Search and Rescue

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'''3.c.(1)''' {{purl|https://www.1af.acc.af.mil/Units/AFRCC/|AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)}}<br />
'''3.c.(1)''' {{purl|https://www.1af.acc.af.mil/Units/AFRCC/|AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)}}<br />
'''3.c.(2)''' {{purl|https://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/Pages/appendixc.aspx|What Is An Incident Action Plan?}}<br />
'''3.c.(2)''' {{purl|https://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/Pages/appendixc.aspx|What Is An Incident Action Plan?}}<br />
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'''3.c.(3)''' {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/incident-command-system-resources|FEMA: Incident Command System Resources}} &bull; {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425}}<br />
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'''3.c.(3)''' {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/incident-command-system-resources|FEMA: Incident Command System Resources}} &bull; {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425}}<br />
'''3.c.(4)''' Evaluating search urgency: <br />
'''3.c.(4)''' Evaluating search urgency: <br />
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'''3.c.(5)''' Confinement: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 426, '''428'''}}<br />
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'''3.c.(5)''' Confinement: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 426, '''428'''}}<br />
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'''3.c.(6)''' Scent item: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430}}<br />
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'''3.c.(6)''' Scent item: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430}}<br />
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'''3.c.(7)''' Area air scent dog: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430}}<br />
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'''3.c.(7)''' Area air scent dog: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430}}<br />
'''3.c.(8)''' Briefing and debriefing: <br />
'''3.c.(8)''' Briefing and debriefing: <br />
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'''4.''' Search and Rescue authority: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 425}} &bull; {{purl|http://www.nasar.org|National Association for Search and Rescue}} &bull; {{purl|http://mra.org|Mountain Rescue Association}} &bull; {{purl|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_and_rescue_in_the_United_States|Search and rescue in the United States (Wikipedia)}}<br />
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'''4.''' Search and Rescue authority: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 425}} &bull; {{purl|http://www.nasar.org|National Association for Search and Rescue}} &bull; {{purl|http://mra.org|Mountain Rescue Association}} &bull; {{purl|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_and_rescue_in_the_United_States|Search and rescue in the United States (Wikipedia)}}<br />
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'''5.''' Incident Command System: {{purl|https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code{{=}}IS-100.c|IS-100.C: Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100}} &bull; {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/incident-command-system-resources|FEMA: Incident Command System Resources}} &bull; {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425}}<br />
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'''5.''' Incident Command System: {{purl|https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code{{=}}IS-100.c|IS-100.C: Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100}} &bull; {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/incident-command-system-resources|FEMA: Incident Command System Resources}} &bull; {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425}}<br />
'''6.''' Types of SAR teams: <br />
'''6.''' Types of SAR teams: <br />
'''7.''' UTM: {{purl|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v{{=}}LcVlx4Gur7I|Introduction to UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator}} (YouTube video 5:38)<br />
'''7.''' UTM: {{purl|https://www.youtube.com/watch?v{{=}}LcVlx4Gur7I|Introduction to UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator}} (YouTube video 5:38)<br />
'''8.''' {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1922-25045-7047/ics_forms_12_7_10.pdf|National Incident Management System (NIMS) Incident Command System (ICS) Forms Booklet}}<br />
'''8.''' {{purl|https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1922-25045-7047/ics_forms_12_7_10.pdf|National Incident Management System (NIMS) Incident Command System (ICS) Forms Booklet}}<br />
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'''9.''' Hasty team/hasty search: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 428}}<br />
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'''9.''' Hasty team/hasty search: {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 428}}<br />
'''10.''' SAR career and volunteer opportunities: <br />
'''10.''' SAR career and volunteer opportunities: <br />
'''Other:'''
'''Other:'''
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* {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'' Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 422-437}}
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* {{purl|https://troop577wichita.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/2/2/11225514/chapter_26.pdf|''Fieldbook'', 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 422-437}}
* {{purl|https://filestore.scouting.org/filestore/pdf/staying_found.pdf|Staying Found ''What You Need to Know''}}
* {{purl|https://filestore.scouting.org/filestore/pdf/staying_found.pdf|Staying Found ''What You Need to Know''}}

Revision as of 10:46, January 14, 2019

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Resources include the Search and Rescue merit badge worksheet in PDF format Adobe Acrobat PDF and Word format Microsoft Word DOC document, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.
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Search and Rescue merit badge is an option for the National Outdoor Badge for Adventure.

Search and Rescue merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 2012
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 150
Requirements revision: 2014
Latest pamphlet revision: 2012

Contents

Scouts aiming to earn the Search and Rescue merit badge will first learn the important differences between a search and rescue. A search is an emergency situation requiring a team of trained searchers to locate, access, stabilize, and transport a lost person to safety. A rescue is an emergency situation where the person’s location is known but he or she must be removed from danger and returned to safety.



Search and Rescue requirements

A Note About Unauthorized and Restricted Activities
The BSA’s Guide to Safe Scouting states under “Unauthorized and Restricted Activities” that flying in aircraft as part of a search and rescue mission is an unauthorized activity for youth members. For complete information, see https://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/.
  1. Do the following:
    a. Explain to your counselor the hazards you are most likely to encounter while participating in search and rescue (SAR) activities, and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.
    b. Discuss first aid and prevention for the types of injuries or illnesses that could occur while participating in SAR activities, including: snakebites, dehydration, shock, environmental emergencies such as hypothermia or heatstroke, blisters, and ankle and knee sprains.
  2. Demonstrate knowledge to stay found and prevent yourself from becoming the subject of a SAR mission.
    a. How does the buddy system help in staying found and safe?
    b. How can knowledge of the area and its seasonal weather changes affect your plans?
    c. Explain how the Ten Essentials are similar to a “ready pack.”
  3. Discuss the following with your counselor:
    a. The difference between search and rescue
    b. The difference between PLS (place last seen) and LKP (last known point)
    c. The meaning of these terms:
    1. AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)
    2. IAP (Incident Action Plan)
    3. ICS (Incident Command System)
    4. Evaluating search urgency
    5. Establishing confinement
    6. Scent item
    7. Area air scent dog
    8. Briefing and debriefing
  4. Find out who in your area has authority for search and rescue and what their responsibilities are. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain the official duties of a search and rescue team.
  5. Working with your counselor, become familiar with the Incident Command System. You may use any combination of resource materials, such as printed or online. Discuss with your counselor how features of the ICS compare with Scouting's patrol method.*
  6. Identify four types of search and rescue teams and discuss their use or role with your counselor. Then do the following:
    a. Interview a member of one of the teams you have identified above, and learn how this team contributes to a search and rescue operation. Discuss what you learned with your counselor.
    b. Describe the process and safety methods of working around at least two of the specialized SAR teams you identified above.
    c. Explain the differences between wilderness, urban, and water SARs.
  7. Discuss the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) system, latitude, and longitude. Then do the following:
    a. Using a 1:24,000 scale USGS topographic map, show that you can identify a location of your choice using UTM coordinates.
    b. Using a 1:24,000 scale map, ask your counselor to give you a UTM coordinate on the map, then identify that location.
    c. Show that you can identify your current location using the UTM coordinates on a Global Positioning System (GPS) unit and verify it on a 1:24,000 scale map.
    d. Determine a hypothetical place last seen, and point out an area on your map that could be used for containment using natural or human-made boundaries.
  8. Choose a hypothetical scenario, either one presented in this merit badge pamphlet or one created by your counselor. Then do the following:
    a. Complete an incident objectives form for this scenario.
    b. Complete an Incident Action Plan (IAP) to address this scenario.
    c. Discuss with your counselor the behavior of a lost person and how that would impact your incident action plan (for example, the differences between searching for a young child versus a teen).
    d. After completing 8a–8c, discuss the hypothetical scenario with your counselor.
  9. Discuss with your counselor the terms hasty team and hasty search. Then do the following:
    a. Plan and carry out a practice hasty search—either urban or wilderness—for your patrol or troop. Include the following elements in the search: clue awareness, evidence preservation, tracking the subject, and locating the subject using attraction or trail sweep.
    b. When it’s over, hold a team debriefing to discuss the hasty search. Discuss problems encountered, successful and unsuccessful tactics, and ideas for improvement.
  10. Find out about three career or volunteer opportunities in search and rescue. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this professional or volunteer position. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this position might interest you.
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* Scouts who have already completed the original requirement 5 as published in the current Search and Rescue merit badge pamphlet need not redo this updated requirement in order to earn the badge.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2018 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #641568)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Search and Rescue is available here! (PDF or Word) with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need! Or click here to print just the Search and Rescue requirements. meritbadge.org has PDF and Word versions of workbooks for Scouts BSA ranks and merit badges, Webelos adventures, Cub Scout ranks and adventures, and Nova awards.


Requirement resources

1. First-Aid Skills
2.a. Buddy System
2.b. Weather, Emergency Preparedness, and Wilderness Survival merit badges and Hazardous Weather training
2.c. Scout basic essentialsEmergency KitPersonal Emergency Service Pack
3.a. The difference between search and rescue
3.b. The difference between PLS (place last seen) and LKP (last known point)
3.c.(1) AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)
3.c.(2) What Is An Incident Action Plan?
3.c.(3) FEMA: Incident Command System ResourcesFieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425
3.c.(4) Evaluating search urgency:
3.c.(5) Confinement: Fieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 426, 428
3.c.(6) Scent item: Fieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430
3.c.(7) Area air scent dog: Fieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 430
3.c.(8) Briefing and debriefing:
4. Search and Rescue authority: Fieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 425National Association for Search and RescueMountain Rescue AssociationSearch and rescue in the United States (Wikipedia)
5. Incident Command System: IS-100.C: Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100FEMA: Incident Command System ResourcesFieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pp. 424-425
6. Types of SAR teams:
7. UTM: Introduction to UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator (YouTube video 5:38)
8. National Incident Management System (NIMS) Incident Command System (ICS) Forms Booklet
9. Hasty team/hasty search: Fieldbook, 4th Edition, Chapter 26 - Search and Rescue, pg. 428
10. SAR career and volunteer opportunities:

Other:

Suggestions:


Related awards


See also

Scouts BSA portal
Venturing portal
Sea Scout portal
General Merit Badge information


External links



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