Template:Whitewater/req

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<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
<noinclude>{{ReqHeader}}<br></noinclude>
# Do the following:
# Do the following:
-
#:a. Review with your counselor the first aid for injuries or illnesses that could occur while working on the Whitewater merit badge, including [[hypothermia]], [[heat reactions]], [[dehydration]], [[insect stings]], [[blisters]], [[bruises]], [[cuts]], and [[shoulder dislocation]].
+
#:a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in whitewater activities and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.
-
#:b. Identify the conditions that must exist before performing [[cardiopulmonary resuscitation]] ([[CPR]]) on a person. Explain how such conditions are recognized.
+
#:b. Review with your counselor the prevention, symptoms, and first aid treatment for the following injuries or illnesses that could occur while participating in whitewater activities including cold-water shock; hypothermia; head, neck, and back injuries; heat-related illnesses; sunburn; dehydration; blisters; bruises; cuts; sprains and strains; shoulder dislocation; and submersion injuries.
-
#:c. Demonstrate proper technique for performing [[CPR]] using a training device approved by your counselor.
+
#:c. Discuss with your counselor the BSA Safety Afloat policy and the American Whitewater safety guidelines.
# Do the following:
# Do the following:
-
#:a. Review and compare [http://usscouts.org/usscouts/safety/SafetyAfloat.pdf BSA Safety Afloat] and the [http://www.inaraft.com/pdf/aw_safety_code.pdf American Whitewater safety guidelines] and demonstrate your understanding of these principles by answering questions from your counselor.
+
#:a. Explain the following river features: upstream V, downstream V, riffle, eddy, eddy line, pillow, ledge, bend, shallows, current, drop, horizon line, wave, standing wave, wave train.
-
#:b. Identify and explain the use and importance of safety equipment on moving water. Include in your explanation a discussion about throw ropes, whistles, and how to choose and properly fit PFDs (personal flotation devices) and helmets.
+
#:b. Explain when, why, and how you should scout a river while ashore and while on the river.
-
# Before doing requirements 4 through 13, earn the Canoeing merit badge if you will be using a canoe to earn this merit badge. If you will be using a kayak, earn the Kayaking BSA Award.
+
# Before doing requirements 4 through 12, earn the Canoeing merit badge if you will be using a canoe to earn this merit badge. If you will be using a kayak, earn the Kayaking merit badge. Then do the following:
 +
#:a. If you will be using a canoe to earn this merit badge, demonstrate strokes and maneuvers from the Canoeing merit badge to the satisfaction of your merit badge counselor.<br />OR
 +
#:b. If you will be using a kayak to earn this merit badge, demonstrate strokes and maneuvers from the Kayaking merit badge to the satisfaction of your merit badge counselor.
# Do ONE of the following:
# Do ONE of the following:
-
#:a. If you are completing these requirements as a tandem canoeist, demonstrate basic canoe-handling skills by completing the Scout gate test within 160 seconds while paddling tandem with a buddy. Then demonstrate the following strokes: cross forward, cross draw, bow pry, Duffek, high brace, and low brace,
+
#:a. If you are completing these requirements as a tandem canoeist, perform the following on calm water:
-
#:b. If you are completing these requirements as a solo canoeist, demonstrate basic solo canoe-handling skills by completing the Scout gate test within 160 seconds. Then demonstrate the following strokes: cross forward, cross draw, stern pry, Duffek, high brace, and low brace.
+
#::1. Demonstrate the following strokes in the bow: cross forward, bow draw, cross bow draw, bow pry, Duffek, sculling draw, and sculling pushaway (reverse scull).
-
#:c. If you are using a kayak to complete these requirements, demonstrate basic kayak-handling skills by completing the Scout gate test within 160 seconds. Demonstrate the following strokes: Duffek, high brace, low brace, and sculling draw. Then do the following:
+
#::2. Demonstrate the following strokes in the stern: stern draw, stern pry, sculling draw, sculling pushaway (reverse scull), and forward with stern pry.
-
#::1. Move the kayak forward in a reasonably straight line for 10 yards.
+
#::3. Demonstrate a high brace, low brace, and a righting pry.<br />OR
-
#::2. Move the kayak sideways to the right and to the left.
+
#:b. If you are completing these requirements as a solo canoeist, perform the following on calm water:
-
#::3. Pivot 360 degrees to the right and left.
+
#::1. Demonstrate the following strokes: cross forward, bow draw, cross bow draw, stern draw, pry, stern pry, Duffek, sculling draw, sculling pushaway (reverse scull), and forward with stern pry.
-
#::4. Stop the kayak.
+
#::2. Demonstrate a high brace, low brace, and righting pry.<br />OR
 +
#:c. If you are completing these requirements as a solo kayaker, perform the following on calm water:
 +
#::1. Demonstrate the following strokes: Duffek, bow draw, rudder, and sculling draw.
 +
#::2. Demonstrate a high brace and low brace.
# Do the following:
# Do the following:
-
#:a. Explain the importance of scouting before committing to running a rapid, and discuss good judgment when evaluating a stretch of river or a particular rapid.
+
#:a. Explain the International Scale of River Difficulty and apply the scale to the stretch of river approved by your counselor.
-
#:b. Explain the terms ''downstream V, riffle, strainer, eddy, eddy line, pillow, ledge, bend, shallows, falls, low-head dam, current, rock, drop, horizon line, wave, standing wave, hydraulic,'' and ''sleeper.''
+
#:b. Identify the specific characteristics of the river that are factors in your classification according to the International Scale.
-
#:c. Explain how to scout and read a river while ashore and while afloat, and discuss the importance of hazard recognition.
+
#:c. Discuss how the level of flow changes a river from one class to another and what effects different flow rates have on the features of a river and its hazards.
-
#:d. Demonstrate your ability to read the river where you are practicing and demonstrating your whitewater skills.
+
# Explain the importance of communication during every whitewater outing. Demonstrate knowledge and ability to use the following American Whitewater Universal River Signals, both visual and auditory: "Stop," "Are you OK?," "Help/emergency," "Run river right," "Run river left," and "All clear-come ahead."
-
# Explain the International Scale of River Difficulty and apply the scale to the stretch of river where you are practicing and demonstrating your whitewater skills. Identify the specific characteristics of the river that are factors in your classification according to the International Scale.
+
-
# Explain the importance of communication during every whitewater outing. Explain and then demonstrate using the following river signals: "Run right," "Run left," "Run down the center," "Stop," "Are you OK?" and "Help!"
+
# Do the following:
# Do the following:
-
#:a. Explain the differences between flatwater and whitewater canoes; identify the advantages and special uses for kayaks and decked canoes in running water. Identify the different materials used in modern whitewater canoe construction and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
+
#:a. Demonstrate your ability to read a Class II section of river approved by your counselor. Describe the most desirable paths or lines of travel as well as alternative routes and options. Point out how to use the existing water features to your advantage, and explain how to best avoid the hazards present.
-
#:b. Describe the various types of kayaks and how they differ in design, materials, and purpose.
+
#:b. Wearing a proper life jacket and being appropriately dressed for the weather and water conditions, perform the following skills in moving water in a properly equipped whitewater craft of your choice (tandem canoe, solo canoe, or solo kayak). If a tandem canoe is used, the skills must be demonstrated from both the bow and stern positions.
-
#:c. Identify the advantages and special uses for kayaks and decked canoes in moving water.
+
#::1. Launch and land.
-
#:d. Discuss the construction, safety, and functional features of paddles used in whitewater activities.
+
#::2. Paddle forward in a straight line.
-
# Discuss the personal and group equipment necessary for a safe whitewater outing and how and why it is used. Explain how to pack and protect these items.
+
#::3. Backpaddle.
-
# Wearing the proper personal flotation device (PFD) and being appropriately dressed for the weather and water conditions, perform the following skills in moving water in a properly equipped whitewater craft of your choice (tandem canoe, solo canoe, or solo kayak). If a tandem canoe is used, the skills must be demonstrated from both the bow and stern positions.
+
#::4. Ferry upstream.
-
#:a. Launch and land.
+
#::5. Ferry downstream.
-
#:b. Paddle forward in a straight line.
+
#::6. Eddy turn.
-
#:c. Backpaddle.
+
#::7. Peel out.
-
#:d. Sideslip, both sides.
+
# Explain and demonstrate the following to your counselor:
-
#:e. Ferry upstream and downstream.
+
-
#:f. Eddy turn.
+
-
#:g. Peel out.
+
-
# Explain and demonstrate:
+
#:a. Self-rescue and procedures when capsized in moving water, including a wet exit if necessary
#:a. Self-rescue and procedures when capsized in moving water, including a wet exit if necessary
-
#:b. Safe rescue of others in various whitewater situations situations using a throw rope.
+
#:b. Proper use of a throw rope to rescue a swimmer in whitewater
-
#:c. Portaging - when and how to do it.
+
#:c. Proper technique for receiving a throw rope as a swimmer
-
#:d. The whitewater buddy system using at least three persons and three craft.
+
#:d. Portaging - where portaging would be appropriate, and when and how to do it
-
# Discuss the use of inflatable boats on moving water. Discuss the use of inflatable rafts on moving water. In your discussion, explain the special safety precautions that should be taken when using an inflatable raft and the risks of "tubing" on moving water.
+
#:e. The whitewater buddy system using at least three persons and three craft
-
# Participate in a whitewater trip using either a canoe or kayak on a Class I or Class II river. Help to prepare a written plan specifying the route, schedule, equipment, safety precautions, and emergency procedures. Determine local rules and obtain permission from landowners and land managers in advance. Explain what steps you have taken to comply with BSA Safety Afloat and the American Whitewater safety guidelines. Execute the plan with others.
+
# Discuss the use of inflatable rafts on moving water. In your discussion, explain the special safety precautions that should be taken when using an inflatable raft and the risks of "tubing" on moving water.
 +
# Participate in a whitewater trip using either a canoe or kayak on a Class I or Class II river. Help to prepare a written plan, specifying the route, schedule, equipment, safety precautions, and emergency procedures. Determine local rules and obtain permission from landowners and land managers in advance. Explain what steps you have taken to comply with BSA Safety Afloat and the American Whitewater safety guidelines. Execute the plan with others.
<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly>
<includeonly>{{BSR}}</includeonly>
<noinclude>{{ReqFooter}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>
<noinclude>{{ReqFooter}}[[Category:Protected Boy Scout requirement pages]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 19:43, February 13, 2015


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  1. Do the following:
    a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in whitewater activities and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.
    b. Review with your counselor the prevention, symptoms, and first aid treatment for the following injuries or illnesses that could occur while participating in whitewater activities including cold-water shock; hypothermia; head, neck, and back injuries; heat-related illnesses; sunburn; dehydration; blisters; bruises; cuts; sprains and strains; shoulder dislocation; and submersion injuries.
    c. Discuss with your counselor the BSA Safety Afloat policy and the American Whitewater safety guidelines.
  2. Do the following:
    a. Explain the following river features: upstream V, downstream V, riffle, eddy, eddy line, pillow, ledge, bend, shallows, current, drop, horizon line, wave, standing wave, wave train.
    b. Explain when, why, and how you should scout a river while ashore and while on the river.
  3. Before doing requirements 4 through 12, earn the Canoeing merit badge if you will be using a canoe to earn this merit badge. If you will be using a kayak, earn the Kayaking merit badge. Then do the following:
    a. If you will be using a canoe to earn this merit badge, demonstrate strokes and maneuvers from the Canoeing merit badge to the satisfaction of your merit badge counselor.
    OR
    b. If you will be using a kayak to earn this merit badge, demonstrate strokes and maneuvers from the Kayaking merit badge to the satisfaction of your merit badge counselor.
  4. Do ONE of the following:
    a. If you are completing these requirements as a tandem canoeist, perform the following on calm water:
    1. Demonstrate the following strokes in the bow: cross forward, bow draw, cross bow draw, bow pry, Duffek, sculling draw, and sculling pushaway (reverse scull).
    2. Demonstrate the following strokes in the stern: stern draw, stern pry, sculling draw, sculling pushaway (reverse scull), and forward with stern pry.
    3. Demonstrate a high brace, low brace, and a righting pry.
    OR
    b. If you are completing these requirements as a solo canoeist, perform the following on calm water:
    1. Demonstrate the following strokes: cross forward, bow draw, cross bow draw, stern draw, pry, stern pry, Duffek, sculling draw, sculling pushaway (reverse scull), and forward with stern pry.
    2. Demonstrate a high brace, low brace, and righting pry.
    OR
    c. If you are completing these requirements as a solo kayaker, perform the following on calm water:
    1. Demonstrate the following strokes: Duffek, bow draw, rudder, and sculling draw.
    2. Demonstrate a high brace and low brace.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Explain the International Scale of River Difficulty and apply the scale to the stretch of river approved by your counselor.
    b. Identify the specific characteristics of the river that are factors in your classification according to the International Scale.
    c. Discuss how the level of flow changes a river from one class to another and what effects different flow rates have on the features of a river and its hazards.
  6. Explain the importance of communication during every whitewater outing. Demonstrate knowledge and ability to use the following American Whitewater Universal River Signals, both visual and auditory: "Stop," "Are you OK?," "Help/emergency," "Run river right," "Run river left," and "All clear-come ahead."
  7. Do the following:
    a. Demonstrate your ability to read a Class II section of river approved by your counselor. Describe the most desirable paths or lines of travel as well as alternative routes and options. Point out how to use the existing water features to your advantage, and explain how to best avoid the hazards present.
    b. Wearing a proper life jacket and being appropriately dressed for the weather and water conditions, perform the following skills in moving water in a properly equipped whitewater craft of your choice (tandem canoe, solo canoe, or solo kayak). If a tandem canoe is used, the skills must be demonstrated from both the bow and stern positions.
    1. Launch and land.
    2. Paddle forward in a straight line.
    3. Backpaddle.
    4. Ferry upstream.
    5. Ferry downstream.
    6. Eddy turn.
    7. Peel out.
  8. Explain and demonstrate the following to your counselor:
    a. Self-rescue and procedures when capsized in moving water, including a wet exit if necessary
    b. Proper use of a throw rope to rescue a swimmer in whitewater
    c. Proper technique for receiving a throw rope as a swimmer
    d. Portaging - where portaging would be appropriate, and when and how to do it
    e. The whitewater buddy system using at least three persons and three craft
  9. Discuss the use of inflatable rafts on moving water. In your discussion, explain the special safety precautions that should be taken when using an inflatable raft and the risks of "tubing" on moving water.
  10. Participate in a whitewater trip using either a canoe or kayak on a Class I or Class II river. Help to prepare a written plan, specifying the route, schedule, equipment, safety precautions, and emergency procedures. Determine local rules and obtain permission from landowners and land managers in advance. Explain what steps you have taken to comply with BSA Safety Afloat and the American Whitewater safety guidelines. Execute the plan with others.

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