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Resources include the Weather merit badge worksheet in PDF format Adobe Acrobat PDF and Word format Microsoft Word DOC document, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.
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Weather merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1927
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 116
Requirements revision: 2018
Latest pamphlet revision: 2013


Meteorology is the study of Earth's atmosphere and its weather and the ways in which temperature, wind, and moisture act together in the environment. In addition to learning how everyday weather is predicted, Scouts can learn about extreme weather such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes, and how to stay safe.

Weather merit badge requirements

  1. Define meteorology. Explain what weather is and what climate is. Discuss how the weather affects farmers, sailors, aviators, and the outdoor construction industry. Tell why weather forecasts are important to each of these groups.
  2. Name five dangerous weather-related conditions. Give the safety rules for each when outdoors and explain the difference between a severe weather watch and a warning. Discuss the safety rules with your family.
  3. Explain the difference between high and low pressure systems in the atmo­sphere. Tell which is related to good and to poor weather. Draw cross sections of a cold front and a warm front, showing the location and movements of the cold and warm air, the frontal slope, the location and types of clouds associated with each type of front, and the location of precipitation.
  4. Tell what causes wind, why it rains, and how lightning and hail are formed.
  5. Identify and describe clouds in the low, middle, and upper levels of the atmosphere. Relate these to specific types of weather.
  6. Draw a diagram of the water cycle and label its major processes. Explain the water cycle to your counselor.
  7. Identify some human activities that can alter the environment, and describe how they affect the climate and people.
  8. Describe how the tilt of Earth's axis helps determine the climate of a region near the equator, near the poles, and across the area in between.
  9. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Make one of the following instruments: wind vane, anemometer, rain gauge, hygrometer. Keep a daily weather log for one week using information from this instrument as well as from other sources such as local radio and television stations, NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards, and Internet sources (with your parent's permission). Record the following information at the same time every day: wind direction and speed, temperature, precipitation, and types of clouds. Be sure to make a note of any morning dew or frost. In the log, also list the weather forecasts from radio or television at the same time each day and show how the weather really turned out.
    b. Visit a National Weather Service office or talk with a local radio or television weathercaster, private meteorologist, local agricultural extension service officer, or university meteorology instructor. Find out what type of weather is most dangerous or damaging to your community. Determine how severe weather and flood warnings reach the homes in your community.
  10. Give a talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) explaining the outdoor safety rules in the event of lightning, flash floods, and tornadoes. Before your talk, share your outline with your counselor for approval.
  11. Find out about a weather-related career opportunity that interests you. Discuss with and explain to your counselor what training and education are required for such a position, and the responsibilities required of such a position.

The official source for the information shown in this is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2018 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #641568)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
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Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Worksheet A FREE workbook for Weather is available here! (PDF or Word) with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need! Or click here to print just the Weather requirements. has PDF and Word versions of workbooks for Scouts BSA ranks and merit badges, Cub Scouting ranks and adventures, and STEM Nova awards.

Weather merit badge requires prior counselor and/or parent approval for requirement(s) #9a and 10.
The Weather merit badge is an option for the Designed to Crunch, Shoot!, Splash!, Harris Bronze Supernova, and Edison Silver Supernova STEM Nova Awards.
  1. Weather is a popular summer camp merit badge.
  2. Weather is one of the elective merit badges for the William T. Hornaday awards for Scouts BSA.

Requirement resources

All. Numerous resources and a lesson plan for instructing the Weather merit badge can be found at the NOAA web site link Boy, Girl Scout Weather Merit Badge checklist, lesson plan, materials

All. A Concise Study Guide for the Weather Merit Badge (2019, based on 2018 requirements)  •  A Concise Study Guide for the Weather Merit Badge (2009, based on 2007 requirements) Adobe Acrobat PDF — Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, National Weather Service)

All. Powerpoint Version of the Concise Study Guide converted to .pdf format (2010, based on 2007 requirements) Adobe Acrobat PDF — Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, National Weather Service)

1. The Encyclopedia  •  Wikipedia: Meteorology  •  Wikipedia: Weather  •  Wikipedia: Climate
2. Thunderstorm  •  Tornado  •  Wikipedia: Hurricane  •  Wikipedia: Blizzard  •  Wikipedia: Fog  •  Freezing rain  •  Snow  •  Ice storm
3. Low Pressure  •  High Pressure  •  Wikipedia: Weather front  •  Wikipedia: Cold front  •  Wikipedia: Warm front
4. Wikipedia: wind  •  Wikipedia: rain  •  Wikipedia: Lightning  •  Hail  •  Heat lightning  •
5. Lesson Video: How To Predict The Weather  •  Weather Photos
6. Wikipedia: Water cycle
7. Wikipedia: Acid rain
9a. The Weather Log you need is included in the workbook (PDF Adobe Acrobat PDF or Word Microsoft Word DOC document).
Wikipedia: Weather Instruments  •  AccuWeather
9b. NOAA Weather Service  •  NOAA In Your State  •  Weather Forecast Offices  •  National Weather Centers
10. Weather Safety  •  National Weather Service: Lightning Safety  •  Lightning safety  •  Lightning rod
11. Careers at NOAA  •  Education & Careers (American Meteorological Society)

Related awards

Science Awards (Meteorology is an applied science)

Science-related awards
Camping and Outdoor Skills Award Links
Outdoor-related awards

See also

Scouts BSA portal
Venturing portal
Sea Scout portal
General Merit Badge information

External links

Personal tools