Template:Cave Exploration (Ranger Award elective)/req

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<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>:'''Requirement 1'''. Learn about caving
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<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
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:'''Requirement 1'''. Learn about caving
::a. Write the National Speleological Society (NSS) to request information about caving and information about caves and cavers near you.
::a. Write the National Speleological Society (NSS) to request information about caving and information about caves and cavers near you.
::b. Learn about the different types of caves.
::b. Learn about the different types of caves.
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:'''Requirement 2'''. Knots
:'''Requirement 2'''. Knots
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::a. Learn the following [[knot]]s used in caving:
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::a. Learn the following knots used in caving:
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:::* Endline knots: [[bowline]] figure six, [[figure eight knot|figure eight on a bight]]
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:::* Endline knots: [[bowline]], [[figure eight]], [[figure eight on a bight]] &larr; '''''See [[Cave_Exploration_(Ranger_Award_elective)#Notes|Notes]] below.'''''
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:::* Midline knots: [[bowline on a bight]] and [[butterfly knot|butterfly]]
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:::* Midline knots: [[bowline on a bight]] and [[butterfly]]
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:::* Joiner knots: [[water knot]], [[fisherman knot|fisherman]], [[figure eight knot|figure eight on bend ]]
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:::* Joiner knots: [[water knot]], [[Fisherman's knot|fisherman]], [[figure eight on bend]]
:::* [[Prusik knot]]
:::* [[Prusik knot]]
::b. Teach these knots to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
::b. Teach these knots to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
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::b. Learn proper climbing rope care. Know and practice proper coding and storage.
::b. Learn proper climbing rope care. Know and practice proper coding and storage.
::c. Know how to keep proper records on climbing rope and how to inspect it for wear and damage. Know when to retire a rope.
::c. Know how to keep proper records on climbing rope and how to inspect it for wear and damage. Know when to retire a rope.
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:d. Using the knowledge acquired above, make a tabletop display or a presentation for your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
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::d. Using the knowledge acquired above, make a tabletop display or a presentation for your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
:'''Requirement 4'''. Rappelling and belaying
:'''Requirement 4'''. Rappelling and belaying
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:'''Requirement 6'''. First aid
:'''Requirement 6'''. First aid
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::a. Make a list of what you need in your personal cave pack. Include your personal first aid kit and cave survival gear.
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::a. Make a list of what you need in your personal cave pack. Include your personal [[first aid kit]] and cave survival gear.
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::b. Learn what crew equipment is, including a first aid kit, caving ropes, and ascending equipment.
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::b. Learn what crew equipment is, including a [[first aid kit]], caving ropes, and ascending equipment.
::c. Help make a first aid kit for your crew or group and demonstrate that you can keep it up.
::c. Help make a first aid kit for your crew or group and demonstrate that you can keep it up.
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::d. Demonstrate to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group how to construct both a personal and crew first aid kit.
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::d. Demonstrate to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group how to construct both a personal and crew [[first aid kit]].
:'''Requirement 7'''. Caves
:'''Requirement 7'''. Caves

Current revision


Mobile Menus: Cub Scouts - Boy Scouts - Varsity - Venturing

Requirement 1. Learn about caving
a. Write the National Speleological Society (NSS) to request information about caving and information about caves and cavers near you.
b. Learn about the different types of caves.
c. Learn about caving courtesy, caving dos and don'ts, and what the BSA policy is on cave exploring.
d. Read at least one book about caving.
Requirement 2. Knots
a. Learn the following knots used in caving:
b. Teach these knots to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
Requirement 3. Ropes
a. Learn about the different types of ropes available for climbing and caving and explain the uses of each and the characteristics of each.
b. Learn proper climbing rope care. Know and practice proper coding and storage.
c. Know how to keep proper records on climbing rope and how to inspect it for wear and damage. Know when to retire a rope.
d. Using the knowledge acquired above, make a tabletop display or a presentation for your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.
Requirement 4. Rappelling and belaying
a. Demonstrate that you know how to properly and safely rappel a distance of at least 30 feet.
b. Demonstrate that you know how to ascend a rope using mechanical ascenders or Prusik or other ascending knots. Ascend at least 30 feet.
c. Know and explain the differences, advantages, and disadvantages of single rope (SRT) and double rope (DRT) for rappelling and belaying.
Requirement 5. Outfitting
a. Visit a sporting goods store or NSS-affiliated organization or have them make a presentation to your crew so you can learn about personal caving gear, including helmets, light sources, backup lighting sources, clothing, boots, cave packs, etc.
b. Find out what the American National Standards Institute requirements are for helmets.
Requirement 6. First aid
a. Make a list of what you need in your personal cave pack. Include your personal first aid kit and cave survival gear.
b. Learn what crew equipment is, including a first aid kit, caving ropes, and ascending equipment.
c. Help make a first aid kit for your crew or group and demonstrate that you can keep it up.
d. Demonstrate to your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group how to construct both a personal and crew first aid kit.
Requirement 7. Caves
a. Learn about the many types of cave formations.
b. Make a tabletop display or presentation on cave formations and caving conservation for your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group. Include practices such as proper carbide removal; care of walls, ceiling, and formations; and principles of Leave No Trace.
Requirement 8. Find a cave you would like to visit; get permission to enter it; make a trip plan including cave location, a list of participants, expected time in the cave, expected date and time of return, and an emergency contact; and then go in the cave, led by a qualified caver.
Requirement 9. From a cave expert, learn about natural and fabricated hazards such as mudslides, loose rocks, pits, deep water, critters, complex routes, wooden ladders, and flooding.
Requirement 10. Maps
a. Using a three-dimensional cave map, learn what the standard map symbols represent.
b. Using the knowledge above, make a tabletop display or presentation for your crew, another crew, a Cub Scout or Boy Scout group, or another group.

Cave Safety

Caves can be dangerous if you are not properly trained or equipped. Here are some cave safety tips:

  1. Join an experienced group for proper training and safe caving.
  2. Never go caving alone. At least four cavers are a minimum.
  3. Always carry three sources of light.
  4. Don't attempt caves beyond your ability.
  5. Use proper gear, including a properly fitted helmet and suitable clothes.
  6. Leave word with family or friends about your trip plan, including cave location and expected return time.
  7. Always use the safer alternative when you have an option.


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