First-aid skills

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[[Wilderness First Aid]]
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{{quote-source|'''First Aid''' is the first help or immediate care given someone who has suddenly sickened or been hurt in an accident. First-aid training continues through the program of the [[Boy Scouts of America]] as concrete evidence that we are prepared to help others in need.
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{{quote-source|'''First aid''' is the first help given to someone who has had an accident or other health emergency. If more attention is needed, first-aid treatment helps keep an injured or ill person as safe as possible until medical personnel arrive. Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.
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It is important that one person in each touring group be trained in the principles of first aid, know how and when to put this knowledge to the best use, and thoroughly understand the limitations of this knowledge.
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First aid and WFA are important to participants in BSA programs. The BSA strongly recommends that participants avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. For certain program participation, there may be requirements for first aid, wilderness first aid, and CPR/AED. There are no unit-centric requirements at this time.
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It is strongly recommended that adult leaders in Scouting avail themselves of CPR and first-aid training by the American Red Cross or any recognized agency to be aware of the latest techniques and procedures. However, some of the first-aid techniques found in BSA literature are not the same as those professed by the American Red Cross. Frequently, modifications depend on the Scout's age—this could be a factor in the Scout's judgment and physical dexterity.| - [[Guide to Safe Scouting]], VI. First Aid}}
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First aid, WFA, CPR/AED may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting. Online-only courses are not accepted if a certification is required. The BSA will accept nationally recognized blended courses—such as from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, Emergency Care and Safety Institute—where competency can be demonstrated to an instructor.
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Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).
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Here are the first aid resources you need for over 40 ranks and badges.
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For more information, see the ''[[Boy Scout Handbook]]'' and the ''[[First Aid]]'' merit badge pamphlet.|[[Guide to Safe Scouting]] (2017), [https://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/gss/gss05/ V. Medical Information and First Aid]}}
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Here are first aid resources to aid you in teaching and learning first aid in over 40 ranks and badges.
==Resources==
==Resources==
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While your handbook is your primary resource, the links below can help you learn your first aid skills. See the [[First Aid Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
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The [[Boy Scout Handbook]] should be a Scout's initial resource for learning first-aid skills. The [[First Aid]] merit badge provides more information and guidance and lists the following first-aid resources
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{{First Aid Links}}
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*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex Mayo Clinic First Aid Guide] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-fever/FA00063 Mayo Clinic: Fever]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=First+Aid Expert Village Videos: First Aid] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm Basics] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm Basics2]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://firstaid.about.com/ About.com] - offers a number of first aid videos.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://www.profirstaid.com/training.php ProFirstAid (PFAVideo)] - an entire online first aid course for free. Pay if you want their certificates.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [https://www.redcrossonlinetraining.org/Distance/Default.aspx American Red Cross Training Online] - The Greater Indianapolis Chapter offers many certified American Red Cross first aid courses for a fee.<br>
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=====On the Internet=====
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:* [http://www.heart.org American Heart Association]
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:* [http://www.ama-assn.org American Medical Association]
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:* [http://www.redcross.org American Red Cross]
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:* [http://www.strokeassociation.org American Stroke Association]
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:* [http://www.nsc.org National Safety Council]
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=====Scouting Literature=====
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''Handbooks, Manuals, & Guides''
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:* [[Boy Scout Handbook]]
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:* [[Fieldbook]]
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:* [https://www.scoutshop.org/bsa-wilderness-first-aid-manual-610009.html BSA® Wilderness First Aid Manual]
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:* [https://www.scoutshop.org/pocket-naturalist-guide-emergency-first-aid-pocket-guide-34499.html Pocket Naturalist® Guide Emergency First Aid Pocket Guide]
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''Merit Badge Pamphlets''
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:*[[Dentistry]]
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:*[[Emergency Preparedness]]
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:*[[Fire Safety]]
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:*[[Lifesaving]]
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:*[[Medicine]]
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:*[[Public Health]]
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:*[[Safety]]
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:*[[Wilderness Survival]]
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=====Additional Resources=====
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{{First Aid Links}}
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* [https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid Mayo Clinic First Aid Index]
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* [https://www.verywell.com/first-aid-4014723 Very Well Health] - offers a number of first aid articles.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://www.profirstaid.com/training ProFirstAid (PFAVideo)] - online first aid (including CPR) courses for free. Pay if you want their certificates.<br>
==Disclaimers==
==Disclaimers==
'''Disclaimer''': This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.
'''Disclaimer''': This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.
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Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the [[Boy Scouts of America]] are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=35897* First Aid Merit Badge Book] and [[Boy Scout Handbook]]. First Aid Treatments are constantly being revised. See the [[Guide to Safe Scouting]]. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.
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Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the [[Boy Scouts of America]] are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current First Aid Merit Badge pamphlet ([https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=620609 full pamphlet]; [https://filestore.scouting.org/filestore/Merit_Badge_ReqandRes/First_Aid.pdf requirements & resources only]) and [[Boy Scout Handbook]]. First Aid Treatments are constantly being revised. See the [[Guide to Safe Scouting]]. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.
* MeritBadge.Org [[Disclaimer]]
* MeritBadge.Org [[Disclaimer]]

Revision as of 16:33, March 31, 2018

MeritBadge.Org offers resource and video links for Backpacking, Campfire Building, Clothing, Cooking,
Cycling, First Aid, Navigation, Outdoor skills, Scout skills, Swimming, and Wilderness Survival skills.

Contents

Abrasion (Scrape)
AEDs
Altitude Sickness
Assessing Injury
Back Injury
Bites Stings Bees
Black eye
Bleeding
Blisters
Bloodborne Pathogens
Broken Bone
Bruise (Contusion)
Burns
Chest Pain
Choking
Cold Reactions
Convulsion
CPR
Cramps
Cuts (Lacerations)
Dehydration
Electrical Burns
Electrical Shock
Eye Injury
First Aid Kit
Fishhook
Fractures
Frostbite
Getting Help
Head Injury
Hearing Loss
Heart Attack
Heart Disease
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Reactions
Heat Stroke
Heimlich
Hyperventilation
Hypothermia
Insect Bites Stings
Motion Sickness
Muscle Cramps
Muscle Strains
Nausea-Fainting
Neck Injuries
Nosebleeds
Object in Eye
Poisoning
Poisonous Animals
Poisonous Plants
Puncture Wound
Rope Burns
Scratches
Shock
Seizure Slings - Splints
Snakebite
Spinal Injury
Splinters
Sprained Ankle
Sprains-Strains
Stopped Breathing
Stroke
Sunburn
Tick Bites
Tooth Injury
Transporting
Triage
Wilderness First Aid

First aid is the first help given to someone who has had an accident or other health emergency. If more attention is needed, first-aid treatment helps keep an injured or ill person as safe as possible until medical personnel arrive. Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.

First aid and WFA are important to participants in BSA programs. The BSA strongly recommends that participants avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. For certain program participation, there may be requirements for first aid, wilderness first aid, and CPR/AED. There are no unit-centric requirements at this time.

First aid, WFA, CPR/AED may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting. Online-only courses are not accepted if a certification is required. The BSA will accept nationally recognized blended courses—such as from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, Emergency Care and Safety Institute—where competency can be demonstrated to an instructor.

Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).

For more information, see the Boy Scout Handbook and the First Aid merit badge pamphlet.

Guide to Safe Scouting (2017), V. Medical Information and First Aid

Here are first aid resources to aid you in teaching and learning first aid in over 40 ranks and badges.

Resources

The Boy Scout Handbook should be a Scout's initial resource for learning first-aid skills. The First Aid merit badge provides more information and guidance and lists the following first-aid resources

On the Internet
Scouting Literature

Handbooks, Manuals, & Guides

Merit Badge Pamphlets

Additional Resources

ProFirstAid (PFAVideo) - online first aid (including CPR) courses for free. Pay if you want their certificates.

Disclaimers

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.

Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the Boy Scouts of America are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current First Aid Merit Badge pamphlet (full pamphlet; requirements & resources only) and Boy Scout Handbook. First Aid Treatments are constantly being revised. See the Guide to Safe Scouting. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.







AED

  PFAVideo: AED Intro


Altitude Sickness

Requirement for Camping and Hiking Merit Badges.

Bites and Stings

  EVVideo: Insect Bites & Stings - Treatments - Insect Bites - Brown Recluse Spider Bite - Chiggers - Bee Stings - Bees

Tick Bites

  Avoiding Ticks - EVVideo: Removing Ticks

Bleeding

  Mayo Clinic: Bleeding Video - EVVideo: EVVideo: Bleeding - EVVideo: Bleeding2 - Direct Pressure - Pressure Bandage
  ProFirstAid: Minor Bleeding - Serious Bleeding - About.com Video: Dress a Wound


Blisters

  EVVideo: Avoiding Blisters - Blisters - How to Treat Blisters

Bloodborne Pathogens

  ProFirstAid: Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens - What are Bloodborne Pathogens? - How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread - How to Reduce Your Risk


Broken Bones

Shortcut:
Broken Bones - Fractures
Dislocation


Bruises


Burns

  EVVideo: Burns - Second Degree Burns - Second & Third-Degree Burns - About.com Video: Burn - About.com: Types of Burns Video

See also: Electrical Burns and Rope Burns


Cancer


Chest Pain


Choking

  EVVideo: First Aid for Choking Victims - PFAVideo: Choking - About.com Video: Heimlich Maneuver


Cold Reactions

Hypothermia


Frostbite

  EVVideo: How to Treat Frostbite - About.com: Stages of Frostbite Video


CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

CPR instruction [in the merit badge program], wherever it is required, must be taught by people currently trained as CPR instructors by a nationally certified provider, such as the American Red Cross, the Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or the American Heart Association.
Guide To Advancement § 45.


  Videos: ProFirstAid: Hands-Only CPR - Adult CPR

Cuts - Scrapes

  EVVideo: Cuts (Lacerations) - EVVideo: Abrasions


Dehydration


Electrical Burns - Electrical Shock


Eye Injury - Object in Eye


Getting Help

  EVVideo:Calling 911


Head, Neck, and Back Injuries

Head Injury


Spinal Injuries

  PFAVideo: Head, Neck and Back Injuries


Hearing Loss


Heart Attack

  EVVideo: What Is a Heart Attack? - Risk Factors - Misconceptions - Signs of a Heart Attack


Heart Disease


Heat Reactions

Heat Exhaustion

  EVVideo: How to Treat Heat Exhaustion

Heat Cramps


Heat Stroke

Hyperventilation


Nausea - Motion Sickness

Fainting

  PFAVideo: Fainting


Nosebleeds

  EVVideo: Nose Bleeds - About.com Video: Nosebleeds


Poisoning


Poisonous Plants

  EVVideo: Poison Ivy & Poison Oak - How to Treat Poison Oak, Ivy & Sumac


Puncture Wounds

  EVVideo: Puncture Wounds

Fishhook
Splinters


Rope Burns


Seizures - Convulsions - Epilepsy

  EVVideo: Seizures - PFAVideo: Seizures


Shock

Treat every accident victim for shock. -Boy Scout Handbook p. 291

  PFAVideo: Shock


Slings

  EVVideo: How to Apply a Shoulder Sling - Slings - More Slings


Snakebite

  EVVideo: Venomous Snake Bite

Poisonous Animals

  EVVideo: How to Treat Jellyfish Stings


Splints

  EVVideo: How to Tell if Someone Needs a Splint - Injuries Requiring a Splint - Types of Splints - Applying a Splint - How to Use a Pillow as a Splint - How to Position a Splint


Sprains - Strains - Cramps

Shortcut:
Sprains - Strains - Cramps

  EVVideo: Strained Muscle

Sprained Ankle


Stopped Breathing

See CPR


Stroke

  EVVideo: What Is a Stroke? - How to Identify a Stroke - How to Prevent a Stroke - The Signs of a Stroke


Sunburn

Shortcut:
Sunburn

  EVVideo: Sunburn - EVVideo: Severe Sunburn


Tooth Injury


Transporting an Injured Person

  EVVideo: How to Carry an Injured Person by Yourself


Triage


Wilderness First Aid

  EVVideo: Assessing Wilderness Emergencies - Medical Emergency - Shock - Triage - Wilderness First Aid


Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness-related awards


See also

External links

Personal tools
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