buoyant aid other than a rescue tube to the subject, release it, and escort the victim to safety.
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::d. Present a buoyant aid other than a rescue tube to the subject and use it to tow the victim to safety.
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::e. Remove street clothes in 20 seconds or less and use a non-buoyant aid, such as a shirt or towel, to tow the subject to safety. Explain when it is appropriate to remove heavy clothing before attempting a swimming rescue.
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:8. Explain the importance of avoiding contact with an active victim and describe lead-and-wait tactics.
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:9. Perform the following ''nonequipment rescues for a conscious practice subject'' 30 feet from shore. Begin in the water from a position near the subject. Speak to the subject to determine his condition and to provide instructions and encouragement.
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::a. Provide a swim-along assist for a calm, responsive, tired swimmer moving with a weak forward stroke.
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::b. Perform an armpit tow for a calm responsive, tired swimmer resting with a back float.
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::c. Perform a cross-chest carry for an exhausted, passive victim who does not respond to instructions to aid himself.
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:10. In deep water, show how to escape from a victim’s grasp on your wrist. Repeat for front and rear holds about the head and shoulders.
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:11. Perform the following rescues for an unconscious practice subject at or near the surface 30 feet from shore. Use a proper entry and strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject and splash water on him to determine his condition before making contact. Remove the victim from the water, with assistance if needed, and position for CPR.
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::a. Perform an equipment assist using a buoyant aid.
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::b. Perform a front approach and wrist tow.
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::c. Perform a rear approach and armpit tow.
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:12. Describe how to respond if a victim submerges before being reached by a rescuer, and do the following:
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::a. Recover a 10-pound weight in 8 to 10 feet of water using a feetfirst surface dive.
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::b. Repeat using a headfirst surface dive.
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:13. Demonstrate knowledge of resuscitation procedures:
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::a. Describe how to recognize the need for rescue breathing and CPR.
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::b. Demonstrate proper CPR technique for at least 3 minutes using a mannequin designed to simulate ventilations and compressions.
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:14. Demonstrate management of a spinal injury:
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::a. Explain the signs and symptoms of a spinal injury
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::b. Support a face up victim in calm, shallow water.
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::c. Turn a subject from a facedown to a faceup position while maintaining support.
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:15. Show that you know first aid for other injuries or illnesses that could occur while swimming or boating, including hypothermia, heat reactions, muscle cramps, sunburn, stings, and hyperventilation.
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Note: Alternative requirements for the Second Class and First Class ranks are available for Scouts with physical or mental disabilities if they meet the criteria listed [[Alternate Requirements for the First Three Ranks|here]].
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== Requirement resources ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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{{Swimming Links}}
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'''1'''. Before doing requirements 2 through 15 <br>
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'''1a'''. Complete [[Second Class]] requirements 7a through 7c and [[First Class]] requirements 9a through 9c.<br>
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*[[Second Class]] rank requirements: <br>
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**'''7a''' [[Diving]] (has feet-first entries as well) - [[Safe Swim Defense]] <br>
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**'''7b''' [[Swimming Strokes|Learning to Swim]] <br>
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**'''7c''' [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go]] <br>
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* [[First Class]] rank requirements: <br>
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**'''9a''' [[Safety Afloat]] <br>
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**'''9b''' [[BSA Swim Test]] - [[Sidestroke]] - [[Breaststroke]] - [[Trudgen]] - [[Crawl]] - [[Backstroke]] - [[Floating]]. <br>
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**'''9c''' [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go]] <br>
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'''1b'''. [[Front Crawl]] – [[Sidestroke]] – [[Breaststroke]] – [[Elementary Backstroke]] <br>
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'''2'''. Explain the following: <br>
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'''a'''. Common drowning situations and how to prevent them. <br>
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'''b'''. How to identify persons in the water who need assistance. <br>
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'''2c. 2d. & 2e.''' [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go]]<br>
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'''3'''. [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go|Reach rescues]]<br>
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'''4'''. [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go|Throw rescues]]<br>
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'''5'''. [[Reach, Throw, Row, Go|Row rescues]]<br>
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'''6. - 11.'''[[Reach, Throw, Row, Go|Go rescues]]<br>
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'''11'''. [[CPR]] <br>
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'''12'''. [[Surface Diving]] <br>
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'''13'''. [[CPR]] <br>
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'''14'''. [[Spinal Injuries]] <br>
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'''15'''. [[First Aid Skills]]: [[Hypothermia]] - [[Heat Reactions]] - [[Muscle Cramps]] - [[Sunburn]] - [[Stings]] - [[Hyperventilation]] <br>
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
 
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== Notes ==
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== Related Ranks, Awards, and Merit Badges ==
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<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
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<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
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{{Aquatic Awards Links}}
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{{Emergency Preparedness Award Links}}
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'''Lifesaving merit badge is on the [[Eagle Scout]] required list (requirement 3.g.).''' It is one choice of a group of two merit badges on the list.
 
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== Help with these requirements ==
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== See also ==
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<!-- * [[other article]] -->
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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== External links ==
 
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{{Eagle Required}}
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== External links ==
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{{Merit badges required for the Eagle Scout rank navbox}}
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{{Merit Badge footer}}

Current revision

Resources include the Lifesaving merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

This is the Lifesaving merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
Venturers can also complete the Lifesaver elective for the Ranger Award
Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers can also earn the BSA Lifeguard award.
The Lifesaving and Meritorious Action awards may be awarded at any level.
Lifesaving merit badge is an option for the Eagle Scout rank.
Scouts can choose to earn Emergency Preparedness instead.

Lifesaving merit badge
Image:Lifesaving.jpg
Status: Eagle-required
Created: 1911
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 009
Requirements revision: 2001
Latest pamphlet revision: 2009

Contents

No Boy Scout will ignore a plea for help. However, the desire to help is of little use unless one knows how to give the proper aid. The main purpose of the Lifesaving merit badge is to prepare Scouts to assist those involved in water accidents, teaching them the basic knowledge of rescue techniques, the skills to perform them, and the judgment to know when and how to act so that they can be prepared for emergencies.


The Lifesaving merit badge was one of the original 57 merit badges issued by the Boy Scouts of America in 1911.
Lifesaving merit badge is required for the National Outdoor Badge for Aquatics.


Lifesaving merit badge requirements

  1. Before doing requirements 2 through 15
    a. Complete Second Class requirements 7a through 7c and First Class requirements 9a through 9c.
    Second Class requirements 7a through 7c
    7.a. Tell what precautions must be taken for a safe swim.
    7.b. Demonstrate your ability to jump feetfirst into water over your head in depth, level off and swim 25 feet on the surface, stop, turn sharply, resume swimming, then return to your starting place.
    7.c. Demonstrate water rescue methods by reaching with your arm or leg, reaching with a suitable object, and by throwing lines and objects. Explain why swimming rescues should not be attempted when a reaching or throwing rescue is possible, and explain why and how a rescue swimmer should avoid contact with the victim.
    First Class requirements 9a through 9c
    9.a. Tell what precautions should be taken for a safe trip afloat.
    9.b. Successfully complete the BSA swimmer test.
    9.c. With a helper and a practice victim, show a line rescue both as tender and as rescuer. (The practice victim should be approximately 30 feet from shore in deep water).
    b. Swim continuously for 400 yards using each of the following strokes in a strong manner for at least 50 continuous yards: front crawl, sidestroke, breaststroke, and elementary backstroke.
  2. Explain the following:
    a. Common drowning situations and how to prevent them.
    b. How to identify persons in the water who need assistance.
    c. The order of methods in water rescue.
    d. How rescue techniques vary depending on the setting and the condition of the person needing assistance.
    e. Situations for which in-water rescues should not be undertaken.
  3. Demonstrate "reaching" rescues using various items such as arms, legs, towels, shirts, paddles, and poles.
  4. Demonstrate "throwing" rescues using various items such as lines, ring buoys, rescue bags, and free-floating supports. Successfully place at least one such aid within reach of a practice victim 25 feet from shore.
  5. Show or explain the use of rowboats, canoes, and other small craft in performing rescues.
  6. List various items that can be used as rescue aids in a noncontact swimming rescue. Explain why buoyant aids are preferred.
  7. Perform the following equipment-based rescues for a conscious practice subject 30 feet from shore. Use a proper entry and a strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject to determine his condition and to provide instructions and encouragement.
    a. Present a rescue tube to the subject, release it, and escort the victim to safety.
    b. Present a rescue tube to the subject and use it to tow the victim to safety.
    c. Present a buoyant aid other than a rescue tube to the subject, release it, and escort the victim to safety.
    d. Present a buoyant aid other than a rescue tube to the subject and use it to tow the victim to safety.
    e. Remove street clothes in 20 seconds or less and use a non-buoyant aid, such as a shirt or towel, to tow the subject to safety. Explain when it is appropriate to remove heavy clothing before attempting a swimming rescue.
  8. Explain the importance of avoiding contact with an active victim and describe lead-and-wait tactics.
  9. Perform the following nonequipment rescues for a conscious practice subject 30 feet from shore. Begin in the water from a position near the subject. Speak to the subject to determine his condition and to provide instructions and encouragement.
    a. Provide a swim-along assist for a calm, responsive, tired swimmer moving with a weak forward stroke.
    b. Perform an armpit tow for a calm responsive, tired swimmer resting with a back float.
    c. Perform a cross-chest carry for an exhausted, passive victim who does not respond to instructions to aid himself.
  10. In deep water, show how to escape from a victim’s grasp on your wrist. Repeat for front and rear holds about the head and shoulders.
  11. Perform the following rescues for an unconscious practice subject at or near the surface 30 feet from shore. Use a proper entry and strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject and splash water on him to determine his condition before making contact. Remove the victim from the water, with assistance if needed, and position for CPR.
    a. Perform an equipment assist using a buoyant aid.
    b. Perform a front approach and wrist tow.
    c. Perform a rear approach and armpit tow.
  12. Describe how to respond if a victim submerges before being reached by a rescuer, and do the following:
    a. Recover a 10-pound weight in 8 to 10 feet of water using a feetfirst surface dive.
    b. Repeat using a headfirst surface dive.
  13. Demonstrate knowledge of resuscitation procedures:
    a. Describe how to recognize the need for rescue breathing and CPR.
    b. Demonstrate proper CPR technique for at least 3 minutes using a mannequin designed to simulate ventilations and compressions.
  14. Demonstrate management of a spinal injury:
    a. Explain the signs and symptoms of a spinal injury
    b. Support a face up victim in calm, shallow water.
    c. Turn a subject from a facedown to a faceup position while maintaining support.
  15. Show that you know first aid for other injuries or illnesses that could occur while swimming or boating, including hypothermia, heat reactions, muscle cramps, sunburn, stings, and hyperventilation.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Lifesaving is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Lifesaving requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.
  3. Lifesaving merit badge is on the Eagle Scout required list (requirement 3.g.). It is one choice of a group of two merit badges on the list.
  4. The merit badge pamphlet for this merit badge was revised in 2008. There were NO changes to the requirements for this badge. However, the footnote shown below, relative to alternative requirements for the Second Class and First Class rank swimming requirements was deleted.
  5. Lifsaving merit badge is on the Sea Scout [Able] rank required list (requirement 10).
  6. Lifesaving is a popular summer camp merit badge.


Requirement resources

1. Before doing requirements 2 through 15
1a. Complete Second Class requirements 7a through 7c and First Class requirements 9a through 9c.

1b. Front CrawlSidestrokeBreaststrokeElementary Backstroke
2. Explain the following:
a. Common drowning situations and how to prevent them.
b. How to identify persons in the water who need assistance.
2c. 2d. & 2e. Reach, Throw, Row, Go
3. Reach rescues
4. Throw rescues
5. Row rescues
6. - 11.Go rescues
11. CPR
12. Surface Diving
13. CPR
14. Spinal Injuries
15. First Aid Skills: Hypothermia - Heat Reactions - Muscle Cramps - Sunburn - Stings - Hyperventilation


Related Ranks, Awards, and Merit Badges

Aquatic-related awards

Emergency Preparedness-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links



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