Wilderness Survival

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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{reqs}}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
 
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:1. Show that you know first aid for, and how to prevent injuries or illnesses that could occur in backcountry settings, including hypothermia, heat reactions, frostbite, dehydration, blisters, insect stings, tick bites, and snakebites.
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== Notes ==
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:2. From memory, list the seven priorities for survival in a backcountry or wilderness location. Explain the importance of each one with your councelor.
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:3. Discuss ways to avoid panic and maintain a high level of morale when lost, and explain why this is important.
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<!-- Add general notes here, such as the link to the worksheet. -->
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:4. Describe the steps you would take to survive in the following conditions:
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::a. Cold and snowy
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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::b. Wet (forest)
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::c. Hot and dry (desert)
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::d. Windy (mountains or plains)
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::e. Water (ocean, lake, or river)
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:5. Put together a personal survival kit and explain how each item in it could be useful
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:6. Using three different methods (other than matches), build and light three fires.
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:7. Do the following:
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::a. Show five different ways to attract attention when lost.
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::b. Demonstrate how to use a signal mirror.
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::c. Describe from memory five ground-to-air signals and tell what they mean.
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:8. Improvise a natural shelter. For the purpose of this demonstration, use techniques that have little negative impact on the environment. Spend a night in your shelter.
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:9. Explain how to protect yourself from insects, reptiles, and bears.
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:10. Demonstrate three ways to treat water found in the outdoors to prepare it for drinking.
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:11. Show that you know the proper clothing to wear in your area on an overnight in extremely hot weather and in extremely cold weather.
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:12. Explain why it usually not wise to eat edible wild plants or wildlife in a wilderness survival situation.
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''Source: 2008 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
 
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== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
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<!-- Answers, cheatsheets, and answer keys will be removed. -->
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<!-- Add links as guidance for specific requirements such as: -->
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<!-- * [[Internal Link]] or [external link] description -->
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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*6: [http://www.ssrsi.org/ods/fire.htm Eight non-match methods for firestarting]
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*7b: [http://www.oreida-bsa.org/Events/ontarget/UseSignal.htm How to Use a Signal Mirror]
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{{Worksheet|merit badge}}
 
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[http://www.scouting.org/BoyScouts/AdvancementandAwards/MeritBadges.aspx Per the BSA:] ''You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject.'' Merit badge pamplets are available at your local [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/storeloc.aspx Scout Shop] or online at [http://www.scoutstuff.org/ ScoutStuff.org].
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== Related awards ==
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<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
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<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
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<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
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<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
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== Help with these requirements ==
 
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* [[Media:{{PAGENAME}}.pdf|{{PAGENAME}} Worksheet]] &nbsp; → &nbsp; [[Merit Badge Worksheets|Other Merit Badge Worksheets]]
 
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*6: [http://www.ssrsi.org/ods/fire.htm Eight non-match methods for firestarting]
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== See also ==
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*7b: [http://www.oreida-bsa.org/Events/ontarget/UseSignal.htm How to Use a Signal Mirror]
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<!-- Note similarities with other articles here such as: -->
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<!-- * [[other article]] -->
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<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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== External links ==
== External links ==
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=First+Aid First Aid Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1718_first-aid-kit.htm ►Make a First Aid Kit] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm ►Basics]
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<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
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: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/300_first-aid-basics.htm ►Basics2] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/152_first-aid-maneuvers.htm ►CPR Basics] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/3428_snake-bite.htm ►Venomous Snake Bite]
+
<!-- Add general information links here (no advertisements) -->
 +
<!-- use this format: * [http://somelink.com description] -->
 +
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
;[http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspxq=First+Aid First Aid Videos]
 +
*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1718_first-aid-kit.htm Make a First Aid Kit], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm Basics], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/300_first-aid-basics.htm Basics2], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/152_first-aid-maneuvers.htm CPR Basics], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/3428_snake-bite.htm Venomous Snake Bite]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1960_hiking-survival.htm Survival Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31516_hiking-survival-kit.htm ►Survival Kit] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31518_hiking-survival-build-fire.htm ►Build a Fire] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31523_hiking-survival-build-shelter.htm ►Build a Shelter]
+
;[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1960_hiking-survival.htm Survival Videos]
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: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31530_hiking-survival-help-signals.htm ►Signaling] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1429_survive-desert.htm ►Desert] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1964_low-impact-hiking.htm ►Leave No Trace]
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*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31516_hiking-survival-kit.htm Survival Kit], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31518_hiking-survival-build-fire.htm Build a Fire], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31523_hiking-survival-build-shelter.htm Build a Shelter], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31530_hiking-survival-help-signals.htm Signaling], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1429_survive-desert.htm Desert], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1964_low-impact-hiking.htm Leave No Trace]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=camping Camping Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15348_camping-packing-intro.htm ►Packing] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15355_camping-packing-purified.htm ►Water Purification] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15360_camping-packing-underlayers.htm ►Layering]
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;[http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspxq=camping Camping Videos]
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: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15362_camping-packing-wetweather.htm ►Wet Weather] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15358_camping-packing-syntheticsleepingbag.htm ►Sleeping Bags] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15364_camping-packing-pads.htm Pads ] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/407_set-up-tent.htm Tents]
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*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15348_camping-packing-intro.htm Packing], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15355_camping-packing-purified.htm Water Purification], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15360_camping-packing-underlayers.htm Layering], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15362_camping-packing-wetweather.htm Wet Weather], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15358_camping-packing-syntheticsleepingbag.htm Sleeping Bags], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15364_camping-packing-pads.htm Pads ], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/407_set-up-tent.htm Tents]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=hiking Hiking Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2193_advanced-hiking-planning.htm ►Planning] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/48528_appalachian-mountains-footwear.htm ►Footwear] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2177_advanced-hiking-avoiding-blisters.htm ►Avoid Blisters]
+
;[http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspxq=hiking Hiking Videos]
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: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2187_advanced-hiking-equipment.htm ►Gear] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2184_advanced-hiking-cold.htm ►Cold Weather] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2185_advanced-hiking-warm-weather.htm ►Warm Weather ] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31536_basic-hiking-layering.htm ►Layering]
+
*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2193_advanced-hiking-planning.htm Planning], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/48528_appalachian-mountains-footwear.htm Footwear], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2177_advanced-hiking-avoiding-blisters.htm Avoid Blisters], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2187_advanced-hiking-equipment.htm Gear], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2184_advanced-hiking-cold.htm Cold Weather], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/2185_advanced-hiking-warm-weather.htm Warm Weather ], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/31536_basic-hiking-layering.htm Layering]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/172_backpacking-video.htm Backpacking Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1895_backpacking-gear.htm ►Gear] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1896_backpacking-frame-pack.htm ►Internal vs. External Frame]
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;[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/172_backpacking-video.htm Backpacking Videos]
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: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1900_backpacking-campsite.htm ►Campsite] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1902_backpacking-clothing.htm ►Clothing] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1901_backpacking-food-prep.htm ►Food] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1905_backpacking-hydration.htm ►Hydration] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15365_camping-packing-socks.htm Socks]
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*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1895_backpacking-gear.htm Gear], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1896_backpacking-frame-pack.htm Internal vs. External Frame], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1900_backpacking-campsite.htm Campsite], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1902_backpacking-clothing.htm Clothing], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1901_backpacking-food-prep.htm Food], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1905_backpacking-hydration.htm Hydration], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/15365_camping-packing-socks.htm Socks]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/980_build-fire.htm Fire Starting Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14517_build-fire-site.htm ►Site] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14519_build-fire-wood-names.htm ►Kindling] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14518_build-fire-wood-where.htm ►Wood] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14527_build-fire-flint-steel.htm ►Flint & Steel] &nbsp; [http://www.ultimatesurvival.com/product_view.cfm?product_line_ID=156 ►BlastMatch]
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;[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/980_build-fire.htm Fire Starting Videos]
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: [http://wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/fire/battery/index.html ►Steel Wool] &nbsp; [http://www.firepiston.com/ ►Fire Piston] [http://wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/fire/magnifier/index.html ►Magnifying Glass] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14529_build-fire-logcabin-fire.htm ►Log Cabin] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14530_build-fire-teepee-fire.htm ►Tee Pee] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/5388_campfire-do-not-dispose.htm ►Dangers] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/989_campfire-safety.htm ►Safety]
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*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14517_build-fire-site.htm Site], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14519_build-fire-wood-names.htm Kindling], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14518_build-fire-wood-where.htm Wood], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14527_build-fire-flint-steel.htm Flint & Steel], [http://www.ultimatesurvival.com/product_view.cfmproduct_line_ID=156 BlastMatch], [http://wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/fire/battery/index.html Steel Wool], [http://www.firepiston.com/ Fire Piston] [http://wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/fire/magnifier/index.html Magnifying Glass], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14529_build-fire-logcabin-fire.htm Log Cabin], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/14530_build-fire-teepee-fire.htm Tee Pee], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/5388_campfire-do-not-dispose.htm Dangers], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/989_campfire-safety.htm Safety]
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* <big> [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=tie+knots Knot Videos] </big>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1016_knot-tying.htm ►Basics] &nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/968_tying-knots.htm ►Basics2] &nbsp; [http://usscouts.org/netresources/knots.asp ►Animated Knots]
+
;[http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspxq=tie+knots Knot Videos]
 +
*[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1016_knot-tying.htm Basics], [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/968_tying-knots.htm Basics2], [http://usscouts.org/netresources/knots.asp Animated Knots]
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<b>Other Links</b>
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===Other Links===
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* [http://usscouts.org/ USScouts.org:] &nbsp; [http://usscouts.org/netresources/orient.asp ►Orienteering] &nbsp; [http://usscouts.org/databases/camp/ocd.cgi ►Camps Database] &nbsp; [http://usscouts.org/cooking.asp ►Cooking] &nbsp; [http://usscouts.org/camping.asp ►Camping] &nbsp; [http://scoutmaster.org/ ►More]
+
* [http://usscouts.org/ USScouts.org:]
 +
* [http://usscouts.org/netresources/orient.asp Orienteering]
 +
* [http://usscouts.org/databases/camp/ocd.cgi Camps Database]
 +
* [http://usscouts.org/cooking.asp Cooking]
 +
* [http://usscouts.org/camping.asp Camping]
 +
* [http://scoutmaster.org/ More]
* [http://www.aore.org/ Assn of Outdoor Recreation and Education]
* [http://www.aore.org/ Assn of Outdoor Recreation and Education]
* [http://www.backpacker.com/ Backpacker Magazine]
* [http://www.backpacker.com/ Backpacker Magazine]
* [http://www.equipped.org/ Equipped to Survive]
* [http://www.equipped.org/ Equipped to Survive]
* [http://www.wilderness-survival.net/ Wilderness Education Association]
* [http://www.wilderness-survival.net/ Wilderness Education Association]
-
* [http://store.usgs.gov/locator?store_url=http://store.usgs.gov/scripts/wgate/zww204a791096/~flNlc3Npb249UFJEOklHU0tBSENJR1NTQVAwMjowMDAyLjAwMDYuYWI0MzkxMWMuZGZmZCZ*aHR0cF9jb250ZW50X2NoYXJzZXQ9aXNvLTg4NTktMSZ*U3RhdGU9Mjk2MDcuMDAzLjA1LjA5====?~okcode US Geological Survey] Free Topographical Maps - Download the pdf or buy 22”x27” maps for $7 each.
+
* [http://store.usgs.gov/locatorstore_url=http://store.usgs.gov/scripts/wgate/zww204a791096/~flNlc3Npb249UFJEOklHU0tBSENJR1NTQVAwMjowMDAyLjAwMDYuYWI0MzkxMWMuZGZmZCZ*aHR0cF9jb250ZW50X2NoYXJzZXQ9aXNvLTg4NTktMSZ*U3RhdGU9Mjk2MDcuMDAzLjA1LjA5====~okcode US Geological Survey] Free Topographical Maps - Download the pdf or buy 22”x27” maps for $7 each.
* [http://www.topozone.com/viewmaps.asp Topozone.com] Choose your topographical map and scale, then click Print Map, free 8.5x11.
* [http://www.topozone.com/viewmaps.asp Topozone.com] Choose your topographical map and scale, then click Print Map, free 8.5x11.
* [http://maps.google.com/ Google Maps] Satellite, Street, and Terrain Maps:
* [http://maps.google.com/ Google Maps] Satellite, Street, and Terrain Maps:
*[http://terraserver-usa.com/address.aspx Terraserver] Free Large Satellite Photos - Enter Address, choose large size, print, right click, Save as)
*[http://terraserver-usa.com/address.aspx Terraserver] Free Large Satellite Photos - Enter Address, choose large size, print, right click, Save as)
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Revision as of 13:51, April 30, 2008

Wilderness Survival merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1974
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 117
Requirements revision: 2007
Latest pamphlet revision: 2001/2007

Contents


Wilderness Survival requirements

  1. Do the following:
    a. Explain to your counselor the hazards you are most likely to encounter while participating in wilderness survival activities, and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, or lessen these hazards.
    b. Show that you know first aid for and how to prevent injuries or illnesses that could occur in backcountry settings, including hypothermia, heat reactions, frostbite, dehydration, blisters, insect stings, tick bites, and snakebites.
  2. From memory, list the seven priorities for survival in a backcountry or wilderness location. Explain the importance of each one with your councelor.
  3. Discuss ways to avoid panic and maintain a high level of morale when lost, and explain why this is important.
  4. Describe the steps you would take to survive in the following conditions:
    a. Cold and snowy
    b. Wet (forest)
    c. Hot and dry (desert)
    d. Windy (mountains or plains)
    e. Water (ocean, lake, or river)
  5. Put together a personal survival kit and explain how each item in it could be useful
  6. Using three different methods (other than matches), build and light three fires.
  7. Do the following:
    a. Show five different ways to attract attention when lost.
    b. Demonstrate how to use a signal mirror.
    c. Describe from memory five ground-to-air signals and tell what they mean.
  8. Improvise a natural shelter. For the purpose of this demonstration, use techniques that have little negative impact on the environment. Spend a night in your shelter.
  9. Explain how to protect yourself from insects, reptiles, and bears.
  10. Demonstrate three ways to treat water found in the outdoors to prepare it for drinking.
  11. Show that you know the proper clothing to wear in your area on an overnight in extremely hot weather and in extremely cold weather.
  12. Explain why it usually is not wise to eat edible wild plants or wildlife in a wilderness survival situation.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Wilderness Survival is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Wilderness Survival requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.


Requirement resources


Related awards

See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links

First Aid Videos
Survival Videos
Camping Videos
Hiking Videos
Backpacking Videos
Fire Starting Videos
Knot Videos

Other Links

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