Template:Grasses, Legumes, and Forage Crops/req
Meet three out of five requirements as indicated in each of the four divisions, or a total of twelve requirements out of the twenty.
Grasses - Any three
- 1. Show samples of five kinds of perennial grasses and explain their uses for feed purposes, soil conservation, and control of erosion.
- 2. Show how to prepare a seed bed for a lawn, pasture or meadow.
- 3. Show:
- (a) samples of three annual grasses used both for hay and pastures;
- (b) samples of three largesee grasses, explaining the practical uses of each.
- 4. Make a blotter, plate or rag doll seed tester and show how to use in testing seeds for vitality.
- 5. (a) Make a exhibit of six of the most important grasses common to his locality. Identify and explain use of each; (b) explain the differences between "bunch grasses" and "sod-forming" grasses and their uses.
Legumes - Any three including Requirement 1 or 3
- 1. Show samples and name the five most important legume crops grown in his section.
- 2. Name three small seed legumes, and three large seed legumes. Explain use of these for feed, soil conservation, cash crop, and for maintaining soil moisture.
- 3. Show how to fertilize, lime, prepare seed, bed, seed and manage a crop of legumes grown in his locality.
- 4. Explain:
- (a) how legumes, such as soy beans, cow peas, alfalfa and clover may be used to build soil fertility and control erosion;
- (b) under what conditions legumes deplete the soil.
- 5. Explain:
- (a) what is meant by inoculation of legumes;
- (b) how this is done, and why it is important.
Pastures - Any three including Requirement 3 or 5
- 1. Explain the best method for improvement of old pastures, and how to manage and maintain pasture fertility in his section.
- 2. Explain under what conditions grasses, legumes and hay fields may be used for pastures.
- 3. Make an exhibit or collection of five poisonous or undesirable grasses and weeds which are injurious to pastures or poisonous to livestock.
- 4. Explain from personal observation how cows, horses, and sheep differ in their grazing methods or habits.
- 5. Prepare an exibit of at least five pasture grasses, showing whole plant, with stem, leaf, flower and seed.
Hay Crops - Any three
- 1. Explain how grasses such as legumes and grain crops may be used for hay or feed for livestock and wild game.
- 2. Give directions on how to store hay crops safely in barns, stacks, sheds, and in bales. Explain how to prevent hay barn fires and combustion.
- 3. Make a mounted exhibit of five kinds of properly cured hay crops; explain the qualities of "succulent" or "well-cured" hay.
- 4. Show samples of not less than two kinds of hay crops best suited to different live stock, such as dairy cows, horses, sheep, deer and beef cattle.
- 5. Show how to operate one hay-making machine and one hand tool; name five tools and machines used for hay-making in his locality; explain the purpose of each.
Comply with the 4-H Club or Home Project Requirements in Grasses, Legumes and Forage Crops.
| The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:|
Handbook for Boys, 1948 Edition