Scout Skills

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:'''2e'''. Discuss when it is appropriate to use a cooking fire and a lightweight stove. Discuss the safety procedures for using both. (pp. 248-55)<br>
:'''2e'''. Discuss when it is appropriate to use a cooking fire and a lightweight stove. Discuss the safety procedures for using both. (pp. 248-55)<br>
:'''2f''' Demonstrate how to light a fire and a lightweight stove. (pp. 249-55)
:'''2f''' Demonstrate how to light a fire and a lightweight stove. (pp. 249-55)
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:'''2g'''. On one campout, plan and cook over an open fire one hot breakfast or lunch for yourself, selecting foods from the food pyramid. Explain the importance of good nutrition. Tell how to transport, store, and prepare the foods you selected. (pp. 257-68)<br>
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:'''2g'''. On one campout, plan and cook over an open fire one hot breakfast or lunch for yourself, selecting foods from the [[food pyramid]]. Explain the importance of good nutrition. Tell how to transport, store, and prepare the foods you selected. (pp. 257-68)<br>
:'''1a''' Demonstrate how a compass works and how to orient a map. Explain what map symbols mean. (pp. 67-72)
:'''1a''' Demonstrate how a compass works and how to orient a map. Explain what map symbols mean. (pp. 67-72)
;[[Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif]] First Class
;[[Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif]] First Class
:'''1'''. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass. (pp. 114-117)<br>
:'''1'''. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass. (pp. 114-117)<br>
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:'''4a''' Help plan a patrol menu for one campout that includes at least one breakfast, one lunch, and one dinner and that requires cooking at least two meals. Tell how the menu includes the foods from the food pyramid and meets nutritional needs. (pp. 257-80)
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:'''4a''' Help plan a patrol menu for one campout that includes at least one breakfast, one lunch, and one dinner and that requires cooking at least two meals. Tell how the menu includes the foods from the [[food pyramid]] and meets nutritional needs. (pp. 257-80)
:'''4b''' Using the menu planned in requirement 4a, make a list showing the cost and food amounts needed to feed three or more boys and secure the ingredients. (p. 260)
:'''4b''' Using the menu planned in requirement 4a, make a list showing the cost and food amounts needed to feed three or more boys and secure the ingredients. (p. 260)
:'''4c''' Tell which pans, utensils, and other gear will be needed to cook and serve these meals. (p. 260)
:'''4c''' Tell which pans, utensils, and other gear will be needed to cook and serve these meals. (p. 260)
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;[[Camping]]
;[[Camping]]
{{Camping Links}}
{{Camping Links}}
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*[http://www.scouting.org/filestore/doc/18-114.doc BSA: Bullying Prevention and Intervention Tips for Scout Leaders and Parents]
==Orienteering==
==Orienteering==

Current revision

MeritBadge.Org offers resource and video links for First Aid, Swimming,
Outdoor Skills, Backpacking, Cooking, Navigation, Cycling, and Wilderness Survival Skills.

Scout Skills are the Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class skills that every Scout is asked to learn in his first year. Most troops hold an Advancement Campout after the Webelos have crossed over into the troop each year to focus on these life skills. Camporees and Merit Badge Days may also offer a Scout Skills curriculum for new Scouts.

Boy Scout Summer Camps also offer new Scout Programs that focus on the basic Scout Skills needed for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks.

It is the goal of every troop that new Scouts will learn these basic skills in their first year:

Though you can advance at your own pace, active Scouts will usually earn First Class within a year of joining a troop.
Boy Scout Handbook, p. 14

Here are the basic Scout Skills with resources and related awards.


Contents

First Aid
Camping
Orienteering
Citizenship
Nature
Knots
Pioneering
Swimming
Personal Fitness


First Aid

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot
12a Demonstrate how to care for someone who is choking. (pp. 296-7)
12.b.. Show first aid for the following:  Simple cuts and scrapes,  Blisters on the hand and foot,  Minor (thermal/heat) burns or scalds (superficial, or first degree),  Bites and stings of insects and ticks,  Venomous snakebite,  Nosebleed,  Frostbite and sunburn. (pp. 304-24)
Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class
6a Show what to do for "hurry" cases of stopped breathing, serious bleeding, and internal poisoning. (pp. 293-302)
6b Prepare a personal first aid kit to take with you on a hike. (pp. 289)
6c Demonstrate first aid for the following:  Object in the eye,  Bite of a suspected rabid animal,  Puncture wounds, from a splinter, nail, and fishhook,  Serious burns (second degree),  Heat exhaustion,  Shock,  Heatstroke, dehydration, hypothermia, and hyperventilation. (pp. 304-24)
Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class
8b Demonstrate bandages for a sprained ankle and for injuries on the head, the upper arm, and the collarbone. (pp. 309-17)
8c Show how to transport by yourself, and with one other person, a person:
from a smoke-filled room
with a sprained ankle, for at least 25 yards. (pp. 326-7)
8d Tell the five most common signs of a heart attack. Explain the steps (procedures) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (p. 298)

Resources

Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness-related awards


Camping

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot
1. Present yourself to your leader, properly dressed, before going on an overnight camping trip. Show the camping gear you will use. Show the right way to pack and carry it. (pp. 224-30)
3. On the campout, assist in preparing and cooking one of your patrol's meals. Tell why it is important for each patrol member to share in meal preparation and cleanup, and explain the importance of eating together. (pp. 265-81)
5. Explain the rules of safe hiking, both on the highway and cross-country, during the day and at night. Explain what to do if you are lost. (pp. 38-41)
9. Explain the importance of the buddy system as it relates to your personal safety on outings and in your neighborhood. Describe what a bully is and how you should respond to one. (p. 57)
Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class
2b On one of these campouts, select your patrol site and sleep in a tent that you pitched. (pp. 77-85)
2c On one campout, demonstrate proper care, sharpening, and use of the knife, saw, and ax, and describe when they should be used. (pp. 77-85)
2d Use the tools listed in requirement 2c to prepare tinder, kindling, and fuel for a cooking fire. (pp. 248-55)
2e. Discuss when it is appropriate to use a cooking fire and a lightweight stove. Discuss the safety procedures for using both. (pp. 248-55)
2f Demonstrate how to light a fire and a lightweight stove. (pp. 249-55)
2g. On one campout, plan and cook over an open fire one hot breakfast or lunch for yourself, selecting foods from the food pyramid. Explain the importance of good nutrition. Tell how to transport, store, and prepare the foods you selected. (pp. 257-68)
1a Demonstrate how a compass works and how to orient a map. Explain what map symbols mean. (pp. 67-72)
Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class
1. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass. (pp. 114-117)
4a Help plan a patrol menu for one campout that includes at least one breakfast, one lunch, and one dinner and that requires cooking at least two meals. Tell how the menu includes the foods from the food pyramid and meets nutritional needs. (pp. 257-80)
4b Using the menu planned in requirement 4a, make a list showing the cost and food amounts needed to feed three or more boys and secure the ingredients. (p. 260)
4c Tell which pans, utensils, and other gear will be needed to cook and serve these meals. (p. 260)
4d Explain the procedures to follow in the safe handling and storage of fresh meats, dairy products, eggs, vegetables, and other perishable food products. Tell how to properly dispose of camp garbage, cans, plastic containers, and other rubbish. (pp. 257-80)
4e On one campout, serve as your patrol's cook. Supervise your assistant(s) in using a stove or building a cooking fire. Prepare the breakfast, lunch, and dinner planned in requirement 4a. Lead your patrol in saying grace at the meals and supervise cleanup. (pp. 248-81)


Resources

Camping

Orienteering

Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class

1a. Demonstrate how a compass works and how to orient a map. Explain what map symbols mean. (pp. 67-72)
1b Using a compass and a map together, take a 5-mile hike (or 10 miles by bike) approved by your adult leader and your parent or guardian. (pp. 72-74)


Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class

1. Demonstrate how to find directions during the day and at night without using a compass.
2. Using a compass, complete an orienteering course that covers at least one mile and requires measuring the height and/or width of designated items (tree, tower, canyon, ditch, etc.)

Resources

Related Awards

Orienteering - Camping - Pioneering - Knots

Outdoor-related awards


Citizenship

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot
6. Demonstrate how to display, raise, lower, and fold the American flag. (pp. 42-44)
Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class
3. Participate in a flag ceremony for your school, religious institution, chartered organization, community, or troop activity. (p. 87)
4. Participate in an approved (minimum of one hour) service project. (p. 80)

Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class

5. Visit and discuss with a selected individual approved by your leader (elected official, judge, attorney, civil servant, principal, teacher) your constitutional rights and obligations as a U.S. citizen.

Related Awards

Personal development-related awards


Nature

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot
11. Identify local poisonous plants; tell how to treat for exposure to them. (p. 59)
Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class
5. Identify or show evidence of at least ten kinds of wild animals (birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, mollusks) found in your community. (pp. 89-92)
Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class
6. Identify or show evidence of at least ten kinds of native plants found in your community. (pp. 131-136)

Resources

Related Awards

Ecology-related awards


Knots & Pioneering

Scout 6. Square knot

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot
4a [Demonstrate how to [Whipping|whip]] and fuse the ends of a rope. (p. 34)
4b. Demonstrate you know how to tie the following knots and tell what their uses are: two half hitches and the taut-line hitch. (pp. 36-7)
Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class
7a Discuss when you should and should not use lashings.
7b Demonstrate tying the timber hitch and clove hitch and their use in square, shear, and diagonal lashings by joining two or more poles or staves together.
7c Use lashing to make a useful camp gadget.
8a. Demonstrate tying the bowline knot and describe several ways it can be used. (pp. 148-9)

Resources

Related Awards


Swimming

Image:SecondClassVerySmall.jpg Second Class

7a Diving (has feet-first entries as well) - Safe Swim Defense
7b Learning to Swim
7c Reach, Throw, Row, Go

Image:FirstClass 32x32.gif First Class

9a Safety Afloat
9b BSA Swim Test - Sidestroke - Breaststroke - Trudgen - Crawl - Backstroke - Floating.
9c Reach, Throw, Row, Go

Resources

Related Awards

Aquatic-related awards


Personal Fitness

Image:TenderfootVerySmall.GIF Tenderfoot

10.a. Record your best in the following tests:
  • Push-ups
  • Pull-ups
  • Sit-ups
  • Standing long jump
  • 1/4 mile walk/run
10.a. Show improvement in the activities listed in requirement 10a after practicing for 30 days.

Related Awards

Personal development-related awards

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