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- Do the following:
- a. Describe the safety precautions you should take when handling and caring for a horse.
- b. Describe the fire safety precautions you should take in a barn and around horses.
- Name 15 main parts of a horse.
- Name four leading breeds of horses. Explain the special features for which each breed is known.
- Describe the symptoms of colic. Name and describe four other horse health problems.
- Explain what conformation is and why it is important. Explain the difference between lameness and unsoundness.
- Explain the importance of hoof care and why a horse might need to wear shoes.
- Demonstrate how to groom a horse, including picking hooves and caring for a horse after a ride.
- Explain how to determine what and how much to feed a horse and why the amount and kind of feed are changed according to the activity level and the breed of horse.
- Do the following:
- a. Name 10 parts of the saddle and bridle that you will use, and explain how to care for this equipment.
- b. Show how to properly saddle and bridle a horse.
- Demonstrate how to safely mount and dismount a horse.
- Explain and demonstrate how to approach and lead a horse safely from a stall, corral, or field and how to tie the horse securely.
- On level ground, continuously do the following movements after safely mounting the horse. Do them correctly, at ease, and in harmony with the horse:
- a. walk the horse in a straight line for 60 feet.
- b. Walk the horse in a half circle of not more than 16 feet in radius.
- c. Trot or jog the horse in a straight line for 60 feet.
- d. Trot or jog the horse in a half circle of not more than 30 feet in radius.
- e. Lope (canter) the horse in a straight line for at least 60 feet.
- f. Lope (canter) the horse in a half-circle not more than 30 feet in radius.
- g. Halt straight.
- h. Back up straight four paces.
- i. Halt and dismount.
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