Swimming skills

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{{Shortcut|[[Swimming Strokes]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Swimming Strokes]]}}
:''Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
:''Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
-
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/tag/swim.htm Swimming Lesson Videos] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/9305_swim.htm How to Swim]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/tag/swim.htm Swimming Lesson Videos]{{•}} [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/9305_swim.htm How to Swim]<br>
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*[[BSA Swim Test]] - [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#c Classification of Swimming Ability] - [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#g Water Clarity] - [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#i Swimming Area]
+
*[[BSA Swim Test]]{{•}}[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#c Classification of Swimming Ability]{{•}}[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#g Water Clarity]{{•}}[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#i Swimming Area]
=====Backstroke=====
=====Backstroke=====
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{{Shortcut|[[Backstroke]] - [[Back Crawl]]}}
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{{Shortcut|[[Backstroke]]{{•}}[[Back Crawl]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1330_swimming-backstroke.htm Backstroke (Back Crawl)]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1330_swimming-backstroke.htm Backstroke (Back Crawl)]
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* Backstroke: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13729.aspx body position] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13728.aspx leg action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13727.aspx arm action] - [http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_backcrawl.htm Step-by-step Instruction]
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* Backstroke: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13729.aspx body position]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13728.aspx leg action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13727.aspx arm action]{{•}}[http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_backcrawl.htm Step-by-step Instruction]
===== Elementary Backstroke =====
===== Elementary Backstroke =====
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{{Shortcut|[[Breaststroke]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Breaststroke]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1294_swim-breast.htm Breaststroke]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1294_swim-breast.htm Breaststroke]<br>
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* Breaststroke: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13726.aspx body position] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13725.aspx leg action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13724.aspx arm action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14833.aspx breathing] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14834.aspx timing] - [http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_breaststroke.htm Step-by step Instruction]
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* Breaststroke: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13726.aspx body position]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13725.aspx leg action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13724.aspx arm action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14833.aspx breathing]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14834.aspx timing]{{•}}[http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_breaststroke.htm Step-by step Instruction]
=====Butterfly=====
=====Butterfly=====
{{Shortcut|[[Butterfly]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Butterfly]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/8545_do-butterfly-stroke.htm Butterfly] <br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/8545_do-butterfly-stroke.htm Butterfly] <br>
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* Butterfly: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14836.aspx body position] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14837.aspx leg action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14838.aspx arm action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14839.aspx breathing]
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* Butterfly: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14836.aspx body position]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14837.aspx leg action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14838.aspx arm action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14839.aspx breathing]
=====Freestyle =====
=====Freestyle =====
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{{Shortcut|[[Freestyle]] - [[Crawl]] - [[Front Crawl]]}}
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{{Shortcut|[[Freestyle]]{{•}}[[Crawl]]{{•}}[[Front Crawl]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1331_freestyle-swimming.htm Freestyle (Front Crawl)]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1331_freestyle-swimming.htm Freestyle (Front Crawl)]<br>
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* Freestyle (Crawl): [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13722.aspx body position] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13721.aspx leg action] -
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* Freestyle (Crawl): [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13722.aspx body position]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13721.aspx leg action]{{•}}
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[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13720.aspx arm action] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13719.aspx breathing] - [http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_frontcrawl.htm Step-by step Instruction]
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[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13720.aspx arm action]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13719.aspx breathing]{{•}}[http://www.learn4good.com/howto/swimming_frontcrawl.htm Step-by step Instruction]
=====Sidestroke=====
=====Sidestroke=====
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{{Shortcut|[[Floating]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Floating]]}}
:''Reminder: The only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
:''Reminder: The only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/20142_freestyle-swimming-floating.htm Float] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/140156_kids-swimming-lessons-float.htm Teaching kids to float] <br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/20142_freestyle-swimming-floating.htm Float]{{•}}[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/140156_kids-swimming-lessons-float.htm Teaching kids to float] <br>
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* Floating: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13718.aspx Floating] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13770.aspx Flotation 2] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13822.aspx Flotation 3]
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* Floating: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13718.aspx Floating]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13770.aspx Flotation 2]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13822.aspx Flotation 3]
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{{Shortcut|[[Survival Floating]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Survival Floating]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/151559_survival-float.htm Survival Floating]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/151559_survival-float.htm Survival Floating]<br>
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* Survival Floating: [http://lifesavingsport.com/wet-clothes/swimming/survival/floating.html Using Clothes as a Flotation Aid] - [[http://lifesavingsport.com/swimming/Water-safety/hypothermia.html Hypothermia & Water Safety]
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* Survival Floating: [http://lifesavingsport.com/wet-clothes/swimming/survival/floating.html Using Clothes as a Flotation Aid]{{•}}[[http://lifesavingsport.com/swimming/Water-safety/hypothermia.html Hypothermia & Water Safety]
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{{Shortcut|[[Treading Water]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Treading Water]]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/74325_aqua-fitness-tread-water.htm Tread Water]<br>
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/74325_aqua-fitness-tread-water.htm Tread Water]<br>
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* Treading Water: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13716.aspx Treading water] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13769.aspx Treading water 2] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_15173.aspx Treading water 3]
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* Treading Water: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13716.aspx Treading water]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13769.aspx Treading water 2]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_15173.aspx Treading water 3]
==Personal Flotation Device==
==Personal Flotation Device==
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{{Shortcut|[[Personal Flotation Device]] - [[PFD]]}}
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{{Shortcut|[[Personal Flotation Device]]{{•}}[[PFD]]}}
{{quote-source|Properly fitted U.S. Coast Guard-approved personal flotation devices (PFDs) must be worn by all persons engaged in activity on the open water (rowing, canoeing, sailing, boardsailing, motorboating, waterskiing, rafting, tubing, and kayaking).
{{quote-source|Properly fitted U.S. Coast Guard-approved personal flotation devices (PFDs) must be worn by all persons engaged in activity on the open water (rowing, canoeing, sailing, boardsailing, motorboating, waterskiing, rafting, tubing, and kayaking).
Only U.S. Coast Guard-approved equipment (types I, II, or III) is acceptable for use in Scouting aquatics. Ski belts are not acceptable. Scouts and unit leaders should learn which type is appropriate for each specific circumstance and how to wear and check for proper fit.|[http://speakers.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#f Guide to Safe Scouting]}}
Only U.S. Coast Guard-approved equipment (types I, II, or III) is acceptable for use in Scouting aquatics. Ski belts are not acceptable. Scouts and unit leaders should learn which type is appropriate for each specific circumstance and how to wear and check for proper fit.|[http://speakers.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#f Guide to Safe Scouting]}}
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/25736_creeking-equipment-pfd.htm How to Pick a PFD for Canoeing]
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/25736_creeking-equipment-pfd.htm How to Pick a PFD for Canoeing]
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* [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#f Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs)] - [http://www.discoverboating.com/resources/pfd.aspx Types of PFDs] - [http://lifesavingsport.com/wet-clothes/swimming/survival/floating.html PFD HELP and huddle positions] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13765.aspx HELP position] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13764.aspx Huddle position] - [http://www.boatingbasicsonline.com/content/general/4_2_a.php Boating Basics: PFDs] - [http://www.uscgboating.org/SAFETY/fedreqs/equ_pfd.htm US Coast Guard Requirements]
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* [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#f Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs)]{{•}}[http://www.discoverboating.com/resources/pfd.aspx Types of PFDs]{{•}}[http://lifesavingsport.com/wet-clothes/swimming/survival/floating.html PFD HELP and huddle positions]{{•}} [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13765.aspx HELP position]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13764.aspx Huddle position]{{•}}[http://www.boatingbasicsonline.com/content/general/4_2_a.php Boating Basics: PFDs]{{•}} [http://www.uscgboating.org/SAFETY/fedreqs/equ_pfd.htm US Coast Guard Requirements]
==Kicks==
==Kicks==
{{Shortcut|[[Kicks]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Kicks]]}}
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69828_competitive-freestyle-legs.htm Flutter Kick (or Freestyle Kick)] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69848_competitive-breaststroke-kick-drills.htm Frog Kick (or Breaststroke Kick)] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69873_competitive-butterfly-kicks.htm Dolphin Kick (or Butterfly Kick)] <br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69828_competitive-freestyle-legs.htm Flutter Kick (or Freestyle Kick)]{{•}}[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69848_competitive-breaststroke-kick-drills.htm Frog Kick (or Breaststroke Kick)]{{•}}[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69873_competitive-butterfly-kicks.htm Dolphin Kick (or Butterfly Kick)] <br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/112483_diving-safety-tips.htm Diving Safety] -
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/112483_diving-safety-tips.htm Diving Safety] -
[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69839_competitive-freestyle-race-starts.htm Racing Dive]<br>
[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69839_competitive-freestyle-race-starts.htm Racing Dive]<br>
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* Diving: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14840.aspx Entries Feet First] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14929.aspx Head-first dives] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_15201.aspx Racing dive ]
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* Diving: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14840.aspx Entries Feet First]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_14929.aspx Head-first dives]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_15201.aspx Racing dive ]
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== SCUBA==
== SCUBA==
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:[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#kk Scuba BSA] - [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#k Scuba Policy]
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:[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#kk Scuba BSA]{{•}}[http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#k Scuba Policy]
:''Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
:''Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the [[Swimming Skills#Disclaimers|Disclaimers]].
{{quote-source|Any person possessing, displaying, or using scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) in connection with any Scouting-related activity must either be currently certified by, or enrolled in a training course authorized by the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI), the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI), or Scuba Schools International (SSI). These agencies are recognized by the Boy Scouts of America for scuba training and instruction. Alternatively, if PADI, NAUI, or SSI training and instruction is not available, certification may be accepted from other agencies that comply with Recreational Scuba Training Council (RSTC) guidelines, provided that such acceptance has been expressly approved by the BSA local council in consultation with the BSA national Health and Safety Service.|[http://speakers.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#k Guide to Safe Scouting]}}
{{quote-source|Any person possessing, displaying, or using scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) in connection with any Scouting-related activity must either be currently certified by, or enrolled in a training course authorized by the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI), the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI), or Scuba Schools International (SSI). These agencies are recognized by the Boy Scouts of America for scuba training and instruction. Alternatively, if PADI, NAUI, or SSI training and instruction is not available, certification may be accepted from other agencies that comply with Recreational Scuba Training Council (RSTC) guidelines, provided that such acceptance has been expressly approved by the BSA local council in consultation with the BSA national Health and Safety Service.|[http://speakers.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss02.aspx#k Guide to Safe Scouting]}}
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==Swimming Turns==
==Swimming Turns==
{{Shortcut|[[Swimming Turns]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Swimming Turns]]}}
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69831_competitive-freestyle-open-turns.htm Open Turns] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69832_competitive-freestyle-flip-turns.htm Flip Turns]<br>
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69831_competitive-freestyle-open-turns.htm Open Turns]{{•}}[http://www.expertvillage.com/video/69832_competitive-freestyle-flip-turns.htm Flip Turns]<br>
==Surface Diving==
==Surface Diving==
{{Shortcut|[[Surface Diving]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Surface Diving]]}}
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*'''Headfirst'''(Pike or Tuck): [[http://www.wikihow.com/Do-a-Surface-Dive Pike Surface Dive]] -
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*'''Headfirst'''(Pike or Tuck): [[http://www.wikihow.com/Do-a-Surface-Dive Pike Surface Dive]]{{•}}
*'''Feet First''':
*'''Feet First''':
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* Surface Dives: - - -
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* Surface Dives: {{•}}{{•}} -
==Lifesaving Skills==
==Lifesaving Skills==
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===== Reach, Throw, Row, Go=====
===== Reach, Throw, Row, Go=====
{{Shortcut|[[Reach, Throw, Row, Go]]}}
{{Shortcut|[[Reach, Throw, Row, Go]]}}
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.boat-ed.com/tn/course/p5-1_riskmgmt.htm Reach, Throw, Row, Go] (with animation at the end) - [http://lifesavingsport.com/swimming/lifesaving-rescues/reach-throw-wade.html Reach - Throw]
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<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.boat-ed.com/tn/course/p5-1_riskmgmt.htm Reach, Throw, Row, Go] (with animation at the end){{•}}[http://lifesavingsport.com/swimming/lifesaving-rescues/reach-throw-wade.html Reach{{•}}Throw]
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* Rescues: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13761.aspx Reaching rescues] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13763.aspx Throwing rescues using buoyant aids] - [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13762.aspx Throwing rescues using ropes]
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* Rescues: [http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13761.aspx Reaching rescues]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13763.aspx Throwing rescues using buoyant aids]{{•}}[http://www.qca.org.uk/qca_13762.aspx Throwing rescues using ropes]
* Guide to Safe Scouting: [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss06.aspx Near-Drowning]
* Guide to Safe Scouting: [http://www.scouting.org/healthandsafety/gss/gss06.aspx Near-Drowning]
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* From De Anza College: [http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide/index.html Rescue Techniques with lots of photos] - [http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/Howtoremoveavictimfromthepool How to remove a victim from the pool] - [http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/Howtorescueasubmergedvictim How to rescue a submerged victim] - [http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/stories/storyReader$3285 How to get an A in lifeguard training]
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* From De Anza College: [http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide/index.html Rescue Techniques with lots of photos]{{•}}[http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/Howtoremoveavictimfromthepool How to remove a victim from the pool]{{•}}[http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/Howtorescueasubmergedvictim How to rescue a submerged victim]{{•}}[http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/stories/storyReader$3285 How to get an A in lifeguard training]
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* From eHow: [http://www.ehow.com/how_4493736_help-drowning-victim.html How to Help a Drowning Victim] - [http://www.ehow.com/how_4749604_rescue-drowning-victim-icy-water.html How to Rescue a Drowning Victim From Icy Water] - [http://www.ehow.com/how_4749534_rescue-conscious-drowning-victim.html How to Rescue a Conscious Drowning Victim] - [http://www.ehow.com/how_4749566_rescue-unconscious-drowning-victim.html How to Rescue an Unconscious Drowning Victim] -
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* From eHow: [http://www.ehow.com/how_4493736_help-drowning-victim.html How to Help a Drowning Victim]{{•}}[http://www.ehow.com/how_4749604_rescue-drowning-victim-icy-water.html How to Rescue a Drowning Victim From Icy Water]{{•}}[http://www.ehow.com/how_4749534_rescue-conscious-drowning-victim.html How to Rescue a Conscious Drowning Victim]{{•}}[http://www.ehow.com/how_4749566_rescue-unconscious-drowning-victim.html How to Rescue an Unconscious Drowning Victim]{{•}}
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[http://www.ehow.com/how_4398936_swim-unconscious-person.html How to Swim with an Unconscious Person] - [http://www.ehow.com/how_2128389_use-tired-swimmer-carry.html How to Use a Tired Swimmer Carry]
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[http://www.ehow.com/how_4398936_swim-unconscious-person.html How to Swim with an Unconscious Person]{{•}}[http://www.ehow.com/how_2128389_use-tired-swimmer-carry.html How to Use a Tired Swimmer Carry]
* From WebMD: [http://firstaid.webmd.com/drowning-treatment Lifesaving Rescues and First Aid for near drowning]
* From WebMD: [http://firstaid.webmd.com/drowning-treatment Lifesaving Rescues and First Aid for near drowning]
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==Fear of the water==
==Fear of the water==
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{{Shortcut|[[Fear of the water]] - [[Hydrophobia]]}} Many youth and adults have some fear of the water but when is a fear of the water considered to be the mental disorder requiring that the Scout be considered for [[Special Needs]]?
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{{Shortcut|[[Fear of the water]]{{•}}[[Hydrophobia]]}} Many youth and adults have some fear of the water but when is a fear of the water considered to be the mental disorder requiring that the Scout be considered for [[Special Needs]]?
Websters Dictionary states that Hydrophobia is "the mortal fear of water" literally being scared to death of water. Hydrophobia is not a fear of swimming but a fear of all water. Hydrophobia is a mental disorder, specifically a Specific Phobia Anxiety Disorder. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnostic_and_Statistical_Manual_of_Mental_Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)] published by the American Psychiatric Association classifies a [http://psyweb.com/Mdisord/AnxietyDis/specphobia.jsp Specific Phobia] as 300.29.
Websters Dictionary states that Hydrophobia is "the mortal fear of water" literally being scared to death of water. Hydrophobia is not a fear of swimming but a fear of all water. Hydrophobia is a mental disorder, specifically a Specific Phobia Anxiety Disorder. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnostic_and_Statistical_Manual_of_Mental_Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)] published by the American Psychiatric Association classifies a [http://psyweb.com/Mdisord/AnxietyDis/specphobia.jsp Specific Phobia] as 300.29.
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{{Aquatic Awards Links}}
{{Aquatic Awards Links}}
*[[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
*[[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
-
*[[First-Aid Kit]]
+
*[[First-aid kit]]
==See also==
==See also==
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* Scout Skills: [[Outdoor Skills]] - [[First-Aid Skills]] - [[Swimming Skills]] - [[Cycling Skills]]
+
* Scout Skills: [[Outdoor skills]] {{•}} [[First-aid skills]] {{•}} [[Swimming skills]] {{•}} [[Cycling skills]]
{{Swimming Links}}
{{Swimming Links}}
==External links==
==External links==
;''[[Guide to Safe Scouting]]''
;''[[Guide to Safe Scouting]]''
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*&sect; [http://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/gss/gss02/ Aquatics Safety] &mdash; Scouting.org
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*&sect; [http://www.scouting.org/health-and-safety/gss/gss02/ Aquatics Safety] Scouting.org
:* includes sections on [[Safe Swim Defense]], Classification of Swimming Ability, Swimming Area, Water Clarity/Visibility, Diving and Elevated Entry, [[Safety Afloat]], [[BSA Lifeguard]], [[Scuba BSA]], Scuba Policy, Snorkeling, Kayaking, Waterskiing, Boardsailing, and Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs).
:* includes sections on [[Safe Swim Defense]], Classification of Swimming Ability, Swimming Area, Water Clarity/Visibility, Diving and Elevated Entry, [[Safety Afloat]], [[BSA Lifeguard]], [[Scuba BSA]], Scuba Policy, Snorkeling, Kayaking, Waterskiing, Boardsailing, and Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs).

Current revision

MeritBadge.Org offers resource and video links for Backpacking, Campfire Building, Clothing, Cooking,
Cycling, First Aid, Navigation, Outdoor skills, Scout skills, Swimming, and Wilderness Survival skills.

Contents
Swimming Strokes
Backstroke (Back Crawl)
Elementary Backstroke
Breaststroke
Butterfly
Freestyle (Front Crawl)
Sidestroke
Swimming Underwater
Trudgen
Kicks
Related Skills
Floating
Survival Floating
Treading Water
PFD
Diving
Snorkling
SCUBA
Swimming Turns
Surface Diving
Lifesaving Skills
Reach, Throw, Row, Go

Fear of the Water
Before a BSA group may engage in swimming activities of any kind, a minimum of one adult leader must complete Safe Swim Defense training, have a commitment card (No. 34243) with them, and agree to use the eight defenses in this plan.
Guide to Safe Scouting, II. Aquatics Safety

While your handbook is your primary resource, the links below can help you learn Swimming Skills. See the Disclaimers.   Videos show you key skills.


Resources

While your handbook is your primary resource, the links below can help you learn Swimming skills. The only resources recommended by the BSA are those in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.


Swimming Strokes

Shortcut:
Swimming Strokes
Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.

  Swimming Lesson Videos •  How to Swim


Backstroke
Shortcut:
Backstroke • Back Crawl

  Backstroke (Back Crawl)

Elementary Backstroke
Shortcut:
Elementary Backstroke

  Video: Elementary Backstroke

Breaststroke
Shortcut:
Breaststroke

  Breaststroke

Butterfly
Shortcut:
Butterfly

  Butterfly

Freestyle
Shortcut:
Freestyle • Crawl • Front Crawl

  Freestyle (Front Crawl)

arm action • breathing • Step-by step Instruction

Sidestroke
Shortcut:
Sidestroke

  Sidestroke

Trudgen
Shortcut:
Trudgen

  Trudgen

What is the Trudgen? Per USASwimming.org's History of Swimming:
"Arthur Trudgen noticed that the Indians generated much more speed in the water with their overhand stroke than he had produced with the breaststroke as an amateur swimmer in England. But he apparently failed to note that this overhand stroke was coupled with a distinctive up-and-down kicking motion."
By 1902, the mistake had been found and the flutter kick the American Indians actually used was adopted becoming the Crawl.


Floating

Shortcut:
Floating
Reminder: The only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.

  Float • Teaching kids to float


Survival Floating

Shortcut:
Survival Floating

  Survival Floating


Treading Water

Shortcut:
Treading Water

  Tread Water


Personal Flotation Device

Shortcut:
Personal Flotation Device • PFD
Properly fitted U.S. Coast Guard-approved personal flotation devices (PFDs) must be worn by all persons engaged in activity on the open water (rowing, canoeing, sailing, boardsailing, motorboating, waterskiing, rafting, tubing, and kayaking).

Only U.S. Coast Guard-approved equipment (types I, II, or III) is acceptable for use in Scouting aquatics. Ski belts are not acceptable. Scouts and unit leaders should learn which type is appropriate for each specific circumstance and how to wear and check for proper fit.

Guide to Safe Scouting

  How to Pick a PFD for Canoeing


Kicks

Shortcut:
Kicks

  Flutter Kick (or Freestyle Kick) • Frog Kick (or Breaststroke Kick) • Dolphin Kick (or Butterfly Kick)


Diving

Shortcut:
Diving
Diving and Elevated Entry
Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.

  Diving Safety - Racing Dive


Snorkeling

Shortcut:
Snorkeling
Snorkeling
Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.
The Snorkeling BSA requirements introduce Scout-age children and adult leaders to the special skills, equipment, and safety precautions associated with snorkeling; encourage the development of aquatics skills that promote fitness and recreation; and provide a foundation for those who later will participate in more advanced underwater activity.

Snorkeling Safety is the recommended procedure for conducting BSA swimming activities using masks, fins, and snorkels. Since snorkeling is a swimming activity, Safe Swim Defense guidelines are applicable. Snorkeling Safety clarifies and extends Safe Swim Defense concepts to situations encountered during training and open water snorkeling.

Guide to Safe Scouting

  Snorkeling

SCUBA

Scuba BSA • Scuba Policy
Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.
Any person possessing, displaying, or using scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) in connection with any Scouting-related activity must either be currently certified by, or enrolled in a training course authorized by the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI), the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI), or Scuba Schools International (SSI). These agencies are recognized by the Boy Scouts of America for scuba training and instruction. Alternatively, if PADI, NAUI, or SSI training and instruction is not available, certification may be accepted from other agencies that comply with Recreational Scuba Training Council (RSTC) guidelines, provided that such acceptance has been expressly approved by the BSA local council in consultation with the BSA national Health and Safety Service.
Guide to Safe Scouting

  SCUBA Diving


Swimming Underwater

Shortcut:
Swimming Underwater

  Swimming Underwater


Swimming Turns

Shortcut:
Swimming Turns

  Open Turns • Flip Turns


Surface Diving

Shortcut:
Surface Diving
  • Headfirst(Pike or Tuck): [Pike Surface Dive] • 
  • Feet First:
  • Surface Dives:  •  •  -

Lifesaving Skills

Shortcut:
Lifesaving Skills
Again, the only resources recommended by the BSA are those listed in the BSA materials. See the Disclaimers.
Reach, Throw, Row, Go
Shortcut:
Reach, Throw, Row, Go

  Reach, Throw, Row, Go (with animation at the end) • Reach • Throw

How to Swim with an Unconscious Person • How to Use a Tired Swimmer Carry


Fear of the water

Shortcut:
Fear of the water • Hydrophobia
Many youth and adults have some fear of the water but when is a fear of the water considered to be the mental disorder requiring that the Scout be considered for Special Needs?

Websters Dictionary states that Hydrophobia is "the mortal fear of water" literally being scared to death of water. Hydrophobia is not a fear of swimming but a fear of all water. Hydrophobia is a mental disorder, specifically a Specific Phobia Anxiety Disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association classifies a Specific Phobia as 300.29.

If a Scout is diagnosed with Hydrophobia or other physical or mental disabilities, his Chartered Organization notes this on his youth application. The Scout's Medical Record should reflect any disabilities as well. His local council reviews any Medical Record, Individualized Education Program (IEP), and other resources and can certify that the Scout has Special Needs. The Council Advancement Committee can then approve Alternate Requirements for this Scout. See Special Needs for details.


Related Awards

Aquatic-related awards

See also

External links

Guide to Safe Scouting
  • includes sections on Safe Swim Defense, Classification of Swimming Ability, Swimming Area, Water Clarity/Visibility, Diving and Elevated Entry, Safety Afloat, BSA Lifeguard, Scuba BSA, Scuba Policy, Snorkeling, Kayaking, Waterskiing, Boardsailing, and Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs).


Disclaimers

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional advice or training.

Please note that the only Swimming, Lifesaving, First Aid, and CPR materials recommended by the Boy Scouts of America are those found or listed in official BSA materials such as the current Swimming or Lifesaving Merit Badge Books or Boy Scout Handbook. Swimming, Lifesaving, First Aid, and CPR guidelines are constantly being revised. See the Guide to Safe Scouting. Neither MeritBadge.Org, nor its contributors make any recommendations.

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