Shotgun Shooting

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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
|name= Shotgun Shooting
|name= Shotgun Shooting
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|status= Elective
|status= Elective
|created= 1988
|created= 1988
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|discontinued= N/A
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|source1= Replaced
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|requirements revision= 2007
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|source2= [[Rifle and Shotgun Shooting]]
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|pamphlet revision= 2005
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|requirements revision= 2013
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|pamphlet revision= 2013
|field= Sports
|field= Sports
|id= 124
|id= 124
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|quote=A shotgun is a precision instrument, designed to shoot a shot charge in a specific pattern to cover a designated area at a certain distance. Unlike a rifle, the bore of the shotgun is not rifled, so the shot emerging from the muzzle is not spinning.
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== Notes ==
== Notes ==
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*The [[Troop Program Features#Shooting|Troop Shooting Monthly Theme]] includes meeting and activity materials.
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* http://www.nra.org
* http://www.nra.org
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Current revision

Resources include the Shotgun Shooting merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Shotgun Shooting merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1988
Replaced: Rifle and Shotgun Shooting
BSA Advancement ID: 124
Requirements revision: 2013
Latest pamphlet revision: 2013

Contents

A shotgun is a precision instrument, designed to shoot a shot charge in a specific pattern to cover a designated area at a certain distance. Unlike a rifle, the bore of the shotgun is not rifled, so the shot emerging from the muzzle is not spinning.


Shotgun Shooting merit badge requirements

  1. Do the following:
    a. Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.
    b. Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's firearm(s).
    c. Explain the need for and use and types of eye and hearing protection.
    d. Explain the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.
    e. Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.
    f. Successfully complete a state hunter education course, or obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state, then do the following.
    1. Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition, and
    2. List the kinds of wildlife that can be legally hunted in your state.
    g. Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.
    h. Identify and explain three shotgun sports. Identify places in your community where you could shoot these sports and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.
    i. Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their use.
  2. Do ONE of the following options:
    OPTION A: SHOTGUN SHOOTING (MODERN SHOTSHELL TYPE)
    a. Identify the principal parts of a shotgun, action types, and how they function.
    b. Identify and demonstrate the rules for safely handling a shotgun.
    c. Identify the parts of a shotgun shell and their functions.
    d. Identify the various gauges of shotguns. Explain which one you would pick for use and why.
    e. Identify and explain the fundamentals of safely shooting a shotgun. Explain what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
    f. Identify and explain each rule for safely shooting a shotgun.
    g. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot moving targets, using the fundamentals of shotgun shooting.
    h. Identify the materials needed to clean a shotgun.
    i. Demonstrate how to clean a shotgun properly and asafely.
    j. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a shotgun.
    k. Shooting score required: Hit at least 12 (48 percent) out of 25 targets in two 25-target groups. The two groups need not be shot in consecutive order. A minimum of 50 shots must be fired.
    Shooting skill rules:
    • Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap, the trap operator should be at least 5 feet to the left and 3 feet to the rear of the shooter
    • All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.
    • Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.
    • Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.
    • Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 12 gauge may be used.
    • Only commercially manufactured ammunition may be used. Reloads may not be used in BSA shooting sports programs.
    • Shooters must shoot in rounds of 25. Rounds need not be shot continuously or on the same day (the term "round" refers to a single series of 25 shots).
    • If using a trap field, shoot station 3 with traps set to throw straightaway targets.
    • If using a skeet field, shoot station 7 low house.
    OPTION B: MUZZLE-LOADING SHOTGUN SHOOTING
    a. Discuss a brief history of the development of the muzzle-loading shotgun.
    b. Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock shotguns and discuss how they function.
    c. Demonstrate and discuss the rules for safely handling a muzzle-loading shotgun.
    d. Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper and safe use.
    e. Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.
    f. Discuss proper components of a load.
    g. Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzle-loading shotgun.
    h. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzle-loading shotgun on a range, including range procedures. Explain what a misfire, hangfire, and squibfire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
    i. Shoot a moving target with a muzzle-loading shotgun using the five fundamentals of firing the shot.
    j. Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun properly and safely.
    k. Demonstrate how to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun safely.
    l. Identify the causes of a muzzle-loading shotgun's failure to fire and explain or demonstrate proper preventive procedures.
    m. Discuss what points you would consider if selecting a muzzle-loading shotgun.
    n. Shooting score required: Hit at least five out of 15 targets in each of two 15-target groups. The two groups need not be shot in consecutive order. A minimum of 30 shots must be fired.
    Shooting skill rules:
    • Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap, the trap operator should be at least 5 feet to the left and 3 feet to the rear of the shooter.
    • All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.
    • Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.
    • Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.
    • Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 10 gauge may be used.
    • Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.
    • On a standard trap field, the shooter should be positioned 8 yards behind the trap house. The trap should be set to throw only straightaway targets
    • If using a skeet field, shoot station 7 low house.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Shotgun Shooting is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Shotgun Shooting requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. The BSA Shooting Troop Program Feature offers meeting and activity plans to include Shotgun Shooting as one of your monthly themes.
  2. Shotgun Shooting is a popular summer camp merit badge.


Requirement resources


Related awards

Sports-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links



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