Template:Railroading/req

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:1. Explain what radio is. Then discuss the following:
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<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
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::A. The differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio.
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:1. Do THREE of the following:
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::B. The differences between broadcasting and two-way communications.
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::a. Name three types of modern freight trains. Explain why unit trains are more efficient than mixed freight trains.
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::C. Radio call signs and how they are used in broadcast radio and amateur radio
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::b. Name one Class I or regional railroad. Explain what major cities it serves, the locations of major terminals, service facilities, and crew change points, and the major commodities it carries.
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::D. The phonetic alphabet and how it is used to communicate clearly.
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::c. Using models or pictures, identify 10 types of railroad freight or passenger cars. Explain the purpose of each type of car.
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::d. Explain how a modern diesel or electric locomotive develops power. Explain the terms dynamic braking and radial steering trucks.
:2. Do the following:
:2. Do the following:
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::A. Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world. Explain how the broadcast radio stations, WWV and WWVH can be used to help determine what you will hear when you listen to a shortwave radio?
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::a. Explain the purpose and formation of Amtrak. Explain, by the use of a timetable, a plan for making a trip by rail between two cities at least 500 miles apart. List the times of departure and arrival at your destination, the train number, and the type of service you want.
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::B. Explain the difference between a DX and a local station. Discuss what the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) does and how it is different from the International Telecommunication Union.
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::b. List and explain the various forms of public/mass transit using rail as the fixed guide path.
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:3. Do the following:
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:3. Do ONE of the following:
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::A. Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 100 kilohertz (kHz) to 1000 megahertz (MHz).
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::a. Name four departments of a railroad company. Describe what each department does.
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::B. Label the MF, HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.
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::b. Tell about the opportunities in railroading that interest you most and why.
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::C. Locate on your chart at least eight radio services such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, citizens band (CB), television, amateur radio (at least four amateur radio bands), and public service (police and fire).
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::c. Name four rail support industries, Describe the function of each one.
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:4. Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, amplifier, and antenna.
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::d. With your parent's and counselor's approval, interview someone employed in the rail industry. Learn what that person does and how this person became interested in railroading. Find out what type of schooling and training are required for this position.
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:5. Do the following:
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:4. Explain the purpose of Operation Lifesaver and its mission.
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::A. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.
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:5. Do THREE of the following:
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::B. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line.
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::a. List five safety precautions that help make trains safer for workers and passengers.
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::C. Explain the differences between an open circuit a closed circuit, and a short circuit.
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::b. Explain to your merit badge counselor why railroad rights-of-way are important for safety.
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::D. Draw eight schematic symbols. Explain what three of the represented parts do. Find three electrical components to match to three of these symbols.
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::c. List 10 safety tips to remember when you are near a railroad track (either on the ground or on a station platform) or aboard a train.
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:6. Explain the safety precautions for working with radio gear, including the concept of grounding for direct current circuits, power outlets, and antenna systems.
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::d. Tell your counselor about the guidelines for conduct that should be followed when you are near or on railroad property. Explain the dangers of trespassing on railroad property.
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:7. Visit a radio installation (an amateur radio station, broadcast station, or public communications center, for example) approved in advance by your counselor. Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of licenses are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.
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::e. Tell what an automobile driver can do to safely operate a car at grade crossings, and list three things an automobile driver should never do at a grade crossing.
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:8. Find out about three career opportunities in radio. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
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::f. Tell how to report a malfunction of grade crossing warning devices.
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:9. Do ONE of the following: (a OR b OR c )
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::g. List safety precautions a pedestrian should follow at a public crossing.
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::A. AMATEUR RADIO
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:6. Explain the appearance and meaning of the following warning signs and devices: advance warning sign, pavement markings, crossbucks, flashing red lights, crossing gates.
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:::1. Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service. Describe some of the activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.
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:7. Do EACH of the following:
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:::2. Using proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations, carry on a 10 minute real or simulated radio contact using voice, Morse Code, or digital mode. (Licensed amateur radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with amateur radio operators from at least three different call districts.) Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact and record the signal report.
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::a. Explain how railroad signals operate and show two basic signal types using color and configuration.
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:::3. Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms you hear while listening.
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::b. Explain the meaning of three whistle signals.
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:::4. Explain some of the differences between the Technician, General, and Extra Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who administers amateur radio exams.
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::c. Describe a way to signal a train for an emergency stop.
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:::5. Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code.
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::d. Explain the use and function of the EOTD (end-of-train device) or FRED (Flashing rear end device) used on the last car of most trains.
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:::6. Explain the differences between handheld transceivers and home "base" transceivers. Explain the uses of mobile amateur radio transceivers and amateur radio repeaters.
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:8. Select ONE of the following special-interest areas and complete the requirements:
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::B. BROADCAST RADIO
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::a. Model Railroading
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:::1. Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audiotape or in a digital audio format using proper techniques.
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::With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:
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:::2. Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations Determine the program format and target audience for five of these stations.
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:::1. Draw a layout of your own model railroad; or one that could be built in your home. Design a point-to-point track or loop with different routings. Include one of the following: turnaround or terminal or yard or siding.
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:::3. Explain at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, fade, continuity, remote, Emergency Alert System, network, cue, dead air, PSA, and playlist..
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:::2. Build one model railroad car kit or one locomotive kit.
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::C. SHORTWAVE LISTENING
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:::3. Name the scale of four popular model railroad gauges. Identify the scale of four model cars or locomotives.
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:::1. Listen across several shortwave bands for four one-hour periods - at least one period during daylight hours and at least one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a globe.
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:::4. Locate the Web site of four model railroad - related manufacturers or magazine publishers. Print information on their products and services and discuss the information with your counselor.
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:::2. For several major foreign stations (BBC in Great Britain or HCJB in Ecuador, for example), list several frequency bands used by each.
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:::5. Build one railroad structure (from scratch or using a kit), paint and weather the structure, mount it on your layout or diorama, and make the surrounding area on a diorama scenic.
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:::3. Compare your daytime and nighttime logs ; note the frequencies on which your selected stations were loudest during each session. Explain the differences in the signal strength from one period to the next.
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:::6. Alone or with others, build a model railroad or modular layout, including ballast and scenery. Make electrical connections and operate a train. Describe what you enjoyed most.
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:::7. Participate in a switching contest on a timesaver layout and record your time.
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::b. Railfanning
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::With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:
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:::1. Visit a railroad museum, historical display, or a prototype railroad-sponsored public event. With permission, photograph, videotape, or sketch items of interest. Explain what you saw and describe your photos, sketches, or videotape.
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:::2. Purchase tickets and ride a scenic or historic railroad. Under supervision, photograph the equipment and discuss with your counselor the historic significance of the operation.
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:::3. Locate the Web site of four rail historical groups, then find information on the history of the rail preservation operations and purpose of each group. Talk with a member of one of the groups and find out how you might help.
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:::4. Plan a trip by rail between two points. Obtain a schedule and explain when the train should arrive at two intermediate points. Purchase the tickets and make the trip. Explain to your counselor what you saw.
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<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly><noinclude>{{documentation}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>
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<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly>
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<noinclude>{{ReqFooter}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 17:55, November 10, 2008


Mobile Menus: Cub Scouts - Boy Scouts - Varsity - Venturing

1. Do THREE of the following:
a. Name three types of modern freight trains. Explain why unit trains are more efficient than mixed freight trains.
b. Name one Class I or regional railroad. Explain what major cities it serves, the locations of major terminals, service facilities, and crew change points, and the major commodities it carries.
c. Using models or pictures, identify 10 types of railroad freight or passenger cars. Explain the purpose of each type of car.
d. Explain how a modern diesel or electric locomotive develops power. Explain the terms dynamic braking and radial steering trucks.
2. Do the following:
a. Explain the purpose and formation of Amtrak. Explain, by the use of a timetable, a plan for making a trip by rail between two cities at least 500 miles apart. List the times of departure and arrival at your destination, the train number, and the type of service you want.
b. List and explain the various forms of public/mass transit using rail as the fixed guide path.
3. Do ONE of the following:
a. Name four departments of a railroad company. Describe what each department does.
b. Tell about the opportunities in railroading that interest you most and why.
c. Name four rail support industries, Describe the function of each one.
d. With your parent's and counselor's approval, interview someone employed in the rail industry. Learn what that person does and how this person became interested in railroading. Find out what type of schooling and training are required for this position.
4. Explain the purpose of Operation Lifesaver and its mission.
5. Do THREE of the following:
a. List five safety precautions that help make trains safer for workers and passengers.
b. Explain to your merit badge counselor why railroad rights-of-way are important for safety.
c. List 10 safety tips to remember when you are near a railroad track (either on the ground or on a station platform) or aboard a train.
d. Tell your counselor about the guidelines for conduct that should be followed when you are near or on railroad property. Explain the dangers of trespassing on railroad property.
e. Tell what an automobile driver can do to safely operate a car at grade crossings, and list three things an automobile driver should never do at a grade crossing.
f. Tell how to report a malfunction of grade crossing warning devices.
g. List safety precautions a pedestrian should follow at a public crossing.
6. Explain the appearance and meaning of the following warning signs and devices: advance warning sign, pavement markings, crossbucks, flashing red lights, crossing gates.
7. Do EACH of the following:
a. Explain how railroad signals operate and show two basic signal types using color and configuration.
b. Explain the meaning of three whistle signals.
c. Describe a way to signal a train for an emergency stop.
d. Explain the use and function of the EOTD (end-of-train device) or FRED (Flashing rear end device) used on the last car of most trains.
8. Select ONE of the following special-interest areas and complete the requirements:
a. Model Railroading
With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:
1. Draw a layout of your own model railroad; or one that could be built in your home. Design a point-to-point track or loop with different routings. Include one of the following: turnaround or terminal or yard or siding.
2. Build one model railroad car kit or one locomotive kit.
3. Name the scale of four popular model railroad gauges. Identify the scale of four model cars or locomotives.
4. Locate the Web site of four model railroad - related manufacturers or magazine publishers. Print information on their products and services and discuss the information with your counselor.
5. Build one railroad structure (from scratch or using a kit), paint and weather the structure, mount it on your layout or diorama, and make the surrounding area on a diorama scenic.
6. Alone or with others, build a model railroad or modular layout, including ballast and scenery. Make electrical connections and operate a train. Describe what you enjoyed most.
7. Participate in a switching contest on a timesaver layout and record your time.
b. Railfanning
With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:
1. Visit a railroad museum, historical display, or a prototype railroad-sponsored public event. With permission, photograph, videotape, or sketch items of interest. Explain what you saw and describe your photos, sketches, or videotape.
2. Purchase tickets and ride a scenic or historic railroad. Under supervision, photograph the equipment and discuss with your counselor the historic significance of the operation.
3. Locate the Web site of four rail historical groups, then find information on the history of the rail preservation operations and purpose of each group. Talk with a member of one of the groups and find out how you might help.
4. Plan a trip by rail between two points. Obtain a schedule and explain when the train should arrive at two intermediate points. Purchase the tickets and make the trip. Explain to your counselor what you saw.


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