Template:Astronomy/req

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(updated requirements)
Current revision (13:37, February 2, 2013) (edit) (undo)
(Changes for 2013)
 
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<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
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# Do the following:
+
 
-
#:a. Describe the proper clothing and other precautions for safely making observations at night and in cold weather.
+
 
-
#:b. Tell how to safely observe the Sun, objects near the Sun, and the Moon.
+
#Do the following:
-
#:c. Explain first aid for injuries or illnesses, such as heat and cold reactions, dehydration, bites and stings, and damage to your eyes that could occur during observation.
+
#:a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in astronomy activities, and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.
-
# Explain what light pollution is and how it and air pollution affect astronomy.
+
#:b. Explain first aid for injuries or illnesses such as heat and cold reactions, dehydration, bites and stings, and damage to your eyes that could occur during observation.
-
# With the aid of diagrams (or real telescopes if available), do each of the following:
+
#:c. Describe the proper clothing and other precautions for safely making observations at night and in cold weather. Then explain how to safely observe the Sun, objects near the Sun, and the Moon.
-
#:a. Explain why binoculars and telescopes are important astronomical tools. Demonstrate or explain how these tools are used.
+
#Explain what light pollution is and how it and air pollution affect astronomy.
-
#:b. Describe the similarities and differences of several types of astronomical telescopes.
+
#With the aid of diagrams (or real telescopes if available), do each of the following:
-
#:c. Explain the purposes of at least three instruments used with astronomical telescopes.
+
#:a. Explain why binoculars and telescopes are important astronomical tools. Demonstrate or explain how these tools are used.
 +
#:b. Describe the similarities and differences of several types of astronomical telescopes, including at least one that observes light beyond the visible part of the spectrum (i.e., radio, X-ray, ultraviolet, or infrared).
 +
#:c. Explain the purposes of at least three instruments used with astronomical telescopes.
#:d. Describe the proper care and storage of telescopes and binoculars both at home and in the field.
#:d. Describe the proper care and storage of telescopes and binoculars both at home and in the field.
-
# Do the following:
+
#Do the following:
-
#:a. Identify in the sky at least 10 constellations, at least four of which are in the zodiac.
+
#:a. Identify in the sky at least 10 constellations, at least four of which are in the zodiac.
-
#:b. Identify at least eight conspicuous stars, five of which are of magnitude 1 or brighter.
+
#:b. Identify at least eight conspicuous stars, five of which are of magnitude 1 or brighter.
-
#:c. Make two sketches of the Big Dipper. In one sketch, show the Big Dipper's orientation in the early evening sky. In another sketch, show its position several hours later. In both sketches, show the North Star and the horizon. Record the date and time each sketch was made.
+
#:c. Make two sketches of the Big Dipper. In one sketch, show the Big Dipper’s orientation in the early evening sky. In another sketch, show its position several hours later. In both sketches, show the North Star and the horizon. Record the date and time each sketch was made.
-
#:d. Explain what we see when we look at the Milky Way.
+
#:d. Explain what we see when we look at the Milky Way.
-
# Do the following:
+
#Do the following:
-
#:a. List the names of the five most visible planets. Explain which ones can appear in phases similar to lunar phases and which ones cannot, and explain why.
+
#:a. List the names of the five most visible planets. Explain which ones can appear in phases similar to lunar phases and which ones cannot, and explain why.
-
#:b. Using the Internet (with your parent's permission), books, and other resources, find out when each of the five most visible planets that you identified in requirement 5a will be observable in the evening sky during the next 12 months, then compile this information in the form of a chart or table.
+
#:b. Using the Internet (with your parent’s permission) and other resources, find out when each of the five most visible planets that you identified in requirement 5a will be observable in the evening sky during the next 12 months, then compile this information in the form of a chart or table.
#:c. Describe the motion of the planets across the sky.
#:c. Describe the motion of the planets across the sky.
-
#:d. Observe a planet and describe what you saw.
+
#:d. Observe a planet and describe what you saw.
-
# Do the following:
+
#Do the following:
-
#:a. Sketch the face of the moon and indicate at least five seas and five craters. Label these landmarks.
+
#:a. Sketch the face of the Moon and indicate at least five seas and five craters. Label these landmarks.
-
#:b. Sketch the phase and the daily position of the Moon at the same hour and place, for four days in a row. Include landmarks on the horizon such as hills, trees, and buildings. Explain the changes you observe.
+
#:b. Sketch the phase and the daily position of the Moon, at the same hour and place, for four days in a row. Include landmarks on the horizon such as hills, trees, and buildings. Explain the changes you observe.
-
#:c. List the factors that keep the Moon in orbit around Earth.
+
#:c. List the factors that keep the Moon in orbit around Earth.
-
#:d. With the aid of diagrams, explain the relative positions of the Sun, Earth, and the Moon at the times of lunar and solar eclipses, and at the times of new, first-quarter, full, and last-quarter phases of the Moon.
+
#:d. With the aid of diagrams, explain the relative positions of the Sun, Earth, and the Moon at the times of lunar and solar eclipses, and at the times of new, first-quarter, full, and last-quarter phases of the Moon.
-
# Do the following:
+
#Do the following:
-
#:a. Describe the composition of the Sun, its relationship to other stars, and some effects of its radiation on Earth's weather and communications.
+
#:a. Describe the composition of the Sun, its relationship to other stars, and some effects of its radiation on Earth’s weather and communications.
#:b. Define sunspots and describe some of the effects they may have on solar radiation.
#:b. Define sunspots and describe some of the effects they may have on solar radiation.
#:c. Identify at least one red star, one blue star, and one yellow star (other than the Sun). Explain the meaning of these colors.
#:c. Identify at least one red star, one blue star, and one yellow star (other than the Sun). Explain the meaning of these colors.
-
# With your counselor's approval and guidance, do ONE of the following:
+
#With your counselor’s approval and guidance, do ONE of the following:
#:a. Visit a planetarium or astronomical observatory. Submit a written report, a scrapbook, or a video presentation afterward to your counselor that includes the following information:
#:a. Visit a planetarium or astronomical observatory. Submit a written report, a scrapbook, or a video presentation afterward to your counselor that includes the following information:
-
#::1. Activities occurring there
+
#::1. Activities occurring there
-
#::2. Exhibits and displays you saw
+
#::2. Exhibits and displays you saw
-
#::3. Telescopes and instruments being used
+
#::3. Telescopes and other instruments being used
-
#::4. Celestial objects you observed.
+
#::4. Celestial objects you observed
-
#:b. Plan and participate in a three-hour observation session that includes using binoculars or a telescope. List the celestial objects you want to observe, and find each on a star chart or in a guidebook. Prepare an observing log or notebook. Show your plan, charts, and log or notebook to your counselor before making your observations. Review your log or notebook with your counselor afterward.
+
#:b. Plan and participate in a three-hour observation session that includes using binoculars or a telescope. List the celestial objects you want to observe, and find each on a star chart or in a guidebook. Prepare an observing log or notebook. Show your plan, charts, and log or notebook to your counselor before making your observations. Review your log or notebook with your counselor afterward.
-
#:c. Plan and host a star party for your Scout troop or other group such as your class at school. Use binoculars or a telescope to show and explain celestial objects to the group.
+
#:c. Plan and host a star party for your Scout troop or other group such as your class at school. Use binoculars or a telescope to show and explain celestial objects to the group.
-
#:d. Help an astronomy club in your community hold a star party that is open to the public.
+
#:d. Help an astronomy club in your community hold a star party that is open to the public.
-
#:e. Personally take a series of photographs or digital images of the movement of the Moon, a planet, an asteroid, or a comet. In your visual display, label each image and include the date and time it was taken. Show all positions on a star chart or map. Show your display at school or at a troop meeting. Explain the changes you observed.
+
#:e. Personally take a series of photographs or digital images of the movement of the Moon, a planet, an asteroid, meteor, or a comet. In your visual display, label each image and include the date and time it was taken. Show all positions on a star chart or map. Show your display at school or at a troop meeting. Explain the changes you observed.
-
# Find out about three different career opportunities in astronomy. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
+
#Find out about three career opportunities in astronomy. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly>
<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly>
<noinclude>{{ReqFooter}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>
<noinclude>{{ReqFooter}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>

Current revision


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  1. Do the following:
    a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in astronomy activities, and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.
    b. Explain first aid for injuries or illnesses such as heat and cold reactions, dehydration, bites and stings, and damage to your eyes that could occur during observation.
    c. Describe the proper clothing and other precautions for safely making observations at night and in cold weather. Then explain how to safely observe the Sun, objects near the Sun, and the Moon.
  2. Explain what light pollution is and how it and air pollution affect astronomy.
  3. With the aid of diagrams (or real telescopes if available), do each of the following:
    a. Explain why binoculars and telescopes are important astronomical tools. Demonstrate or explain how these tools are used.
    b. Describe the similarities and differences of several types of astronomical telescopes, including at least one that observes light beyond the visible part of the spectrum (i.e., radio, X-ray, ultraviolet, or infrared).
    c. Explain the purposes of at least three instruments used with astronomical telescopes.
    d. Describe the proper care and storage of telescopes and binoculars both at home and in the field.
  4. Do the following:
    a. Identify in the sky at least 10 constellations, at least four of which are in the zodiac.
    b. Identify at least eight conspicuous stars, five of which are of magnitude 1 or brighter.
    c. Make two sketches of the Big Dipper. In one sketch, show the Big Dipper’s orientation in the early evening sky. In another sketch, show its position several hours later. In both sketches, show the North Star and the horizon. Record the date and time each sketch was made.
    d. Explain what we see when we look at the Milky Way.
  5. Do the following:
    a. List the names of the five most visible planets. Explain which ones can appear in phases similar to lunar phases and which ones cannot, and explain why.
    b. Using the Internet (with your parent’s permission) and other resources, find out when each of the five most visible planets that you identified in requirement 5a will be observable in the evening sky during the next 12 months, then compile this information in the form of a chart or table.
    c. Describe the motion of the planets across the sky.
    d. Observe a planet and describe what you saw.
  6. Do the following:
    a. Sketch the face of the Moon and indicate at least five seas and five craters. Label these landmarks.
    b. Sketch the phase and the daily position of the Moon, at the same hour and place, for four days in a row. Include landmarks on the horizon such as hills, trees, and buildings. Explain the changes you observe.
    c. List the factors that keep the Moon in orbit around Earth.
    d. With the aid of diagrams, explain the relative positions of the Sun, Earth, and the Moon at the times of lunar and solar eclipses, and at the times of new, first-quarter, full, and last-quarter phases of the Moon.
  7. Do the following:
    a. Describe the composition of the Sun, its relationship to other stars, and some effects of its radiation on Earth’s weather and communications.
    b. Define sunspots and describe some of the effects they may have on solar radiation.
    c. Identify at least one red star, one blue star, and one yellow star (other than the Sun). Explain the meaning of these colors.
  8. With your counselor’s approval and guidance, do ONE of the following:
    a. Visit a planetarium or astronomical observatory. Submit a written report, a scrapbook, or a video presentation afterward to your counselor that includes the following information:
    1. Activities occurring there
    2. Exhibits and displays you saw
    3. Telescopes and other instruments being used
    4. Celestial objects you observed
    b. Plan and participate in a three-hour observation session that includes using binoculars or a telescope. List the celestial objects you want to observe, and find each on a star chart or in a guidebook. Prepare an observing log or notebook. Show your plan, charts, and log or notebook to your counselor before making your observations. Review your log or notebook with your counselor afterward.
    c. Plan and host a star party for your Scout troop or other group such as your class at school. Use binoculars or a telescope to show and explain celestial objects to the group.
    d. Help an astronomy club in your community hold a star party that is open to the public.
    e. Personally take a series of photographs or digital images of the movement of the Moon, a planet, an asteroid, meteor, or a comet. In your visual display, label each image and include the date and time it was taken. Show all positions on a star chart or map. Show your display at school or at a troop meeting. Explain the changes you observed.
  9. Find out about three career opportunities in astronomy. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.

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