Order of the Arrow

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[[Image:OAlogo.gif|center|]]
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{{infobox Order of the Arrow
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|name = Order of the Arrow
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|image = OAlogo.gif
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|caption = "Scouting's National Honor Society"
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|founded = July 16, 1915
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|founders = E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson
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|membership = The OA has over 170,000 members located in <br/> lodges affiliated with 300 local BSA councils.
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}}
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The '''Order of the Arrow''' ('''OA''') is the national honor society of the [[Boy Scouts of America]]. [[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights|Founded in 1915]], it uses [[Indian Lore|American Indian traditions and ceremonies]] to bestow recognition on Scouts selected by their peers as best exemplifying the [[Scout Oath]] and [[Scout Law]] in their daily lives. Inducted members are known as ''Arrowmen'' or ''brothers'' and are organized into local youth-led lodges for fellowship and the rendering of service to Boy Scout councils and their communities.
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The '''Order of the Arrow''' ('''OA''') is the National Honor Society of the [[Boy Scouts of America]]. Membership is only available to [[Boy Scouts]], , the adult leaders of Boy Scouts, and those nominated by their District.
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==History, Vision, and Purpose==
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==Purpose==
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[[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights|The Order of the Arrow was founded in 1915]] by Dr. E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson at a Scout [[summer camp]] on Treasure Island, on the Delaware River near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It became an official program experiment in 1922 and was approved as part of the Scouting program in 1934. The BSA adopt OA as part of its official program [[Boy Scouts of America Historical Highlights|in 1934 with full integration by 1948]]. As of 2007, only two BSA councils do not have associated OA lodges: Long Beach Area Council in California has the Tribe of Tahquitz and the Pony Express Council in Missouri has the Tribe of Mic-O-Say. As Scouting's National Honor Society, the Order of the Arrow is an integral part of the council's program. The service, activities, adventures, and training for youth and adults are models of quality leadership development and programming that enrich and help to extend Scouting to America's youth.
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"As '''Scouting's National Honor Society''', our purpose is to:
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The OA has four official purposes:
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* Recognize those campers who best exemplify the [[Scout Oath]] and [[Scout Law]] in their daily lives and through such recognition cause others to conduct themselves in a way that warrants similar recognition.
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* To recognize those campers-Scouts and Scouters-who best exemplify the Scout Oath and Law in their daily lives and by such recognition cause other campers to conduct themselves in such a manner as to warrant recognition.
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* Promote camping, responsible outdoor adventure, and environmental stewardship as essential components of every Scout's experience, in the unit, year-round, and in summer camp.
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* To develop and maintain camping traditions and spirit.
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* To promote Scout camping, which reaches its greatest effectiveness as a part of the unit's camping program, both year-round and in the summer camp, as directed by the camping committee of the council.
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* To crystallize the Scout habit of helpfulness into a life purpose of leadership in cheerful service to others.
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==Membership==
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* Develop leaders with the willingness, character, spirit and ability to advance the activities of their units, our Brotherhood, Scouting, and ultimately our nation.
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More than 180,000 youths and adults are members of the Order of the Arrow, approximately one-eighth of the total number of those registered in the [[Boy Scout]] program. In contrast to Boy Scouts, where youth members are under 18 and adult members are those 18 and over, OA youth members include all persons under 21 years of age while those 21 and over are considered adult members.
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===Requirements===
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* Crystalize the Scout habit of helpfulness into a life purpose of leadership in cheerful service to others."
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*Be a registered member of the Boy Scouts of America.
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==Vison==
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*After registration with a [[troop]] or [[team]], have experianced 15 days and nights of Boy Scout camping during the two-year period prior to election. The 15 days and nights must include one, but no more than one, long-term camp consisting of six consecutive days and five nights of resident camping, approved and under the auspices and standards of the BSA. The balance of the camping must be overnight, weekend, or other short-term camps.
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The Order of the Arrow is an integral part of the council's program. The Order's service, activities, adventures, and training for youth and adults are models of quality leadership development and programming that enrich and help extend Scouting to America's youth.
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* Youth must be under the age of 21, hold the BSA [[First Class]] rank or higher, and following approval by the [[Scoutmaster]] or [[Varsity Coach]], be elected by the youth members of their troop or team. Adults may be selected following nomination to the lodge adult selection committee
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For nearly a century, their peers have honored those Scouts who "best exemplify the Scout Oath and Law in their daily lives" with membership in the Order of the Arrow. This recognition provides encouragement for others to live these ideals as well. The Order provides ways and means for its members to do more to assist their units and councils, and help them succeed in doing so.
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===Election===
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In support of its vision as Scouting's National Honor Society and an integral part of every council, the Order of the Arrow will further increase its service to Scouting.
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An election is held anually within the units participated and is conducted by secret ballot to help minimize peer pressure. Most lodges (or chapters in larger area lodges) support an election team that a unit can invite to help hold the OA elections; it is charged to inform the unit of the service and duty required of an Arrowman, that only the most dedicated Scouts should be considered. In best practice, the election team counts the votes and notifies the Scoutmaster or Varsity Coach of the results.
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==History==
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Adults who had not previously joined the Order as a youth member may become members by being nominated by the unit, district or council committee and then approved by the lodge Adult Selection Committee. Adults must meet the same criteria as youth except the rank requirement.
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The Order was founded by Dr. E Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson on July 16, 1915, at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council, Boy Scouts of America. It became an official program experiment in 1922 and was approved as a part of the Scouting program in 1934. In 1948, the OA, recognized as the BSA's national brotherhood of honor campers, became an official part of the Boy Scouts of America.
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After being elected or nominated, most candidates participate in a calling-out ceremony, performed by OA members dressed in ceremonial Indian regalia. This call-out usually occurs sometime prior to the ordeal, and may be done at summer camp, a camporee, a call-out weekend or at a troop or team meeting.
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In 1998, the Order of the Arrow was recognized as Scouting's National Honor Society when it expanded its reach beyond camping to include a greater focus on leadership development, membership extension, adventurous programming, and broader service to Scouting and the community. Today, its service, activities, adventures, and training for youth and adults, are models of quality leadership development and programming that enrich, support, and help extend Scouting to America's youth.
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After Order of the Arrow election, a Boy Scout, Varsity Scout, or Scouter is considered a candidate until completion of the Ordeal.
 
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==Eligibility==
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[[Image:Ordealx.gif|thumb|right|Ordeal sash]]
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===Youth===
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To become a member, a youth must be a registered member of a Boy Scout Troop and hold the First Class rank. He must have experienced 15 days and nights of Boy Scout camping during the two-year period prior to election. The 15 days and nights must include one, but no more than one, long-term camp consisting of six consecutive days and five nights of resident camping, approved and under the auspices and standards of the BSA. The balance of the camping must be overnight, weekend, or other short-term camps. Following approval by the Scoutmaster, Scouts are elected to seek membership in the Order by their fellow unit members. Then, after completing an Ordeal experience, they become members of the Order of the Arrow.
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===Induction===
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Venturing Crews and Explorer Post may not hold elections. Lone Scouts can not become part of the Order of the Arrow.
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"''It is the purpose of the Ordeal to have the candidate reflect on his own Scout life and character and come to a deeper understanding of the Scout Oath and the principles of the Order.''"
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===Adult===
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Boy Scout Troops can nominate 1 adult for every 3 youth elected, rounding up (i.e., 4 youth elected would allow 2 adults). In addition, the Scoutmaster may be nominated if they have served for at least 1 year without counting against the troop's total.
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The induction process, called the Ordeal, is the first step toward full membership in the Order. During the experience, candidates maintain silence, work on camp improvement projects, and sleep apart from other campers. The candidate is expected to use this time to reflect on the events taking place, as well as seeking out past shortcomings and resolving to live a life of service in the future.
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Adult selection is based upon their ability to perform the necessary functions to help the Order fulfill its purpose, and ''is not for recognition as an honor''. Selected adult Scouters must be an asset to the Order because of demonstrated abilities, and must provide a positive role model for the youth members of the lodge. The camping requirements set forth for youth members must be fulfilled.
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The Ordeal induction ceremony is often conducted at Scout camp and is the first step toward full membership. During the experience, candidates maintain complete silence, receive small amounts of food, work on camp improvement projects, and are required to sleep alone, apart from other campers, which teaches significant values. Upon completion, members are Ordeal Members.
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==Elections==
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To become a member of the Order of the Arrow a Boy Scout is chosen by a vote of the youths in his Troop or Team. This is a unique feature of the Order since the majority of those who select the candidates for this honor are not members of the lodge. Lodge members in the unit have a vote as well as nonmembers. In this way membership is controlled by the youths in their own units and not by those who are already Arrowmen.
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[[Image:Brotherx.gif|thumb|right|Brotherhood sash]]
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After election, a Boy Scout, or adult remains a candidate until completion of the Ordeal and Ordeal ceremony. If this period of candidacy exceeds one year, the candidate’s name is dropped and he no longer is a candidate. To become a candidate again, he must be reelected.
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===Brotherhood membership===
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==Membership Levels==
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After 10 months of service as an Ordeal member and after fulfilling certain requirements, a member may take part in the Brotherhood ceremony, which places further emphasis on the ideals of Scouting and the Order. Completion of this ceremony signifies full membership in the Order.
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The two membership levels (or "degrees") of the OA are Ordeal and Brotherhood.
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[[Image:Vigilx.gif|thumb|right|Vigil Honor sash]]
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===Ordeal===
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[[Image:Ordealx.gif|thumb|right|Ordeal sash]]
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The induction process, the Ordeal, is the first step toward full membership in the OA. During this period the member is expected to strengthen his involvement in the unit and encourage Scout camping. As a reminder, the Guide to Safe Scouting states, "No secret organizations. The BSA does not recognize any secret organizations as part of its program. All aspects of the Scouting program are open to observation by parents and leaders." Membership in the Order of the Arrow is not a secret; all members are free to acknowledge their membership. There is no secret about any of the OA's aims or principles. The OA's rules are available to the public, and meeting locations are clearly identifiable. Like many similar organizations, some of the OA's internal affairs, such as ceremonies and passwords, are regarded as private matters for members only. Any parents, leaders, or other lodge members who are aware of what goes on in the ordeal or another ceremony should not generally share such information with prospective/regular members who have not yet gone through that event for themselves.
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===Vigil Honor===
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===Brotherhood===
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After a minimum of two years as a Brotherhood member of the Order, Arrowmen are eligible to be selected for the ''Vigil Honor'' by their lodge. Selection is limited to one person for every 50 members of the lodge and is made annually based on exceptional service above and beyond the norm, whether through leadership, exemplary efforts, or dedication. As stated in the ''OA Fact Sheet'', "The Vigil Honor is a high mark of distinction and recognition reserved for those Arrowmen who, by reason of exceptional service, personal effort, and unselfish interest, have made distinguished contributions beyond the immediate responsibilities of their position or office to one or more of the following: their lodge, the Order of the Arrow, Scouting, or their Scout camp. Under no circumstances should tenure in Scouting or the Order of the Arrow be considered as reason enough for a Vigil Honor recommendation."
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[[Image:Brotherx.gif|thumb|right|Brotherhood sash]]
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After 10 months of service as an Ordeal member and after fulfilling certain requirements, a member may take part in the Brotherhood ceremony, which places further emphasis on the ideals of Scouting and the Order. Completion of this ceremony signifies full membership in the Order of the Arrow.
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==Uniform and Insignia==
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==Honors and Awards==
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[[Image:Emaomahpe.jpg|thumb|right|A lodge pocket flap with universal arrow ribbon.]]
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[[Image:OASashes.png|thumb|The iconic Order of the Arrow sashes.]]
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[[Image:Vigilpin.gif|thumb|Vigil Honor pin.]]
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Only currently registered members of the Boy Scouts of America and the Order may wear the insignia of the Order of the Arrow.
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===Vigil Honor===
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* '''Arrow sashes''' - It is a white fabric sash with a red arrow embroidered upon it. Ordeal members wear the Ordeal sash, Brotherhood members wear the Brotherhood sash, and Vigil Honor members wear the Vigil Honor sash. The OA sash is worn with the official Scout field uniform or Scouting's official adult dress wear (a blue blazer and grey slacks). The sash may also be worn by Elangomats who are not in uniform at an Ordeal, youth wearing ceremonial attire, and in such other instances approved by the Scout executive. The sash is worn over the right shoulder so that the arrow is pointing over the right shoulder. The sash is worn diagonally across the chest. It is not to be worn in any other manner. Sashes may not be altered in any way or form. Beading or any other material is not permitted on the sash. Nothing is to be worn on the sash, including signatures, patches of any kind, pins, or legends. The only exceptions are the 50th and 60th anniversery awards. Either of these may be worn as an option, by those who have earned them, on the shoulder portion above the bar at the point of the arrow. The sash is worn at Order of the Arrow functions and special Scouting activities, when members need to be identified as Arrowmen rendering special services.
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After two years of service as a Brotherhood member, and with the approval of the National Order of the Arrow Committee, a youth or adult Arrowman may be selected to be recognized with the Vigil Honor for outstanding service to Scouting, their lodge, or the Order of the Arrow. This honor is limited to not more than one Arrowman for every 50 members registered with the lodge each year.
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* '''Lodge pocket flap''' - Most lodges have their own distinct pocket flaps that may be worn by Arrowmen in their own lodge. The flap is worn on their right breast pocket. They usually show the lodge name and totem. Chapter or clan flaps are not permitted. Beading of flaps is against unifrom policy. Members may only wear the lodge pocket flap of the lodge where their dues are paid. If the lodge has been certified as a National Quality Lodge, members of the lodge may wear a Quality Lodge pin on the pocket flap. Only the most recent pin awarded may be worn, and it must be mounted against the left vertical border of the flap.
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* '''Universal Arrow ribbon signifying membership''' - This is a silver arrow suspended from a red-and-white ribbon. It is worn hanging from the button of the right breast pocket of the uniform shirt. It is to be worn only with the official Scout uniform.
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* '''Founder's Award Arrow ribbon''' - Recipients of the Founder's Award are entitled to wear the Founder's Award Arrow ribbon, which is similar to the Universal Arrow ribbon, except that it is a gold-colored arrow suspended from a red ribbon.
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* '''Vigil Honor pin''' - The Vigil Honor pin is worn by Vigil Honor members only, on nonuniform attire or centered on the red and white Universal Arrow ribbon.
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* '''Distinguished Service Award square knot''' - An embroidered cloth knot (white knot on red cloth) is available for holders of the Order's National Distinguished Service Award. The knot is worn as prescribed in the ''BSA Insignia Guide''.
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* '''Distinguished Service Award lapel pin''' - This pin is for nonuniform wear. Only Arrowmen who have been awarded the DSA may wear this silver lapel pin.
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* '''Civilian Arrow pin''' - This Arrow pin is for nonuniform wear. This simple silver lapel pin may be worn by all members of the Order.
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* '''Advisor's badge of office''' - A special advisor's patch is available for currently appointed section, lodge, and chapter advisers. The associate adviser is an optional position that, with proper prior approval, may be appointed to help fulfill the mission of the lodge. The patch is to be worn on the left sleeve of the uniform in the location prescribed for the badge of office. These badges of office are the only badges authorized for Order of the Arrow advisor positions.
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* '''Troop or team representative's badge of office''' - A special patch is available for youth members (under age 18) appointed to the position of OA troop or team representative. The patch is to be worn on the left sleeve of the uniform in the locationprescribed for the badge of office. These are the only badges of office authorized for Order of the Arrow youth positions.
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==Lodges==
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Under '''NO''' circumstances should tenure in Scouting or the Order of the Arrow be considered as reason enough for a Vigil Honor recommendation.
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"''The mission of the lodge is to achieve the purpose of the Order of the Arrow as an integral part of the Boy Scouts of America in the council through positive youth leadership under the guidance of selected capable adults.''"
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[[Image:Vigilx.gif|thumb|right|Vigil Honor sash]]
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Each local Boy Scout council is encouraged to have an Order of the Arrow lodge. The OA lodge helps the local council provide a quality Scouting program through recognition of Scouting spirit and performance, development of youth leadership and service, promotion of Scout camping and outdoor programs, and enhancement of membership tenure.
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===Distinguished Service Award===
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The [[Order of the Arrow Distinguished Service Award|Distinguished Service Award]] (DSA) is a service recognition award for those who have rendered distinguished and outstanding service to the OA on a sectional, regional, or national basis over a period of years.
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What lodges typically do:
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==Lodges==
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* Make long-range plans, including budgets.
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An Order of the Arrow lodge is granted a charter from the National Council, BSA, upon annual application by the lodge's local council. The OA lodge helps the local council provide a quality Scouting program through recognition of Scouting spirit and performance, youth leadership development, adventurous programming, financial support, and enhanced membership tenure.
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* Make operating policy decisions.
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* Keep membership and financial records.
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* Collect dues; order and sell supplies.
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* Develop camping promotions and unit elections materials.
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* Lead participation in sectional and national events.
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* Publish a lodge newsletter.
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* Make Vigil Honor and Founder's Award nominations and handle other awards.
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* Provide leadership training.
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* Plan, run, and evaluate lodge activities.
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* Provide liaison to the local council.
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What chapters typically do:
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[[Image:Emaomahpe.jpg|thumb|right|A lodge pocket flap with universal arrow ribbon.]]
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* Supervise Order of the Arrow elections in the geographical area.
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* Hold several meetings each year.
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* Act as a rallying point for members going to lodge activities.
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* Support a specialized part of the lodge program (such as a ceremonal or dance team).
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* Have specific jobs at lodge activities, such as cooking and cleanup, etc.
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* Write for the lodge newsletter or its own newsletter.
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==Sections==
==Sections==
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An Order of the Arrow section consists of lodges within a geographic area of the region. Once every year, representatives of lodges in the section come together for a conclave to share in fellowship, program ideas, skills, and training. In addition, the section creates a monitoring/mentoring relationship with its lodges, provides leadership development opportunities, fosters understanding and adherence to national OA policies and procedures, and coordinates OA administrative and program functions. The section key three leadership consists of the section chief, section adviser, and section staff adviser.
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An Order of the Arrow section consists of lodges within a geographic area of the region. Once each year, representatives of the lodges in the section come together for a conclave to share in fellowship, program ideas, training, and skills development. In addition, the section creates a monitoring/mentoring relationship with its lodges, provides leadership development opportunities, fosters understanding and adherence to national OA policies and procedures, and coordinates OA administrative and program functions. The section key three leadership consists of the section chief, section adviser, and section staff adviser.
==Region Leadership==
==Region Leadership==
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The region chief is a youth leader elected annually by the section chiefs in his region. This election is held in conjunction with called meetings of the section chiefs to elect the national chief and vice chief, as well as to plan a national Order of the Arrow event.
 
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The region Order of the Arrow chairman is an adult appointed by the region director. The professional adviser for the region is an adult staff member assigned to the position by the region director. All three of the OA region leaders serve as members of the National Order of the Arrow Committee.
 
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*[http://central.oa-bsa.org/ Central Region]
 
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*[http://northeast.oa-bsa.org/ Northeast Region]
 
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*[http://southern.oa-bsa.org/ Southern Region]
 
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*[http://western.oa-bsa.org/ Western Region]
 
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==National Leadership==
 
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The national chief and vice chief are Arrowmen elected to one-year terms by the section chiefs during the annual national planning meeting. They serve as members of the National Order of the Arrow Committee to provide the voice of the youth Arrowmen on national OA policy. They also serve as the presiding officers for the national OA event. They are advised in their responsibilities by the national committee chairman and national director of the Order of the Arrow.
 
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The National OA Committee chairman is appointed by the chairman of the National Boy Scout Committee. The professional adviser is the director of the Order of the Arrow, a member of the national Boy Scout Division staff.
 
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==Activities==
 
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Most lodges hold several annual events, often at camps belonging to the local Boy Scout council, for the purpose of fellowship, inducting new members, and service work to improve the council camp. Annually, members of lodges who are grouped into a ''section'' (an administrative grouping of anywhere from two to ten lodges) gather at a Section Conclave for fellowship, training, competition, and to elect youth officers to lead the Section.
 
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For several years, the Order has sponsored special service groups to the three National High Adventure Bases. This started with the Order of the Arrow Trail Crew at the [[Philmont Scout Ranch]], which has worked to build new trails and repair old ones. Later this expanded to the Northern Tier National High Adventure Bases with the OA Wilderness Voyage, which has repaired the portage trails in the Boundary Waters area. Most recently, the OA began the "Ocean Adventure" at the Florida National High Adventure Sea Base in the Florida Keys, which offers scuba diving certification and works to repair reefs.
 
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In a new program of national service planned for the summer of 2008, the OA will offer ArrowCorps5 to both youth and adult Arrowmen. Described as "one of the largest conservation efforts in Scouting's history" by the Boy Scouts of America, more than 5,000 Arrowmen will converge on five national forests to work on various conservation projects such as building new trails and helping preserve nearly extinct species, in cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service.
 
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Since the 1950s, the Order has fielded a Service Corps for National Scout jamborees. At recent jamborees, this has expanded with a major show and "The Outdoor Adventure Program".
 
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==Awards and Honors==
 
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*'''National Quality Lodge program'''
 
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*'''Josh R. Sain Memorial Scholarships'''
 
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*'''Maury Clancy Indian Campership fund'''
 
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*'''E. Urner Goodman Camping Award'''
 
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*'''National Service Award'''
 
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*'''National Service Grant Program'''
 
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*'''Founder's Award'''
 
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*'''Red Arrow Award'''
 
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*'''Distinguished Service Award'''
 
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==National Order of the Arrow Conference (NOAC)==
 
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Every two years, during the month of August, the Order of the Arrow holds a national conference on the campus of a major university. The national conference is held over six days with from 6,000 to 7,000 Arrowmen usually participating, coming from throughout the United States and its territories, and some from overseas. The conference program includes innovative leadership development programs, fellowship periods, inspirational gatherings (shows), ceremony team development, American Indian pageants, camping promotion, and opportunities to hear and talk with national leaders of the Order of the Arrow and the Boy Scouts of America.
 
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40's
 
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*1948 @ [http://www.indiana.edu/ Indiana University]
 
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50's
 
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*1950 @ Indiana University
 
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*1952 @ [http://www.miami.muohio.edu/ Miami University (Ohio)]
 
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*1954 @ [http://www.uwyo.edu/ University of Wyoming]
 
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*1956 @ Indiana University
 
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*1958 @ [http://www.ku.edu/ University of Kansas]
 
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60's
 
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*1961 @ Indiana University
 
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*1963 @ [http://illinois.edu/ University of Illinois]
 
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*1965 @ Indiana University
 
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*1967 @ [http://www.unl.edu/ University of Nebraska]
 
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*1969 @ Indiana University
 
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70's
 
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*1971 @ University of Illinois
 
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*1973 @ [http://www.ucsb.edu/ University of California - Santa Barbara]
 
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*1975 @ Miami University (Ohio)
 
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*1977 @ [http://www.utk.edu/ University of Tennessee]
 
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*1979 @ [http://www.colostate.edu/ Colorado State University]
 
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80's
 
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*1981 @ [http://www.utexas.edu/ University of Texas]
 
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*1983 @ [http://www.rutgers.edu/ Rutgers University]
 
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*1986 @ [http://www.cmich.edu/x22.xml Central Michigan University]
 
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*1988 @ Colorado State University
 
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90's
 
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*1990 @ Indiana University
 
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*1992 @ University of Tennessee
 
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*1994 @ [http://www.purdue.edu/ Purdue University]
 
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*1996 @ Indiana University
 
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*1998 @ [http://www.iastate.edu/ Iowa State University]
 
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00's
 
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*2000 @ University of Tennessee
 
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*2002 @ Indiana University
 
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*2004 @ Iowa State University
 
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*2006 @ [http://www.msu.edu/ Michigan State University]
 
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*2009 @ Indiana University
 
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10's
 
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*2012 @ Michigan State University
 
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[http://event.oa-bsa.org/events/n2012/ Official NOAC 2012 Site]
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The region chief is the youth leader of the region elected by the section chiefs for one year. This election is held in conjunction with the annual OA planning meeting where the national chief and national vice chief are also elected by the section chiefs and the next year's program of emphasis is planned. The region Order of the Arrow chairman and professional staff adviser are adults appointed by the region director.
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==Philbreak==
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==National Chief and Vice Chief==
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'''Philbreak''' is an "alternate spring break" program started in 2003 to help restore [[Philmont Scout Ranch]] after devastating forest fires the previous year. Since 2004, the participants have been working on the Urraca Trail, which is intended as a day hike for those attending the Philmont Training Center. Participants in the seven day program are expected to work eight or nine hour days in all types of conditions. The program takes place during three separate weeks during March. Upon arrival at Philmont, participants meet their trained staff and immediately begin project orientation. Work crews perform meaningful service projects for [[Philmont]] and build their understanding of wilderness conservation and the outdoors. Participants also have an opportunity to take a ski break at Angel Fire. Participants are required to be registered with the BSA in their local council, be between the ages of 18 and 26. The Order usually provides a large number of the participants through its Philbreak recruiting efforts. The program's goals are:
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*To provide [[Philmont]] with approximately 72 scouters for service to Philmont.
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The national chief and national vice chief serve as the top youth leaders of the Order, responsible not only for providing youth leadership to the national program of emphasis, but serving with the four region chiefs, on the national committee to provide youth involvement in decisions affecting the program nationally. These national officers also oversee the national leadership seminars.
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*To provide a qualified pool of potential staff members.
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*To enhance and build participant's leadership skills.
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==Training==
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==National OA Committee==
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In addition to training courses available at a NOAC or section conclave, the OA offers specialized leadership training as weekend events for members:
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*'''Lodge Leadership Development''' (LLD): a one-day or two-day event conducted by a lodge to train their officers and advisers, making use of an OA website to create a customized training syllabus based on survey data entered by lodge officers and advisers.
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The national Order of the Arrow Committee is a group of veteran Arrowmen, appointed by the National OA Chairman, to oversee the national OA program. The professional adviser is the OA Director, a staff member of the national Boy Scout Division.
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*'''National Leadership Seminars''' (NLS): conducted by regions for lodge officers and advisers. Many lodges send key officers to receive training. Typically, each region schedules three or four NLS weekends annually, at geographically dispersed locations within the region.
 
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*'''National Lodge Adviser Training Seminar''' (NLATS): for adults, usually held in conjunction with an NLS and conducted by regions, on the role of advisers in the OA.
 
==External links==
==External links==
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*[http://www.oa-bsa.org/ Order of the Arrow official site]
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*[http://www.oa-bsa.org/ Order of the Arrow]
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*[http://oa-bsa.org/programs/ttr/ National OA Troop/Team Representative Site]
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*[http://event.oa-bsa.org/events/jambo2013/ OA @ 2013 National Jamboree]
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[[Category:Order of the Arrow]]
[[Category:Order of the Arrow]]

Current revision

Order of the Arrow

"Scouting's National Honor Society"
Founded:July 16, 1915
Founders:E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson
Membership:The OA has over 170,000 members located in
lodges affiliated with 300 local BSA councils.


The Order of the Arrow (OA) is the National Honor Society of the Boy Scouts of America. Membership is only available to Boy Scouts, , the adult leaders of Boy Scouts, and those nominated by their District.

Contents

Purpose

"As Scouting's National Honor Society, our purpose is to:

  • Recognize those campers who best exemplify the Scout Oath and Scout Law in their daily lives and through such recognition cause others to conduct themselves in a way that warrants similar recognition.
  • Promote camping, responsible outdoor adventure, and environmental stewardship as essential components of every Scout's experience, in the unit, year-round, and in summer camp.
  • Develop leaders with the willingness, character, spirit and ability to advance the activities of their units, our Brotherhood, Scouting, and ultimately our nation.
  • Crystalize the Scout habit of helpfulness into a life purpose of leadership in cheerful service to others."

Vison

The Order of the Arrow is an integral part of the council's program. The Order's service, activities, adventures, and training for youth and adults are models of quality leadership development and programming that enrich and help extend Scouting to America's youth.

For nearly a century, their peers have honored those Scouts who "best exemplify the Scout Oath and Law in their daily lives" with membership in the Order of the Arrow. This recognition provides encouragement for others to live these ideals as well. The Order provides ways and means for its members to do more to assist their units and councils, and help them succeed in doing so.

In support of its vision as Scouting's National Honor Society and an integral part of every council, the Order of the Arrow will further increase its service to Scouting.

History

The Order was founded by Dr. E Urner Goodman and Carroll A. Edson on July 16, 1915, at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council, Boy Scouts of America. It became an official program experiment in 1922 and was approved as a part of the Scouting program in 1934. In 1948, the OA, recognized as the BSA's national brotherhood of honor campers, became an official part of the Boy Scouts of America.

In 1998, the Order of the Arrow was recognized as Scouting's National Honor Society when it expanded its reach beyond camping to include a greater focus on leadership development, membership extension, adventurous programming, and broader service to Scouting and the community. Today, its service, activities, adventures, and training for youth and adults, are models of quality leadership development and programming that enrich, support, and help extend Scouting to America's youth.


Eligibility

Youth

To become a member, a youth must be a registered member of a Boy Scout Troop and hold the First Class rank. He must have experienced 15 days and nights of Boy Scout camping during the two-year period prior to election. The 15 days and nights must include one, but no more than one, long-term camp consisting of six consecutive days and five nights of resident camping, approved and under the auspices and standards of the BSA. The balance of the camping must be overnight, weekend, or other short-term camps. Following approval by the Scoutmaster, Scouts are elected to seek membership in the Order by their fellow unit members. Then, after completing an Ordeal experience, they become members of the Order of the Arrow.

Venturing Crews and Explorer Post may not hold elections. Lone Scouts can not become part of the Order of the Arrow.

Adult

Boy Scout Troops can nominate 1 adult for every 3 youth elected, rounding up (i.e., 4 youth elected would allow 2 adults). In addition, the Scoutmaster may be nominated if they have served for at least 1 year without counting against the troop's total.

Adult selection is based upon their ability to perform the necessary functions to help the Order fulfill its purpose, and is not for recognition as an honor. Selected adult Scouters must be an asset to the Order because of demonstrated abilities, and must provide a positive role model for the youth members of the lodge. The camping requirements set forth for youth members must be fulfilled.

Elections

To become a member of the Order of the Arrow a Boy Scout is chosen by a vote of the youths in his Troop or Team. This is a unique feature of the Order since the majority of those who select the candidates for this honor are not members of the lodge. Lodge members in the unit have a vote as well as nonmembers. In this way membership is controlled by the youths in their own units and not by those who are already Arrowmen.

After election, a Boy Scout, or adult remains a candidate until completion of the Ordeal and Ordeal ceremony. If this period of candidacy exceeds one year, the candidate’s name is dropped and he no longer is a candidate. To become a candidate again, he must be reelected.

Membership Levels

The two membership levels (or "degrees") of the OA are Ordeal and Brotherhood.

Ordeal

Ordeal sash
Ordeal sash

The induction process, the Ordeal, is the first step toward full membership in the OA. During this period the member is expected to strengthen his involvement in the unit and encourage Scout camping. As a reminder, the Guide to Safe Scouting states, "No secret organizations. The BSA does not recognize any secret organizations as part of its program. All aspects of the Scouting program are open to observation by parents and leaders." Membership in the Order of the Arrow is not a secret; all members are free to acknowledge their membership. There is no secret about any of the OA's aims or principles. The OA's rules are available to the public, and meeting locations are clearly identifiable. Like many similar organizations, some of the OA's internal affairs, such as ceremonies and passwords, are regarded as private matters for members only. Any parents, leaders, or other lodge members who are aware of what goes on in the ordeal or another ceremony should not generally share such information with prospective/regular members who have not yet gone through that event for themselves.

Brotherhood

Brotherhood sash
Brotherhood sash

After 10 months of service as an Ordeal member and after fulfilling certain requirements, a member may take part in the Brotherhood ceremony, which places further emphasis on the ideals of Scouting and the Order. Completion of this ceremony signifies full membership in the Order of the Arrow.

Honors and Awards

Vigil Honor

After two years of service as a Brotherhood member, and with the approval of the National Order of the Arrow Committee, a youth or adult Arrowman may be selected to be recognized with the Vigil Honor for outstanding service to Scouting, their lodge, or the Order of the Arrow. This honor is limited to not more than one Arrowman for every 50 members registered with the lodge each year.

Under NO circumstances should tenure in Scouting or the Order of the Arrow be considered as reason enough for a Vigil Honor recommendation.

Vigil Honor sash
Vigil Honor sash

Distinguished Service Award

The Distinguished Service Award (DSA) is a service recognition award for those who have rendered distinguished and outstanding service to the OA on a sectional, regional, or national basis over a period of years.

Lodges

An Order of the Arrow lodge is granted a charter from the National Council, BSA, upon annual application by the lodge's local council. The OA lodge helps the local council provide a quality Scouting program through recognition of Scouting spirit and performance, youth leadership development, adventurous programming, financial support, and enhanced membership tenure.

A lodge pocket flap with universal arrow ribbon.
A lodge pocket flap with universal arrow ribbon.

Sections

An Order of the Arrow section consists of lodges within a geographic area of the region. Once each year, representatives of the lodges in the section come together for a conclave to share in fellowship, program ideas, training, and skills development. In addition, the section creates a monitoring/mentoring relationship with its lodges, provides leadership development opportunities, fosters understanding and adherence to national OA policies and procedures, and coordinates OA administrative and program functions. The section key three leadership consists of the section chief, section adviser, and section staff adviser.

Region Leadership

The region chief is the youth leader of the region elected by the section chiefs for one year. This election is held in conjunction with the annual OA planning meeting where the national chief and national vice chief are also elected by the section chiefs and the next year's program of emphasis is planned. The region Order of the Arrow chairman and professional staff adviser are adults appointed by the region director.

National Chief and Vice Chief

The national chief and national vice chief serve as the top youth leaders of the Order, responsible not only for providing youth leadership to the national program of emphasis, but serving with the four region chiefs, on the national committee to provide youth involvement in decisions affecting the program nationally. These national officers also oversee the national leadership seminars.

National OA Committee

The national Order of the Arrow Committee is a group of veteran Arrowmen, appointed by the National OA Chairman, to oversee the national OA program. The professional adviser is the OA Director, a staff member of the national Boy Scout Division.



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