Orienteering

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{{Otheruses|{{ThisMB}}{{CSASearn|Map and Compass}}}}<br>
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|name= Orienteering
|name= Orienteering
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|caption= Orienteering
|caption= Orienteering
|subject= Scout Skills
|subject= Scout Skills
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|field = Sports
|status= Elective
|status= Elective
|created= 1974
|created= 1974
|discontinued= N/A
|discontinued= N/A
|requirements revision= 2004
|requirements revision= 2004
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|pamphlet revision= 2003
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|pamphlet revision= 2008
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|id = 080
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|quote=Orienteering, the use of map and compass to find locations and plan a journey, has been a vital skill for humans for thousands of years. Orienteering is also a recognized sport at the Olympic Games, and thousands of people participate in the sport each year in local clubs and competitions.
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<br>
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{National Outdoor Badge|Hiking}}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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:1. Show that you know first aid for the types of injuries that could occur while orienteering, including cuts, scratches, blisters, snakebite, insect stings, tick bites, heat and cold reactions (sunburn, heatstroke, heat exhaustion, hypothermia), and dehydration. Explain to your counselor why you should be able to identify poisonous plants and poisonous animals that are found in your area.
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== Notes ==
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:2. Explain what orienteering is.
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:3. Do the following:
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::a. Explain how a compass works. Describe the features of an orienteering compass.
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::b. In the field, show how to take a compass bearing and follow it.
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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:4. Do the following:
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{{TPF|Orienteering}}
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::a. Explain how a topographic map shows terrain features. Point out and name five terrain features on a map and in the field.
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{{SummerCampMeritBadge}}
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::b. Point out and name 10 symbols on a topographic map.
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::c. Explain the meaning of declination. Tell why you must consider declination when using map and compass together.
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::d. Show a topographic map with magnetic north-south lines.
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::e. Show how to measure distances using an orienteering compass.
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::f. Show how to orient a map using a compass.
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:5. Set up a 100-meter pace course. Determine your walking and running pace for 100 meters. Tell why it is important to pace-count.
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:6. Do the following:
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::a. Identify 20 international control description symbols. Tell the meaning of each symbol.
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::b. Show a control description sheet and explain the information provided.
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::c. Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: attack point, collecting feature, aiming off, contouring, reading ahead, handrail, relocation, rough versus fine orienteering.
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:7. Do the following:
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::a. Take part in three orienteering events. One of these must be a cross-country course.*
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::b. After each event, write a report with (1) a copy of the master map and control description sheet, (2) a copy of the route you took on the course, (3) a discussion of how you could improve your time between control points, and (4) a list of your major weaknesses on this course . Describe what you could do to improve.
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:8. Do ONE of the following:
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::a. Set up a cross-country course of at least 2,000 meters long with at least five control markers. Prepare the master map and control description sheet.
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::b. Set up a score-orienteering course with 12 control points and a time limit of at least 60 minutes. Prepare the master map and control description sheet.
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:9. Act as an official during an orienteering event. This may be during the running of the course you set up for requirement 8.
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:10. Teach orienteering techniques to your patrol, troop or crew.
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:Note to the Counselor: While orienteering is primarily an individual sport, BSA Youth Protection procedures call for using the buddy system. Requirement 7a can be completed by pairs or groups of Scouts.
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== Requirement resources ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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The [[Troop Program Features#Orienteering|Troop Orienteering Monthly Theme]] includes meeting and activity materials.<br>
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'''1:''' First aid:'''
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{{First Aid Links}}
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'''3-4: Map & Compass:'''
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{{Map Links}}
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'''4c:''' [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomagmodels/Declination.jsp Online Declination Calculator]<br>
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'''6a:''' [http://www.fortnet.org/icd/ International Control Descriptions] An online interactive quiz for learning or reviewing the IOF symbols<br>
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'''6ab:''' [http://orienteering.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Control-Descriptions-2004-symbols-only1.pdf 2004 Int'l Specification for Control Descriptions - 17 pages (pdf)]<br>
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'''6ab:''' [http://www.floridaorienteering.org/tutorial/symbols.pdf One Page Control Description Cheat Sheet (pdf)]
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
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== Related awards ==
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{{Outdoor Awards Links}}
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{{Sports Awards Links}}
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== Notes ==
 
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== Help with these requirements ==
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== See also ==
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*1 [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex Common First Aid Treatments - Mayo Clinic]
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*3a [http://mdc.mo.gov/howto/compass/two.htm How a Compass Works]
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*4c [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/geomag/jsp/Declination.jsp Online Declination Calculator]
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*6ab [http://www.orienteering.org/i3/index.php?/iof2006/content/download/830/3903/file/Control%20Descriptions%202004%20symbols%20only.pdf 2004 Int'l Specification for Control Descriptions - 29 pages (pdf)]
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*6ab [http://www.floridaorienteering.org/tutorial/symbols.pdf One Page Control Description Cheat Sheet (pdf)]
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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*6c [http://www.teamgcar.com/articles/glossary.htm Better definitions than in the merit badge handbook]
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== External links ==
== External links ==
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* [http://www.orienteering.ca Canadian Orienteering Federation]
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* [http://www.orienteering.org Intl. Orienteering Federation]
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* [http://www.geocaching.com/ Geocaching.com]
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* [http://www.scouting.org/boyscouts/supplemental/geocaching/index.html Geocaching to Promote Scouting]
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* [http://www.geocities.com/haywoodkb/o-game.html Orienteering Games for the Computer]
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* [http://www.iupui.edu/~geni/lsort/schoolyardcompass.doc Schoolyard Compass Game]
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* [http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs315058.pdf Scout Skills Orienteering Badge UK]
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* [http://www.usgs.gov U.S. Geological Survey]
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* [http://www.us.orienteering.org U.S. Orienteering Federation]
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* [http://www.aeorienteering.com AE Orienteering]
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* [http://www.thecompassstore.com The Compass Store]
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* [http://www.orienteeringunlimited.com Orienteering Unlimited]
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* [http://orienteer.com Orienteer Website]
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* [http://buffalo-orienteering.bfn.org/forms/Orienteering%20Worksheet%202003.pdf Buffalo Orienteering's Merit Badge Worksheet (.pdf)]
 
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* [http://www.geocaching.com/ Geocaching.com] The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site
 
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* [http://www.scouting.org/boyscouts/supplemental/geocaching/index.html Geocaching to Promote Scouting]
 
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* [http://www.geocities.com/haywoodkb/o-game.html Orienteering Games for the Computer]
 
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* [http://www.iupui.edu/~geni/lsort/schoolyardcompass.doc Schoolyard Compass Game]
 
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* [http://www.us.orienteering.org/ US Orienteering Federation]
 
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[[Category:Boy Scouts]] [[Category:Merit Badges]]
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{{Merit Badge footer}}
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[[Category:Campcraft]]

Revision as of 13:08, October 28, 2012

Resources include the Orienteering merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

This is the Orienteering merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts can earn the Cub Scout Map and Compass belt loop and pin.

Orienteering merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1974
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 080
Requirements revision: 2004
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents

Orienteering, the use of map and compass to find locations and plan a journey, has been a vital skill for humans for thousands of years. Orienteering is also a recognized sport at the Olympic Games, and thousands of people participate in the sport each year in local clubs and competitions.


Orienteering merit badge is required for the National Outdoor Badge for Hiking.


Orienteering merit badge requirements

  1. Show that you know first aid for the types of injuries that could occur while orienteering, including cuts, scratches, blisters, snakebite, insect stings, tick bites, heat and cold reactions (sunburn, heatstroke, heat exhaustion, hypothermia), and dehydration. Explain to your counselor why you should be able to identify poisonous plants and poisonous animals that are found in your area.
  2. Explain what orienteering is.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Explain how a compass works. Describe the features of an orienteering compass.
    b. In the field, show how to take a compass bearing and follow it.
  4. Do the following:
    a. Explain how a topographic map shows terrain features. Point out and name five terrain features on a map and in the field.
    b. Point out and name 10 symbols on a topographic map.
    c. Explain the meaning of declination. Tell why you must consider declination when using map and compass together.
    d. Show a topographic map with magnetic north-south lines.
    e. Show how to measure distances on a map using an orienteering compass.
    f. Show how to orient a map using a compass.
  5. Set up a 100-meter pace course. Determine your walking and running pace for 100 meters. Tell why it is important to pace-count.
  6. Do the following:
    a. Identify 20 international control description symbols. Tell the meaning of each symbol.
    b. Show a control description sheet and explain the information provided.
    c. Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: attack point, collecting feature, catching feature, aiming off, contouring, reading ahead, handrail, relocation, rough versus fine orienteering.
  7. Do the following:
    a. Take part in three orienteering events. One of these must be a cross-country course.*
    • Note to the Counselor: While orienteering is primarily an individual sport, BSA Youth Protection procedures call for using the buddy system. Requirement 7a can be completed by pairs or groups of Scouts.
    b. After each event, write a report with (1) a copy of the master map and control description sheet, (2) a copy of the route you took on the course, (3) a discussion of how you could improve your time between control points, and (4) a list of your major weaknesses on this course . Describe what you could do to improve.
  8. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Set up a cross-country course that is at least 2,000 meters long with at least five control markers. Prepare the master map and control description sheet.
    b. Set up a score-orienteering course with at least 12 control points and a time limit of at least 60 minutes. Set point values for each control. Prepare the master map and control description sheet.
  9. Act as an official during an orienteering event. This may be during the running of the course you set up for requirement 8.
  10. Teach orienteering techniques to your patrol, troop, or crew.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Orienteering is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Orienteering requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.
  3. The BSA Orienteering Troop Program Feature offers meeting and activity plans to include Orienteering as one of your monthly themes.
  4. Orienteering is a popular summer camp merit badge.


Requirement resources

The Troop Orienteering Monthly Theme includes meeting and activity materials.
1: First aid:

3-4: Map & Compass:

4c: Online Declination Calculator
6a: International Control Descriptions An online interactive quiz for learning or reviewing the IOF symbols
6ab: 2004 Int'l Specification for Control Descriptions - 17 pages (pdf)
6ab: One Page Control Description Cheat Sheet (pdf)

Related awards

Outdoor-related awards

Sports-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
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