Radio

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(ARRL (Amateur Radio Relay League): how to get licensed)
Current revision (06:29, November 2, 2018) (edit) (undo)
(External links: MARS links)
 
(57 intermediate revisions not shown.)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{Merit Badge header|Pulp and Paper|Railroading|[[Radio]] teaches you about professional and amateur radio.}}
 +
{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|7}}
 +
{{STEM Nova award merit badge|[[Designed to Crunch]], [[Dr. Bernard Harris Bronze Supernova Award|Harris Bronze Supernova]], and [[Thomas Edison Silver Supernova Award|Edison Silver Supernova]]|s}}<br />
 +
{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
|name= Radio
|name= Radio
Line 6: Line 10:
|status= Elective
|status= Elective
|created= 1923
|created= 1923
-
|discontinued= N/A
+
|source1= Replaced
-
|requirements revision= 2002
+
|source2= [[Wireless]]
-
|pamphlet revision= 2001
+
|requirements revision= 2018
 +
|pamphlet revision= 2017
|field = Hobbies
|field = Hobbies
|id = 093
|id = 093
 +
|quote=Radio is a way to send information, or communications, from one place to another. Broadcasting includes both one-way radio (a person hears the information but can't reply) as well as two-way radio (where the same person can both receive and send messages).
}}
}}
 +
{{Merit Badge introduction}}
 +
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------ -->
 +
<!-- The text of the Requirements is on a locked subpage. -->
 +
<!-- Please offer comments or corrections -->
 +
<!-- under the Discussion tab at the top of this page. -->
 +
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------ -->
 +
{{reqs||merit badge }}
-
== Merit badge requirements ==
+
== Notes ==
 +
<!-- ---------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Add general notes here, such as the link to the worksheet. -->
 +
<!-- ---------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
{{Merit Badge Notes}}
-
:1. Explain what radio is. Include in your explanation: the differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio, and the differences between broadcasting and two-way communicating. Also discuss broadcast radio and amateur radio call signs and using phonetics.
+
== Requirement resources ==
-
:2. Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world. How do the broadcast radio stations, WWV and WWVH, help determine what you will hear when you listen to a radio?
+
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
-
:3. Do the following:
+
<!-- Answers, cheatsheets, and answer keys will be removed. -->
-
::a. Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 100 kilohertz (kHz) to 1000 megahertz (MHz).
+
<!-- Add links as guidance for specific requirements such as: -->
-
::b. Label the LF, MF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.
+
<!-- * [[Internal Link]] or [external link] description -->
-
::c. Locate on your chart at least eight radio services such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, CB, television, amateur radio (at least four ham radio bands), and police.
+
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
-
::d. Discuss why some radio stations are called DX and others are called local. Explain who the FCC and ITU are.
+
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
-
:4. Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, amplifier, and antenna.
+
<span class="plainlinks">
-
:5. Learn the safety precautions for working with radio gear, particularly DC and RF grounding.
+
'''1.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]<br />
-
:6. Do the following:
+
:'''1.a.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service Amateur Radio Service] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting]</span><br />
-
::a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.
+
:'''1.b.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]</span><br />
-
::b. Draw a block diagram that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feedline.
+
:'''1.c.'''<span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/amateur-call-sign-systems#block-menu-block-4 Amateur Radio call signs] &bull; [http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &bull; [http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]</span><br />
-
::c. Explain the differences between an open circuit, a closed circuit, and a short circuit.
+
:'''1.d.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_phonetic_alphabet Phonetic Alphabet] &bull; [https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/p/phonetic-alphabet-and-signal-flags.html Phonetic Alphabet and Signal Flags (US Navy)]</span><br />
-
::d. Draw eight schematic symbols. Explain what three of the represented parts do. Find three electrical components to match to three of these symbols.
+
'''2.''' <br />
-
:7. Do ONE of the following: (a OR b OR c )
+
:'''2.a. ''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation#Tropospheric_modes Radio Waves in the Atmosphere]</span> <br />
-
::a. ''Amateur radio''
+
:'''2.b.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV_(radio_station) WWV] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH]</span><br />
-
:::1. Describe some of the activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.
+
:'''2.c.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DXing] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications]</span><br />
-
:::2. Carry on a 10 minute real or simulated radio contact using voice or Morse Code; use proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations. (Licensed ham radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with amateur radio operators from at least three different call districts.) Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact and record the signal report.
+
:'''2.d.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU ITU Overview] &bull; [http://www.itu.int/ ITU Website]</span><br />
-
:::3. Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms you hear while listening.
+
<span class="plainlinks">'''3.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_frequency Radio Frequency Spectrum] &bull; [http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart] &bull; [http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radio Communications Sector]<br />
-
:::4. Explain some of the Technician Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who gives amateur radio exams.
+
'''4.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation Modulation to carry information-animated graphics] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio Propagation] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transceiver Transceiver] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmitter Transmitter] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplifier Amplifier] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antenna_(radio) Antenna]<br />
-
:::5. Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code. Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service.
+
'''5.'''</span><br />
-
:::6. Explain handheld transceivers versus home "base" stations. Explain about mobile amateur radios and amateur radio repeaters.
+
:'''5.a.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit diagrams] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]</span><br />
-
::b. ''Broadcast radio''
+
:'''5.b.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone Microphone] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_line Feed Line] (also see 4 and 5a above)</span><br />
-
:::1. Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audio tape using proper techniques.
+
:'''5.c.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplitude_Modulation Amplitude Modulation (AM)] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frequency_Modulation Frequency Modulation (FM)] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuous_wave Continuous Wave (CW) Morse Code transmission] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code Morse Code] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-sideband_modulation Single Sideband (SSB) transmission] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_transmission Digital Transmission]</span><br />
-
:::2. Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations; determine for five of these their transmitting power and general areas served.
+
:'''5.d.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr/ NOAA Weather Radio (NOAA.gov)] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NOAA_Weather_Radio NOAA Weather Radio (Wikipedia)]</span><br />
-
:::3. Explain at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, and fade.
+
:'''5.e.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.fema.gov/blog/2011-03-10/using-your-cell-phone-during-and-after-disaster Using Your Cell Phone Before, During and After a Disaster (FEMA)] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/emergency-communications Emergency Communications (FCC)]</span><br />
-
:::4. Discuss the educational and licensing requirements and career opportunities in broadcast radio.
+
<span class="plainlinks">'''6. ''' [http://www.arrl.org/electrical-safety Electrical Safety] – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_current Direct Current] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_(electricity) Grounding]<br />
-
::c. ''Short-wave listening''
+
'''7.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_station Amateur Radio Station]</span><br />
-
:::1. Listen across several short-wave bands for two 4-hour periods, one in the early morning and the other in the early evening. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a globe.
+
'''8.''' '''Career Opportunities in Radio:'''<br />
-
:::2. For several major foreign stations (BBC in Great Britain or HCJB in Ecuador , for example), list several frequency bands used by each.
+
* <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.nab.org/documents/radio/NABRadioCareersSecondEdition.pdf NAB's Guide to Careers in Radio] {{PDF}}<br />
-
:::3. Compare your morning and evening logs, noting the frequencies on which your major foreign stations were loudest during each session. Explain the differences in signal strength from one period to the next.
+
* Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.bls.gov/ooh ''Occupation Outlook Handbook'']</span> (see "Media and Communication").
-
:::4. Discuss the purpose of and careers in short-wave communications.
+
'''9.a. Amateur Radio:'''</span><br />
-
:8. Visit a radio installation approved in advance by your counselor (ham radio station, broadcast station, or public service communications center, for example). Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of license are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.
+
:'''9.a.1.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service Amateur Radio Service]</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.2.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/operator-class Operator Class licenses] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/examinations License Examinations] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/volunteer-examiner-coordinators-vecs Volunteer Examiner Coordinators]</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.3.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Get%20on%20the%20Air/Comm%20w%20Other%20Hams-Q%20Signals.pdf Communicating with Other Hams] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.4.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Public%20Service/fsd255.pdf Emergency Reference Information for Amateur Radio Station] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.5.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/shop/Radios-to-Go Radios to Go! Getting the Most from your Handheld Transceiver] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/your-first-station Your First Station] &bull; [https://www.arrl.org/files/file/Technology/tis/info/pdf/repeater1.pdf Repeaters – what are they and how to use them] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.6.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://boyslife.org/games/online-games/575/morse-code-machine/ ''Boys' Life'' Morse Code Machine] online game &bull; [http://lcwo.net/ Learn Morse Code Online] &bull; [http://aa9pw.com/morsecode/ Morse Code Practice page] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/code-practice-files Morse Code practice files (mp3)] &bull; [https://starling.us/free/morse/ KY8D’s Morse Code Page] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/learning-morse-code Learning Morse Code] &bull; [https://blog.scoutingmagazine.org/2018/07/19/google-morse-code/ Use Google’s Morse code keyboard, flash cards to teach Scouts their dits and dahs] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/files/file/QSL/QSL.pdf QSL Cards] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
<span class="plainlinks">'''9.b.''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_broadcasting Radio Broadcasting]<br />
 +
'''9.c.''' Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Shortwave listening] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Shortwave Listening)] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medium_wave Medium wave]</span><br />
 +
'''9.d. Amateur Radio Direction Finding'''
 +
:'''General:''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_direction_finding Amateur Radio Direction Finding (Wikipedia)] &bull; [https://www.ardf-r2.org/ Amateur Radio Direction Finding in the Americas (IARU Region II)] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/direction-finding Direction Finding (ARRL)] &bull; [http://ardfusa.com ARDF USA] &bull; [http://homingin.com/ The Art and Science of Radio Direction Finding (RDF)]
 +
:'''9.d.1.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_direction_finding Amateur Radio Direction Finding (Wikipedia)] &bull; [http://homingin.com/intlfox.html History of ARDF in the USA and Canada]</span>
 +
:'''9.d.2.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://homingin.com/boxes.html Foxboxes for Mobile and On-foot Transmitter Hunts] &bull; [http://homingin.com/equipment.html RDF Equipment Ideas for VHF Foxhunting and Radio-Orienteering] &bull; [http://homingin.com/intlfox.html International Style Transmitter Hunting Comes to the Americas (includes frequencies used for ARDF)]</span>
 +
:'''9.d.3.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://homingin.com/equipment.html RDF Equipment Ideas for VHF Foxhunting and Radio-Orienteering]</span>
 +
</span>
-
{{BSR|2007}}
+
=== Books and Other Resources ===
 +
==== Amateur Radio ====
 +
* Alvareztorres, Al, AA1DO, and Ed Hare, W1RFI, compilers. ''Ham Radio FAQ''. American Radio Relay League Inc., 2001. Answers to frequently asked questions about antennas, station setup and operation, and other issues.
-
== Notes ==
+
* <span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Z9136_Nhh4 ''Amateur Radio Today'']</span>. ARRL Inc., 2003. Six-minute video narrated by former CBS news anchor Walter Cronkite, <span class="plainlinks">[http://wireless2.fcc.gov/UlsApp/UlsSearch/license.jsp?licKey=343375 KB2GSD]</span>; showcases the public service contributions made by hams.
-
{{Worksheet}}
+
-
[http://www.scouting.org/BoyScouts/AdvancementandAwards/MeritBadges.aspx Per the BSA:] ''You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject.'' Merit badge pamplets are available at your local [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/storeloc.aspx Scout Shop] or online at [http://www.scoutstuff.org/ ScoutStuff.org].
+
-
* [[Radio]] and [[Electronics]] share similar requirements.
+
* ''The ARRL Emergency Communication Handbook''. ARRL Inc., 2005. For hams who want to help with communications during emergencies or disasters.
-
== Help with these requirements ==
+
* ''The ARRL Ham Radio License Manual''. ARRL Inc., 2010. A beginners’ guide to amateur radio and preparation for the ham radio license test.
-
* [[Media:{{PAGENAME}}.pdf|{{PAGENAME}} Worksheet]] &nbsp; → &nbsp; [[Merit Badge Worksheets|Other Merit Badge Worksheets]]
+
-
== External links ==
+
* Barasch, Lynne. ''Radio Rescue''. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. The story of a young amateur radio operator whose skills led to the rescue of a family stranded by a hurricane.
-
===[http://www.arrl.org/ ARRL (Amateur Radio Relay League)]===
+
* ''Basic Technology for the Amateur Radio Enthusiast''. Alpha Delta Communications Inc., 2000. Basic electronics, a brief history of radio, and a virtual tour through a receiver. Includes book with 23-minute VHS videotape.
-
To dig deeper into radio, consider the amateur radio Technician license at the AARL links below.
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/club/clubsearch.phtml Club search]
+
* ''Getting Started With Ham Radio''. ARRL Inc., 2006. A guide to your first amateur radio station: choosing and installing equipment, making your first voice contacts, setting up for digital operating, operating on various bands and modes, etc.
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/bands.html US Amateur Frequency Allocations]
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/bandplan.html Amateur band plan]
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/contests/announcements/fd/ Field Day (fourth full Weekend each June)]
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/jota.html JOTA (Jamboree On The Air, third weekend of each October)]
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/contests/calendar.html Contest calendar]
+
-
*[http://www.hello-radio.org/ How to get an amateur radio license (above and beyond the merit badge)]
+
-
*[http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio propogation]
+
-
===[http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)]===
+
* Hallas, Joel, W1ZR. ''Basic Radio: Understanding the Key Building Blocks''. ARRL Inc., 2005. An introduction to radio with simple, build-it-yourself projects.
-
*[http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=wtb_services_home List of wireless (radio) services]
+
-
*[http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=service_home&id=amateur Amateur Radio Service]
+
-
*[http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=call_signs_1&id=amateur Amateur Radio call signs]
+
-
===[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)]===
+
* Silver, H. Ward. ''Ham Radio for Dummies'', 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
-
*[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart]
+
-
===[http://www.itu.int/ ITU (International Telecommunication Union)]===
+
* ''Understanding Basic Electronics''. ARRL Inc., 2010. Simple guide for electronics beginners with explanations of basic electronics principles and how components work.
-
*[http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radiocommunications Sector]
+
-
===[http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]===
+
* <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/shop/Your-Introduction-to-Morse-Code-audio-CDs/ ''Your Introduction to Morse Code'']</span>. ARRL Inc., 2006. Morse code instruction and practice for those who want to learn the “universal language” of ham radio. Includes two audio CDs and instruction booklet.
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Broadcasting Broadcasting]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DX]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Telecommunication_Union ITU (International Telecommunication Union)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio#The_electromagnetic_spectrum Radio spectrum (LF, MF, VHF, UHF, microwave)]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit digrams]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_components Electrical components]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV_%28radio_station%29 WWV station]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH station]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Short-wave Listening]
+
-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)]
+
-
===Miscellaneous===
+
==== Broadcast Radio and Shortwave Listening ====
-
*[http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq101-1.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (US Navy)]
+
 
-
*[http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/MAEL/ag/phonetic.htm International Phonetic Alphabet (NASA)]
+
* Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.bls.gov/ooh ''Occupation Outlook Handbook'']</span> (see "Media and Communication").
-
*[http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]
+
 
 +
* Field, Shelly. ''Career Opportunities in Radio''. Checkmark Books, 2004. Profiles of more than 70 career opportunities in the radio business.
 +
 
 +
* ''World Radio TV Handbook: The Directory of Global Broadcasting''. WRTH Publications. Published annually, a guide to the world of radio including domestic radio services and broadcasters transmitting internationally. <span class="plainlinks">http://wrth.com</span>
 +
 
 +
== Related awards ==
 +
<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
 +
<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
* [[Amateur Radio Service to Scouting Award]]
 +
* [[Amateur Radio Operator Rating Strip]] - a designation worn on the uniform to identify licensed radio operators; strip was discontinued effective Feb. 1, 2016, but is still available at the [[Scout Shop]] while supplies last.
 +
* [[Morse Code Interpreter Strip]]
 +
* [[Aviation]] merit badge requirements:
 +
** 2.e. (''Explain the purposes and functions of the various instruments found in a typical single-engine aircraft: ... '''communication radios''', ...'')
 +
** 4.b. (''Visit a Federal Aviation Administration facility—a control tower, terminal radar control facility, air route traffic control center, or Flight Standards District Office. ...'')
 +
* Participation in the largest Scouting event in the world is "[[Jamboree On The Air]]" (JOTA), held on the third full weekend of October, would count. About 1.3 million Scouts and Guides around the world talk to each other using Amateur Radio that weekend. Participation in JOTA could satisfy the following requirements:
 +
** [[Radio]] merit badge requirement #9.a.6. (''... carry on a 10-minute real or simulated amateur radio contact ...'')
 +
** [[Citizenship In The World]] merit badge requirement #7.e. (''Participate in or attend an international event in your area, such as an ethnic festival, concert, or play.'')
 +
** [[International Spirit Award]] requirement #3 (for Boy Scouts, Venturers, Sea Scouts, and Scouters) and requirement #4 (for Cub Scouts).
 +
* [[Emergency Preparedness]] merit badge requirements:
 +
** 7.a. (''Take part in an emergency service project, either a real one or a practice drill, with a Scouting unit or a community agency.'') <br />Participation in the national amateur radio [http://www.arrl.org/field-day Field Day] on the fourth full weekend of June each year can meet this requirement.
 +
** 8.a.2 (''Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training they need, and the safety precautions they should take for the following emergency services: Messenger service and communication'')
 +
* [[Engineering]] merit badge requirement:
 +
** 6.c. (''Understanding electronics. Using an electronic device such as a mobile telephone or portable digital media player, find out how sound travels from one location to another. Explain how the device was designed for ease of use, function, and durability.'')
 +
* [[Signs, Signals, and Codes]] merit badge requirement:
 +
** 3.a (''Describe what Morse code is and the various means by which it can be sent. Spell your first name using Morse code. Send or receive a message of six to 10 words using Morse code.'')
 +
* [[Space Exploration]] merit badge requirement:
 +
** 4.d. (''Discuss and demonstrate each of the following: How satellite pictures of Earth and pictures of other planets are made and transmitted.'')
 +
 
 +
<br />{{Science Award Links}}
 +
 
 +
<br />{{Hobby Awards Links}}
 +
<br />
 +
== See also ==
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Note similarities with other articles here such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[other article]] -->
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
* [[Jamboree On The Air]]
 +
<br />{{Merit Badge See also}}
 +
<br />
 +
== External links ==
 +
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Add general information links here (no advertisements) -->
 +
<!-- use this format: * [http://somelink.com description] -->
 +
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
* [http://k2gw.tripod.com/radiomeritbadge/ Radio Merit Badge (K2GW)] &nbsp;&mdash; k2gw.tripod.com
 +
* <span class="plainlinks">[https://k2bsa.net/radio-merit-badge-2/ Radio Merit Badge (K2BSA)]</span> &mdash; K2BSA.net
 +
* <span class="plainlinks">[https://k2bsa.net K2BSA Amateur Radio Association] is dedicated to extending the reach of amateur radio within the Scout movement. &mdash; K2BSA.net
 +
* [http://www.arrl.org Amateur Radio Relay League (ARRL) ] &nbsp;&mdash; ARRL.org
 +
* [http://www.usraces.org U.S. Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES)] &nbsp;&mdash; USRACES.org
 +
* MARS: [http://www.usarmymars.org U.S. Army Military Auxiliary Radio System] &nbsp;&mdash; USArmyMARS.org
 +
* MARS: <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.mars.af.mil U.S. Air Force Military Auxiliary Radio System]</span> &nbsp;&mdash; MARS.AF.mil
 +
* [http://www.iaru.org International Amateur Radio Union (IARU)] &nbsp;&mdash; IARU.org
 +
* <span class="plainlinks">[https://wp.rac.ca Radio Amateurs of Canada (RAC)]</span> &nbsp;&mdash; RAC.ca
 +
* [http://www.fmre.org.mx Federación Mexicana de Radioexperimentadores (Mexican Federation of Radio experimenters) (FMRE)] &nbsp;&mdash; FMRE.org.mx
 +
* [http://www.arrl.org/field-day Field Day ] &nbsp; (annual event and exercise for amateur radio operators) &mdash; ARRL.org
 +
* BSA: <span class="plainlinks">[https://blog.scoutingmagazine.org/2012/04/20/amateur-radio-fans-have-a-field-day/ Amateur radio fans: Have a Field Day!]</span> &ndash; an April 20, 2012 ''Bryan on Scouting'' article &mdash; Blog.ScoutingMagazine.org
 +
* MARS: [http://www.usarmymars.org/events/armed-forces-day Annual Armed Forces Day Crossband Test] (one week prior to Armed Forces Day) &mdash; USArmyMARS.org
 +
* BSA: <span class="plainlinks">[https://blog.scoutingmagazine.org/2012/06/12/bsa-dials-in-sponsorship-deal-with-icom-america-for-amateur-radio-stations/ BSA dials in sponsorship deal with Icom America for amateur radio stations] &ndash; a June 12, 2012 ''Bryan on Scouting'' article &mdash; Blog.ScoutingMagazine.org
 +
* BSA: <span class="plainlinks">[https://filestore.scouting.org/filestore/jota/pdf/QST_June_2013.pdf Jammin' and Hammin' with the Scouts]</span> {{PDF}} &ndash; June 2013 ''[http://www.arrl.org/qst QST]'' magazine article &mdash; Scouting.org
 +
* <span class="plainlinks">[https://scoutradio.org.uk Scout Radio (UK)]</span> &mdash; ScoutRadio.org.uk
 +
* [http://scota.us Scout Camps On The Air (SCOTA) ] &nbsp;&mdash; SCOTA.us
 +
* [http://www.amateurradio.com/activating-sotas-at-philmont-scout-ranch/ Activating SOTA’s at Philmont Scout Ranch ] &ndash; a July 21, 2016 [http://www.amateurradio.com ''AmateurRadio.com'' ] article &mdash; AmateurRadio.com
 +
* The Scout Association (United Kingdom): <span class="plainlinks">[https://members.scouts.org.uk/supportresources/4356/communicator-activity-badge/ Communicator Activity Badge]</span> &mdash; Scouts.org.uk
 +
* <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.voamuseum.org National Voice of America Museum of Broadcasting]</span> &mdash; VOAMuseum.org
 +
{{Merit Badge footer}}

Current revision

Resources include the Radio merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Radio merit badge requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #7.
The Radio merit badge is an option for the Designed to Crunch, Harris Bronze Supernova, and Edison Silver Supernova STEM Nova Awards.

Radio merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1923
Replaced: Wireless
BSA Advancement ID: 093
Requirements revision: 2018
Latest pamphlet revision: 2017

Contents

Radio is a way to send information, or communications, from one place to another. Broadcasting includes both one-way radio (a person hears the information but can't reply) as well as two-way radio (where the same person can both receive and send messages).


Radio merit badge requirements

  1. Explain what radio is. Then discuss the following:
    a. The differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio
    b. The differences between broadcasting and two-way communications
    c. Radio call signs and how they are used in broadcast radio and amateur radio
    d. The phonetic alphabet and how it is used to communicate clearly
  2. Do the following:
    a. Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world.
    b. Explain how the broadcast radio stations WWV and WWVH can be used to help determine what you will hear when you listen to a shortwave radio.
    c. Explain the difference between a distant (DX) and a local station.
    d. Discuss what the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) does and how it is different from the International Telecommunication Union.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 300 kilohertz (kHz) to 3,000 megahertz (MHz).
    b. Label the MF, HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.
    c. Locate on your chart at least eight radio services such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, citizens band (CB), television, amateur radio (at least four amateur radio bands), and public service (police and fire).
  4. Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, receiver, amplifier, and antenna.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.
    b. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line.
    c. Discuss how information is sent when using amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), continuous wave (CW) Morse Code transmission, single sideband (SSB) transmission, and digital transmission.
    d. Explain how NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) can alert you to danger.
    e. Explain how cellular telephones work. Identify their benefits and limitations in an emergency.
  6. Explain the safety precautions for working with radio gear, including the concept of grounding for direct current circuits, power outlets, and antenna systems.
  7. Visit a radio installation (an amateur radio station, broadcast station, or public communications center, for example) approved in advance by your counselor. Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of licenses are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.
  8. Find out about three career opportunities in radio. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
  9. Do ONE of the following: (a OR b OR c OR d)
    a. Amateur Radio
    1. Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service. Describe some of the activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.
    2. Explain differences between the Technician, General, and Extra Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who administers amateur radio exams.
    3. Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms.
    4. Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code.
    5. Explain the differences between handheld transceivers and home "base" transceivers. Explain the uses of mobile amateur radio transceivers and amateur radio repeaters.
    6. Using proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations, carry on a 10-minute real or simulated amateur radio contact using voice, Morse code, or digital mode. (Licensed amateur radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with five amateur radio operators.) Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact, and record the signal report.
    b. Radio Broadcasting
    1. Discuss with your counselor FCC broadcast regulations. Include power levels, frequencies, and the regulations for low-power stations.
    2. Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audiotape or in a digital audio format using proper techniques.
    3. Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations Determine the program format and target audience for five of these stations.
    4. Explain to your counselor at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, fade, continuity, remote, Emergency Alert System, network, cue, dead air, PSA, and play list.
    5. Discuss with your counselor alternative radio platforms such as internet streaming, satellite radio, and podcasts.
    c. Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening
    1. Listen across several shortwave bands for four one-hour periods - at least one period during daylight hours and at least one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.
    2. Listen to several medium-wave stations for two one-hour periods, one period during daylight hours and one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.
    3. Compare your daytime and nighttime shortwave logs; note the frequencies on which your selected stations were loudest during each session. Explain the differences in the signal strength from one period to the next.
    4. Compare your medium-wave broadcast station logs and explain why some distant stations are heard at your location only during the night.
    5. Demonstrate listening to a radio broadcast using a smartphone/cell phone. Include international broadcasts in your demonstration.
    d. Amateur Radio Direction Finding
    1. Describe amateur radio direction finding and explain why direction finding is important as both an activity and in competition.
    2. Describe what frequencies and equipment are used for ARDF or fox hunting.
    3. Build a simple directional antenna for either of the two frequencies used in ARDF.
    4. Participate in a simple fox hunt using your antenna along with a provided receiver.
    5. Show, on a map, how you located the "fox" using your receiver.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2018 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #641568)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.

Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Radio is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Radio requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks, Webelos workbooks,
Cub Scout workbooks, and Nova Award workbooks.

Requirement resources

1. Radio (in General)

1.a. Amateur radioAmateur Radio ServiceBroadcasting
1.b. Broadcasting (commercial)Broadcasting (public)
1.c.Call SignsAmateur Radio call signsFCC (Federal Communications Commission)Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)
1.d. Phonetic AlphabetPhonetic Alphabet and Signal Flags (US Navy)

2.

2.a. Radio Waves in the Atmosphere
2.b. WWVWWVH
2.c. DXingDX (distance) communications
2.d. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)ITU OverviewITU Website

3. Radio Frequency SpectrumUnited States Frequency Allocation ChartRadio Communications Sector
4. Modulation to carry information-animated graphicsRadio PropagationTransceiverTransmitterAmplifierAntenna
5.

5.a. Block DiagramCircuit diagramsElectronic symbols
5.b. MicrophoneFeed Line (also see 4 and 5a above)
5.c. Amplitude Modulation (AM)Frequency Modulation (FM)Continuous Wave (CW) Morse Code transmissionMorse CodeSingle Sideband (SSB) transmissionDigital Transmission
5.d. NOAA Weather Radio (NOAA.gov)NOAA Weather Radio (Wikipedia)
5.e. Using Your Cell Phone Before, During and After a Disaster (FEMA)Emergency Communications (FCC)

6. Electrical Safety – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc • Direct CurrentGrounding
7. BroadcastingAmateur Radio Station

8. Career Opportunities in Radio:

9.a. Amateur Radio:

9.a.1. Amateur Radio Service
9.a.2. Operator Class licensesLicense ExaminationsVolunteer Examiner Coordinators
9.a.3. Communicating with Other Hams Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.4. Emergency Reference Information for Amateur Radio Station Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.5. Radios to Go! Getting the Most from your Handheld TransceiverYour First StationRepeaters – what are they and how to use them Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.6. Boys' Life Morse Code Machine online game • Learn Morse Code OnlineMorse Code Practice pageMorse Code practice files (mp3)KY8D’s Morse Code PageLearning Morse CodeUse Google’s Morse code keyboard, flash cards to teach Scouts their dits and dahsQSL Cards Adobe Acrobat PDF

9.b. Radio Broadcasting
9.c. Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening: Shortwave listeningInternational Broadcasting (Shortwave Listening)Medium wave

9.d. Amateur Radio Direction Finding

General: Amateur Radio Direction Finding (Wikipedia)Amateur Radio Direction Finding in the Americas (IARU Region II)Direction Finding (ARRL)ARDF USAThe Art and Science of Radio Direction Finding (RDF)
9.d.1. Amateur Radio Direction Finding (Wikipedia)History of ARDF in the USA and Canada
9.d.2. Foxboxes for Mobile and On-foot Transmitter HuntsRDF Equipment Ideas for VHF Foxhunting and Radio-OrienteeringInternational Style Transmitter Hunting Comes to the Americas (includes frequencies used for ARDF)
9.d.3. RDF Equipment Ideas for VHF Foxhunting and Radio-Orienteering

Books and Other Resources

Amateur Radio

  • Alvareztorres, Al, AA1DO, and Ed Hare, W1RFI, compilers. Ham Radio FAQ. American Radio Relay League Inc., 2001. Answers to frequently asked questions about antennas, station setup and operation, and other issues.
  • Amateur Radio Today. ARRL Inc., 2003. Six-minute video narrated by former CBS news anchor Walter Cronkite, KB2GSD; showcases the public service contributions made by hams.
  • The ARRL Emergency Communication Handbook. ARRL Inc., 2005. For hams who want to help with communications during emergencies or disasters.
  • The ARRL Ham Radio License Manual. ARRL Inc., 2010. A beginners’ guide to amateur radio and preparation for the ham radio license test.
  • Barasch, Lynne. Radio Rescue. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. The story of a young amateur radio operator whose skills led to the rescue of a family stranded by a hurricane.
  • Basic Technology for the Amateur Radio Enthusiast. Alpha Delta Communications Inc., 2000. Basic electronics, a brief history of radio, and a virtual tour through a receiver. Includes book with 23-minute VHS videotape.
  • Getting Started With Ham Radio. ARRL Inc., 2006. A guide to your first amateur radio station: choosing and installing equipment, making your first voice contacts, setting up for digital operating, operating on various bands and modes, etc.
  • Hallas, Joel, W1ZR. Basic Radio: Understanding the Key Building Blocks. ARRL Inc., 2005. An introduction to radio with simple, build-it-yourself projects.
  • Silver, H. Ward. Ham Radio for Dummies, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
  • Understanding Basic Electronics. ARRL Inc., 2010. Simple guide for electronics beginners with explanations of basic electronics principles and how components work.
  • Your Introduction to Morse Code. ARRL Inc., 2006. Morse code instruction and practice for those who want to learn the “universal language” of ham radio. Includes two audio CDs and instruction booklet.

Broadcast Radio and Shortwave Listening

  • Field, Shelly. Career Opportunities in Radio. Checkmark Books, 2004. Profiles of more than 70 career opportunities in the radio business.
  • World Radio TV Handbook: The Directory of Global Broadcasting. WRTH Publications. Published annually, a guide to the world of radio including domestic radio services and broadcasters transmitting internationally. http://wrth.com

Related awards

  • Amateur Radio Service to Scouting Award
  • Amateur Radio Operator Rating Strip - a designation worn on the uniform to identify licensed radio operators; strip was discontinued effective Feb. 1, 2016, but is still available at the Scout Shop while supplies last.
  • Morse Code Interpreter Strip
  • Aviation merit badge requirements:
    • 2.e. (Explain the purposes and functions of the various instruments found in a typical single-engine aircraft: ... communication radios, ...)
    • 4.b. (Visit a Federal Aviation Administration facility—a control tower, terminal radar control facility, air route traffic control center, or Flight Standards District Office. ...)
  • Participation in the largest Scouting event in the world is "Jamboree On The Air" (JOTA), held on the third full weekend of October, would count. About 1.3 million Scouts and Guides around the world talk to each other using Amateur Radio that weekend. Participation in JOTA could satisfy the following requirements:
    • Radio merit badge requirement #9.a.6. (... carry on a 10-minute real or simulated amateur radio contact ...)
    • Citizenship In The World merit badge requirement #7.e. (Participate in or attend an international event in your area, such as an ethnic festival, concert, or play.)
    • International Spirit Award requirement #3 (for Boy Scouts, Venturers, Sea Scouts, and Scouters) and requirement #4 (for Cub Scouts).
  • Emergency Preparedness merit badge requirements:
    • 7.a. (Take part in an emergency service project, either a real one or a practice drill, with a Scouting unit or a community agency.)
      Participation in the national amateur radio Field Day on the fourth full weekend of June each year can meet this requirement.
    • 8.a.2 (Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training they need, and the safety precautions they should take for the following emergency services: Messenger service and communication)
  • Engineering merit badge requirement:
    • 6.c. (Understanding electronics. Using an electronic device such as a mobile telephone or portable digital media player, find out how sound travels from one location to another. Explain how the device was designed for ease of use, function, and durability.)
  • Signs, Signals, and Codes merit badge requirement:
    • 3.a (Describe what Morse code is and the various means by which it can be sent. Spell your first name using Morse code. Send or receive a message of six to 10 words using Morse code.)
  • Space Exploration merit badge requirement:
    • 4.d. (Discuss and demonstrate each of the following: How satellite pictures of Earth and pictures of other planets are made and transmitted.)


Science-related awards


Hobby-related awards


See also


Boy Scout portal
Venturing portal
Sea Scout portal
General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
language