Space Exploration

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|name= Space Exploration
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|requirements revision= 2005
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|field= Physical Science
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|id= 107
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|quote=Space is mysterious. We explore space for many reasons, not least because we don't know what is out there, it is vast, and humans are full of curiosity. Each time we send explorers into space, we learn something we didn't know before. We discover a little more of what is there.
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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:1. Tell the purpose of space exploration and include the following:
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::a. Historical reasons
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::b. Immediate goals in terms of specific knowledge
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::c. Benefits related to Earth resources, technology, and new products.
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:2. Design a collector's card, with a picture on the front and information on the back, about your favorite space pioneer. Share your card and discuss four other space pioneers with your counselor.
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:3. Build, launch, and recover a model rocket.* Make a second launch to accomplish a specific objective. (Rocket must be built to meet the safety code of the National Association of Rocketry. See the "Model Rocketry" chapter of the ''Space Exploration'' merit badge pamphlet.) Identify and explain the following rocket parts:
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::a. Body tube
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::b. Engine mount
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::c. Fins
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::d. Igniter
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::e. Launch lug
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::f. Nose cone
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::g. Payload
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::h. Recovery system
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::i. Rocket engine
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:4. Discuss and demonstrate each of the following:
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::a. The law of action-reaction.
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::b. How rocket engines work
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::c. How satellites stay in orbit
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::d. How satellite pictures of Earth and pictures of other planets are made and transmitted.
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:5. Do TWO of the following:
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::a. Discuss with your counselor an unmanned space exploration mission and an early manned mission. Tell about each mission's major discoveries, its importance, and what we learned from it about the planets, moons, or regions of space explored.
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::b. Using magazine photographs, news clippings, and electronic articles (such as from the Internet), make a scrapbook about a current planetary mission.
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::c. Design an unmanned mission to another planet or moon that will return samples of its surface to Earth. Name the planet or moon your spacecraft will visit. Show how your design will cope with the conditions of the planet's or moon's environment.
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:6. Describe the purpose and operation of ONE of the following:
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::a. Space shuttle
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::b. International Space Station
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:7. Design an inhabited base located on the Moon or Mars. Make drawings or a model of your base. In your design, consider and plan for the following:
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::a. Source of energy
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::b. How it will be constructed
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::c. Life-support system
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::d. Purpose and function
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:8. Discuss with your counselor two possible careers in space exploration that interest you. Find out the qualifications, education, and preparation required and discuss the major responsibilities of those positions.
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:<nowiki>*</nowiki> If local laws prohibit the launching of model rockets, do the following activity: Make a model of a NASA rocket. Explain the functions of the parts. Give the history of the rocket.
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
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== Notes ==
== Notes ==
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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{{Worksheet|merit badge}}
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== Requirement resources ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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*'''1:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_exploration Space Exploration]
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*'''2:''' [http://meritbadge.org/wiki/index.php/Historic_figures_in_space_exploration Historic figures in space exploration]
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*'''3:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model_rocket Model Rockets]
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*'''4a: ''' [http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/htw/htw-overview.html NASA - How Things Work]
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*'''4b:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_engine How Rocket Engines Work]
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*'''4c:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite Satellites]
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*'''4d:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite_imagery Satellite Imagery]
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*'''5: ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Unmanned_space_missions Unmanned Space Missions] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_spaceflight Early & Current Manned Space Missions]
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*'''6a: ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle Space Shuttle]
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*'''6b: ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Space_Station International Space Station]
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*'''7:''' Graph paper is included in the [[Merit Badge Worksheet]]
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:: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonization_of_the_Moon Moon Base Station] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonization_of_Mars Mars Base Station]
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*'''8:''' [http://www.space-careers.com/ Space Careers] - [http://www.faa.gov/education_research/education/careers/ FAA] - [http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/people/jobs.html Jobs at NASA]
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[http://www.scouting.org/BoyScouts/AdvancementandAwards/MeritBadges.aspx Per the BSA:] ''You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject.'' Merit badge pamplets are available at your local [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/storeloc.aspx Scout Shop] or online at [http://www.scoutstuff.org/ ScoutStuff.org].
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== Related awards ==
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{{Science Award Links}}
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== Help with these requirements ==
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== See also ==
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== External links ==
== External links ==
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<!-- use this format: * [http://somelink.com description] -->
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* [http://www.nar.org/ National Association of Rocketry]
* [http://www.nar.org/ National Association of Rocketry]
* [http://www.nasa.gov/ NASA Homepage]
* [http://www.nasa.gov/ NASA Homepage]
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* [http://my.execpc.com/~culp/space/space.html Space Exploration Home Page]
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* [http://www.rocketmime.com/space/space.html Space Exploration Home Page]
* [http://www.esteseducator.com/cfusion/publications.cfm Free technical publications from Estes Industries]
* [http://www.esteseducator.com/cfusion/publications.cfm Free technical publications from Estes Industries]
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Revision as of 21:12, October 23, 2012

Resources include the Space Exploration merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

This is the Space Exploration merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers can also earn the Astronomy merit badge.
Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts can earn the Cub Scout Astronomy belt loop and pin.


Space Exploration merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1965
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 107
Requirements revision: 2005
Latest pamphlet revision: 2004

Contents

Space is mysterious. We explore space for many reasons, not least because we don't know what is out there, it is vast, and humans are full of curiosity. Each time we send explorers into space, we learn something we didn't know before. We discover a little more of what is there.


Space Exploration merit badge requirements

  1. Tell the purpose of space exploration and include the following:
    a. Historical reasons
    b. Immediate goals in terms of specific knowledge
    c. Benefits related to Earth resources, technology, and new products.
    d. International relations and cooperation
  2. Design a collector's card, with a picture on the front and information on the back, about your favorite space pioneer. Share your card and discuss four other space pioneers with your counselor.
  3. Build, launch, and recover a model rocket.* Make a second launch to accomplish a specific objective. (Rocket must be built to meet the safety code of the National Association of Rocketry. See the "Model Rocketry" chapter of the Space Exploration merit badge pamphlet.) Identify and explain the following rocket parts:
    a. Body tube
    b. Engine mount
    c. Fins
    d. Igniter
    e. Launch lug
    f. Nose cone
    g. Payload
    h. Recovery system
    i. Rocket engine
  4. Discuss and demonstrate each of the following:
    a. The law of action-reaction.
    b. How rocket engines work
    c. How satellites stay in orbit
    d. How satellite pictures of Earth and pictures of other planets are made and transmitted.
  5. Do TWO of the following:
    a. Discuss with your counselor a robotic space exploration mission and a historic crewed mission. Tell about each mission's major discoveries, its importance, and what was learned from it about the planets, moons, or regions of space explored.
    b. Using magazine photographs, news clippings, and electronic articles (such as from the Internet), make a scrapbook about a current planetary mission.
    c. Design a robotic mission to another planet or moon that will return samples of its surface to Earth. Name the planet or moon your spacecraft will visit. Show how your design will cope with the conditions of the planet's or moon's environment.
  6. Describe the purpose and operation of ONE of the following:
    a. Space shuttle or any other crewed orbital vehicle, whether government owned (U.S. or foreign) or commercial
    b. International Space Station
  7. Design an inhabited base located within our solar system, such as Titan, asteroids, or other locations that humans might want to explore in person. Make drawings or a model of your base. In your design, consider and plan for the following:
    a. Source of energy
    b. How it will be constructed
    c. Life-support system
    d. Purpose and function
  8. Discuss with your counselor two possible careers in space exploration that interest you. Find out the qualifications, education, and preparation required and discuss the major responsibilities of those positions.
  1. * If local laws prohibit the launching of model rockets, do the following activity: Make a model of a NASA rocket. Explain the functions of the parts. Give the history of the rocket.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Space Exploration is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Space Exploration requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Per the BSA: "You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject." Pamphlets (books) are at local Scout Shops and online at ScoutStuff.org.
  2. "Get a signed Merit Badge application from your Scoutmaster." An online, printable Word doc file version is available.
  3. Space Exploration is a popular merit badge.


Requirement resources

Moon Base Station - Mars Base Station


Related awards

Science-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal

General Merit Badge information


External links



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