First-aid skills

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[[Electrical Shock]]<br>
[[Electrical Shock]]<br>
[[Eye Injury]]<br>
[[Eye Injury]]<br>
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[[First Aid Kit]] <br>
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[[First-Aid Kit]] <br>
[[Fishhook]]<br>
[[Fishhook]]<br>
[[Fractures]]<br>
[[Fractures]]<br>
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[[Wilderness First Aid]]
[[Wilderness First Aid]]
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{{quote-source|'''First Aid''' is the first help or immediate care given someone who has suddenly sickened or been hurt in an accident. First-aid training continues through the program of the [[Boy Scouts of America]] as concrete evidence that we are prepared to help others in need.
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{{quote-source|'''First aid''' is the first help given to someone who has had an accident or other health emergency. If more attention is needed, first-aid treatment helps keep an injured or ill person as safe as possible until medical personnel arrive. Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.
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It is important that one person in each touring group be trained in the principles of first aid, know how and when to put this knowledge to the best use, and thoroughly understand the limitations of this knowledge.
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First aid and WFA are important to participants in BSA programs. The BSA strongly recommends that participants avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. For certain program participation, there may be requirements for first aid, wilderness first aid, and CPR/AED. There are no unit-centric requirements at this time.
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It is strongly recommended that adult leaders in Scouting avail themselves of CPR and first-aid training by the American Red Cross or any recognized agency to be aware of the latest techniques and procedures. However, some of the first-aid techniques found in BSA literature are not the same as those professed by the American Red Cross. Frequently, modifications depend on the Scout's age—this could be a factor in the Scout's judgment and physical dexterity.| - [[Guide to Safe Scouting]], VI. First Aid}}
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First aid, WFA, CPR/AED may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting. Online-only courses are not accepted if a certification is required. The BSA will accept nationally recognized blended courses—such as from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, Emergency Care and Safety Institute—where competency can be demonstrated to an instructor.
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Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).
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For more information, see the ''[[Boy Scout Handbook]]'' and the ''[[First Aid]]'' merit badge pamphlet.|''[[Guide to Safe Scouting]]'' (2019), [https://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/gss/gss05/ V. Medical Information and First Aid]}}
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Here are the first aid resources you need for over 40 ranks and badges. <span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; Videos show you key skills.
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Here are first-aid resources to aid you in teaching and learning first aid in over 40 ranks and badges.
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== Resources ==
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==Resources==
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The ''[[Boy Scout Handbook]]'' should be a Scout's initial resource for learning first-aid skills. The [[First Aid]] merit badge provides more information and guidance and lists the following first-aid resources
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While your handbook is your primary resource, the links below can help you learn your first aid skills. See the [[First Aid Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
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{{First Aid Links}}
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*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex Mayo Clinic First Aid Guide] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-fever/FA00063 Mayo Clinic: Fever]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/results.aspx?q=First+Aid Expert Village Videos: First Aid] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm Basics] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/483_minor-injury.htm Basics2]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://firstaid.about.com/ About.com] - offers a number of first aid videos.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://www.profirstaid.com/training.php ProFirstAid (PFAVideo)] - an entire online first aid course for free. Pay if you want their certificates.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [https://www.redcrossonlinetraining.org/Distance/Default.aspx American Red Cross Training Online] - The Greater Indianapolis Chapter offers many certified American Red Cross first aid courses for a fee.<br>
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==Disclaimers==
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'''Disclaimer''': This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.
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Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the [[Boy Scouts of America]] are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=35897* First Aid Merit Badge Book] and [[Boy Scout Handbook]]. First Aid Treatments are constantly being revised. See the [[Guide to Safe Scouting]]. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.
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* MeritBadge.Org [[Disclaimer]]
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{{clear}}
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===== On the Internet =====
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:* [http://www.heart.org American Heart Association]
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:* [http://www.ama-assn.org American Medical Association]
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:* [http://www.redcross.org American Red Cross]
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:* [http://www.strokeassociation.org American Stroke Association]
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:* [http://www.nsc.org National Safety Council]
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===== Scouting Literature =====
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''Handbooks, Manuals, & Guides''
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:* ''[[Boy Scout Handbook]]''
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:* ''[[Fieldbook]]''
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:* [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=bsa+wilderness+first+aid+manual+610009 BSA® ''Wilderness First Aid Manual''] &mdash; ScoutShop.org
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:* [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=pocket+naturalist+guide+emergency+first+aid+pocket+guide+34499 Pocket Naturalist® Guide ''Emergency First Aid'' Pocket Guide] &mdash; ScoutShop.org
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''Merit Badge Pamphlets''
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: <span class=plainlinks>[https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Dentistry+merit+badge+pamphlet Dentistry] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Emergency+Preparedness+merit+badge+pamphlet+622851 Emergency Preparedness] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Fire+Safety+merit+badge+pamphlet+629417 Fire Safety] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Lifesaving+merit+badge+pamphlet+618660 Lifesaving] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Medicine+merit+badge+pamphlet Medicine] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Public+Health+merit+badge+pamphlet Public Health] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Safety+merit+badge+pamphlet+637680 Safety] &nbsp;&bull;&nbsp; [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=Wilderness+Survival+merit+badge+pamphlet+35966 Wilderness Survival]</span>
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===== Additional Resources =====
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{{First Aid Links}}
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* [https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid Mayo Clinic First Aid Index]
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* [https://www.verywell.com/first-aid-4014723 Very Well Health] - offers a number of first aid articles.<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span> [http://www.profirstaid.com/training ProFirstAid (PFAVideo)] - online first aid (including CPR) courses for free. Pay if you want their certificates.<br>
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==Disclaimers==
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'''Disclaimer''': This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.
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Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the [[Boy Scouts of America]] are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current ''First Aid Merit Badge'' pamphlet (Order: [https://www.scoutshop.org/nsearch/?q=620609 full pamphlet (Scout Shop)]; Download: [http://filestore.scouting.org/filestore/Merit_Badge_ReqandRes/First_Aid.pdf requirements & resources only (Scouting.org)]) and ''[[Boy Scout Handbook]]''. First-aid skills are constantly being revised. See the ''[[Guide to Safe Scouting]]''. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.
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* MeritBadge.Org [[Disclaimer]]
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{{clear}}
==AED==
==AED==
* [http://firstaid.webmd.com/automated_external_defibrillators_aed_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Automated External Defibrillators (AED)]<br>
* [http://firstaid.webmd.com/automated_external_defibrillators_aed_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Automated External Defibrillators (AED)]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.procpr.org/video/flvplayer.php?file_url=intro-aed.flv PFAVideo: AED Intro]
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; Pro First Aid: [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/adult-aed-lay-rescuer-community Adult AED], [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/adult-aed-community-lay-rescuer-practice Practice: Adult AED], [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/child-aed-fa Child AED], [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/child-aed-lay-rescuer-practice Practice: Child AED], [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/infant-aed-fa Infant AED], [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/infant-cpr-lay-rescuer-practice Practice: Infant AED]<br>
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==Altitude Sickness==
==Altitude Sickness==
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; ProFirstAid: [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=bleeding-control-capillary-bleeding.flv Minor Bleeding] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=bleeding-control-arterial-bleeding.flv Serious Bleeding] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Dress-a-Wound.htm About.com Video: Dress a Wound]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; ProFirstAid: [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=bleeding-control-capillary-bleeding.flv Minor Bleeding] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=bleeding-control-arterial-bleeding.flv Serious Bleeding] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Dress-a-Wound.htm About.com Video: Dress a Wound]<br>
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourniquet Wikipedia: Tourniquet] - ''Dangerous - you must be very knowledgable'' but knowledge is requried for [[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourniquet Wikipedia: Tourniquet] - ''Dangerous - you must be very knowledgable'' but knowledge is requried for [[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
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==Blisters==
==Blisters==
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==Bloodborne Pathogens==
==Bloodborne Pathogens==
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* [[First_Aid_Kit#Bloodborne_Pathogens|Bloodborne Pathogens]]<br>
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* [[First-Aid_Kit#Bloodborne_Pathogens|Bloodborne Pathogens]]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; ProFirstAid: [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/26/play_video Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/what-are-bloodborne-pathogens/play_video What are Bloodborne Pathogens?] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/how-bloodborne-pathogens-are-spread/play_video How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/reduce-risk-of-bloodborne-pathogens/play_video How to Reduce Your Risk]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; ProFirstAid: [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/26/play_video Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/what-are-bloodborne-pathogens/play_video What are Bloodborne Pathogens?] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/how-bloodborne-pathogens-are-spread/play_video How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/en-US/training_video/reduce-risk-of-bloodborne-pathogens/play_video How to Reduce Your Risk]<br>
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==Broken Bones==
==Broken Bones==
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=====Dislocation=====
=====Dislocation=====
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-dislocation/FA00009 Mayo Clinic: Dislocation] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dislocated-shoulder/DS00597 Shoulder Dislocation] (Required for [[Whitewater|Whitewater Merit Badge]].)
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-dislocation/FA00009 Mayo Clinic: Dislocation] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dislocated-shoulder/DS00597 Shoulder Dislocation] (Required for [[Whitewater|Whitewater Merit Badge]].)
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==Bruises==
==Bruises==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-bruise/FA00039 Mayo Clinic: Bruises] (also called Contusions) - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/bruises_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Bruises]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-bruise/FA00039 Mayo Clinic: Bruises] (also called Contusions) - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/bruises_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Bruises]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-black-eye/HQ00016 Mayo Clinic: Black eye] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/black-eye-treatment WebMD: Black Eye] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/softtissueinjuries/ht/07_black_eye.htm Black Eye] (Black eye - a bruise near the eye)
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-black-eye/HQ00016 Mayo Clinic: Black eye] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/black-eye-treatment WebMD: Black Eye] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/softtissueinjuries/ht/07_black_eye.htm Black Eye] (Black eye - a bruise near the eye)
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==Burns==
==Burns==
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3676_first-aid-basics-burn-care-dos-donts.htm Burns] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3625_first-aid-basics-burn-care.htm Second Degree Burns] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159933_treat-second-third-degree-burns.htm Second & Third-Degree Burns] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Treat-a-Burn.htm About.com Video: Burn] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Burns.htm About.com: Types of Burns Video]<br />
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3676_first-aid-basics-burn-care-dos-donts.htm Burns] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3625_first-aid-basics-burn-care.htm Second Degree Burns] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159933_treat-second-third-degree-burns.htm Second & Third-Degree Burns] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Treat-a-Burn.htm About.com Video: Burn] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Burns.htm About.com: Types of Burns Video]<br />
{{See also|[[Electrical Burns]] and [[Rope Burns]]}}
{{See also|[[Electrical Burns]] and [[Rope Burns]]}}
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==Cancer==
==Cancer==
*[http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_What_are_the_signs_and_symptoms_of_cancer.asp?sitearea= American Cancer Society: Signs & Symptoms] - [http://www.healthfirst.net.au/content/view/265/42/ Warning Signs] - Mayo Clinic: [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer/DS01076 Cancer Defined] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer/DS01076 Cancer Myths]
*[http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_What_are_the_signs_and_symptoms_of_cancer.asp?sitearea= American Cancer Society: Signs & Symptoms] - [http://www.healthfirst.net.au/content/view/265/42/ Warning Signs] - Mayo Clinic: [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer/DS01076 Cancer Defined] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer/DS01076 Cancer Myths]
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==Chest Pain==
==Chest Pain==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-chest-pain/FA00036 Mayo Clinic: Chest pain] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/abdominal_pain_in_adults_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Abdominal Pain]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-chest-pain/FA00036 Mayo Clinic: Chest pain] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/abdominal_pain_in_adults_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Abdominal Pain]
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==Choking==
==Choking==
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*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/choking_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Choking] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-choking/FA00025 Mayo Clinic: Choking (Heimlich maneuver)] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/choking.shtml Harvard: Choking] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/heimlichAd.shtml Harvard: Heimlich Maneuver] - [http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Choking/default.html Center for Disease Control: Choking]<br>
*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/choking_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Choking] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-choking/FA00025 Mayo Clinic: Choking (Heimlich maneuver)] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/choking.shtml Harvard: Choking] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/heimlichAd.shtml Harvard: Heimlich Maneuver] - [http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Choking/default.html Center for Disease Control: Choking]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1640_choking-ad-first-aid-maneuver.htm EVVideo: First Aid for Choking Victims] - [http://www.procpr.org/video/flvplayer.php?file_url=conscious-adult-choking.flv PFAVideo: Choking] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Heimlich-Maneuver.htm About.com Video: Heimlich Maneuver]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/1640_choking-ad-first-aid-maneuver.htm EVVideo: First Aid for Choking Victims] - [http://www.procpr.org/video/flvplayer.php?file_url=conscious-adult-choking.flv PFAVideo: Choking] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Heimlich-Maneuver.htm About.com Video: Heimlich Maneuver]
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==Cold Reactions==
==Cold Reactions==
=====Hypothermia=====
=====Hypothermia=====
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-hypothermia/FA00017 Mayo Clinic: Hypothermia] - [http://www.aafp.org/afp/20041215/2325.html AAFP: Hypothermia] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/hypothermia_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Hypothermia] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/heatcoldexposur1/ht/06_hypothermia.htm About.com: Hypothermia]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-hypothermia/FA00017 Mayo Clinic: Hypothermia] - [http://www.aafp.org/afp/20041215/2325.html AAFP: Hypothermia] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/hypothermia_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Hypothermia] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/heatcoldexposur1/ht/06_hypothermia.htm About.com: Hypothermia]
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=====Frostbite =====
=====Frostbite =====
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159939_treat-frostbite.htm EVVideo: How to Treat Frostbite ] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Frostbite.htm About.com: Stages of Frostbite Video]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159939_treat-frostbite.htm EVVideo: How to Treat Frostbite ] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/Frostbite.htm About.com: Stages of Frostbite Video]
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== CPR ==
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==CPR==
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'''<small>Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)</small>'''
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* [http://old.scouting.org/boyscouts/rankvideo/firstclass/FC8d.m4v BSA Video: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)] ''(requires [http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/ Apple QuickTime])''
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{{quote-GTA|CPR instruction <nowiki>[</nowiki><i>in the merit badge program</i><nowiki>]</nowiki>, wherever it is required, must be taught by people currently trained as CPR instructors by a nationally certified provider, such as the [http://www.redcross.org American Red Cross], the [http://ecsinstitute.org Emergency Care and Safety Institute], or the [http://www.heart.org American Heart Association].|7.0.1.1 Qualifications of Counselors}}
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* [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss06.aspx Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061 Mayo Clinic: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/CPR.shtml Harvard: CPR] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/basics/630.html AAFP: CPR] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/cardiopulmonary_resuscitation_cpr_treatment_firstaid WebMD: CPR]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small></small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/152_first-aid-maneuvers.htm CPR Basics] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/2150_perform-cpr.htm CPR] ProFirstAid: [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=hands-only-cpr.flv *NEW* Hands-Only CPR] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=adult-cpr.flv PFAVideo: Adult CPR] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Perform-Hands-Only-CPR.htm About.com Video: Hands Only CPR] -
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* BSA ''Guide to Safe Scouting'': [https://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/gss/gss05/#e First Aid and CPR Training]
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* CPR Procedures: [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061 Mayo Clinic] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/emergencies-and-first-aid-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation Harvard Medical School] - [https://familydoctor.org/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr/ American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)] - [https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-treatment WebMD]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; Videos: ProFirstAid: [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/hands-only-cpr Hands-Only CPR] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/en/training_video/adult-cpr-lay-rescuer-community Adult CPR]
==Cuts - Scrapes==
==Cuts - Scrapes==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cuts/FA00042 Mayo Clinic: Cuts and Scrapes] (also called Abrasions) - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/after-injury/041.html AAFP: Cuts, Scrapes and Stitches] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/cuts-or-lacerations-treatment WebMD: Cut] <br>
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cuts/FA00042 Mayo Clinic: Cuts and Scrapes] (also called Abrasions) - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/after-injury/041.html AAFP: Cuts, Scrapes and Stitches] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/cuts-or-lacerations-treatment WebMD: Cut] <br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/144752_treat-cut-with-first-aid.htm EVVideo: Cuts (Lacerations)] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6531_abrasion-treat.htm EVVideo: Abrasions]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/144752_treat-cut-with-first-aid.htm EVVideo: Cuts (Lacerations)] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6531_abrasion-treat.htm EVVideo: Abrasions]
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==Dehydration==
==Dehydration==
*Mayo Clinic: [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration/DS00561 Dehydration] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration/SM00037 Spotting & Preventing Dehydration] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283 Mayo How much water do you need?] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/dehydration_in_adults_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Dehydration]
*Mayo Clinic: [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration/DS00561 Dehydration] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dehydration/SM00037 Spotting & Preventing Dehydration] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283 Mayo How much water do you need?] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/dehydration_in_adults_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Dehydration]
-
 
==Electrical Burns - Electrical Shock==
==Electrical Burns - Electrical Shock==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-electrical-burns/FA00027 Mayo Clinic: Electrical burns]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-electrical-burns/FA00027 Mayo Clinic: Electrical burns]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-electrical-shock/FA00051 Mayo Clinic: Electrical shock]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-electrical-shock/FA00051 Mayo Clinic: Electrical shock]
-
 
==Eye Injury - Object in Eye==
==Eye Injury - Object in Eye==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid/FA00053 Mayo Clinic: Foreign object in the eye]- [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/eyeSpeck.shtml Harvard: Removing a Speck From the Eye] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/eye_injuries_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Eye Injury]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid/FA00053 Mayo Clinic: Foreign object in the eye]- [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/eyeSpeck.shtml Harvard: Removing a Speck From the Eye] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/eye_injuries_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Eye Injury]
-
 
==Getting Help==
==Getting Help==
* About.com: [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/p/07_911_Tips.htm Calling for Help 101] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/ht/06_Good911.htm Be a Good 911 Caller] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/qt/whentocall.htm When Should You Call 911?] - [http://clk.about.com/?zi=1/XJ/Ya&sdn=firstaid&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fcontact.bellsouth.com%2Femail%2Fbbs%2Fphase2%2Fhow911works.html How 911 Works]
* About.com: [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/p/07_911_Tips.htm Calling for Help 101] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/ht/06_Good911.htm Be a Good 911 Caller] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/callingforhelp/qt/whentocall.htm When Should You Call 911?] - [http://clk.about.com/?zi=1/XJ/Ya&sdn=firstaid&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fcontact.bellsouth.com%2Femail%2Fbbs%2Fphase2%2Fhow911works.html How 911 Works]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3621_first-aid-basics-nine-one-one.htm EVVideo:Calling 911]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3621_first-aid-basics-nine-one-one.htm EVVideo:Calling 911]
-
 
==Head, Neck, and Back Injuries ==
==Head, Neck, and Back Injuries ==
=====Head Injury=====
=====Head Injury=====
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-head-pain/FA00049 Mayo Clinic: Head pain] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-head-trauma/FA00008 Mayo Clinic: Head trauma] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/after-injury/head.html AAFP: Head Injuries] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/head_injury_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Head Injuries]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-head-pain/FA00049 Mayo Clinic: Head pain] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-head-trauma/FA00008 Mayo Clinic: Head trauma] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/after-injury/head.html AAFP: Head Injuries] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/head_injury_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Head Injuries]
-
 
=====Spinal Injuries=====
=====Spinal Injuries=====
*[https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/backInj.shtml Harvard: Back Injuries] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/shoulder_and_neck_pain_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Neck & Back Injuries] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-spinal-injury/FA00010 Mayo Clinic: Spinal injury]<br>
*[https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/backInj.shtml Harvard: Back Injuries] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/shoulder_and_neck_pain_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Neck & Back Injuries] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-spinal-injury/FA00010 Mayo Clinic: Spinal injury]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=injury-head-neck-back.flv PFAVideo: Head, Neck and Back Injuries]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=injury-head-neck-back.flv PFAVideo: Head, Neck and Back Injuries]
-
 
==Hearing Loss==
==Hearing Loss==
*[http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/noise.asp National Institute of Health: Hearing Loss] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hearing-loss/DS00172 Mayo Clinic: Hearing Loss] - [http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000501/2759ph.html AAFP: Prevent Hearing Loss] - [http://woodworking.about.com/od/safetyfirst/p/EarProtection.htm About.com: Woodworking Hearing Protection]
*[http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/noise.asp National Institute of Health: Hearing Loss] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hearing-loss/DS00172 Mayo Clinic: Hearing Loss] - [http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000501/2759ph.html AAFP: Prevent Hearing Loss] - [http://woodworking.about.com/od/safetyfirst/p/EarProtection.htm About.com: Woodworking Hearing Protection]
-
 
==Heart Attack==
==Heart Attack==
* [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200005 American Heart Association: Heart Attack] - [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Heart_Attack Warning Signs] -[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heart-attack/FA00050 Mayo Clinic: Heart attack] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/291.html AAFP: Symptoms & Risk Factors] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/heart_attack_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Heart Attack]
* [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200005 American Heart Association: Heart Attack] - [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Heart_Attack Warning Signs] -[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heart-attack/FA00050 Mayo Clinic: Heart attack] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/291.html AAFP: Symptoms & Risk Factors] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/heart_attack_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Heart Attack]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137679_what-is-heart-attack.htm What Is a Heart Attack?] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137687_heart-attack-risk-factors.htm Risk Factors] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137689_misconceptions-about-heart-attacks.htm Misconceptions] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137681_signs-of-a-heart-attack.htm Signs of a Heart Attack]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137679_what-is-heart-attack.htm What Is a Heart Attack?] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137687_heart-attack-risk-factors.htm Risk Factors] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137689_misconceptions-about-heart-attacks.htm Misconceptions] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137681_signs-of-a-heart-attack.htm Signs of a Heart Attack]
-
 
==Heart Disease==
==Heart Disease==
*[http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4726 Heart Disease Warning Signs] - [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Heart_Attack Warning Signs] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/291.html AAFP: Avoiding a Heart Attack]
*[http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4726 Heart Disease Warning Signs] - [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Heart_Attack Warning Signs] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/291.html AAFP: Avoiding a Heart Attack]
-
 
==Heat Reactions==
==Heat Reactions==
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=====Heat Cramps=====
=====Heat Cramps=====
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heat-cramps/FA00021 Mayo Clinic: Heat cramps]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heat-cramps/FA00021 Mayo Clinic: Heat cramps]
-
<br>
+
 
=====Heat Stroke=====
=====Heat Stroke=====
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heatstroke/FA00019 Mayo Clinic: Heatstroke] -
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heatstroke/FA00019 Mayo Clinic: Heatstroke] -
Line 258: Line 249:
==Hyperventilation==
==Hyperventilation==
*[http://www.ehow.com/how_10226_treat-hyperventilation.html eHow: Hyperventilation] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/hyperventilation-treatment WebMD: Hyperventilation]
*[http://www.ehow.com/how_10226_treat-hyperventilation.html eHow: Hyperventilation] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/hyperventilation-treatment WebMD: Hyperventilation]
-
 
==Nausea - Motion Sickness==
==Nausea - Motion Sickness==
Line 266: Line 256:
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-fainting/FA00052 Mayo Clinic: Fainting] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/symptoms/qt/06_dizziness.htm Dizziness] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/abdominaldisorders/qt/06_nausea.htm Nausea and Vomiting] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/symptoms/qt/06_dizziness.htm Vertigo]<br>
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-fainting/FA00052 Mayo Clinic: Fainting] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/symptoms/qt/06_dizziness.htm Dizziness] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/abdominaldisorders/qt/06_nausea.htm Nausea and Vomiting] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/symptoms/qt/06_dizziness.htm Vertigo]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=fainting.flv PFAVideo: Fainting]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=fainting.flv PFAVideo: Fainting]
-
 
==Nosebleeds==
==Nosebleeds==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-nosebleeds/HQ00105 Mayo Clinic: Nosebleeds] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/noseBleed.shtml Harvard: Nosebleeds] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/basics/132.html AAFP: Nosebleeds] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/nosebleeds_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Nosebleeds]<br>
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-nosebleeds/HQ00105 Mayo Clinic: Nosebleeds] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/noseBleed.shtml Harvard: Nosebleeds] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/basics/132.html AAFP: Nosebleeds] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/nosebleeds_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Nosebleeds]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6522_nose-bleed-stop.htm EVVideo: Nose Bleeds] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Treat-A-Nosebleed.htm About.com Video: Nosebleeds]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6522_nose-bleed-stop.htm EVVideo: Nose Bleeds] - [http://video.about.com/firstaid/How-to-Treat-A-Nosebleed.htm About.com Video: Nosebleeds]
-
 
==Poisoning ==
==Poisoning ==
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-poisoning/FA00029 Mayo Clinic: Poisoning] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/poisoning_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Poisoning] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/hazardousmaterials/qt/06_poisons.htm About.com: Poisons] - [http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Poisoning/index.html Center for Disease Control: Poisoning]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-poisoning/FA00029 Mayo Clinic: Poisoning] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/poisoning_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Poisoning] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/hazardousmaterials/qt/06_poisons.htm About.com: Poisons] - [http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Poisoning/index.html Center for Disease Control: Poisoning]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-food-borne-illness/FA00043 Mayo Clinic: Food-borne illness] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/abdominaldisorders/qt/06_foodpoison.htm About.com: Food Poisoning]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-food-borne-illness/FA00043 Mayo Clinic: Food-borne illness] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/abdominaldisorders/qt/06_foodpoison.htm About.com: Food Poisoning]
-
 
==Poisonous Plants ==
==Poisonous Plants ==
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/poison-ivy/DS00774 Mayo Clinic: Poison Ivy Rash] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/allergy_poison_ivy_oak_and_sumac_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Poinson Ivy Treatment]<br>
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/poison-ivy/DS00774 Mayo Clinic: Poison Ivy Rash] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/allergy_poison_ivy_oak_and_sumac_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Poinson Ivy Treatment]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6532_poison-ivy-treat.htm Poison Ivy & Poison Oak] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159940_treat-poison-oak-ivy-sumac.htm How to Treat Poison Oak, Ivy & Sumac]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6532_poison-ivy-treat.htm Poison Ivy & Poison Oak] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159940_treat-poison-oak-ivy-sumac.htm How to Treat Poison Oak, Ivy & Sumac]<br>
-
 
==Puncture Wounds ==
==Puncture Wounds ==
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=====Splinters=====
=====Splinters=====
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid/FA00055 Mayo Clinic: Foreign object in the skin] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/tc/removing-splinters-topic-overview WebMD: Removing Splinters] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/firstaidbasics/ht/07_splinter.htm About.com: Splinter Removal]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid/FA00055 Mayo Clinic: Foreign object in the skin] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/tc/removing-splinters-topic-overview WebMD: Removing Splinters] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/firstaidbasics/ht/07_splinter.htm About.com: Splinter Removal]
-
 
==Rope Burns==
==Rope Burns==
*[http://www.trails.com/how_30630_treat-rope-burn.html How to Treat Rope Burn] - from ''http://trails.com''
*[http://www.trails.com/how_30630_treat-rope-burn.html How to Treat Rope Burn] - from ''http://trails.com''
-
 
==Seizures - Convulsions - Epilepsy==
==Seizures - Convulsions - Epilepsy==
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3629_first-aid-basics-seizures.htm EVVideo: Seizures] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=seizure.flv PFAVideo: Seizures]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3629_first-aid-basics-seizures.htm EVVideo: Seizures] - [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=seizure.flv PFAVideo: Seizures]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/epilepsy/DS00342 Mayo Clinic: Epilepsy] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/epilepsy_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Epilepsy]
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/epilepsy/DS00342 Mayo Clinic: Epilepsy] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/epilepsy_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Epilepsy]
-
 
==Shock ==
==Shock ==
Line 306: Line 289:
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-shock/FA00056 Mayo Clinic: Shock] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/shock_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Shock] - [http://health.msn.com/health-topics/first-aid/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100075768 MSN: Shock]<br>
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-shock/FA00056 Mayo Clinic: Shock] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/shock_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Shock] - [http://health.msn.com/health-topics/first-aid/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100075768 MSN: Shock]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=shock.flv PFAVideo: Shock]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.profirstaid.com/videos/flvplayer.php?file_url=shock.flv PFAVideo: Shock]<br>
-
 
==Slings==
==Slings==
* [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/sling.shtml Harvard: Slings]<br>
* [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/sling.shtml Harvard: Slings]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52572_splint-first-aid-shoulder.htm How to Apply a Shoulder Sling] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6517_apply-sling.htm Slings] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3685_first-aid-care-apply-sling.htm More Slings]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52572_splint-first-aid-shoulder.htm How to Apply a Shoulder Sling] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/6517_apply-sling.htm Slings] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/3685_first-aid-care-apply-sling.htm More Slings]
-
 
==Snakebite==
==Snakebite==
Line 318: Line 299:
=====Poisonous Animals=====
=====Poisonous Animals=====
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159934_treat-jellyfish-stings.htm EVVideo: How to Treat Jellyfish Stings]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159934_treat-jellyfish-stings.htm EVVideo: How to Treat Jellyfish Stings]
-
 
==Splints==
==Splints==
Line 324: Line 304:
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52563_splint-first-aid-assessment.htm How to Tell if Someone Needs a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52560_splint-first-aid-intro.htm Injuries Requiring a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52561_splint-first-aid-types.htm Types of Splints] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52562_splint-first-aid-immobilize.htm Applying a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52571_splint-first-aid-pillow.htm How to Use a Pillow as a Splint] -
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52563_splint-first-aid-assessment.htm How to Tell if Someone Needs a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52560_splint-first-aid-intro.htm Injuries Requiring a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52561_splint-first-aid-types.htm Types of Splints] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52562_splint-first-aid-immobilize.htm Applying a Splint] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52571_splint-first-aid-pillow.htm How to Use a Pillow as a Splint] -
[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52564_splint-first-aid-position.htm How to Position a Splint]
[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/52564_splint-first-aid-position.htm How to Position a Splint]
-
 
==Sprains - Strains - Cramps==
==Sprains - Strains - Cramps==
Line 333: Line 312:
=====Sprained Ankle=====
=====Sprained Ankle=====
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sprained-ankle/ds01014 Mayo Clinic: Sprained Ankle] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/physical/injuries/010.html AAFP: Ankle Sprains]
* [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sprained-ankle/ds01014 Mayo Clinic: Sprained Ankle] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/physical/injuries/010.html AAFP: Ankle Sprains]
-
 
==Stopped Breathing==
==Stopped Breathing==
Line 339: Line 317:
*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-treatment CPR & Resuce Breathing] - [http://health.msn.com/health-topics/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100061218 MSN: Rescue Breathing and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)]
*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-treatment CPR & Resuce Breathing] - [http://health.msn.com/health-topics/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100061218 MSN: Rescue Breathing and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)]
*[http://firstaid.about.com/od/firstaidbasics/qt/06_SOBcauses.htm About.com: Shortness of Breath]
*[http://firstaid.about.com/od/firstaidbasics/qt/06_SOBcauses.htm About.com: Shortness of Breath]
-
 
==Stroke==
==Stroke==
Line 345: Line 322:
*'''Warning Signs''': [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Stroke American Heart Association: Stroke Warning Signs] - [http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=FAST Stroke.Org] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/290.html AAFP: Stroke Symptoms] - [http://stroke.about.com/b/2008/05/27/know-stroke-fast.htm Stroke Symptoms]
*'''Warning Signs''': [http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3053#Stroke American Heart Association: Stroke Warning Signs] - [http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=FAST Stroke.Org] - [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/heartdisease/basics/290.html AAFP: Stroke Symptoms] - [http://stroke.about.com/b/2008/05/27/know-stroke-fast.htm Stroke Symptoms]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87225_symptoms-stroke-what.htm What Is a Stroke?] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87224_symptoms-stroke-treatment.htm How to Identify a Stroke] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87234_symptoms-stroke-prevention.htm How to Prevent a Stroke] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87223_symptoms-stroke-signs.htm The Signs of a Stroke]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87225_symptoms-stroke-what.htm What Is a Stroke?] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87224_symptoms-stroke-treatment.htm How to Identify a Stroke] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87234_symptoms-stroke-prevention.htm How to Prevent a Stroke] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/87223_symptoms-stroke-signs.htm The Signs of a Stroke]
-
 
==Sunburn==
==Sunburn==
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*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-sunburn/FA00028 Mayo Clinic: Sunburn] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/sunburn_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Sunburn] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/injuriesathome/ht/06_sunburn.htm About.com: Sunburn]<br>
*[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-sunburn/FA00028 Mayo Clinic: Sunburn] - [http://firstaid.webmd.com/sunburn_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Sunburn] - [http://firstaid.about.com/od/injuriesathome/ht/06_sunburn.htm About.com: Sunburn]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/160944_treat-sunburn.htm EVVideo: Sunburn] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159932_treat-severe-sunburn.htm EVVideo: Severe Sunburn]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/160944_treat-sunburn.htm EVVideo: Sunburn] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/159932_treat-severe-sunburn.htm EVVideo: Severe Sunburn]
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==Tooth Injury==
==Tooth Injury==
*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/broken_or_knocked-out_teeth_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Tooth Broken or Knocked-out] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-tooth-loss/FA00015 Mayo Clinic: Tooth loss] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-toothache/FA00013 Mayo Clinic: Toothache]
*[http://firstaid.webmd.com/broken_or_knocked-out_teeth_treatment_firstaid WebMD: Tooth Broken or Knocked-out] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-tooth-loss/FA00015 Mayo Clinic: Tooth loss] - [http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-toothache/FA00013 Mayo Clinic: Toothache]
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==Transporting an Injured Person==
==Transporting an Injured Person==
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*[http://www.ehow.com/how_4529990_move-injured-person.html How to Move an Injured Person]<br>
*[http://www.ehow.com/how_4529990_move-injured-person.html How to Move an Injured Person]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/139808_carry-injured-person-yourself-first.htm EVVideo: How to Carry an Injured Person by Yourself]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/139808_carry-injured-person-yourself-first.htm EVVideo: How to Carry an Injured Person by Yourself]
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==Triage==
==Triage==
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triage Wikipedia: Triage] - [http://www.cdc.gov/fieldtriage/index.html Center for Disease Control: Field Triage]
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triage Wikipedia: Triage] - [http://www.cdc.gov/fieldtriage/index.html Center for Disease Control: Field Triage]
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==Wilderness First Aid==
==Wilderness First Aid==
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137437_assessing-emergency-situation-wilderness.htm Assessing Wilderness Emergencies] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137436_dealing-with-medical-emergency-wilderness.htm Medical Emergency] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137439_treating-shock-in-the-wilderness.htm Shock] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137434_triaging-wilderness-first-aid.htm Triage] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/8349_wilderness-first-aid.htm Wilderness First Aid]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; EVVideo: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137437_assessing-emergency-situation-wilderness.htm Assessing Wilderness Emergencies] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137436_dealing-with-medical-emergency-wilderness.htm Medical Emergency] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137439_treating-shock-in-the-wilderness.htm Shock] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137434_triaging-wilderness-first-aid.htm Triage] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/8349_wilderness-first-aid.htm Wilderness First Aid]
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== Related Awards ==
== Related Awards ==
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<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
{{Emergency Preparedness Award Links}}
{{Emergency Preparedness Award Links}}
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* [[Essentials for the Outdoors|Camping Checklist]]
 
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* Boy Scout [[Camping|Camping Merit Badge]]
 
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* Webelos [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]]
 
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==See also==
 
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*[[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
 
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*[[First Aid Kit]]
 
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*[[Emergency Preparedness|Emergency Preparedness Merit Badge]]
 
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*[[Scout Skills]]
 
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*[[Swimming Skills]]
 
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==External links==
 
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* Download PDF First Aid Manuals: [http://www.firstaidguide.net/ 86 Pages from firstaidguide.net] - [http://www.firstaidtopics.com/first-aid-cpr-manual/ 51 Pages from firstaidtopics.com] - Note: these can only be supplemental materials.
 
[[Category:Skills]]
[[Category:Skills]]

Current revision

MeritBadge.Org offers resource and video links for Backpacking, Campfire Building, Clothing, Cooking,
Cycling, First Aid, Navigation, Outdoor skills, Scout skills, Swimming, and Wilderness Survival skills.

Contents

Abrasion (Scrape)
AEDs
Altitude Sickness
Assessing Injury
Back Injury
Bites Stings Bees
Black eye
Bleeding
Blisters
Bloodborne Pathogens
Broken Bone
Bruise (Contusion)
Burns
Chest Pain
Choking
Cold Reactions
Convulsion
CPR
Cramps
Cuts (Lacerations)
Dehydration
Electrical Burns
Electrical Shock
Eye Injury
First-Aid Kit
Fishhook
Fractures
Frostbite
Getting Help
Head Injury
Hearing Loss
Heart Attack
Heart Disease
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Reactions
Heat Stroke
Heimlich
Hyperventilation
Hypothermia
Insect Bites Stings
Motion Sickness
Muscle Cramps
Muscle Strains
Nausea-Fainting
Neck Injuries
Nosebleeds
Object in Eye
Poisoning
Poisonous Animals
Poisonous Plants
Puncture Wound
Rope Burns
Scratches
Shock
Seizure Slings - Splints
Snakebite
Spinal Injury
Splinters
Sprained Ankle
Sprains-Strains
Stopped Breathing
Stroke
Sunburn
Tick Bites
Tooth Injury
Transporting
Triage
Wilderness First Aid

First aid is the first help given to someone who has had an accident or other health emergency. If more attention is needed, first-aid treatment helps keep an injured or ill person as safe as possible until medical personnel arrive. Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.

First aid and WFA are important to participants in BSA programs. The BSA strongly recommends that participants avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. For certain program participation, there may be requirements for first aid, wilderness first aid, and CPR/AED. There are no unit-centric requirements at this time.

First aid, WFA, CPR/AED may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting. Online-only courses are not accepted if a certification is required. The BSA will accept nationally recognized blended courses—such as from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, Emergency Care and Safety Institute—where competency can be demonstrated to an instructor.

Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).

For more information, see the Boy Scout Handbook and the First Aid merit badge pamphlet.

Guide to Safe Scouting (2019), V. Medical Information and First Aid

Here are first-aid resources to aid you in teaching and learning first aid in over 40 ranks and badges.

Resources

The Boy Scout Handbook should be a Scout's initial resource for learning first-aid skills. The First Aid merit badge provides more information and guidance and lists the following first-aid resources

On the Internet
Scouting Literature

Handbooks, Manuals, & Guides

Merit Badge Pamphlets

Dentistry  •  Emergency Preparedness  •  Fire Safety  •  Lifesaving  •  Medicine  •  Public Health  •  Safety  •  Wilderness Survival
Additional Resources

ProFirstAid (PFAVideo) - online first aid (including CPR) courses for free. Pay if you want their certificates.

Disclaimers

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If you're in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.

Please note that the only first aid materials recommended by the Boy Scouts of America are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current First Aid Merit Badge pamphlet (Order: full pamphlet (Scout Shop); Download: requirements & resources only (Scouting.org)) and Boy Scout Handbook. First-aid skills are constantly being revised. See the Guide to Safe Scouting. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.

AED

  Pro First Aid: Adult AED, Practice: Adult AED, Child AED, Practice: Child AED, Infant AED, Practice: Infant AED

Altitude Sickness

Requirement for Camping and Hiking Merit Badges.

Bites and Stings

  EVVideo: Insect Bites & Stings - Treatments - Insect Bites - Brown Recluse Spider Bite - Chiggers - Bee Stings - Bees

Tick Bites

  Avoiding Ticks - EVVideo: Removing Ticks

Bleeding

  Mayo Clinic: Bleeding Video - EVVideo: EVVideo: Bleeding - EVVideo: Bleeding2 - Direct Pressure - Pressure Bandage
  ProFirstAid: Minor Bleeding - Serious Bleeding - About.com Video: Dress a Wound

Blisters

  EVVideo: Avoiding Blisters - Blisters - How to Treat Blisters

Bloodborne Pathogens

  ProFirstAid: Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens - What are Bloodborne Pathogens? - How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread - How to Reduce Your Risk

Broken Bones

Shortcut:
Broken Bones - Fractures
Dislocation

Bruises

Burns

  EVVideo: Burns - Second Degree Burns - Second & Third-Degree Burns - About.com Video: Burn - About.com: Types of Burns Video

See also: Electrical Burns and Rope Burns


Cancer

Chest Pain

Choking

  EVVideo: First Aid for Choking Victims - PFAVideo: Choking - About.com Video: Heimlich Maneuver

Cold Reactions

Hypothermia
Frostbite

  EVVideo: How to Treat Frostbite - About.com: Stages of Frostbite Video

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

CPR instruction [in the merit badge program], wherever it is required, must be taught by people currently trained as CPR instructors by a nationally certified provider, such as the American Red Cross, the Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or the American Heart Association.
Guide To Advancement § 7.0.1.1 Qualifications of Counselors.


  Videos: ProFirstAid: Hands-Only CPR - Adult CPR

Cuts - Scrapes

  EVVideo: Cuts (Lacerations) - EVVideo: Abrasions

Dehydration

Electrical Burns - Electrical Shock

Eye Injury - Object in Eye

Getting Help

  EVVideo:Calling 911

Head, Neck, and Back Injuries

Head Injury
Spinal Injuries

  PFAVideo: Head, Neck and Back Injuries

Hearing Loss

Heart Attack

  EVVideo: What Is a Heart Attack? - Risk Factors - Misconceptions - Signs of a Heart Attack

Heart Disease

Heat Reactions

Heat Exhaustion

  EVVideo: How to Treat Heat Exhaustion

Heat Cramps
Heat Stroke

Hyperventilation

Nausea - Motion Sickness

Fainting

  PFAVideo: Fainting

Nosebleeds

  EVVideo: Nose Bleeds - About.com Video: Nosebleeds

Poisoning

Poisonous Plants

  EVVideo: Poison Ivy & Poison Oak - How to Treat Poison Oak, Ivy & Sumac

Puncture Wounds

  EVVideo: Puncture Wounds

Fishhook
Splinters

Rope Burns

Seizures - Convulsions - Epilepsy

  EVVideo: Seizures - PFAVideo: Seizures

Shock

Treat every accident victim for shock. -Boy Scout Handbook p. 291

  PFAVideo: Shock

Slings

  EVVideo: How to Apply a Shoulder Sling - Slings - More Slings

Snakebite

  EVVideo: Venomous Snake Bite

Poisonous Animals

  EVVideo: How to Treat Jellyfish Stings

Splints

  EVVideo: How to Tell if Someone Needs a Splint - Injuries Requiring a Splint - Types of Splints - Applying a Splint - How to Use a Pillow as a Splint - How to Position a Splint

Sprains - Strains - Cramps

Shortcut:
Sprains - Strains - Cramps

  EVVideo: Strained Muscle

Sprained Ankle

Stopped Breathing

See CPR

Stroke

  EVVideo: What Is a Stroke? - How to Identify a Stroke - How to Prevent a Stroke - The Signs of a Stroke

Sunburn

Shortcut:
Sunburn

  EVVideo: Sunburn - EVVideo: Severe Sunburn

Tooth Injury

Transporting an Injured Person

  EVVideo: How to Carry an Injured Person by Yourself

Triage

Wilderness First Aid

  EVVideo: Assessing Wilderness Emergencies - Medical Emergency - Shock - Triage - Wilderness First Aid

Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness-related awards
Personal tools
language