Radio

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{{Revised|January 1, 2009}}{{Info|'''{{PAGENAME}}''' requires [[Merit Badges Requiring Prior Approval|prior counselor approval]] for requirement #7.}}
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{{Merit Badge header|Pulp and Paper|Railroading|[[Radio]] teaches you about professional and amateur radio.}}
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{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|7}}
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|status= Elective
|status= Elective
|created= 1923
|created= 1923
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|discontinued= N/A
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|source1= Replaced
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|source2= [[Wireless]]
|requirements revision= 2009
|requirements revision= 2009
|pamphlet revision= 2008
|pamphlet revision= 2008
|field = Hobbies
|field = Hobbies
|id = 093
|id = 093
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|quote=Radio is a way to send information, or communications, from one place to another. Broadcasting includes both one-way radio (a person hears the information but can't reply) as well as two-way radio (where the same person can both receive and send messages).
}}
}}
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== Notes ==
== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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*'''1: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]
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'''1: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]<br>
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*'''1a: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio] &nbsp; [http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=service_home&id=amateur Amateur Radio Service] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting]
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'''1a: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio] &nbsp; [http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=service_home&id=amateur Amateur Radio Service] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting]<br>
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*'''1b:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]
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'''1b:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]<br>
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*'''1c: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs] &nbsp; [http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=call_signs_1&id=amateur Amateur Radio call signs] &nbsp; [http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]
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'''1c: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs] &nbsp; [http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=call_signs_1&id=amateur Amateur Radio call signs] &nbsp; [http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]<br>
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*'''1d: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_phonetic_alphabet Phonetic Alphabet] &nbsp; [http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq101-1.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (US Navy)] &nbsp; [http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/MAEL/ag/phonetic.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (NASA)]
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'''1d: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_phonetic_alphabet Phonetic Alphabet] &nbsp; [http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq101-1.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (US Navy)] &nbsp; [http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/MAEL/ag/phonetic.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (NASA)]<br>
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*'''2a: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation#Tropospheric_modes Radio Waves in the Atmosphere] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV WWV] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH]
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'''2a: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation#Tropospheric_modes Radio Waves in the Atmosphere] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV WWV] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH]<br>
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*'''2b: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DXing] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU ITU Overview] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ ITU Website]
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'''2b: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DXing] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU ITU Overview] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ ITU Website]<br>
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*'''3: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_frequency Radio Frequency Spectrum] &nbsp; [http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radio Communications Sector]
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'''3: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_frequency Radio Frequency Spectrum] &nbsp; [http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radio Communications Sector]<br>
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*'''4: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation Modulation to carry information-animated graphics] &nbsp; [http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio Propagation] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transceiver Transceiver] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmitter Transmitter] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplifier Amplifier] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antenna_(radio) Antenna]
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'''4: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation Modulation to carry information-animated graphics] &nbsp; [http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio Propagation] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transceiver Transceiver] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmitter Transmitter] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplifier Amplifier] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antenna_(radio) Antenna]<br>
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*'''5ab: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit diagrams] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]
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'''5ab: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit diagrams] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]<br>
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*'''5b: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone Microphone] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_line Feed Line] (also see 4 and 5a above)
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'''5b: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone Microphone] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_line Feed Line] (also see 4 and 5a above)<br>
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*'''5c: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-circuit_voltage Open Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_theory#Open_circuit_vs._closed_circuit Open vs. Closed Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_circuit Short Circuit]
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'''5c: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-circuit_voltage Open Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_theory#Open_circuit_vs._closed_circuit Open vs. Closed Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_circuit Short Circuit]<br>
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*'''5d: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_components Electrical components]
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'''5d: '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_components Electrical components]<br>
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*'''6: '''[http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/pdf/AntBk.pdf Electrical Safety] – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc.
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'''6: '''[http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/pdf/AntBk.pdf Electrical Safety] – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc.
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_current Direct Current] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_(electricity) Grounding]
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_current Direct Current] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_(electricity) Grounding]
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*'''7:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_station Amateur Radio Station]
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'''7:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_station Amateur Radio Station]<br>
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*'''9a:'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Short-wave Listening] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)]
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'''9b:'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Short-wave Listening] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)]<br>
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== Related awards ==
== Related awards ==
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* [[Radio]] and [[Electronics]] share similar requirements.
* [[Radio]] and [[Electronics]] share similar requirements.
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* The largest Scout activity in the world is "Jamboree On The Air' (JOTA), held on the 3rd Saturday of October. Sponsored by the World Scout Bureau, about 500,000 scouts around the world talk to each other using Amateur Radio that weekend. Boy Scouts, Cub Scouts, Venturers and Leaders who take part are eligible for a [http://www.scouting.org/international/highlights/22-218.aspx BSA JOTA Participant Patch], available from the International Division of BSA.
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* Participation in the national Amateur Radio Emergency Drill called "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_Day Field Day]" on the last weekend of June each year can meet the requirement 7 for [[Emergency Preparedness]].
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{{Science Award Links}}
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{{Hobby Awards Links}}
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== See also ==
== See also ==
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* [http://www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/jota.html JOTA (Jamboree On The Air, third weekend of each October)]
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* [http://k2gw.tripod.com/radiomeritbadge/ Radio Merit Badge Website ]
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* [http://k2gw.tripod.com/radiomeritbadge/ Radio Website with '''''old''''' requirements]
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* [http://www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/jota.html JOTA (Jamboree On The Air, third weekend of each October)]
* [http://www.arrl.org/ ARRL (Amateur Radio Relay League)]
* [http://www.arrl.org/ ARRL (Amateur Radio Relay League)]
* [http://www.hello-radio.org/ How to get an amateur radio license (above and beyond the merit badge)]
* [http://www.hello-radio.org/ How to get an amateur radio license (above and beyond the merit badge)]
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Revision as of 22:30, October 25, 2012

Resources include the Radio merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Radio requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #7.


Radio merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1923
Replaced: Wireless
BSA Advancement ID: 093
Requirements revision: 2009
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents

Radio is a way to send information, or communications, from one place to another. Broadcasting includes both one-way radio (a person hears the information but can't reply) as well as two-way radio (where the same person can both receive and send messages).


Radio merit badge requirements

  1. Explain what radio is. Then discuss the following:
    a. The differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio.
    b. The differences between broadcasting and two-way communications.
    c. Radio call signs and how they are used in broadcast radio and amateur radio
    d. The phonetic alphabet and how it is used to communicate clearly.
  2. Do the following:
    a. Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world. Explain how the broadcast radio stations, WWV and WWVH can be used to help determine what you will hear when you listen to a shortwave radio.
    b. Explain the difference between a DX and a local station. Discuss what the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) does and how it is different from the International Telecommunication Union.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 100 kilohertz (kHz) to 1000 megahertz (MHz).
    b. Label the MF, HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.
    c. Locate on your chart at least eight radio services such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, citizens band (CB), television, amateur radio (at least four amateur radio bands), and public service (police and fire).
  4. Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, receiver, amplifier, and antenna.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.
    b. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line.
    c. Explain the differences between an open circuit a closed circuit, and a short circuit.
    d. Draw eight schematic symbols. Explain what three of the represented parts do. Find three electrical components to match to three of these symbols.
  6. Explain the safety precautions for working with radio gear, including the concept of grounding for direct current circuits, power outlets, and antenna systems.
  7. Visit a radio installation (an amateur radio station, broadcast station, or public communications center, for example) approved in advance by your counselor. Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of licenses are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.
  8. Find out about three career opportunities in radio. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
  9. Do ONE of the following: (a OR b OR c )
    a. AMATEUR RADIO
    1. Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service. Describe some of the activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.
    2. Using proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations, carry on a 10 minute real or simulated radio contact using voice, Morse Code, or digital mode. (Licensed amateur radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with amateur radio operators from at least three different call districts.) Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact and record the signal report.
    3. Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms you hear while listening.
    4. Explain some of the differences between the Technician, General, and Extra Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who administers amateur radio exams.
    5. Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code.
    6. Explain the differences between handheld transceivers and home "base" transceivers. Explain the uses of mobile amateur radio transceivers and amateur radio repeaters.
    b. BROADCAST RADIO
    1. Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audiotape or in a digital audio format using proper techniques.
    2. Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations Determine the program format and target audience for five of these stations.
    3. Explain at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, fade, continuity, remote, Emergency Alert System, network, cue, dead air, PSA, and playlist..
    c. SHORTWAVE LISTENING
    1. Listen across several shortwave bands for four one-hour periods - at least one period during daylight hours and at least one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a globe.
    2. For several major foreign stations (BBC in Great Britain or HCJB in Ecuador, for example), list several frequency bands used by each.
    3. Compare your daytime and nighttime logs ; note the frequencies on which your selected stations were loudest during each session. Explain the differences in the signal strength from one period to the next.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.

Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Radio is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Radio requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.


Requirement resources

1: Radio (in General)
1a: Amateur radio   Amateur Radio Service   Broadcasting
1b: Broadcasting (commercial)   Broadcasting (public)
1c: Call Signs   Amateur Radio call signs   FCC (Federal Communications Commission)   Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)
1d: Phonetic Alphabet   International Phonetic Alphabet (US Navy)   International Phonetic Alphabet (NASA)
2a: Radio Waves in the Atmosphere   WWV   WWVH
2b: DXing   DX (distance) communications   FCC (Federal Communications Commission)   ITU Overview   ITU Website
3: Radio Frequency Spectrum   United States Frequency Allocation Chart   Radio Communications Sector
4: Modulation to carry information-animated graphics   Radio Propagation   Transceiver   Transmitter   Amplifier   Antenna
5ab: Block Diagram   Circuit diagrams   Electronic symbols
5b: Microphone   Feed Line (also see 4 and 5a above)
5c: Open Circuit   Open vs. Closed Circuit   Short Circuit
5d: Electrical components
6: Electrical Safety – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc.

Direct Current   Grounding

7: Broadcasting   Amateur Radio Station
9b:Short-wave Listening   International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)

Related awards

  • Radio and Electronics share similar requirements.
  • The largest Scout activity in the world is "Jamboree On The Air' (JOTA), held on the 3rd Saturday of October. Sponsored by the World Scout Bureau, about 500,000 scouts around the world talk to each other using Amateur Radio that weekend. Boy Scouts, Cub Scouts, Venturers and Leaders who take part are eligible for a BSA JOTA Participant Patch, available from the International Division of BSA.
  • Participation in the national Amateur Radio Emergency Drill called "Field Day" on the last weekend of June each year can meet the requirement 7 for Emergency Preparedness.

Science-related awards

Hobby-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links



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